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Book Three Unit Seven Section B

(2009-02-17 16:08:18)
标签:

新视野英语教程

第三册

unit

seven

section

b

教育

杂谈

分类: 新视野英语教程第三册

Unit Seven

Section B: Dell Boy Made Good

 

I. New Words and Phrases

1. marvelous  adj. (marvellous BeE) causing great wonder, admiraion, or pleasure, esp. because extremely good, unusually clever, etc. 奇妙的;很好的

It’s marvelous how he’s managed to climb that far. 他爬了那么远,真令人不可思议。

The bridge is a marvelous work of engineering and construction. 那座桥梁是工程建筑的杰作。

2. profit   n. 1) [C;U] money gained by trade or business 利润,收益

The increase in their profits is due partly to their new market strategy.

利润的增加部分归功于他们新的市场策略。

2) [U] advantage gained from some action 益处,得益

They can gain profit from their exchenges with foreign friends.

他们能够从外国友人的交往中获益。

v. be of advantage to (someone) 有益于,对(某人)有好处

You can profit from my mistakes and prevent them in your work.

你可以从我的错误中获益,并在工作中避免犯类似的错误。

The marriage in which either one intends to profit form the other is likely to fail.

一方总想占另一方的便宜的婚姻很可能会失败。

3.consume  v. use up (time, money, goods, etc.)消耗(时间);耗尽(金钱、物品等)

Arguing about some unrelated issues consumed many hours of the committee’s valuable time.

这些工厂不仅消耗很多自然资源,而且制造很多污染。

Not only do these factories consume more natural resources, they also produce more pollution.

争论一些不相关的事情耗费了委员会几个小时的宝贵时间。

4. process  n.1) [C] a connected set of natural actions or events that produce continuation or gradual change,

and over which humans have little control (大自然的)作用;(变化)过程

The expert was giving a lecture on the forming process of fossil oil. 专家正在讲解石油形成的过程。

2) [C] a connected set of human actions or operations that are performed intentionally in order to reach a particular result or as part or an official system or established method of doing something 步骤;程序

They borrowed a seven-step problem-solving process from an electric company.

他们从一个电器公司借鉴了一套分七个步骤解决问题的程序。

v. treat and preserve (a substance, esp. a food) by a particular process 加工(物质,尤指食品)

A computer is a device for processing information. 计算机是用来处理信息的设备。

Could you tell me how milk is processed and delivered to the market?

你能告诉我牛奶是如何加工并运送到市场的吗?

5. eliminate  v. remove or get rid of completely 消除;淘汰;剔除

You have to eliminate grammar mistakes from the essay before you hand it in.

在你交论文前必须先消除里面的语法错误。

If a food or drink is not healthy, eliminate it from your diet.

如果一种食物或者饮料不益于健康,就应在你的饮食中去掉。

6. pace   n. (singular) rate or speed in walking, running, advance of a plan, etc. usually continued over a period of time 步速,速度

The traffic was creeping along at a snail’s pace. 车流象蜗牛一样慢慢前行。

The plans are being prepared at quite a good pace。 这些计划的准备速度很快。

7. come up with: think of 想出;有某个主意

I hope that you will be able to come up with a solution to the problem by Friday.

我希望你能在星期五以前想出解决问题的办法。

Scientists will have to come up with new methods of increasing the world’s food supply.

科学家将不得不想出新办法来增加全世界的粮食供应。

8. take apart: separate into pieces 拆开;拆散

A child of two years old usually enjoys taking apart everything that he/she can get.

两岁的孩子通常喜欢拆散他们能够拿到的东西。

We’ll have to take the machine apart to put it right. 我们不得不把机器拆开并把它修好。

9. go it alone: act indepently 独自干;自己做

He decided to go it alone and went to Paris without his parents’ approval.

他决定自己行动,于是未经父母同意就去了巴黎。

We have determined to go it alone and complete the project by the end of the year.

我们决定自己单独干,并在年底完成这个项目。

10. pass on: give to another person 传给(另一个人)

Could you pass on my thanks to your parents for all these lovely gifts?

你父母送我这些漂亮的礼物,你能转达我对他们的谢意吗?

These different abilities may be passed on through several generations.  这些不同的能力可能会传给几代人。

Ⅱ. Language Points

1. Michael Dell is no excetption.

Meaning: Michael Dell is also one of those people who started a business at a young age.

excetption: n. [C; U]somebody or something that is not included 除外;例外

Most of his songs are awful, but this one is an exception. 他的许多歌曲都很糟糕,但是这一首是个例外。

make an exception (of somebody/something): treat somebody/something as a special case 把……作为例外

We don’t allow anyone to be late for the meeting; as a result, we don’t make an exception for you.

我们不允许任何人开会迟到,同样我们也不允许你迟到。

with the exception of : apart from 将……例外

I enjoyed all his film with the exception of his last. 除了最后那一部,他所有的电影我都喜欢。

2. ...from seed capital of just £ 627 in 1984.

Seed: adj. kept for planting 作种子用的,留种用的

Seed potatoes 作种子用的土豆

“Seed capital” means the money used to start a business.  本金;原始資本

“Seed money” refers to the money used to start a development or activity. 用來吸引更多資金的種子基金;創業基金

n. [C,U] a usually small hard object produced by most plants, from which new plants of the same kind can grow, and which new plants of the same kind can grow, and which is used for planting  种子

Sow the seeds in May or June. 在5月或6月播种。

3.Because technology changed so quickly, I was regularly making changes to each one …

Meaning: I was ready to make adjustments to each computer because of the rapid changes in technology …

Note that one stands for computer.

4. This forced me into a corner.

Meaning: This drove me into a very difficult situation.

5. The answer was: sell computers directly to the end customers …

Meaning: The key to the problem was to sell computers straight to the users who wants to buy the computer …

The end computer refers to the buyer who will use the product him/herself.

6. This Dell did at a frightening pace

Meaning: Dell did this job efficiently at an incredibly rapid speed.

Note that “This” is placed at the very beginning of the sentence for the purpose of emphasis. The normal word order of this sentence should be “Dell did this at a frightening pace”. This phenomenon is called fronting without inversion (不引起倒装的前置). For example:

A rumor, I call it. 我称之为谣传。

Keener and keener the competition became. 竞争变得越来越激烈了。

7. I have always looked at problems in a different way, realized what I am good at, and surrounded myself with a

successful team.

Meaning: I have always considered problems from different perspectives, known my strong points, and worked with a group of successful people.

Ⅲ. Practical Writing

   Writing business letters (2)

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