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伊朗一妇女因通奸面临石刑处死

(2010-07-13 13:42:47)
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伊斯兰教

政治

教法

中世纪

石刑

杂谈

分类: 环球各地

杀人可以脱罪,而通奸却必须被用最野蛮的方式处死,不知道这是哪门子的法律逻辑?伊斯兰世界什么时候才能真正走出蛮荒时代?

 

亂石打死通姦婦 伊朗暫不執行  
【聯合報╱編譯田思怡/報導】 2010.07.13 02:10 am  
在國際壓力下,伊朗司法當局決定暫緩執行以亂石打死一名通姦婦女的極刑,可能改以其他方法處死。

官方「伊朗通訊社」11日報導,東亞塞拜然省地方司法首長夏利法表示,阿什蒂亞尼(Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani)的死刑將暫緩,但她的罪行「十惡不赦」,一旦司法首長做出決定,就會將她處決。

他說:「判決已確立,但基於人道考量,並奉司法首長之命,暫緩執行。」

阿什蒂亞尼現年43歲,育有兩名子女,2006年5月15日被判決在丈夫過世後與兩名男子有「不正當關係」,當時被判處99下鞭刑,但到了2006年9月,一名男子涉嫌謀殺她的丈夫受審,她又被控在丈夫生前就與男子通姦。

她的律師說,她認識殺死丈夫的男人,謀殺案發生時她在家,被指為共犯。「但她的子女原諒她的謀殺罪後,她又被控與那名男子通姦。」根據伊朗法律,如果被害者家人原諒被告,可赦免其罪或僅需服刑。

夏利法說,阿什蒂亞尼罪行重大,「如果她只是砍掉丈夫的腦袋還好些。」她被判決以亂石打死後,西方輿論譁然。美國國務院發言人稱這種刑法「野蠻可憎」,美國、歐盟、英國和國際人權組織都請求伊朗勿執行。

在執行此極刑時,男人會被埋到腰部,女人則埋到胸部,雙手也埋起來,行刑者用石頭把罪犯打死為止。

伊朗人權人士拉里雅尼9日表示,當局正重新考慮阿什蒂亞尼的死刑,司法首長傾向於採用其他處死方法。

他未說明她將面臨何種處死方法,他說:「根據法律,用石頭砸死的刑罰依然存在,但法官極少使用。」伊朗上次執行此刑是2007年。

 
Iran imposes media blackout over stoning sentence woman

Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani will not be stoned, the regime has said, but family fear she will be hanged instead
Saeed Kamali Dehghan guardian.co.uk, Friday 9 July 2010 18.28 BST 
Iran has imposed a media blackout over the case of a 43-year-old mother of two who was sentenced to be stoned to death and whose fate is still unclear despite an apparent "reprieve".

Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani is still facing execution by hanging after being convicted of adultery, her son told the Guardian today.

Newspapers, agencies and TV channels in Iran have been banned from reporting Mohammadi Ashtiani's death sentence, despite an international campaign launched by her children, which has been joined by politicians and celebrities from all over the world.

The campaign, first highlighted by the Guardian last week, has failed to stop the Iranian authorities from pressing ahead.

Last night the Iranian embassy in London issued an opaque statement saying that Mohammadi Ashtiani would not be stoned to death. "According to information from the relevant judicial authorities in Iran, she will not be executed by stoning punishment," it said.

The statement was not reported inside Iran and neither was the news of stoning death sentences for 15 other Iranians.

"It's not the first time we are banned from reporting a stoning case, but because of the sensitivity over Sakineh's case the censorship for her story is even stricter," said an Iranian journalist from Tehran who asked not to be named.

"We are banned from reporting any details about her case. If they think that it [stoning to death] is an Islamic rule, why are they afraid of it so much? I think that the statement issued by Iran's embassy in London is just to calm down the situation. Once the outrage has cooled off, they might hang Sakineh instead."

Iran has not stoned a woman to death since 2007 when the execution of Mahboubeh M sparked outcry in Iran. She had been forced to confess to adultery.

"They told her that they'll pour boiling water on her head if she refuses to confess that she had sex with another man except her husband," said Soheila Vahdati, a human rights activist in California. "They executed her in secret and we were all informed when her death sentence was completed."

Mahboubeh's story became known only when an official witness of her death revealed that she had been buried alive up to her shoulders while the guards stoned her to death.

A number of men have been stoned to death in recent years.

Mohammadi Ashtiani's son, Sajad, 22, who began the campaign to save her, said the embassy's statement has not stopped him worrying for his mother. "They just said that she won't be stoned, it doesn't mean that she won't be executed. She's still on death row."

A prisoner reprieved before stoning may be hanged, as was the case for Abdollah Farivar in 2008. Farivar, convicted of "illicit relationship outside marriage", was initially sentenced to death by stoning but later hanged when a campaign for his case attracted worldwide attention.

 

伊少女惨遭石刑震惊世界 伊拉克人平静对待

2007年05月30日09:34   中青在线
一段由手机拍摄的“石刑”录像,近日在互联网上广为传播。在这段长达数分钟的录像中,一名17岁伊拉克少女被族人用石块砸死。手机画面虽粗糙,但掩不住私刑处决的残酷。“石刑”录像震撼了全世界,大家才惊觉,现在还有人在动用传统而惨忍的私刑!这件事也一度成为美国有线电视新闻网(CNN)的报道焦点。
此事随后引发了国际人权组织和一些妇女组织的抗议。

她像胎儿一样蜷缩在地上

录像显示,少女被一群咆哮的男子从屋内拖出,随即被当街拳打脚踢,数秒钟之后,她已像胎儿一样蜷缩在地上,用胳膊护住脑袋,努力抵挡着雨点般的石块。一块水泥砸了她的后脑勺,这致命的一击让她顿时血流成河,很快就一动不动。踢打和石砸仍在继续,接着就是男子们得胜的欢呼。
受害女孩名叫朵阿•哈利勒•阿斯瓦德,家住伊拉克摩苏尔市附近的别什卡村。在当地人眼中,她犯下的滔天大罪是爱上了一个异族少年。她属于“雅兹迪”(Yazidi)教派(库尔德人的一支),而小伙子是逊尼派穆斯林,两派世仇难解。对于她的叔叔和哥哥们来说,她的行为已犯下死罪。因为“雅兹迪”教派严禁与其他信仰异性通婚。
为将他们分开,同时避免她激怒叔叔和哥哥们,朵阿的父亲曾将她带到“雅兹迪”派牧师处。待了1周后,4月7日她的叔叔和两个哥哥将她从牧师处拖出来,然后带领几百名族人朝她扔石头,对她进行“石刑”处决。事情发生在多名荷枪实弹的伊拉克军警的眼皮底下。很多人在忙着用手机拍照。朵阿既不叫喊,也不反抗。中间有人喊了一声“住手!”,但是始终没人挺身而出。

朵阿的父亲指责弟弟“导演”了杀害亲人的悲剧。当地警察局证实,女孩的叔叔是元凶之一。CNN援引当地警方的话说,警方已抓获4名嫌疑人,其中2人是受害少女的家人。警方还在通缉其他4名嫌疑人。同时将对录像中出现的警员展开调查,而别什卡村警长已遭免职。
女权运动积极分子哈娜•埃德瓦说:“伊拉克出现了控制妇女生活的‘新塔利班’。”
联合国人权委员会已经针对库族人动用私刑进行了调查。在4月份发表的一份报告中,联合国表示,对妇女实施所谓“荣誉处决”的事件在伊拉克有上升趋势。报告认为,1~2月份,至少有40名伊拉克妇女被杀害,理由是“不道德行为”,比如与陌生男子单独乘车或发生通奸行为等。

事件的政治解读
其实,石刑事件具有更深层的起因,即具有伊拉克特色的“民族和宗教”问题。
包括“雅兹迪”教派在内的库尔德人怀疑,逊尼派阿拉伯人传播这段可怕的录象,目的是煽动人们对“雅兹迪”教派的仇恨。
石刑录像公布后两周,别什卡村附近接连发生报复性暴力事件。4月23日,不明武装人员劫持了一辆开往别什卡村的公共汽车,将车上20多名“雅兹迪”男教徒拖下车,靠墙排好队后,逐一射杀。第2天,逊尼派武装分子组织(与基地组织关系密切)宣布对事件负责。
“雅兹迪”教派领袖目前发表声明,谴责凶手“用已经过时的教派陈规残忍杀害年轻女孩”,并呼吁教徒停止报复。

伊拉克人平静对待

与西方媒体连日来连篇累牍的报道不同,尽管“石刑”录像已经满世界传播,但最不关注此事或认为此事平常的竟然是伊拉克人。23岁的大学生亚玛尔因类似事件导致的局势动荡,已和家人离开了摩苏尔。她说,大多数“雅兹迪”派教徒都反对“石刑”,但此事被政治化扩大了,“这本来是个普通问题,可被人炮制成了政治企图。” (美国《洛杉矶时报》)
参考资料 残酷的石刑
石刑是一种钝击致死的处刑方式。方式为把男性腰以下部位埋入沙中,女性是胸以下部位,人们向受刑者反复扔石块。如果是对已婚有孩子的妇女行刑,她的孩子必须到现场观看。行刑用的石块经专门挑选,以保证让受刑者痛苦地死去。仍然存在石刑的国家包括阿富汗、伊朗、伊拉克、苏丹、阿拉伯联合酋长国、沙特阿拉伯和尼日利亚。(青年参考 编译 陈宗伦) 

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