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Book Three Unit Six Section B

(2008-12-24 19:34:50)








分类: 新视野英语教程第三册

Unit Six

Section B: Meeting E-relations in the Real Word Is a Trip


I. New Words and Phrases

1. refrain   v. hold oneself back from doing something; not do 抑制;戒除

Please refrain from speaking in the classroom. 课堂上请不要说话。

Mr.Smith almost sighed, but refrained. 史密斯先生差点要叹气,但还是忍住了。

2. novel   adj. not like anything known before; new and perhaps clever; original新的;新颖的

Students like the teacher’s novel teaching methods. 学生们喜欢老师新颖的教学方法。

He is always on the lookout for whatever is novel. 他总是追求新奇事物。

Extending Knowledge:

C.f. new, novel, fresh

These adjectives describe what has existed for only a short time, has only lately come into use, or has only recently arrived at a state or position, as of prominence. 这些形容词刻划了短时间存在的,刚刚投入使用的或刚进入状态或位置的事物。

new is the most general: 是最一般的

例:a new movie 新电影;new clothes 新衣服

novel applies to what is both new and strikingly unusual适用于既是新的又显然不寻常的东西

例:We are supposed to dress up as movie characters for the party, what a novel idea!


fresh has or has retained qualities of newness such as briskness, brightness, or purity指一些具有或可保持新鲜品质的物质,如活泼、聪明或纯洁

例:The police found fresh fingerprints on the light switch. 警察在灯开关上发现了新留的手印。

3. routine   adj. regular; according to what is habitually done; not special惯常的,例行的

It’s a routine medical inspection. 这是常规体检。

This year we will have two routine tests. 今年我们有两次例行测验。

n. [C;U] (a) regular and habitual way of working or doing things 惯例;例行事务

He doesn’t seem to have any routine at all. 他似乎根本不按常规办事。

That was the monthly routine. 这是每月的例行事务。

4. relate  v. 1) show or establish a connection between 有关联;把······联系起来

I bought many books relating to this topic. 我买了许多与此题目相关的书。

The achievements of students relate to teachers. 学生的学习成绩和老师有关。

2) tell (a story)讲述(一件事)

He related what he had seen. 他讲述了他所见的情况。

The mother is relating a story. 妈妈正在讲故事。

5. cultivate  v. improve or develop (especially the mind, a feeling,etc.) 培养;陶冶

He is cultivating his mind. 他在修身养性。

The teacher cultivated our interest in linguistics. 老师培养我们对语言学的兴趣。

2) help to plant or grow 耕种;种植

Farmers cultivate their crops in the rain. 农夫在雨中种庄稼。

He is cultivating rice. 他在种稻谷。

6. global   adj.of or concerning the whole world 全球的;全世界的

Today, economy is global in the world. 如今世界经济一体化。

The global climate is changing. 全球气候正在发生变化。

7. on (the) grounds that/of: on the account that (of)出于······理由

They refused to participate on the grounds that broader issues should be discussed.


They refused to publish the book on the grounds of costs. 他们以费用为理由拒绝出版这部书。

8. be acquainted (with): be/get/become acquainted (with): 与······相识

She is already acquainted with him. 她已经和他很熟了。

I got (became) acquainted with him last year.  我是去年认识他的。

acquaint: v. cause to come to know personally 了解;认识

Let me acquaint you with my friend. 请你来认识一下我的朋友。

New workers must acquaint themselves with their new duties. 新工人必须熟悉他们的新任务。

9. live on: 1) continue to be alive for a long time after a particular point in time 还活着;还健在

Mozart is dead but his music lives on. 莫扎特人已作古,但他的音乐作品却万世流传。

The old man lived on to retire in peace. 那位老人还健在,过着平静的生活。

2) depend on 以……为生

The Chinese live on rice. 中国人以米为主食。

Ⅱ. Language Points       

1. This is the first time we’ve met in person

Meaning: This is our first personal meeting since the start of our e-mail exchanges (or: since the establishment of our e-relationship)…

“We’ve met in person …” can be regarded as a relative clause (关系从句) with the conjunction (连词) that or when omitted. Note that the predicate verb(谓语动词his kind of clause always takes the perfective aspect (完成体).

2. If they had a pen pal, it was a novel thing, not a routine one.

Meaning: If they made a friend through writing, it was an extraordinarily rare thing, not a common event.

This sentence suggests that it was unusual in the past to write to a stranger. More often than not, people wrote to friends they already knew who lived at a distance.

3.I’m a member of these “certain people”.

Meaning: I am one of these “readers of Internet magazines”.

4.Personalities and compelling personal details and stories have leaked into the exchange.

Meaning: In the course of the e-mail exchanges, personalities and exciting personal details and stories have been shared between my e-friends and me.

compelling personal details: the most interesting and intimate details of a person’s private life (often used as gossip)

5.There are probably a lot of reasons, and certainly a major one is that my e-relationships are built on the

foundation of common interests, whereas a great many others exist mainly because we just happen to be in the same place.

Meaning: Probably there are many reasons (why I can make genuine friends through e-mail exchanges), and surely the most important reason is that my e-relationships are established because we have similar interests. On the other hand, although many other people have come into my life, it seems they have stayed because we happen to live close to one another.

Ⅲ. Practical Writing

Writing business letters (1)


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