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阅读理解:Bruno Lundby,39,was one of he ranks of typically low paid

(2011-03-30 16:58:22)
标签:

学位英语

阅读理解

教育

分类: 阅读理解题

2011年上半年河北学位英语第九单元课后阅读理解一

本阅读理解为2011年上半年新添内容由76707063群成员简单快乐扫描上传。中文由 纸蝴蝶 提供,仅供参考。

 

Passagel
    Bruno Lundby,39,was one of he ranks of typically low paid,low status workers who EIl
supermarket shelves,serve fast food,change hotel beds or empty office waste ins,often at
unsocial hours and with little expectation of anything better.Lacking formal qualifications,he
drifted from the army into odd cleaning jobs.Then,unexpectedly,he found the opportunity for
advancement in a management training program offered by ISS,the Danish support services
group.Today he sits in a spotless,air-conditioned office supervising all ISS damage control
 operations in the greater Copenhagen area.‘‘I couldn’t have imagined getting to where I am
today when I started,”he says.‘‘1 was surprised to be offered a future at ISS in 1 993 when I
 became a supervisor.”In the past three years,he has been promoted three times.

  布鲁诺伦比,39岁,他是典型的低工资,低地位工人的行列之一,做着给超市货架补货,快餐服务业,搬动酒店床位或清空办公室废纸篓这类的工作,通常没有什么社交时间,对任何事务也几乎没有什么期望。由于缺少正击规的资格,他从部队出来后就做临时清洁工工作。接着,意外的,他找到一个由ISS公司提供的管理培训来提高自己的机会。今天他坐在一尘不染,装着空调的办公室里,管理着哥本哈根大部分区域的所有的ISS 损坏赔偿控制的业务运营。“开始的时候我根本没想过达到我现在的位置”他说“1993年当我在ISS公司被任命为一个主管时我对公司提供的前景非常吃惊。”在过去的三年里,他被提升了三次。


    ISS,which employs 272,000 people in 36 countries in Europe,Asia and Latin America in
cleaning and other contract work,still appear to be an exception in the services sector in
offering career progression to workers.

在欧洲,亚洲和拉打美洲的36个国家里,ISS公司在保洁和其他合约工作领域雇佣了272,000名员工。为普通员工提供晋升的机会使它成为了服务行业中的特例。

    The pursuit of customer satisfaction is a strong feature of companies that treat blue—collar
 staff as more than a commodity.Tesco,the supermarket group that is the UK’s largest private
 sector employer with 2 1 0,000 employees,recently formalized a practice of nurturing
 management potential among shelf stackers and check out staff.‘‘The ones who respect
 customers are the ones who get on,”says Clare Chapman,human resources director.In the past
five months,245 employees have been promoted from general store assistant to section manager,
149 from section manager to senior store team and 33 from senior team to store manager.These
 staff are coached,assessed and them trained for their new responsibilities.The talent spotting
 program applies to all staff,including 45,700 in Tesco’s overseas stores.

追求顾客满意是公司的强大特征,公司在善蓝领工人上超过了对任何一种物品。(我理解认为后面的定语从语的意思是公司认为蓝领工人的价值比任何商品的价值都高)。特易购超市集团是英国最大的私营企业雇主,有210,000雇员,最近将在货物堆码工和检查人员中培养有潜能的管理者的惯例正规化。“替顾客考虑的那些人是能够继续下去的人,”人力资源部主管Clare Chapman说。在过去的5个月里,有245名员工从普通的库房管理员提升到了部门经理,149名员工从部门经理进到了高级店铺(管理)团队,33名员工从高级店铺(管理)团队提升到店铺经理。这些员工经过培训,评估然后再对他们所负新的职责进行培训。这种人员识别程序适用所有员工,包括特易购海外分店的45,700员工。

    ISS acknowledges that by offering career progression it has changed the nature of its
 contract with blue—collar employees,raising expectations on both sides that may not always be
met.

ISS公司承认,通过提供改变了与蓝领工人合同性质的职业发展,预期的提高可能不能达到双方满意。

    For Mr.Lundby,career progress has induced loyalty to his employer and greater
 self-esteem.‘‘Personal skills are often more important than high educational qualifications if you have to deal with people ever3T day,”he says.“I’m a practical.not an academic person.I know the business from the bottom.1 know the loopholes and the hardships.’’

对于伦比先生来说,事业的发展引发他对雇主的忠诚以有更强烈的自尊。“如果你需要每天与人打交道,(那么)人的技能通常比所获得高等教育资格更重要。“他说,”我就是一个注重实际的人,而不是学术性的人。我知道底层的业务经营。我知道他们的(工作)漏洞与艰辛。”

 

在欧洲、亚洲和拉丁美洲,“ISS”在保洁和其它合约工作领域雇佣了272000名员工。为普通员工提供职位晋升的机会使它成为了服务行业中的特例。

 

答案:DACCD


1.It is implied from the passage that Mr.Lundby———————.
  A)has anticipated his condition would be improved
  B)works hard but still has no chance to improve his condition
  C)has been promoted for he has formal qualifications
  D)had some of the toughest,dirtiest jobs before
 2.What can we learn about the passage?
  A)Blue—collar workers in the services sector have little chance to be promoted.
  B)Workers in the services sector have more chance to be promoted than in other sectors.
  C) Companies in the services sector always treat blue。collar staff as a commodity.
  D) Companies in the services sector always pursue customer satisfaction.
3.In Tesco,employees will have chance to be promoted.f——.
  A)they are loyal to their employer    B)they join management training program
  C)they make their customers satisfied D)they work hard
4.It can be concluded from the passage that by offering career progression to blue—collar
  employees———————.
  A)companies will have more managers    B)companies will be more competitive
  C)managers will have higher expectations D)managers will have less responsibility
5.Which ofthe following is the best title ofthis passage?
  A)The Story of Bruno Lundby.    B)Management Training Program.
  C)Career Progression Inducing Self-esteem.D)From Dead End Job to Bright Career.

 

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