加载中…
个人资料
roy7901
roy7901
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:9,796
  • 关注人气:30
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
正文 字体大小:

2011年12月24日讲义

(2012-02-21 21:13:27)
标签:

教育

分类: 常大A班

P.31

词汇与结构

Unit 1

1.          advice不可数名词

many+可数名词的复数

much, plenty of, a great deal of+不可数名词

a lot of+可数名词复数/不可数名词

a great number of+可数名词复数

the number of+谓语动词通常用单数

The number of people attending the Christmas party _is_ 1,000.

2.          pat sb on the head拍某人的头

3.          He is to blame.该责备他。

反义疑问句:前肯定,后否定。

I think一般当做插入语成分

I don’t think, I don’t hope+从句,否定转移

4. unless=if not

  as long as只要=provided (that)=if

  How beautiful the girl is!

  however=no matter how

  However beautiful the girl is, I will not love her.=No matter how beautiful the girl is, I will not love her.

5. lie, lied, lied撒谎

  lie, lay, lain

  lay, laid, laid放下来;搁置

  take away拿走

  take down取下;击落

  take in欺骗;吸收

  take up a new job从事新工作

  convince sb of sth说服某人相信……

  put, take, turn

6. be aware of知道

7. it is (was)that

  Not until she returned home did she realize she had almost wasted ten of her valuable hours.

  She didn’t realize she had almost wasted ten of her valuable hours until she returned home.

9. in that在于;因为

  anthropology 人类学

  archaeology 考古学

10. the activities of sb are

   The salary of a bus driver is much higher than that of a teacher.

11. I expect there _A_ a large crowd.

   I should avoid there _B_ a large crowd.

   A. to be  B. being

   expect sb to do sth

   avoid doing sth

   tell sb to do

   tell sb not to do

   对分词,不定式,动名词的否定,在它们之前直接加not.

12. pepper胡椒

   taste一般动词:品尝

   taste连系动词:尝起来  没有被动语态,没有进行体,用形容词作表语

   This apple tastes good.

   感官动词:look, sound, smell, taste, feel, seem

13. 虚拟语气

but for, without, otherwise隐含了对过去的虚拟

But for your help, I would have never passed the exam.

=If you had not helped me, I would have never passed the exam.

省略if要倒装,助动词提前

14. He often sat in the bar, drinking more wine than _was_ good to his health.

15. 美小圆旧黄,法国木书房。

16. on good/bad terms关系好/不好

17. supply供应;提供  supplier供应商

   request请求

   require要求

   claim宣称

   demand要求;命令;需求

   meet the demand满足需求

18. equally相等地;平等地

   severely严重地

19. give sb a short notice

   caution谨慎

20. allowance津贴;零花钱

   aid资助

   loan贷款

   provision(s)粮食

21. stop sb from doing sth阻止某人干……

reach a conclusion得到结论

reach an agreement达成协议

complete完成;完全的

achieve获得;取得

achievement成就

obtain获得(能力)

ambition>ambitious雄心勃勃的;野心勃勃的

22. the missing/lost child

   seek追求;seek for sth寻找

   look for寻找

   investigate=look into调查

   comb名词:梳子  动词:地毯式的搜索

23. take after

   take over接管

   take up a new job从事新工作

   take from从……拿来

24. so副词

   such形容词;名词

   The influence of Internet is such that it can make a person famous overnight.

25. 同位语从句

   We heard the news from the newspaper that Kim Joon-ni had died on the 17th of December.

   We came to know the news that was told by him everywhere.定语从句

   We came to know the news that he had been killed in the war.同位语从句

26. 对将来的虚拟,用should/were to

27. the more…, the more…

   The more you love me, the less I love you.

29. other than除了

   rather than而不是

   none other than正是

   It is none / other than Tom himself.

   He is nothing / but an artist.他就是个艺术家。

   He is everything / but an artist.他绝不是一个艺术家。

31. out of question毫无疑问

   out of the question不可能

   My love for is out of the question.

32. demonstration展示;演示

   display展览

   manifestation清晰;清楚

33. occupy占领;占据  occupation职业

   hold举行;容纳

   His theory doesn’t hold water.他的理论站不住脚。

   fit适合

   load装载(货物)

34. occur to sb某人想起

35. receptive<receive

   available可以得到的;有空的

   obtainable可以获得的

36. accessible<access入口;通道

   the access to the Internet网络接口

37. semi-finals半决赛

   qualify sb for sth使某人具有资格;使某人能够胜任

   qualify<quality质量

   quantify<quantity数量

38. pose摆姿势;设置(障碍)

39. pursue追求;继续

   He went aboard to pursue his study.

   trace down追踪;跟踪

   track down查找;追寻

40. live现场直播的

   alive形容词:活着的,做表语

   living形容词:活的,做定语

   a living fish

   The fish is alive.

   lively活泼的

 

 

 

 

go ahead继续;好的

purchaser<purchase购买

alter<alteration改变

image形象

indifferent冷漠的;漠不关心的

shock休克

approve同意;赞同

neutral中立的  objective客观的

unbiased没有偏见的

 

Perhaps the reason is that advertising saves the manufacturers from having to think about the customers.

代替

也许原因是因为广告代替制造商来考虑顾客。

也许原因是广告使得制造商省却了考虑顾客的麻烦

defect缺陷

recall召回;回忆

performance表现;性能<perform表演

commitment努力;承诺<commit致力于

be committed to sth/doing sth=be devoted to sth=be dedicated to sth

commit suicide, commit a crime

credit信用;信誉

authorize授权<author作者

dealer经销商

outlets奥特莱斯

No mechanism in China requires the recall of cars as it does in Japan, but Honda decided to replace the rubber connector in order to provide the same service to Chinese customers.不像日本,中国没有要求召回汽车的机制,但是本田公司决定更换橡胶接头,从而为中国顾客提供同等服务。

 

Pay付钱 check支票=cheque

Be absorbed in 沉浸于

Regard as认为

Infer推断

Quit work辞职

lucrative润滑的;报酬高的

 

P.56 汉译英

1.倍数

倍数+as (adj)+as

倍数+比较级+than

is twice and half larger than Force N2.

is three times and half as large as Force N2.

2. acts three times as fast as that substance.

  React

3. is 49 times as large as the moon.

4. increase by增加了

  increase to增加到

  add up to加起来达……

  wants to increase the rent by one third.

5. plan to increase the investment by one time/100%./to twice

  plan to double the investment.

 

2. 时态

  时间状语从句和条件状语从句中用一般现在时代替将来时

  I will tell him the news when he comes back.

  将来完成时 by+时间 will have done

  现在完成时 for+一段时间,since

  *He has joined the army for ten years.

  He has been in the army for ten years.

  *He has left Changzhou for three days.

  He has been away from Changzhou for three days.

1.           or it will have been finished by the time we arrive./when we arrive

2.           the children had slept./the children were asleep.

3.           my older sister will be enjoying her holiday by seaside.

4.           现在完成时的进行体have been doing,表示动作的持续

I have been revising my CV/resume the whole morning.

5. No. I haven’t had my holiday for 5 years.

6. He has been in the army for 5 years/He has been a soldier for 5 years.

 

3.被动语态

1) a knife and fork一副刀叉

  bread and butter, ham and egg

  is being replaced by computers and projectors.

  have been doing=have done+be doing

2) The book will have been published by the end of this year.

3) can be used to show/demonstrate the way (in which) cells work. Cells work in this way.

4) I was very surprised/shocked because the price was out of my expectation./the price was beyond my expectation./the price was much higher than I had expected.

5) Effective measure should be taken at once/right now

 

4.情态动词

must一定,表示肯定的判断

cannot肯定没有,表示否定的判断

情态动词+have done

should/shouldn’t+have done表示责备/后悔

needn’t have done表示本来不必

might have done表示不太肯定的判断

1)                  but nobody answers. She can’t be at home.

2)                  I might have left them in the café.

3)                  You must have dreamed something terrible.

4)                  You should have invited her to your graduation ceremony.

5)                  I needn’t have put on my best suit/dress to the party.

 

5.虚拟语气

1) I wish I had had such good chances as yours when I was young.

2) If only he had known that this disease was curable./could be cured.

3) I’d rather he painted it blue and without any decoration.

4) It is high time that effective measures were taken to solve traffic jams.

5) Hugh usually talks as if he were making/delivering a speech at the meeting.

6) We insist that Jack (should) be sent to hospital at once.

7) It was advised that more mobile shops should be built/set in the living areas./residential areas.

8) His proposal was that they should found a special committee to inspect this issue.

  propose提议;求婚

  question, problem, issue

9) We are going to discuss his suggestion that mid-term exams should be canceled/called off.

10) It is ridiculous that we should lack water in a country where it is always raining.

11) It is essential that everyone should prepare for emergencies.

12) If he had followed my advice to book the tickets, we would have had quite a comfortable journey.

13) I was to have made a speech but for the fact that somebody interrupted me./if I had not been interrupted by somebody.

14) If it had rained, the ground would be wet.

15) If I were living in New York, I would know the U.S. well now.

16) If the doctor had not come in time, he would not survive/would not be alive now.

17) But for his help, we could not have rented the house at such a low price.

18) I used my calculator; otherwise, I would have spent more time working out this exercise.

19) Were I in your place, I would not hesitate to seize the chance.

20) Had it not been for their opposition, this bill could have been passed already.

21) Should there be another world war, human beings would have dangers for their existence.

22) He walked lightly lest/for fear/in case (that) he (should) wake the baby up.

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有