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2010年5月河北省学位英语考试真题

(2010-05-16 14:50:14)
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学位英语

分类: 历年学位英语考试真题

学位英语40 对于准备报考学位英语的你必须知道

群内会员成绩 2010年5月份学位英语考试 

点击查看 2010年上半年学位英语教程目录

点击查看 2009年11月河北省学位英语考试试题

 

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河北省成人高等教育本科毕业生申请授予学士学位外国语水平统一考试-英语试题

 

2010年5月16日河北省学位英语考试试题主要有以下一些。留做记录,以备查询。

 

一、语法词汇(50个小题,每个0.5分,共25分)

书上的原题有:(按所在单元排序)

第一单元:

Most broadcasters maintain that TV has been unfairly criticized and argue that the power of the medium is C.exaggerated.

Geologists use artificial earth shocks C.in their search for petroleum.

第二单元:

Some of his suggestions have been adopted but others have been turned B.down as the are quite impracticable.

We A.had thought of paying you a visit but the bad weather prevented us from doing so.

第三单元

Although the cyclist was unhurt, his bicycle was A.crushed between the lorry and the wall.

Having missed the last bus, Bob had no alternative C.but to take a taxi home though he did not like the idea.

Mr.Johnson preferred A.to be given heavier work to do.

第四单元

Although these people knew that their boss was in a difficult situation, they were still D.sticking by him.

Wouldn't it be wise to D.check on the possibility of rain before planning the garden party?

We were surprised at A.his not passing the exam.

第五单元

How can you best C.cultivate habits of the English language?

A.Deprived of the financial means to remain independent, Thomas Edison was compelled to seek employment as a night telegraph operator.

第六单元

The old buildings blend with the new ones in perfect C.harmony so a walk along Nanking Road is an enjoyable discovery.

The alarm clock didn’t ring his morning, You D.must have forgotten to wind it last night.

第七单元

Most people who travel in the course of their work are given traveling B.allowances.

If only we B.had done as we were told! This would never have happened.

第八单元

No effective C.remedy has been found for this fatal disease which claims thousands of lives each year.

By success I don’t mean A.what is usually thought of when that word is used.

第九单元

The court considers a financial D.penalty to be an appropriate way of punishing him.

I’m pleased with what you have given me and B.all that you have told me.

The reason C.why he rejected our plan is that he had no faith in us.

第十单元 

What I have most is making a great C.fuss about such a simple matter.

I had just started back for the house to change my clothed B.when I heard voices.

第十一单元 

It is almost impossible for me to meet her C.unless she really comes to see me.

第十二单元 

Three days after the trial the prisoner was C.executed secretly, and the body was buried under a tree inside the prison.

第十三单元 

He said he had C.witnessed the performance of the new model and was surprised at what he had seen then.

Lastly, what are the special responsibilities, C.if any, of the scientists toward the community?

第十四单元 

Frankfurt, Germany, is one of the most A.densely populated regions of Western Europe.

The total number of articles published on cancer B.is amazing.

第15单元 

There would be about 10 million other planets in the universe that could physically A.resemble the earth.

第16单元

Some creatures, for example, lizards,can B.reproduce lost parts of their bodies, but we human beings can not.

Silver is the best conductor of electricity, copper B) following it closely.

The price of beer A)ranged from 50 cents to $4 per liter during the summer season

 

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二、阅读理解(6个阅读理解,30个小题,每小题1.5分,共45分.有下划线的部分是需要翻译的

1.本题选自课外,是六级的模拟试题 

Good sense is the most equitable distributed (divide) thing in the world , for each man considers himself so well provided with it that even those who are most difficult to satisfy in everything else do not usually wish to have more of it than they have already. It is not likely that everyone is mistaken in this; it shows, rather, that the ability to judge rightly and separate the true from the false, which is essentially what is called good sense or reason (很强的判断力), is by nature (生来)equal in all men, and thus that our opinions differ not because some men are better endowed with(获得的判断力)reason than others, but only because we direct our thoughts along different paths, and do not consider the same things, for it is not enough to have a good mind: what is most important is to apply it rightly. The greatest souls are capable of the greatest vices; and those who walk very slowly can advance much further, if they always keep to the direct road, than those who run and go astray (误入迷途).
For my part, I have never presumed my mind to be more perfect than average in any way; I have, in fact, often wished that my thoughts were as quick, or my imagination as precise and distinct, or my memory as capacious or prompt, as those of some other men.
And I know of no other qualities than these which make for the perfection of the mind; for as to reason, or good sense, inasmuch as it alone makes us men and distinguishes us from the beasts(animals), I am quite willing to believe that is whole and entire in each of us, and to follow in the common opinion of the philosophers who say that there are differences of more or less only among the accidents, and not among the forms, or natures, of the individuals of a single species.
 
1、According to the author, the three elements that comprise the perfect mind are ____
A.Tenacity(固执)of thought, capacious memory, quickness of mind
B.precise imagination, tenacity of memory, quickness of thought
C.quickness of wit, ease of conscience, quickness of thought
D.promptness of memory, distinctness of imagination, quickness of thought
 
2、The basic idea of the first paragraph may be stated as follows: _____
A.all persons have an equal portion of good will when they are born
B.great souls are capable of great evil
C. good sense, in terms of its distribution among persons, may be called common sense
D.good sense is the mark of the truly good person
 
3、About himself, the author states that _____
A.he had always sensed his mental superiority over most persons
B.his awareness of his mental superiority over other was something that grew slowly, with experience
C.he actually regards his own mental faculties as inferior in many ways to those of the great majority of persons.
D.he has never had the feeling that his mind was more perfect than average in any way
 
4、The author claims that what sets human beings apart from beasts is _____.
A.a sense of organization combines with the ability to create
B.the ability to adapt to the surroundings
C.a sense of reason coupled with a strong sense of practicality
D.a sense or reason
 
5、According to the author the ability to distinguish between the true and the false is ____.
A.endowed by nature to all creatures
B.endowed in equal measure to all people
C.more heavily present in some people that in others
D. an unnatural, cultivated trait in all people
 
参考答案:1.D 2.C 3.D 4.D 5.B
 

2.本题为教材第9单元课后阅读理解二 是今年(2010)上半年教材新添的内容

详见:http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_56573c7e0100ikji.html

1. What main idea does the author want to convey in the first paragraph?
B) Man came to establish a close relationship with a number of animals.
2. When an animal is underfed,it will probably ____.A) refuse to obey its master
3. Which of the following is NOT true of dogs according to the passage?
D) The Husky and the Saluki are the strongest breed ever known in the world.

4. To keep a domestic animal physically fit, its owner is advised ____.
B) to pay attention to its proper feeding
5. Which of the following would be best TITLE for this passage?
A) Domesticated Animals - Man’s Best Friend

 

3.本题节选自教材的第十七单元课文: Don't Fly with Me - 不要和我飞行 这篇课文在2009年9月版、2010年3月版的教材中都有出现

试题中节选了第一、四、五段 

详见:http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_56573c7e0100g177.html

 

4.本题选自课外,是2002年6月四级试题

In the 1960s, medical researchers Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe developed a checklist of stressful events. They appreciated the tricky point that any major change can be stressful. Negative events like “serious illness of a family member” were high on the list, but so were some positive life-changing events, like marriage. When you take the Holmes-Rahe test you must remember that the score does not reflect how you deal with stress — it only shows how much you have to deal with. And we now know that the way you handle these events dramatically affects your chances of staying healthy.

By the early 1970s, hundreds of similar studies had followed Holmes and Rahe. And millions of Americans who work and live under stress worried over the reports. Somehow, the research got boiled down to a memorable message. Women’s magazines ran headlines like “Stress causes illness!” If you want to stay physically and mentally healthy, the articles said, avoid stressful events.

But such simplistic advice is impossible to follow. Even if stressful events are dangerous, many — like the death of a loved one — are impossible to avoid. Moreover, any warning to avoid all stressful events is a prescription (处方) for staying away from opportunities as well as trouble. Since any change can be stressful, a person who wanted to be completely free of stress would never marry, have a child, take a new job or move.

The notion that all stress makes you sick also ignores a lot of what we know about people. It assumes we’re all vulnerable (脆弱的) and passive in the face of adversity (逆境). But what about human initiative and creativity? Many come through periods of stress with more physical and mental vigor than they had before. We also know that a long time without change or challenge can lead to boredom, and physical and metal strain.

1. The result of Holmes-Rahe’s medical research tells us __________.

A) the way you handle major events may cause stress

B) what should be done to avoid stress

C) what kind of event would cause stress

D) how to cope with sudden changes in life

2. The studies on stress in the early 1970’s led to _________.

A) widespread concern over its harmful effects

B) great panic over the mental disorder it could cause

C) an intensive research into stress-related illnesses

D) popular avoidance of stressful jobs

3. The score of the Holmes-Rahe test shows ________.

A) how much pressure you are under

B) how positive events can change your life

C) how stressful a major event can be

D) how you can deal with life-changing events

4. Why is “such simplistic advice” (Line 1, Para. 3) impossible to follow?

A) No one can stay on the same job for long.

B) No prescription is effective in relieving stress.

C) People have to get married someday.

D) You could be missing opportunities as well.

5. According to the passage people who have experienced ups and downs may become ________.

A) nervous when faced with difficulties

B) physically and mentally strained

C) more capable of coping with adversity

D) indifferent toward what happens to them

答案 1. C 2. A 3. A 4. D 5. C


 

5.选自第25单元课后阅读理解一 本题在2009年3月版、9月版、2010年3月版教材中都有

详见:http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_56573c7e0100lcpc.html

1.The author claims that there is a difference in reading speed . 

B.among all the readers 

2.A good reader is a reader who   .

C.changes his speed according to the kind of text

3.The author says that when reading a novel, a good reader can quickly read .
C.the major part in the book 

4.The last two sentences of the first paragraph mean that .

B.slow for a non-serious book may be too fast for a difficult one. 

5.Which of the following can be the title of the passage?

D.Difference in the Speed and Efficiency of Reading.

 

6.节选自教材第18单元课文: Taboos in America - 美国人的禁忌 是今年(2010年)上半年新添的课文

试题中节选了第1、3、4、5、8段 

详见:http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_56573c7e0100ij8o.html

 

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三、完型(20个空,每空0.5分,共10分)

本次考试的完型填空选自教程第10单元  此题为今年(2010年)上半年教材新添内容  点击查看
http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_56573c7e0100ic3f.html

 

四、翻译(20分,6道题,每题3-4分。这6个句子来自第二题阅读理解中有下划线的部分

1.For my part, I have never presumed my mind to be more perfect than average in any way; I have, in fact, often wished that my thoughts were as quick, or my imagination as precise and distinct, or my memory as capacious or prompt, as those of some other men.

 

2.They look to their masters to provide for their needs and as long as these are supplied they are content to do what their masters require.

它们要靠主人提供生存必需品,只要需求得以满足,它们乐意为主人效力。

 

3.Before any passenger can get on an airplane at the airport, he must go through a series of security checks to make sure he isn't carrying anything that is potentially dangerous or could be used as a weapon on board.

任何乘客在机场上飞机时,他必须通过一系列的安全检查,以确定他没有携带任何具有潜在的危险或可能被用作武器的东西。

 

4.Negative events like “serious illness of a family member” were high on the list but so were some positive life-changing events like marriage.

 

5.In reading more difficult material, with the intention of taking in the whole of it, he will proceed more slowly, but even then he will vary his pace, concentrating on the key words and passages, perhaps re-reading them several times and pass more quickly over the remainder.

在读比较难的材料时,如果他打算通篇吸收,就会读慢些。即使这个时候,他也要变化阅读的速度,在关键词和重要段落上要精力更集中些,可能会反复读几遍,而读其他部分时就要快一些。

 

6.Americans very much mind their weight and rarely disclose how much they weigh … even if they are thin and in great shape. Therefore, you best not to ask.

美国人很关注体重,且极少透露他们的体重……即使他们很瘦,身材很好。所以,你别问为妙。

  

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五、作文(20分)

city transportation

1.交通日益成为城市的一大难题
2.现有解决交通问题的办法
3.提出自己的看法

 

历年学位英语考试作文的题目,博主注:

08上考的是成人学英语,对应的是第17单元的课后作文

08下考的是信息 

09上考的作文是手机发短信的利弊,对应的是TEST1的作文

09下考的是面对面交流,对应的是第18单元的课后作文

10上考的是城市交通,对应第21单元的课后作文

 

作文的写作有这样一个特点 背作文,不如背模板 作文模板见http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/articlelist_1448557694_5_1.html

 

[范文1]
There is no doubt that traffic congestion becomes a growing worry for the residents of most urban areas. Some major roads are regularly choked with traffic in rush hours. The limited transport capacity contributes largely to the vexing problem. How to solve the headache?
The existing solutions to traffic jam mainly aims at creating metro bus systems and broadening major roads. Widening the existing roads can solve traffic snarls on some level. Soaring car ownership compounds the chronic annoying problem, so we must sharply reduce the heavy reliance on cars and drive a shift to the mass transportation. It is a cheap and good way. We can create a system of customized bus routes and highlight the development of subways, trolleys and light rail. The effective combination of these solutions will enable the urban areas to possess a smooth traffic.

 

[范文2]

With the development of industry and economy, more people from rural area are pouring into big cities and more vehicles are going on to the street. As a result, many cities are faced with the serious problem of traffic congestion, which has become one of the major concerns of the society.

To solve this problem, many people have put forward many solutions, of which the following two are the most typical. One is to lay down more roads, which will make the highways less crowded and accelerate the flowof traffic. Another is to open up more bus routes, which will enable more people to take buses rather than ride bikes or drive cars, thus decreasing the number of cars and bikes racing on the streets.

However, both of the suggestions have disadvantages. The former may occupy too much land, which may be otherwise put to better uses. The latter, on the other hand, will bring inconvenience to those who are living far away from the bus routes. The best solution, in my opinion, seems to be the combination of the two: toay down more roads in spacious areas and to open up more bus routes in downtown areas.

 

[范文3]

Nowadays, people in many big cities are complaining about the heavy traffic. It has seriously influenced people's daily life and economic development. To solve the problem, some pieces of advice are put forward. Some people suggest that more streets and roads should be built. In this way,
the traffic density can be redncedi hence speeding up the flow of buses and cars.But the new roads and streets will be filled with many cars and buses soon.
Some people advise to limit the number of bikes and cars. This can decrease the traffic flow. But on the other haad, this will affect the consumption and make buses more crowded.
In my opinion, the number of private cars should be put under control. And at the same time, buses should have their own special routes which cannot be used by other vehicles. Besides, underground train and city train should be developed quickly. ( 151 words)

怎样解决交通拥挤问题
现今,许多大城市的人们都在抱怨交通拥堵。它已经严重地影响了人们的日常生活和经济发展。为了解决这个问题,人们提出了一些建议。
有人建议修建更多的道路。通过这种方法,可以减小交通密度,因此公共汽车与小汽车的速度就可以提上来。但是不久,新的道路又将被更多的公共汽车与小汽车所塞满。
有人建议限制自行车和汽车的数量,这可以减少交通的流量。但是另一方面,这会影响消费并使公共汽车更加拥挤。
我认为,应该控制私家车的数量。同时,公共汽车应该有自己的线路,这些线路不能被其它交通工具所占用。此外,应快速发展地铁和城市铁路。

 

****************************************************************

本文中阅读理解1、4及作文范文来自网络,语法词汇题由群内会员55138275汇总,其它为博主原创.

转载请注明出处,加上本博链接(http://blog.sina.com.cn/xuewei3)。谢谢~

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