**
相对性原理给电动力学带来的麻烦在美国《无限能量》杂志2012年第一期发表。**

**《相对性原理给电动力学带来的麻烦》**短文。该文的摘要和主要内容如下。

** **

**【****摘要****】**可以证明“势的推迟的存在性在*Lorentz*变换下保持不变”。根据*Lorentz*变换的意义可知，这就是“势的推迟的存在性与观察者的运动状态无关”。可是，如果不同惯性系等价，改变观察者的运动状态，由恒定电荷运动导致的势的推迟的存在性应该改变。这就是相对性原理给电动力学带来的麻烦。Maxwell方程组是没有考虑势和场的推迟的基本方程，只能在低速下近似成立。

考察作相对运动的一根电中性导体与一个带电体之间的势的推迟。

通过一些具体的Lorentz变换操作，不难发现：给非推迟势作Lorentz
变换得到的仍然是非推迟势，给推迟势作Lorentz
变换得到的仍然是推迟势。就是说，标量势*φ*和矢量势** A**在Lorentz变换下不但保证形式不变，而且性质也不变。李纳-维谢尔势就可以通过给静系中的推迟势作Lorentz变换得到。这表明，势的推迟的存在性与Lorentz变换无关。给一个物理量作Lorentz变换，相当于改变观察者的运动状态来观察这个物理量。势的推迟的存在性与Lorentz变换无关就是势的推迟的存在性与观察者的运动状态无关。由静止电荷改变电荷量导致的势的推迟在定性上的确与观察者的运动状态无关。

这就证明了“对于势的推迟的存在性，相对性原理不成立”。

**下面是对这个过程的感慨。**

《无限能量》杂志是支持新观点的杂志之一，不收版面费，要求投稿文档的格式为PDF。杂志社有相应的网站。对待稿件不唯背景。有关能源问题的研究和讨论的文章也可以向其投稿。其影响因子要比国内的《前沿科学》高很多。

**《相对性原理给电动力学带来的麻烦》的英文原版如下：**

**Relativity
Principle Brings About Trouble for Electrodynamics**

Tu Runsheng

(Huangshi Supervision and Inspection Centre of Product Quality，

16 Flower Garden Road, Huangshi City, Hubei Province, P. R. CHINA)

*The existence of potential retardance is unchanged under
Lorentz transformations. Based on the means of Lorentz
transformations, the existence of potential retardance is not
relevant to the motion state of observers. However, if deferent
inertial systems are equivalent, the existence of the potential
retardance induced by constant charge motion should change when the
viewer’s motion-state changes. This is the problem that the
relativity principle brings about for electrodynamics. Maxwell’s
equations are the basic equations, but don’t consider the
retardance of potential and field, and can only be established
approximately under low speed.*

In electrodynamics, the scalar potential φ and vector potential
*A* have the invariance of Lorentz’s gauge (the symmetry of
form). We have noted the invariance of the potential’s form in the
invariance of Lorentz’s gauge only, contented ourselves with the
form symmetry in it, but discussed very little of whether or not
the potential’s essence vary. Under Lorentz transformations,
whether or not the potential’s essence varies is a very important
question.

Through some concrete operation of Lorentz transformations, we
can easily discover the following: the non-retarded potential can
only be obtained by performing Lorentz transformations on a
non-retarded potential; through performing Lorentz transformations
on a non-retarded potential, we can only obtain a non-retarded
potential; through performing Lorentz transformations on a retarded
potential, we can only obtain a retarded potential.^{1,2}
Under Lorentz transformations, the scalar potential *φ* and
vector potential A not only maintain their form, but also maintain
their nature. The Lienard-Wiechert potential may be obtained by
performing Lorentz transformations on a retarded potential in a
static system. This indicates that the existence of a potential’s
retard has nothing to do with the Lorentz transformations.
Performing Lorentz transformation on a physical quantity is equal
to changing a viewer’s state of motion to observe this physical
quantity. The existence of a potential’s retard has nothing to do
with the Lorentz transformation in which the existence of a
potential’s retard is related to the viewer’s state of motion. The
potential’s retard induced by a static charge changes its charge
quantity, qualitatively, and indeed has nothing to do with the
viewer’s state of motion.

*i*.*e*.
have nothing to do with the viewer’s motion state. The relativity
principle in the theory of relativity is a supposition that
conforms to facts provided by the man who advanced the theory,
hence it is certainly not absolute. Since most people accept the
theory of relativity, they also accept the relativity principle.
The basic supposition of the theory of relativity has seriously
influenced people’s ideological concept because of the enormous
influence it has. Many people have promoted the ideological concept
that the relativity principle is absolutely exact and everything is
relative, and adhere only to this line of thinking. This idea has
seriously affected people’s logical thinking and judgments. Thus,
scientists without hesitation deny the absoluteness of the
potential’s retard postponement induced by relative motion.

**References**

1. Tu, R.S. 2008. “Asymmetry in Retarded Effects of
Fundamental Interaction Has Far-reaching Influence on
Electromagnetics and the Theory of Relativity,” *Scientific
Inquiry*, 9, 2, 131-146.

2. Tu, R.S. 2010. “Serious Amount of Problems in
Electrodynamics and Their Solution,” *Scientific Inquiry*, 11,
2, 97-114.

About the Author

Runsheng Tu graduated from the chemistry department of Huanggang Teachers College in 1981. He is an engineer at Huangshi Products Quality Inspection of China. His research interests include: quantum mechanics, the theory of relativity, cosmology and management science.

*Email: 2run3@sina.com

Huangshi Supervision and Inspection Centre of Product Quality....

16 Flower Garden Road, Huangshi City, Hubei
Province, China.

**Cover Letter**

It is universally known that a potential maintains its form
unchangeable under Lorentz transformations. Whether or not the
essence of a potential is maintain unchangeable under Lorentz
transformations? We can easily find: The non-retarded potential can
only be obtained by performing Lorentz transformations on a
non-retarded potential; through performing Lorentz transformations
on a non-retarded potential, we can only obtain a non-retarded
potential; through performing Lorentz transformations on a retarded
potential, we can only obtain a retarded potential. That is to say,
whether or not a potential belong to the category of retarded
potential, isn’t related with Lorentz transformations
qualitatively. Under the premise of different inertial systems to
be equivalence, for the potential at a field-point excited by a
constant charge, if observing from the system which is static
relative to the constant charge, it is retarded potential, if
observing from the system which is moving relative to the constant
charge, isn’t retarded potential. Obviously, the existences of
potential’s retard induced by the movement of constant charge are
asymmetry between different inertial systems. This asymmetry
requires the existence of potential’s retard to be related with
Lorentz transformations

Because, Lorentz transformations act on physical quantity is equivalent to the physical quantity being viewed by the viewer who changes itself movement state. To have find that the potential’s retard induced by the movement of constant charge is qualitatively asymmetry (it is decided by relativity principle), will shock to the fixed sense of people as the broken symmetry of weak interaction found by Yang Chen Ning and Li zheng Dao. It will arouse the maximum interest of all.