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补充练习讲解

(2012-03-26 11:32:11)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 常大B班

补充练习讲解:

1.          lose oneself in doing sth

2.          情态动词的特殊用法:

must的否定

mustn’t禁止;不允许

needn’t不必

can’t不可能

-That must be Tom!

-No, it can’t be him, because he has gone to Shanghai.

  情态动词+have done

  should/shouldn’t+have done责备;后悔

  You should have arrived here earlier.

  I shouldn’t have talked to my mother that way.

  must have done对过去的肯定判断

  All the lights in his house are out. He must have slept.

  Can’t/couldn’t have done对过去的否定判断

  Tom can’t have gone to Shanghai because I saw him with a girl just now.

  Might/may have done不太肯定的判断

  Needn’t have done本来不必做某事

  You needn’t have cleaned the floor because I cleaned it this morning.

4. regret doing sth后悔做过某事

  I regret to tell you that your girl friend actually loves me.

5. the time, the minute, the second, the moment, directly, immediately本身就是连词,表示“一…就…”

  for a moment一会儿

  at the moment目前

7. judging by/from, considering, given, provided, believe it or not

12. above all首先,

   all in all总之

   at all究竟

   after all毕竟;终究

13. The past two decades has witnessed the steady development of XXX.

   by this means=in this way

   He knows every means _by which_ I solve the problem.

14. Please speak louder and make yourself _heard_. Hear

15. for ages=for years

17. compare A with B

   Compared with him, I am not rich at all.

 

II

1.          overlook及物动词:忽视

3. by heart  learn sth by heart用心去学习

  in person亲自

  by nature天生的

6. He often sat in the bar, drinking more wine than _C_ good to his health.

A. be B. is C. was D. were

We should take more measures than ___ so far.

A.            has been taken  B. have been taken

C. were taken     D. are taken

8. be free from远离;不受。。。的干扰/影响

  I stay in a place free from storms and rain.

9. melt融化;熔化

  dissolve溶于。。。

  evaporate蒸发

  the same…as

  just as…, so…

  as much…as

11. as well as, with, together, along with

  Tom, as well as his parents, _is_ playing basketball. Be

  =Tom is playing basketball as well as his parents.

  as well

  If you go there, I will go as well.

14. confess to having done sth承认做过某事

16. concern oneself with sth对。。。在意

   Be concerned with/about sth

   I think he will come to attend this meeting, _won’t he_?

   I don’t think he will come to attend this meeting, _will he_?

17. He is to blame.该责备他。

 

III.

2.          现在进行时和always, often, continually, all the time连用,表示说话人的情感

You are always smoking in the bedroom.

3.          when it comes to当谈及。。。的时候

6. building blocks积木

  hydrogen氢气 oxygen氧气

  carbon dioxide 二氧化碳

  carbon monoxide 一氧化碳

  dialogue对话 monologue独白

  hydro-, hydra-水。。。

  dehydrated vegetables脱水蔬菜

7. rather than而不是

  否定+other than正是

  He is none other than Tom himself.

8. ensure确保  insure保险 assure使某人确信

11. This ship is the larger than those have been built.

12. succeed成功;继承;继位

   success成功  succession一系列

   successful成功的 successive连续的;随后的

13. He is nothing / but a teacher.他就是个老师。

   He is anything / but a teacher.他绝不是一个老师。

14. base A on BA建立在B的基础之上

16. entitle sb to sth/doing sth给某人。。。权利

   This ticket entitles you to a free meal.

   You are entitled to a free meal.

 

IV

1.           many of us

much, a little, a lot, far+比较级,表示“…得多”

7. the note reads/writes…

11. be particular about

   be critical of sth对。。。挑剔

12. no less=more

   I have no less than 10 yuan.我有10块钱。

   I don’t have more than 10 yuan.我只有不到10元。

   I have no more than 10 yuan.我只有10元。

 

15. This kind of books is very expensive.

   A pair of shoes is on the ground.

   Books of this kind are very expensive.

16. I can’t live without you.

   I can’t speak English without making mistakes.我每讲英语必犯错误。

17. GM food=genetically modified food

   homogeneous 同源的

   homosexual同性的

18. seat使某人就座

   Seat sb

   Sit down!

   Please seat yourself=please be seated.

 

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