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《中国日报》(ChinaDaily)报道苏东坡昌化江遗踪考论新成果

(2020-07-23 15:09:57)
标签:

昌江

峻灵王

苏东坡

历史

文化

分类: 苏学研究会
探寻东坡遗留峻灵王大手笔   展示苏学赋予旧庙碑新光辉
《中国日报》(China Daily)报道苏东坡昌化江遗踪考论新成果


《中国日报》(ChinaDaily)报道苏东坡昌化江遗踪考论新成果

《中国日报》(ChinaDaily)报道苏东坡昌化江遗踪考论新成果

7月23日,《中国日报》(China Daily)发表 Cheng Yuezhu 报道的消息,介绍一部新书出版探寻海南峻灵王庙和苏东坡诗文研究带来新的启示。7月18日,苏学研究专家、学者汇聚海南大学,共同研讨920年前苏东坡在海南撰写的《峻灵王庙碑》。

中国日报:

Book sheds new light on classic poet's famous ode at Hainan temple - Chinadaily.com.cn

https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202007/23/WS5f18d060a31083481725b73c.html

由上海古籍出版社出版的李公羽著《峻灵独立秀且雄——苏东坡昌化江遗踪考论》 Su Dongpo Changhuajiang Yizong Kaolun (Research on Su Dongpo's Traces along Changhua River),同日首发。这部著作研究和考证了920年前宋代苏轼贬谪海南期间,在昌化江畔(今属海南省昌江黎族自治县)峻灵王庙祭拜,并书写有关诗文的历史史料。
《中国日报》(ChinaDaily)报道苏东坡昌化江遗踪考论新成果

苏东坡是否亲自到过昌化江畔祭山拜庙?东坡《峻灵王庙碑》一文写于何时何地?现位于峻灵王庙前的一块断碑,是何时所刻,何人所刻?是否东坡碑文?这些问题,史料中缺少明确记载,学术界历来存有争议。中国苏轼研究学会副秘书长、海南省苏学研究会理事长、海南省新闻工作者协会副主席李公羽,以三年多时间认真研究考证,在多方面专家和昌江县有关专家学者帮助下,多次实地读碑、田野调查,查检比对大量文献史料,经多次学术会议研讨,业界权威专家指导、点评,完成《峻灵独立秀且雄——苏东坡昌化江遗踪考论》一书,近日由我国著名古籍研究、出版单位上海古籍出版社严格审校,正式出版,全国发行。李公羽在首发式上介绍了书稿撰写、出版的过程,以及东坡峻灵王文化的历史定位和时代意义,感谢各有关方面的指导、支持与帮助。
报道中分别介绍了庞大海、阮忠等专家学者对这部学术专著的点评。
《中国日报》是中国国家英文日报,创刊于1981年,全球期均发行90余万份,其中,海外期均发行60余万份。《中国日报》作为中国了解世界、世界了解中国的重要窗口,是国内外高端人士首选的中国英文媒体,是唯一有效进入国际主流社会、国外媒体转载率最高的中国报纸,也是国内承办大型国际会议会刊最多的媒体。
《中国日报》(ChinaDaily)报道苏东坡昌化江遗踪考论新成果



Experts and scholars gathered at Hainan University on July 18 for a seminar and book launch ceremony on the subject of Su Shi, also called Su Dongpo, a literary giant of the Song Dynasty (960-1279).
The seminar was held in celebration of the 920th anniversary of Su Shi's calligraphy work engraved on a stone tablet at the Junlingwang Temple in Changjiang county, Hainan province.
Junlingwang is a unique historical phenomenon where ancient people worshiped a giant rock beside the Changhua River-the second longest river in the province that runs through the county to the ocean-as an incarnation of the god of the sea.
As early as the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907-960), emperors were conferring titles to the deified rock. In 1082, Song Emperor Shenzong declared the rock Junlingwang or Lord of Junling. And the Junlingwang Temple was built to pay tribute to the ocean deity.
Su Shi (1037-1101), a prominent figure in Chinese classic literature, is known for his achievements in poetry, prose, calligraphy, painting and even gastronomy. However, his political career was not stable, and he was relegated and exiled several times for being involved in political factions.
In 1097, Su was once again relegated, this time to Danzhou, Hainan province. After three years when he was about to leave, he wrote the Junlingwang Temple Inscription (Junlingwang Miao Bei) as an ode to the sea god for protecting him and helping him to survive in the adverse living conditions, as well as safeguarding the land and the locals.
At the seminar, experts of Su Studies from around the country, with diverse specializations including history, literature, artifacts, folklore and tourism, discussed the latest research on Su Shi and the Junlingwang Temple Inscription.
Li Gongyu, vice-secretary of the China Su Shi Research Association and director of the Hainan Su's Research Association, launched his new book, Su Dongpo Changhuajiang Yizong Kaolun (Research on Su Dongpo's Traces along Changhua River).
"Due to the lack of clear historical records, a series of relevant questions remain debatable in academia: did Su really set foot in Junlingwang Temple? When and where did he write the article? Who engraved Su's original writing onto the broken stone tablet in front of the temple?" Li told the seminar when explaining his motivation for writing the book.
In order to solve the puzzling questions, Li spent over three years conducting research of relevant texts, going on multiple expeditions to the temple and consulting with other experts, before publishing his findings.
The book confirms and records for the first time the full text of the inscription, and verifies the year when it was originally engraved.
Pang Dahai, president of Changjiang county's literature and art association, said that he and his colleagues accompanied Li on field trips along the river and interviewed local villagers about the legend.
"Over the years many have visited the temple and viewed the broken stone tablet, but never has anyone read the inscription as meticulously as Li. He studied the inscription word by word on the spot, and based his findings on a large number of historical materials and documents. His attitude to his research is truly admirable."
Ruan Zhong, president of the Hainan Su's Research Association, said: "The book's publication is a major achievement for our association. It drives our research of Su Studies, as well as enhances the Su Shi culture in Hainan province."
Ruan said that with the recent Hainan free trade port policy, the province's development requires a corresponding strong cultural background. The latest findings on the works of Su Shi can serve as a link between Hainan's folk culture and its tourism resources, thus becoming a new symbol of the province's culture.


专家学者于7月18日聚集在海南大学,参加关于中国宋代(960-1279年)文学巨人苏轼为主题的研讨会和新书首发仪式。
研讨会的举办是为了纪念苏轼的一件碑文石刻作品撰写920周年,该作品刻在海南省昌江黎族自治县峻灵王庙的碑上。
峻灵王是一种独特的历史文化现象。古代人们崇拜昌化江旁峻灵山上一块巨石,昌化江是该省第二长的河流,贯穿县境,一直流向大海。这块巨石传说是海神的化身。
早在五代十国(907-960年)时期,皇帝就授予这尊神石“镇海广德王”的头衔。1082年,宋神宗宣告岩石为峻灵王。峻灵王庙的建立是为了向海洋神灵致敬。
苏轼(1037-1101)是中国古典文学中的杰出人物,以在诗歌、散文、书法、绘画甚至美食方面的成就而闻名。但是,他的政治生涯不稳定,由于涉入政治派别,他多次被降级和流放。
1097年,苏再次被降级,这次是到海南省儋州市。三年后,在他即将离开时,他写了《峻灵王庙碑》(Junlingwang Miao Bei),颂扬海神,以保护他并帮助他在不利的生活条件下生存,以及护佑海洋、土地和当地人民。
在研讨会上,来自全国各地的苏研专家,包括历史、文学、文物、民俗和旅游业等各种专业的学者,讨论了有关苏轼和峻灵王庙铭文的最新研究。
中国苏轼研究会副秘书长、海南省苏学研究会理事长李公羽发布了他的新书《苏东坡昌化江遗踪考论》。
“由于缺乏清晰的历史记录,学术界仍需争论一系列相关问题:苏真的踏上了昌化江畔峻灵王庙吗?他在何时何地写的这篇文章?何时何人将苏的原作刻在峻灵王庙的石碑上?”研讨会上,李在讲解写书动机时提到这些问题。
为了解决令人困惑的问题,李在发表研究结果之前,花了三年多的时间对相关文献进行研究,多次前往昌化江畔考察,并与其他专家反复磋商。
该书首次确认并记录了碑刻铭文的全文,并验证了其最初雕刻的年份。
昌江县文学艺术联合会主席庞大海说:他和他的同事们陪同李在河上进行了实地考察,并就历史传说采访了当地村民。
“多年来,许多人参观了寺庙,并观看了这一碎石碑,但从来没有人像李那样细致地阅读过碑文。他当场逐字地研究了碑文,并将其发现归功于大量的历史资料和文献。他对研究的态度确实令人钦佩。”
海南省苏学研究会会长阮忠说:“这本书的出版,对我们研究会是一项重大成就。它提升了我们对苏学的研究成果,并推进了海南苏学文化的传承和弘扬。”
阮说,随着最近海南自由贸易港的政策,该省的发展需要相应的强大文化背景。苏轼作品的最新发现可以作为海南民间文化与其旅游资源之间的纽带,从而成为海南文化的新象征。

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