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Book Three Unit Six Section A (1)

(2008-12-24 19:11:53)








分类: 新视野英语教程第三册

Unit Six  

Section A: Cyberdating: Romance in Cyberspace

Ⅰ. Background Information


   Philadelphia, commonly referred to as Philly and The City of Brotherly Love, is the largest city in Pennsylvania and the sixth most populous city in the United States. It is the fifth largest metropolitan area by population in the United States, the nation's fourth largest consumer media market as ranked by the Nielsen Media Research, and the 49th most populous city in the world. It is the county seat of Philadelphia County, with which it is coterminous. Its name literally means "the City of Brotherly Love"  "brotherly love" from philos "love" and adelphos "brother"). The city is recognized as a strong candidate global city.

   In 2005, the population of the city proper was estimated to be over 1.4 million, while the Greater Philadelphia metropolitan area, with a population of 5.8 million, was the fifth-largest in the United States. A commercial, educational, and cultural center, the city was once the second-largest in the British Empire, (after London) and the social and geographical center of the original 13 American colonies. During the 18th century, it eclipsed New York City in political and social importance, with Benjamin Franklin taking a large role in Philadelphia's early rise to prominence. It was in this city that some of the ideas, and subsequent actions, gave birth to the American Revolution and American independence, making Philadelphia a centerpiece of early American history. It was the most populous city of the young United States and served as the nation's first capital in 1774.


Reference: http://www.phila.gov/


2. Astrology

    Astrology (占星术), the study of how events on earth correspond to the positions and movements of astronomical bodies (天体), particularly the sun, moon, planets, and stars. Astrologers believe that the position of astronomical bodies at the exact moment of a person's birth and the subsequent movements of the bodies reflect that person's character and, therefore, destiny (命运). For many years, scientists have rejected the principles of astrology. However, millions of people continue to believe in or practice it.

Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astrology

II. Warming up

Class Work: Discussion

1. What do you think of Cyberdating?       2. What do you think of online chatting?

3. Is cyberdating unreliable and dangerous?   4. Is cyberromance fantastic and thrilling?

Ⅲ. New Words and Phrases

1. link  v. join or connect 连接;联系

The road links all the new towns. 这条路把所有的新城镇都连接起来了。

The police suspect that the two crimes may be linked. 警方怀疑这两起犯罪案件之间可能有关联。

n. [C] something that connects two other parts 连接物;联系

The country has now broken all links with its former ally.


2. level  n. 1) [C] a general standard of quality or quantity 水平,水准

a high level of achievement 高水平的成就

The level of your work is not satisfactory; you need to improve it.


2) [C; U] a line or surface parallel to the ground; a position of height in relation to a flat surface 平面;层次

The garden is arranged on two levels. 这花园有高低两个层面。

The top of this mountain is six kilometers above sea level. 这座山的山顶海拔6,000米高。

adj. having a surface that is flat and smooth; not sloping; horizontal 平(坦)的

a level spoonful of sugar 平平的一匙糖

A football field needs to be level. 足球场必须平坦。

3. facility  n. 1) (plural) things such as buildings, shops, or services that are useful or help one to do something (提供方便、服务等的)设施

The house is well situated in reach of good shopping and transport facilities.


The school has excellent sporting facilities. 这个学校有良好的运动设施。

2) [U] ability to do or perform something easily and well (做好某事的)才干;能力

He has great facility in learning languages. 他有学语言的天赋。

Her facility with/in languages is surprising. 她在语言方面的才能令人吃惊。

4. unlike  prep. different from 不像……,和……不同

She's very unlike her mother. 她一点不像她的母亲。

Unlike their commercial rivals, the company has made big profits this year.


adj. not alike; different 不同的,相异的

unlike in appearance or character 外貌或性格都不同

For twins, they are very unlike. 作为一对双胞胎,他们很不一样。

5. exhibition  n. 1) [C] a public show of objects 展览会,展览

an international trade exhibition 国际贸易展览会

The newly discovered Greek sculpture is now on exhibition at the national museum. 新发现的希腊雕刻目前正在国家博物馆展出。

2) [C] an act of showing 显示;展示;表现

The game was a superb exhibition of football at its best. 这场球赛展示了一流的足球技术水平。

The speech he gave is an exhibition of his ability as a leader. 他的演讲展示了他作为领导的才能。

6. exit  vi. (of a person) go out; leave (人)离开;走出去

She exited pretty quickly when she heard him arriving. 她听到他来时,便迅速离开。

He exited quickly after the argument. 争论完了后他很快就走了。

n. 1) [C] an act of leaving 退场;离去

He made a quick exit when he heard the police coming. 他听到警察来了,便迅速离去。

Make your exit through the door at the back of the stage. 请你从舞台后面的门退场。

2. [C] (often written over or on a door) a way out 出口

How many exits are there from this cinema? 这家电影院有几个出口?

7. arise  vi. 1)come into being or begin to be noticed; happen; appear 出现;发生

A strong wind arose suddenly in the summer afternoon. 夏日的下午忽然刮起了一阵强风。

Some difficulties have arisen in setting things up. 我们准备时出现了一些意外的困难。

2) (old use or poet) stand up from sitting, kneeling, or lying 起立;起来;起身

I arose early in the morning when I was in college. 上大学时我每天早上起得很早。

I will arise and go now to London. 我就要动身去伦敦。

8. fall in love with: come to feel love (for) 喜爱;爱上

I think she fell in love with your younger brother. 我认为她爱上了你弟弟。

He fell in love with her at first sight. 他对她一见钟情。

9. grow into: become as a result of growing 成为;成长为

At the age of eighteen, he has grown into a fine young man. 18岁时,他已长成了一个英俊少年。

An over-indulged child will grow into an unreasonable person.


10. give out: make known; publish; announce; give off 发布;公布;发出

The date of the election will be given out soon. 不久将公布选举日期。

They gave out on the radio that the president had died. 他们在广播中宣布总统已经去世。

The car exhaust gives out poisonous fumes. 汽车排放有毒浓烟。

Extending Knowledge:

C.f. give out, give off, send out

give out分发, 发出(气味、热等)

give off发出(蒸汽、光等),长出(枝、杈等)

send out发送, 派遣, 放出(光、热、气味、烟雾等)

Reference: http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/41113388.html



11. design for: plan or develop for a certain purpose or use 设置;计划

a book designed mainly for use in colleges 一本主要供大学生使用的书

This entrance has been specially designed for people in wheelchairs. 这个入口是专门为坐轮椅的人设计的。

12. at once: 1)at the same time 同时

Don't all talk at once! Speak one by one. 不要同时说!一个一个讲。

It is quite unexpected to have so many visitors at once. 同时来了这么多来访者真让人意想不到。

2) without delay; with no time intervening 立刻

Come here at once!  立刻到这里来!

13. at times: sometimes 有时

At times I wonder if it's all worthwhile. 我有时怀疑干这件事是否值得。

I was lonely and unhappy and, at times, very angry. 我很孤单、不开心,有时还很生气。

14. at breakneck speed: extremely and often dangerously fast 极快地

The young man drove the car at breakneck speed. 这个年轻人把车开得飞快。

They were cycling along at breakneck speed. 他们骑车骑得飞快。

15. get a word in: enter, involve; interrupt in a conversation插(话)

He always gets his favorite story in when he makes a speech. 他作报告时总喜欢插进他喜爱的那段故事。

She spoke so fast that I couldn't get a word in. 她说话很快,我一句也插不进。


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