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介词 at, in, on 用法大全:表示时间、地点、状态的常用短语

(2011-03-01 17:42:42)
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经常看到有人问表示时间的介词都有哪些?
或者是这些表示时间的短语要接哪个介词才对?
介词
in,onat 组成的时间短语意思分别是什么?有什么区别?

介词in,on at是英语中使用频率比较高的介词,以下是由它们引导的一些常见的表示时间,地点和状态的短语
最常用的已经用粗体重点标出。

注意:一些短语用不同的介词,有的意义不同,有些区别不大。

 

意义
介词
常用短语
时间
time
in
in 用于泛指一天的上午、下午、晚上等;用于某个较长的时间,如年、月、季节等。如:

in the morning/afternoon/evening
在上(下午)或晚上,
in 2003 在2003年
in the day/daytime 在白天

in还可以表示"从现在起一段时间以后"。如:
They will see you in a week.他们将在一周后去看你。


以下是常见短语:
 

一瞬间,转瞬间:

 

in a flash, in a wink

立刻,马上,一会儿功夫:in a minute, in a second, in a short time, in a while, in an instant, in no time, in seconds(在很短的时间)

in broad day(在大白天),  in the daytime (在白天)

及时:in time, in good season(及时地,及早), in due course(及时地,在适当时) , in season(适时),

在什么年代:in 1999, in 1990s(90年代), in 20 century (20世纪), in ancient times (在古代)

in course of (期间), in December (12月份), in one's childhood (孩提时), in one's teens (十几岁时), in one's youth (年轻时), in recent years (近几年来),  in spring (在春天), in the afternoon (在下午),  in one's spare time(闲时),  in the future (将来,以后,未来), in the past (在过去), in those days (当时,那时候) , in the morning(早晨)

in advance(预先), in an emergency(在紧急的时候), in an evil hour(在不幸地时刻), in a lucky hour(在幸运时刻), in future, in some cases(有时候), in the beginning, in the end, in the evening, in the long run(最后), in the meantime (同时), in the nick of time(在紧急关头), in the night, in the thick of (在最激烈的时刻), in the thick of(在最激烈的时刻), in this period, in time of war
on
on 用于星期、日期(包括该天的各部分)。
如:on Sunday/Sundays,on Monday morning/afternoon/evening等。
on也用于某一日的名词前,用于公共节假日前。如:
On New Year's Day 在元旦,on Children's Day 在儿童节等

注意:
在表示年、月、日之前的介词,只要有日期,无论有年、月与否,都用on; 没有日期,无论是只有年,还是只有月,还是年、月都有,都要用in.
 
on schedule(按时), on Sunday (星期天), on that date (那天), on the moment(立刻), on the New Year's Eve (除夕之夜), on time (准时)

on a certain day, on a sudden(突然), on a winter morning, on Christmas Day, on night shift, on one's birthday,  on the next morning, on the point of(正在时候), on the spur of the moment(立刻) on this day, on this occasion, on the eve of, on the following day, on the instant(马上), on the Monday morning
at
 
at表示时间,用于钟点前,用于时刻前,译为"......时(刻)"。如:
 
at threethree o'clock 在三点
at a quarter to six
六点差一刻
at noon
在中午,at night 在夜晚
at midnight
在半夜
at breakfast
lunchsupper 在吃早饭/午饭/晚饭时
at this time of day
在每天这个时候
 
at a time(在某时), at a wedding(婚礼), at all times(一直),
随时,任何时候:at any moment, at any time,
在什么节日:at Christmas (在圣诞节), at Easter (在复活节),

在黎明:at dawn, at daybreak, at sunrise (日出时), 
正午,在中午 at noon
at dark (天黑时), at dusk, at nightfall(在黄昏), at sunset (日落时)
夜里,半夜 at night, at midnight,

at first sight,(一见到)——fall in love at first sight 一见钟情

at first, at last,  at dinner-time,at present (最近), at six clock, at that moment, at that time, at the age of, at the beginning of , at the correct time, at the end of, at the last minute, at the moment, at the present stage at the same time, at the stage(眼下) at the start, at the time being, at the time of, at the very start, at this point(此时), at this season, at this time of day, at times(有时)
地点
place
in
in a car, in a queue, in advance of (前面), in all the direction, in appearance, in corners(在角落里) in doors, in front (of), in good light(在光线好的地方), in heaven, in place(position)(在适当地位置), in places(处处), in port(在港内), in public places, in shore(靠岸), in society, in the air(在空中) in the bank, in the book(书的内容里), in the centre(在中央), in the countryside, in the distance(在远处那边), in the east of(东部) in the east, in the fields, in the film, in the front rank(在前列), in the front row, in the lab, in the letter(信的内容), in the middle of, in the moonlight, in the newspaper(报纸的内容里), in the open air(在户外), in the open(在野外), in the picture, in the rain, in the room, in the shade of, in the sky, in the suburbs of, in the sunshine, in the tree, in the universe, in the vicinity of(在附近), in the warm(在暖和的地方) in the world, in(on) the bus, in(on) the street,
on
on board (在船上) on camera(出现在电视上), on campus, on deck(在甲板上), on earth, on high(在高处), on land, on the bank, on the beach, on the borders, on the ceiling, on the coast, on the committee, on the corner(在拐角处), on the east of(的东面) on the farm, on the first floor, on the football field, on the (play)ground, on the horizon, on the island, on the left/right(在左边、在右边), on the market, on the page 12, on the railway line, on the river, on the road, on the roof, on the sea, on the shore, on the side of, on the team, on the track(在轨道上), on the water(在水面上), on top of, on(in) the wall,
at
at a bookshop, at a distance(在远处), at that place, at the airport, at the back of, at the base of, at the bottom of, at the centre (of)(在中心), at the corner, at the crossroads, at the desk(在书桌旁), at the door, at the edge of, at the end of, at the foot of, at the front, at the gate, at the head of, at the meeting, at the mine(在矿山), at the party, at the place, at the pub, at the rear of, at the seaside, at the station, at the stop, at the top of, at the window, at(in) the cinema, at(in) the library, at(in) the office, at(in) the village, at(on) the weekend
状态
state
in
 in progress(在进行中), in a dilemma(处于进退两难的境地), in a hurry (匆忙), in a tight corner(处于困难中), in action(在行动中), in an emergency, (处于紧急情况中), in anxiety, in astonishment, in bad mood(心情不好), in bad temper(心情不好,生气), in bed, in blossom(bloom) (在开花 ), in bonds(在拘留中), in chains(在囚禁中), in charge(看管), in church, in class, in collision(在冲突中), in commission (在服役), in condition(健康情况良好), in confusion (在混乱中), in control (of), in court(出庭), in custody(拘留), in danger, in debt(负债), in deep water(s)(处于困境,处于水深火热当中), in demand(有需求),  in despair (绝望), in difficult, in dispute(在争论), in doubt, in employment, in exile(在流放), in fear and trembling(提心吊胆), in flight(飞行), in flood, in full blossom(开着花), in good condition, in good health, in high spirits, in horror, in hospital, in isolation. in love, in motion, in need (of) in operation(在运转), in order(状态良好), in panic, in peace(平安)(at peace和平), in peril(处于危险), in place, in power, in practice(在实践中), in preparation, in production, in progress(前进,进行中), in pursuit(在追赶中), in question(正被讨论), in rehearsal(在彩排), in retirement(退休), in retreat(在撤退) in sail(张着帆) in secret, in service, in session(在会议中), in short supply, in silence, in sorrow, in stock(有库存)in store(储藏着) in succession, in surprise, in suspension(悬浮中) in tears(流着泪) in the field(在作战), in the press(在印刷), in the red(负债,亏损), in the same boat(处境相同), in the works(在计划中), in thought, in trade, in triumph, in trouble (处于不幸中, 在监禁中), in use, in view(被考虑), in wonder, in work(有工作), 

在学校:in(at) college, in(at) school, in(at) university,
on
on a diet(在节食), on a picnic, on a trip, on a vacation trip, on a visit, on a voyage, on a walk, on approval, on bended knees(跪着) on business(因公出差) , on call (待命) on credit(赊帐), on display, on drill(在训练), on duty (值班,上班), on exhibition, on fire, on foot, on good terms(友好), on guard, on hire(出租) on leave, on loan(出借), on offer(出售中), on one's day(在最兴旺的日子), on one's guard(警惕) on one's honeymoon, on one's knees, on one's mind(惦念), on one's own time(在非工作时间), on one's round(出诊) on order(已订购), on parade(在游行), on patrol(巡逻) on sale(待售) on sale, on show, on stream(在生产中) on the air(在广播), on the alert(提防), on the ebb(在退潮), on the feed(在进食), on the fly(在飞行中), on the increase/decrease(在增长/下降中), on the job(工作着) on the listen(在注意听), on the lurk(暗中行动), on the march(行军中), on the move(在活动中) on the phone(在打电话) on the quiet(秘密地) on the rise(在上涨), on the run(跑这), on the spot(在危险中,当场), on the strike, on the turn(在转变中) on the watch(守侯着), on the way(在途中), on tour, on trial, on vacation (在度假),on holiday,  on view(展览着), on watch(值班),
at
at a disadvantage(处不利地位), at a lecture, at a run(跑着), at breakfast, at call(随叫随到), at church, at dinner, at ease(悠闲自得), at feed, at gaze, at grass at graze,(在吃草) at hand(在手边), at high/low(处于高潮/低潮中), at issue(在争论中), at large(未被捕), at leisure (空闲着), at meals, at peace, at play, at rest, at school, at stake(处在危险中), at study, at table(在吃饭), at the bar(受到公开审问), at the meeting, at the piano, at the wheel(在驾车), at war, at work

 



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