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2011年9月10日讲义

(2012-02-21 21:15:39)
标签:

教育

分类: 常大B班

词汇与结构

imaginative

imaginary

imaginable

淘金式巧攻大学英语四级词汇-词根版

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80

60

40

20

   8h   3d     1w

8h 3d 1w

vo/ca/bu/la/ry

口到

耳到

手到

眼到

心到

Unit 1 part 1 part 2

环境

 

blog.163.com/roy7901@126

结构:语法

不要背语法

 

 

阅读理解: 30-32

完形填空:最难的考试项目

10-12  16

 

英译汉:Professor Smith, an expert in Oxford University, argued that hard-work may not result in any break. 认为;相信

We worked hard this summer, but didn’t get any break.

Succeed

He succeeded a lot of property from his father.

汉译英:如果当时他去找医生,就不会死了。

Successive随后的;连续的

Successful成功的

我们公司在中国有分公司

branch   office

写作:三段 十句

Only in this way can we establish a harmonious society.

Build

周杰伦踩着单车带他的女朋友去看夕阳。

 

模板 100  120  11-13

 

虚拟语气:

 

英语句子的核心是动词,一个句子一般只有一个动词。

Can anybody help me?

HELP!

他吃苹果。

He eats an apple.

He ate an apple.

 

He is Tom, he is seven years old.

He is Tom, and he is seven years old.

He is Tom, who is seven years old.

 

In spite of=despite介词

He went to work despite the rain.

He went to work although it was raining.

 

In case of以防万一

Take your umbrella in case of rain.

In the case of在……情况下;在……身上

Smoking is good to one’s health, and it is especially true in the case of my grandfather.

 

Would rather do than do

Prefer doing to doing

Preference偏好

late晚的,迟到的

later后来

latter  the latter后者 the former前者

latest  the latest news最新消息

It is time that effective measures were taken before things go worse.

Provided (that)=as long as=so long as=if如果

I will lend you my bike provided that you keep it well.

 

及物动词:可以加宾语的动词,而且一定要有宾语,可以用被动语态

不及物动词:不可以直接加宾语,可以通过介词来加宾语,没有被动语态

I beat him.

He is beaten by me.

及物动词加宾语,如果宾语不是名词,则用动名词(动词+ing构成的名词)

I like eating.

 

 

时态:和时间有关

 


过去    现在    将来

 


过去的

过去

1.              现在完成时:从过去某一点时间发生,一直延续到现在,还有可能继续下去的动作或者状态;过去的动作对现在的影响。通常和for a long time, for three days, in the past three months, so far, by now, since

He has lived in < xmlnamespace prefix ="st1" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />Changzhou since he came to work here.

They have been busy with the experiment in the past three days.

=They began to do experiment three days ago.

*He has joined the army for ten years.

改为:He has been in the army for ten years.=He joined the army ten years ago.

*He has left Changzhou for three days.

改为:He has been away from Changzhou for three days.=He left Changzhou three days ago.

2.              have been doing=have done+be doing表示动作持续的时间长

He has been reading this book the whole morning.

He has read this book.他看过这本书。

have been done=have done+be done

 

现在进行时:

He is reading a novel.

He is looking for a beautiful girl.

现在进行时和always, often, continually, forever连用,表示说话人的情感。

You are always looking at beautiful women.

 

过去完成时:过去的过去,在过去某一动作之前发生的动作或者状态。had been

I went to watch a movie last night, and I had finished my homework before that.

 

将来完成时:到将来某一时间将会已经完成的工作或者状态,通常由by+将来时间,by the end of this week, 结构为will have done

We will have learned 5,000 words by the end of this year.

This building will have been built by the end of next month.

They are wakened and asked

Will have been spoken and written

Today, this ship is larger than those have been built.

wax

ear wax耵聍;耳屎

leak泄露(油,水,气)

miss错过;遗漏

omit省略;遗漏

 

条件状语从句、时间状语从句中,用一般现在时代替将来时。

If it rains tomorrow, we will not go camping.

As soon as he comes back, I will tell him the news.

 

Challenge挑战 modify修改

GM food=genetically modified food

 

语态:主动还是被动

be entitled to sth有权利做……

entitle取名;赋予……权利

This ticket entitles you to a free meal.

You are entitled to a free meal.

 

According to the passage/the author

Inactive<active

Passive被动的,消极的,阴极

Active积极的

Contribute to为……作出贡献;导致

His lack of money contributed to his failure in love.

Positive积极的;阳性的;肯定的

Negative消极的;阴性的;否定的

Neutral中立的

 

Used to do过去常常 usedn’t to do

Didn’t use to do

Be used to doing习惯于

I need a pen to write with.

I need a piece of paper to write on.

 

Consist of由……组成  没有被动语态

Be composed of=be made up of

 

连系动词:感官look, sound, smell, taste, feel, seem, 变得turn, become, grow+形容词做表语

leaves become yellow in autumn.

Your dress looks nice.

 

Interesting

Interested

Interest 及物动词:使某人感兴趣

This book interests me very much.

I am interested in this book.

 

Exhausting  exhausted

I am _ exhausted _ after the sports meeting.

artificial intelligence人工智能 AI

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