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阅读理解:Faces, like fingerprints, are unique

(2010-04-12 12:43:05)
标签:

学位英语

杂谈

分类: 阅读理解题

2011年上半年学位英语教材第三单元的课后阅读理解1。

2010年下半年学位英语教材第三单元的课后阅读理解1。

 

2010年上半年学位英语第三单元阅读理解

阅读理解一为2010年下半年新添加 

阅读一

  Faces, like fingerprints, are unique. Did you ever wonder how it is possible for us to recognize people? Even a skilled writer probably could not describe all the features that make one face different from another. Yet a very young child---or even an animal, such as a pigeon-can learn to recognize faces. We all take this ability for granted.
    W
e also tell people apart by how they behave. When we talk about someone
s personality, we mean the ways in which he or she acts, speaks, thinks and feels that make that individual different from others.
   
Like the human face, human personality is very complex. But describing someones personality in words is somewhat easier than describing his face. if you were asked to describe what anice facelooked like, you probably would have a difficult time doing so. But if you were asked to describe anice person, you might begin to think about someone who was kind, considerate, friendly, warm, and so forth.
   
There are many words to describe how a person thinks, feels and acts. Gordon all ports, an American psychologist, found nearly 18 000 English words characterizing differences in peoples behavior. And many of us use this information as a basis for describing, or typing, his personality. Bookworms, conservatives, military types-people are described with such terms.
    P
eople have always tried to typeeach other. Actors in early Greek drama wore masks to show the audience whether they played the villains(坏人) or the heros role. In fact, the wordspersonandpersonalitycome from the Latin persona, meaningmask.Today, most television and movie actors do not wear masks. But we can easily tell thegood guysfrom thebad guysbecause the two types differ in appearance as well as in actions.

 

 

1. The main idea of this passage is

A. how to distinguish peoples faces

B. how to describe peoples personality

C. how to distinguish people both inward and outward

D. how to differ good persons from bad persons

 

2.The author is most probably a ?

A. behaviorist   B. psychologist   C. writer   D. sociologist

 

3. Which of the following is NOT true
Different people may have different personalities.
B. People differ from each other in appearance.
C. People can learn to recognize faces.
D. People can describe all the features of others.
4. The reason why it is easier to describe a person's personality in words than his face is that ________.
A. a person's face is more complex than his personality
B. a person's personality is easily distinguished
C. people's personalities are very alike
D. many more words are available when people try to describe one's personality
5. We learn from the passage that people classify a person into a certain type according to __________.
A. his way of acting and thinking B. his way of speaking and behaving
C. his learning and behavior D. his physical appearance and his personality

 

When we talk about someone’s personality, we mean the ways in which he or she acts, speaks, thinks and feels that make that individual different from others.

当我们谈论一个人的个性的时候,我们指的是个人与众不同的行为、言谈、思想、感受等。

 

1. The main idea of this passage is   C. how to distinguish people both inward and outward

2.The author is most probably a ?B. psychologist

3. Which of the following is NOT true
D. People can describe all the features of others.
4. The reason why it is easier to describe a person's personality in words than his face is that ____.
C. many more words are available when people try to describe one's personality
5. We learn from the passage that people classify a person into a certain type according to ______.
D. his physical appearance and his personality

  

【翻译】

脸,就像指纹,是独一无二的。你曾经想知道我们是如何能辨识他人的吗?即使是一个技巧娴熟的作家也很可能无法描绘出能让一张脸区别于另一张脸的所有特征。但是,一个很小的孩子,或者甚至是一只动物,比如一只鸽子,却能够辨认出不同的脸。我们都认为这种能力是理所当然的。

我们也根据人们的行为区别不同的人。当谈到某人的个性时,我们指的是这个人与众不同的行为,言谈,思想和感受。

人类的个性同脸一样,十分复杂。但是用言语描述一个人的个性比描述他的脸还稍微容易点。如果有人让你描述一个“好脸”是什么样的,你很可能回答不上来。但是如果有人让你描述一个“好的人”,你也许就会开始想一个拥有善良、体贴、友好、热情等等特质的人。

有很多词汇可以描述一个人想法、感觉和行为。Gordan All Ports,一个美国心理学家,发现有几乎一万八千个英语单词可以描述人的行为中的不同特性。我们中的许多人用这些信息作为描绘某人的个性或给它分类的基础。书虫,保守派,军人类型——人们被别人以这些术语形容。

人们总是试图互相“分类”。早期希腊戏剧中,演员戴着面具,以向观众表明他们扮演的角色是坏人还是英雄。事实上,“person()”和“personality(个性)”这两个词都来源于拉丁文中的“persona”,意思就是“面具”。今天,大多数的电视和电影演员都不戴面具了。但是我们能很容易辨别好人和坏人,因为这两类人在外表和行为上都是不同的。

 

10年下半年学位英语教程目录见 http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_56573c7e0100lp6n.html

  

09年下半年学位英语教程目录见 http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_56573c7e0100fgmj.html

 

10年上半年学位英语教程目录见 http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_56573c7e0100iap0.html 

  

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