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阅读理解:The more women and minorities make

(2010-07-29 18:15:30)
标签:

学位英语

分类: 阅读理解题

本题是2011年上半年学位英语教材第18单元的课后阅读理解。

本题是2010年下半年学位英语教材第18单元的课后阅读理解。

本题是2008年下半年学位英语教材第18单元的课后阅读理解。

本题是2009年下半年学位英语教材第18单元的课后阅读理解。

本题是2010年上半年学位英语教材第18单元的课后阅读理解。

 

The more women and minorities make their way into the ranks of management, t he more they seem to want to talk about things formerly judged to be best left unsaid. The newcomers also tend to see office matters with a fresh eye, in the process sometimes coming up with critical analyses of the forces that shape everyones experience in the organization.
      Consider the novel views of Harvey Coleman of Atlanta on the subject of getting ahead. Coleman is black. He spent 11 years with IBM, half of them working in management development, and now serves as a consultant to the likes of AT&T, Co ca?Cola, Prudential, and Merch. Coleman says that based on what he's seen at bi g companies, he weighs the different elements that make for long?term career success as follows: performance counts a mere 10%, image, 30%; and exposure, a full 60%. Coleman concludes that excellent job performance is so common these days that while doing your work well may win you pay increases, it won't secure you the big promotion. He finds that advancement more often depends on how many people know you and your work, and how high up they are.
       Ridiculous beliefs? Not to many people, especially many women and members of minority races who, like Coleman, feel that the scales(障眼物) have dropped fro m their eyes. "Women and blacks in organizations work under false beliefs," says Kaleel Jamison, a New York?based management consultant who helps corporation s deal with these issues. "They think that if you work hard, you'll get ahead-t hat someone in authority will reach down and give you a promotion." She adds, "Most women and blacks are so frightened that people will think they've gotten ahead because of their sex or color that they play down(使不突出) their visibility." Her advice to those folks: learn the ways that white males have traditionally used to find their way into the spotlight.


1. The best title for this passage would be __________.
A) Role of Women and Minorities in Management
B) The Importance of Being Visible
C) Job Performance and Advancement
D) Sex and Career Success

 

2. According to the passage, "things formerly judged to be best left un said" (Line 2, Para.1) probably refers to "__________".
A) criticisms that shape everyone's experience
B) the opinions which contradict the established beliefs
C) the tendencies that help the newcomers to see office matters with a fresh eye
D) the ideas which usually come up with usually come up with new ways of management in the organization


3. To achieve success in your career, the most important factor, accordi ng to the passage, is to __________.
A) let your superiors know how good you are
B) project a favorable image to the people around you
C) work as a consultant to your superiors
D) perform well your tasks given by your superiors


4. The reason why women and blacks play down their visibility is that th ey __________.
A) know that someone in authority will reach down and give them a promotion
B) want to give people the impression that they work under false beliefs
C) don't want people to think that their promotions were due to sex or color
D) believe they can get promoted by reason of their sex or color


5. The author is of the opinion that Coleman's beliefs are __________ .
A) biased
B) popular
C) insightful
D) superficial


Coleman concludes that excellent job performance is so common these days that while doing your work well may win your pay increases, it won’t secure you the big promotion. He finds that advancement more often depends on how many people know you and your work, and how high up they are.

得出结论,出色的工作表现是很常见的,虽然工作出色可以使你得到加薪,却不能保证让你升职,他发现升职往往取决于有多少人了解你和你的工作,他们的职位有多高。

 

1.The best title for this passage would be   答案 .The importance of Being Visible.

2.According to the passage, “things formerly judged to be best left unsaid” (Para. 1) probably refers to

“答案 .the opinions which contradict the established beliefs”

3.To achieve success in your carcer, the most important factor, according to the passage, is to      

答案 .let your superiors know how good you are

4.The reason why women and blacks play down their visibility is that they

答案.don’t want people to think that their promotions were due to sex or color.

5.The author is of the opinion that Coleman’s beliefs are .insightful.

 

【翻译】

越来越多的妇女和少数民族人员进入管理行列时,他们就越想谈谈原来那些与即成的信仰相抵触的想法。新人往往用新奇的眼光来看待公司的事务。在这一过程中,时而会伴随一些压力批判的分析,这些压力塑造了每个员工的阅历。

    看一下哈维.考李曼关于电影“getting ahead”的主题的新颖观点。考李曼是个黑人。她在IBM公司呆了11年,现在做类似AT$TCocacola 这样的公司的顾问。考李曼说道,根据在大公司的经验,她把成功的因素按比重排列如下:出色表现占10%,个人形象占30%,曝光占60%Goleman 总结道:在当今出色的工作表现是很常见的,虽然工作出色会使你拿更多的薪水,但并不能保证让你升职。他发现升职往往取决于有多少人知道你这个人和你的工作,还有了解你的这些人职务有多高。

    荒谬的信仰?有很多人,尤其是许多妇女和少数民族的成员感觉障眼物还没有从他们头脑中清楚。凯利欧.杰姆森说道:“妇女和黑人在虚假的信念下工作。”他是纽约一家公司的管理顾问,经常处理这类问题。“他们认为只要努力工作就会升职——某位当局者会发现并让你升职。”她补充道:“多数妇女和黑人害怕别人认为他们的升职是由于其性别和肤色,这种想法使他们不敢曝光自己。”她给这类人的建议是:向白种男性学习他们曝光自己的方式。

 

 

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