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阅读理解:In most Asian societies,by contrast,the people have the same language

(2011-03-31 10:15:30)
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学位英语

阅读理解

教育

分类: 阅读理解题

2011年上半年河北学位英语第二十五单元课后阅读理解二

本阅读理解为2011年上半年新添内容由76707063群成员简单快乐扫描上传。中文翻译来自 荣钰茗

本题为2011年上半年河北省学位英语考试原题。试题的阅读理解5.

In a society such as the Unite States or Canada,which has many national,religious,and
cultural differences,people highly value individualism -the differences among
people,Teachers place a lot importance on the qualities that make each student
special.
The educational systems in these countries show these values.Students do
not memorize information.Instead,they work individually and find answers themselves.
There is often discussion in the classroom.At an early age,students learn to
form their own ideas and opinions.

如美国或加拿大,有很多的民族、 宗教和文化差异的社会中,人们高度重视人的个性差异。教师非常看重使每个学生都有与众不同特点。在这些国家的教育系统显示这些素质管理。学生记不住知识信息。相反,他们能单独工作,并找到自己的答案。经常是在教室里的讨论。在早期的年龄,学生学习形成自己的想法和意见。

 

In most Asian societies,by contrast,the people have the same language,history,and culture.
Perhaps for this reason,the educational system in much of the Orient reflects society’s belief in group goals and purposes rather than individualism.Children in China,Japan,and Korea often
 work together and help one another on assignments.In the classroom,the teaching methods are
 often very formal.The teacher lectures.and the students listen.There is not much discussion.
Instead,the students recite rules or information that they have memorized.

相比之下,在大多数亚洲的社会中,人民有相同的语言、 历史和文化。也许出于此原因,在很大程度的东方教育制度反映了集团的目标和目的,而不是个人主义社会的信念。在中国、 日本和韩国的儿童经常一起工作和互相帮助,在完成作业。在教室里,教学方法往往是非常正式的。老师的讲座和学生们听。这里没有很多的讨论。相反,学生背诵规则或他们已记住的信息。


There are advantages and disadvantages to both of these systems of education.For example,
one advantage to the system in Japan is that students there leam much more math and science
than American studen~learn by the end of high sch001.They also study more hours each day
and more days each year than North Americans do。The system is difficult,but it prepares
students for a society that values discipline and self-control.There is,however,a disadvantage.Memorization is an important learning method in Japanese schools,yet may students say that after an exam,they forget much ofthe information that they have memorized.

这些系统的教育都有优点和缺点。例如,日本在教学制度中的一个优点是,那里的学生学的数学和科学比美国高中结束时学的还多。他们不仅仅研究了系统还研究时间,每日和每年学习的时间超过北美。这个教学系统是很难的,但它是为了社会培养学生是值得的,重视纪律和自我控制力。然而,有一个缺点。在日本的学校,记忆是一种重要的学习方法,但学生可能在一次考试之后说, 他们忘记很多他们已经记住的信息。

The advantage of the educational system in North America,on the other hand,is that
students leam to think for themselves.The system prepares them for a society that values
creative ideas,There is,however,a disadvantage.When students graduate from high school,
they haven’t memorized as many basic rules and facts as students in other countries have.

在北美,教育制度的优点是学生学会思考。制度为他们准备了一个有创意的社会,价值创造经营理念。不过,有一个缺点。当从高中毕业时,他们没记住尽可能多的基本规则和事实,这个其他国家也有。

 

In a society such as the Unite States or Canada,which has many national,religious,and
cultural differences,people highly value individualism -the differences among
people,Teachers place a lot importance on the qualities that make each student
special

在象美国或加拿大这样有着很多民族、宗教和文化差异的社会里,人们高度重视个人主义--
人与人的差异。教师们非常看重使每个学生与众不同的特点。
答案:CDAAB

 
1.The reason that American teachers attach much importance to individualism is that   
  A)they are required to do so
  B)their students do not memorize information
  C) the United States is a country of multi·culture
  D)their students work individually
2.Which ofthe following statements applies to Asian methods of education?
  A1 Each child in a classroom draws a difierent picture.
  B)Students have to find information themselves.
  C1 Teachers serve as a guide in discussion.
  D)Students are prepared for a society that values discipline.
3.An ideal educational system would be the one that   
  A1 is the combination of Westem and Oriental methods
  B)has more advantages
  C)is based ontheWestern system
  D)rests on theAsian system
4.The author is convinced that—————一.
  A) differentducational systems reflect difierent cultures of the societies
  B)students from Westem countries are creative but selfish
  C)Asian students are merely interested in math and science
  D)westem system of education has more advantages than the Oriental one
5.The authorfocuses on   
A)the advantages and disadvantages to both ofthe Western and Asian educational systems
B)the differences in methods of education between Orient and West
C1 how Asian school systems reflect group goals
D)how Western school systems mirror the value of individualiam

 

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