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Book Three Unit Four Section B

(2008-10-09 21:22:24)
标签:

新视野英语教程

第三册

unit

four

section

b

教育

分类: 新视野英语教程第三册

Unit Four

Section B: Have a Little Faith

 

I. New Words and Phrases

1. ordinary adj. not unusual; common 普通的,平常的

The novel describes the way of life of the ordinary people there.

这部小说描写那里的普通人的生活方式。

Visiting old people is part of her ordinary routine. 看望老人是她例行的日常工作的一部分。

Extending Knowledge:

C.f. common, ordinary 这些形容词表示普遍知道或常常遇到的。

Common applies to what is customary, takes place often, is widely used, or is well known: 用于是通常的、常发生的、广泛使用或众所周知的:

a common problem; 共同的问题;a common thief; 普通的小偷;the common dandelion. The term also suggests lack of distinction and can imply coarseness or crudeness: 普通的蒲公英。 此词条也暗示缺乏区别并能意指粗劣或未加工

Ordinary describes what is of the usual kind and is not distinguished in any way from others. In the latter sense it is sometimes derogatory: 指种类普通且不能从其他中加以区别的。在后一意义上,它有时是贬义的:

A ballpoint pen is adequate for most ordinary purposes. 原珠笔适合最普通的用途。

The violinist gave a very ordinary performance marked by an occasional memory lapse.

小提琴手因偶然记忆失误表现很平常。

2. gradually  adv. slowly or over a long period of time 逐渐地

Gradually the surrounding farmland turned residential.周围的农田渐渐变成了住宅区。

After the storm things gradually got back to normal. 暴风雨过后,一切逐渐恢复正常。

3. despair n.[U] the state of having lost all hope 绝望

Defeat after defeat filled us with despair. 一次又一次的失败使我们绝望了。

I felt like giving up in despair.          我感到绝望,很想放弃。

v. lose all hope or confidence 完全失望;绝望;丧失信心[(+of)]

So long as you help me, I shall never despair. 只要你帮我,我决不会失望。

He despairs of winning a scholarship.          他已不抱赢得奖学金的希望了。

4. defend  v. 1) say or write something to support somebody or something 为……辩护

The minister went on television to defend the government's policy.

部长上电视为政府的政策辩护。

Emily defended Jack against the criticism. 埃米莉为杰克遭到的批评进行辩解。

2) act,especially to fight, to protect somebody or something 保卫;防护

Would you be able to defend yourself if someone attacked you in the street?

如果你在街上遭受袭击,你能自卫吗?

The country cannot be defended against a nuclear attack. 这个国家无法防御核武器的袭击。

5. anxious  adj.1) worried and afrain 焦虑的;担心的

I was anxious for their safety. 我担心他们的安全。

I began to get anxious when they still hadn’t arrived at 9 o’clock.

他们9点还没有到达,我开始担心起来。

2) causing worry of fear 令人焦虑的

an anxious wait for the results of our exams.           焦急地等待我们的考试成绩。

For a few anxious moments we thought we’d missed the train.

我们以为错过了火车,担心了一会儿。

6. appreciate v. 1) be grateful for something 感激

Thanks for your help. We did appreciate it.          谢谢你帮忙,我们的确很感激。

I’d appreciate it if you would turn the radio down. 如果你把收音机的声音调小一点。

2) enjoy something or understand the value of something 欣赏;鉴赏

 The art of Van Gogh was not appreciated during his own lifetime. 凡高的艺术作品在他的有生之年并未得到赏识。

She doesn’t appreciate good wine. 她不会品好酒。

7. be/get caught up in: be/get involved in, often against one's wishes 卷入,陷入

I seem to have got caught up in a rather difficult situation. 我好像陷入了非常艰难的处境。

I was caught up in the busy traffic again this evening.        今晚我又遇上了交通高峰。

8. on the egde of: near; almost 接近;几乎

I was on the edge of despair. 那时我快绝望了。

The marriage was on the edge of being broken down. 那婚姻快要破裂了。

9. go for: leave a place to perform an activity (离开某地)去做(某事)

I’d like to go for a walk, will you come with me? 我想去散散步,你跟我一起去吗?

10. rely on/upon: 1) depend on 依靠;依赖

They have to rely on the river for their water.      他们用水只好依靠这条河。

Nowadays we rely increasingly on computers for help. 现今人们越来越依赖计算机协助工作。

2) trust; have confidence in 信任;信赖

I think I can come, but don't rely on it. 我想我能来,但还说不定。

We’re relying on your direction. 我们信赖你的领导。

Ⅱ. Language Points

1. I have been reflecting lately on what it means to be caught up in a defining moment – a moment when you stand at a crossroads, wondering which way to turn, which road to take.

Meaning: These days I have been thinking deeply about what it means when one is facing a very important moment; a moment when one is at a crossroads, wondering what decision to make.

Note: “a moment when you stand at a crossroads…” is in apposition(同位) to “a defining moment”

2.It becomes defining because no matter what the choice is-to stand tall, to fall backward, or to move forward

-you know you will never be the same.

Meaning: The moment becomes crucial and life-changing because whatever choice you make—to face it bravely, to draw back, or to move ahead—you know you will never be the same.

3. While the marriage had begun as most marriages do or should—with hope, love, and dreams—after ten years

it had gradually changed to despair, disappointments, and broken promises.

Meaning: While our marriage had begun with hope, love, and dreams as most marriages begin or should begin (with hope, love, and dreams), after ten years it became by and by hopeless and disappointing, and the promises that had been made were broken.

4.I will share one of those with you now.

Meaning: I will share one of those painful moments with you now. (I am going to tell you one of those painful moments.)

Those= those painful moments

5. ...and the heavy fog around me began to lift.

Meaning: (figuratively) I felt the burden on me went off.

Ⅲ. Practical Writing

   Invoice

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