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新东方中高级口译必备词汇文本三十八

(2009-08-13 10:26:59)
标签:

中级口译

教育

分类: 中级口译

hesitation        [ ]n.犹豫, 踌躇                         

hindleg           [ ]n. 前肢                          

hindrance              [ ]n.妨碍, 障碍                         

horrendous     [ ]adj.可怕的                      

hostility       [ ]n.敌对,敌意             

hybrid            [ ]n.杂种, 混血儿, 混合物         adj.混合的, 杂种的            

hydrogen       [ ]n.氢                        

hypertension [ ]n.高血压, 过度紧张 

 

                                

ice hockey             [ ]冰球                                      

idyllic            [ ]adj.田园短诗的, 牧歌的, 生动逼真的                                     

illiterate         [ ]n.文盲 adj.不识字的, 没受教育的                              

incomparable         [ ]adj.无与伦比的, 不能比较的                                     

imminent        [ ]adj.即将来临的, 逼近的                                     

immune          [ ]adj.免疫的                                    

imposition             [ ]n.强迫接受                            

impulse          [ ]n.推动, 刺激, 冲动, 推动力                 vt.推动         

inaccessible            [ ]adj.达不到的, 难以接近                              

inactive          [ ]adj.不活动的, 停止的, 怠惰的      

inappropriately              [ ]adv.不适当地                                

inbreed           [ ]vt.生育, 生产,近亲繁殖                            

incitement             [ ]n.刺激, 激励物                             

inclination             [ ]n.倾斜, 倾向, 爱好                             

incompetent           [ ]adj.不合格的, 不胜任的                 n.无能力者          

inconsistent            [ ]adj.不一致的, 不协调的, 矛盾的                              

incredible                 [ ]adj.<口>难以置信的                              

indications            [ ]n.指出, 指示, 迹象, 暗示                                  

indecisive              [ ]adj.非决定性的                      

inducement            [ ]n.诱导, 诱因, 动机, 刺激物                       

indulge           [ ]v.纵容                     

inertia            [ ]n.惯性, 惯量                         

infallible        [ ]adj.没有错误的, 确实可靠的   n.一贯正确的人   

infection         [ ]n.[医] 传染, 传染病, 感染                         

infiltrator              [ ]n.渗透者, 渗入者                         

inflate            [ ]vt.使膨胀, 使(通货)膨胀, 使充气  vi.充气, 膨胀

inflated          [ ]adj.膨胀的, 夸张的, 通货膨胀的                       

inflationary            [ ]adj.通货膨胀的, 通货膨胀倾向的                       

infrastructure               [ ]n.基础设施, 组织或系统的根基                         

ingenious/ness       [ ]adj.有独创性的, 精制的, 具有创造才能                           

ingredient             [ ]n.成分, 因素                         

inhabitant              [ ]n.居民, 居住者                      

inhalation              [ ]n.吸入       

inherit            [ ]vt.继承, 遗传而得          

initiative         [ ]n.主动       

innovative             [ ]adj.创新的, 革新(主义)的             

inscription             [ ]n.题字, 碑铭           

insecure          [ ]adj.不可靠的, 不安全的         

insight            [ ]n.洞察力, 见识        

instinctive              [ ]adj.本能的        

insulate          [ ]vt.使绝缘, 隔离       

insulin            [ ]n.胰岛素          

insult             [ ]n./vt侮辱, 凌辱

intellectually         [ ]adv.知性上, 智力            

intelligence            [ ]n.智力, 聪明, 智能        

intense           [ ]adj.强烈的, 热情的, 激烈的         

interface               [ ]n. 界面, 分界面, 接触面,             

interference           [ ]n.冲突, 干涉           

interior           [ ]adj.内部的, 内的             n.内部

intimacy         [ ]n.亲密, 亲昵行为           

intricate          [ ]adj.复杂的, 错综的, 难以理解的         

introvert         [ ]adj. / n. 格性内向的人           

investigate             [ ]v.调查, 研究           

irrespective            [ ]adj.不顾的, 不考虑的, 无关的             

irritating         [ ]adj.使愤怒的, 刺激的, 气人的      

 

 

jargon    [ ]n.行话       

jealous           [ ]adj.猜疑的, 嫉妒的         

jeopardize              [ ]v.危害       

jolt         [ ]v.摇晃 n.摇晃   

journalistic            [ ]adj.新闻的, 新闻从业员的, 新闻工作者的                

kinship           [ ]n.血族关系       

 

   

laboratory              [ ]n.实验室                 

laboriously            [ ]adj.节省劳力的, 省力气的                   

landfall          [ ]n.着陆              

languish         [ ]adj. 疲倦, 憔悴, 凋萎, 衰退        

larder             [ ]n.食品库, 贮藏的食品, 食品供应  v.贮藏

latecomer              [ ]v.贮藏              

lavatory          [ ]n.厕所, <主英>抽水马桶, <美>洗脸盆, 浴室                    

layoff             [ ]v./ n.临时解雇, (使)下岗        

legendary              [ ]n.传奇故事书, 传奇文学  adj.传说中的

legibly           [ ]adv.易读地, 明了地               

legitimacy      [ ]n.合法(性), 正确(性), 合理(性)                  

lethal             [ ]adj.致命的                                    

likewise          [ ]adv.同样地, 照样地, 又, 也           n.同样地              

lining             [ ]n.加衬里, 内层, 衬套                                        

livelihood      [ ]n.生计, 谋生                                       

loaded            [ ]adj.装满东西(或人)的, 装填子弹的 (俚)有钱的, 喝醉了的

lucrative         [ ]adj.有利可图的                                    

lumbering       [ ]    n.木材业 adj.笨拙的, 动作迟缓的                               

lush               [ ]adj.青葱的, 味美的, 豪华的, 繁荣的          

 

                       

magnitude      [ ]n.大小, 数量, 巨大, 量级                                         

manifold        [ ]adj. 繁多的, 多样的, 多方面的       v. 繁殖, 增多          

manipulate             [ ]vt.巧妙地处理, 操纵(人或市价、市场), 利用                          

manufacture          [ ]vt.制造, 加工           n.产品                                      

marathon              [ ]n.[体]马拉松赛跑(全长42,1954米), 耐力的考验                            

markedly        [ ]adv. 显著地, 明显地                                                      

masculine              [ ]adj.男性的, 男子气概的, [语法] 阳性的

mastitis          [ ]n.乳腺炎, 乳房炎                                                     

materialize             [ ]v.物化,实际化,具体化,实现                                                       

mattress          [ ]n.床垫, 空气垫, (用以护堤等的)沉床                                                    

maxim           [ ]n.格言, 座右铭                                                  

mayhem         [ ]n.伤害罪之一种, 故意的伤害罪                                                     

media              [ ]adj.中古的, 中世纪的                                                      

medication            [ ]n.药物治疗, 药物处理, 药物                                                  

megabyte              [ ]n.[计]兆字节(信息量单位)                                                      

menagerie              [ ]n.动物园, 动物展览                                           

mend             [ ]n./ v. 改进, 改良, 修补, 好转      

mentality        [ ]n.精神状态, 心理, 思想情况                                           

meritocracy           [ ]n.根据实力或功绩的提升体制; 精英                                       

metabolic              [ ]adj.代谢作用的, 新陈代谢的                                            

metabolism            [ ]n.新陈代谢                                   

metaphor        [ ] n.[修辞]隐喻, 暗喻, 比喻                                      

methanol              [ ]n.[化]甲醇                                           

mettle            [ ]n.勇气, 奋斗精神                                              

miniature        [ ]n.缩小的模型, 缩图, 缩影             adj.微型的, 缩小的     

minimum              [ ]adj.微型的, 缩小的                                            

minority         [ ]n.少数, 少数民族                                              

mire        [ ]n.泥潭 v.陷入                                       

misconception        [ ]n.误解                                          

miserable        [ ]adj.痛苦的, 悲惨的, 可怜                                                

misery            [ ]n.痛苦, 悲惨, 不幸, 穷困             

misleading             [ ]adj.易误解的, 令人误解的            

misstep           [ ]n.失足       

mixture          [ ]n.混合, 混合物, 混合剂        

moisturize             [ ]vi.变潮湿, 增加水分 vt.使增加水分

moldy            [ ]adj.发霉的, 腐臭的         

monopoly             [ ]n.垄断, 垄断者 

monotonous           [ ]adj.单调的, 无变化的            

monotony              [ ]n.单音, 单调, 千篇一律        

montage         [ ]n.蒙太奇, 文学音乐或美术的组合体           

monumental    [ ]adj.纪念碑的, 不朽的, 非常的             

moor              [ ]n.沼地, 荒野            v. 固定, 系住

motivator              [ ]n.促进因素, 激励因素           

mournfully     [ ]adv. 悲哀地             

musicologist   [ ]n.音乐学者       

mustang         [ ]n. 野马     

mutation         [ ]n.变化, 转变, (生物物种的)基因突变                               

mutant    [ ]n.突变异种

 

                 

neophyte        [ ]n.新入教者, 新信徒                                    

nerve-wracking             [ ] adj.(=nerve-racking) 极端令人头疼的, 非常伤脑筋的                    

neurosis          [ ]n.神经症, 神经衰弱症                  

neurotic          [ ]n.神经病患者           adj.神经质的, 神经病的     

neurotransmitter            [ ]n.[生化]神经传递素               

neutralize              [ ]v. 使中立化, 中和          

nibble            [ ]v. 细咬, 轻咬, 啃           v.一点一点地咬, 细咬, 吹毛求疵     

nitrogen         [ ]n.[化]氮                  

nonrefundable        [ ]adj.不可归还的               

novel      [ ]adj.新奇的, 新颖的, 异常的          n.小说, 长篇故事

novelty           [ ]n.新颖, 新奇, 新鲜, 新奇的事物                

nudge             [ ]n.用肘轻推, 轻推为引起注意               

nutrition         [ ]n.营养, 营养学 

 

            

obese             [ ]adj.肥胖的, 肥大的                       

obligation       [ ]n.义务, 职责, 债务                      

oblige            [ ]vt.迫使, 责成                        

obscure          [ ]adj.暗的, 朦胧的, 模糊的, 晦涩的       vt.使暗, 使不明显

observant              [ ]n.奉行者, 遵守法律或规章、习俗的人    adj.深切注意的

obsession        [ ]n.迷住, 困扰                         

obsidian         [ ]n.[矿]黑曜石, 十胜石                          

obsolete          [ ]adj.荒废的, 陈旧的          n.废词, 陈腐的人        

obstacle          [ ]n.障碍, 妨害物                      

occasionally           [ ]adv.有时候, 偶而                          

occupant         [ ]n.占有者, 居住者                         

occupational          [ ]adj.职业的, 占领的

oddment         [ ]n.碎屑                     

offspring        [ ]n.(单复数同形)儿女, 子孙, 后代, 产物                     

onerous          [ ]adj.繁重的, 费力的, 负有法律责任的                                            

onslaught        [ ]n.冲击                                          

ooze               [ ]v.渗出, 泄漏                                

optimistic       [ ]adj.乐观的                                                

originate         [ ] vt.引起, 发明, 发起, 创办            vi.起源, 发生                     

ostentatious     [ ]adj. 装饰表面的, 卖弄的                                               

outrageous     [ ] adj. 蛮横的, 残暴的, 令人不可容忍的

overhang        [ ] v. 悬于...之上, 悬垂                                              

override         [ ] vt.不顾, 不考虑(某人的意见,决定,愿望等)  n.代理佣金

overt              [ ]adj. 明显的, 公然的                                          

overturn         [ ]n. 倾覆, 破灭, 革命 v. 推翻, 颠倒

overwhelmingly            [ ]adv. 压倒性地, 不可抵抗地                        

oxide             [ ]n.[化]氧化物                         

oxidize           [ ]v.(使)氧化               

 

 

painstaking            [ ]n.苦干, 辛苦            adj.辛苦的, 辛勤的, 艰苦的             

paramedical           [ ]adj.辅助医务的                      

partiality        [ ]n.偏爱                     

paternal          [ ]adj.父亲的, 象父亲的                          

peculiar          [ ]adj.奇特的, 罕见的          n.特有财产, 特权 

peddle            [ ]v. 挑卖, 沿街叫卖    , 散布, 从事毒品的非法售卖    

pediatric         [ ]adj.小儿科的                         

peeved           [ ]adj. 恼怒的, 不高兴的                        

pendulum              [ ]n.钟摆, 摇锤                         

penetrate        [ ]v. 穿透, 渗透, 看穿, 洞察    

penicillin        [ ]n. 青霉素(盘尼西林)  

perceptible             [ ]adj.可察觉的, 显而易见的, 感觉得到的      

peril        [ ]n.危险

perilous          [ ]adj.危险的 

pertinent         [ ]adj.有关的, 相干的, 中肯的  

pessimistic             [ ]adj.悲观的, 厌世的  

pester             [ ]vt.使烦恼, 纠缠

pharmaceutical             [ ]n.药物 adj.制药(学)上的

phobia            [ ]n.恐怖病, 恐怖症    

photovoltaic          [ ]光电的      

platinum         [ ]n.白金, 铂                                                                

ploy        [ ]n.策略, 趣味, 工作                                                                

pluck             [ ]n.勇气 v.拔去(鸡、鸭等)毛, 采集                                                          

pontoon          [ ]n.浮桥, 浮筒, 浮码头             vt.架浮桥于         

population explosion             [ ]n.人口爆炸,人口激增                                                              

practitioner            [ ]n.从业者, 开业者                                                                   

precaution             [ ]n. 预防, 警惕, 防范                                                               

predation        [ ]n. 掠夺行为                          

predator         [ ]n. 掠夺者, 食肉动物                           

predecessor            [ ]n.前辈, 前任, (被取代的)原有事物                     

predominantly        [ ]v.统治, 支配                         

prehistoric             [ ]adj.史前的, 陈旧的                       

prehistory             [ ]n.史前史                        

prejudice        [ ]n.偏见, 成见, 损害, 侵害       v.损害    

preposition            [ ]n.前置词                        

prescribe        [ ]v.指示, 规定, 处(方), 开(药)                      

presidency             [ ]n.任期                     

pressing          [ ]adj.紧迫的  v.挤压                  

presume         [ ]vt.假定, 假设, 认为                     

pretext           [ ]n.借口, 托辞            v.借口           

prevailing             [ ]adj.占优势的, 主要的, 流行的                                                

pricey / pricy         [ ]adj 价格高的;昂贵的                                              

primitive        [ ]adj.原始的, 远古的, 粗糙的, 简单的                                             

pristine          [ ]adj.质朴的                                           

privatize         [ ]vt 使归私有,使私人化                                            

privilege               [ ]n.特权, 特别待遇, 基本公民权力, 特免       vt.给与...特权, 特免           

procession             [ ]n.行列, 队伍                                              

profiteering           [ ]n.暴利, 不正当利益         adj.牟取暴利的                                

projection              [ ]n.发射,投影                                             

prominent              [ ]adj.卓越的, 显著的, 突出的                                            

proponent              [ ]n.建议者, 支持者, [律]提出认证遗嘱者                                          

proportion             [ ]n.比例, 均衡,部分           vt. 使成比例, 使均衡, 分摊

proportionately             [ ]adv.相称地, 成比例地                                               

propose/proposal           [ ]vt.计划, 建议, 向...提议, 求(婚)           vi.打算, 求婚

proposition            [ ]n.主张, 建议, 陈述, 命题                    

prose              [ ]n.散文              

prosecution            [ ]n.进行, 经营, 检举, 起诉                    

protectionist   [ ]n.保护贸易论者 adj.保护贸易论的 

prototype        [ ]n.原型              

protrude         [ ]v.突出              

provocation    [ ]n.激怒, 刺激, 挑衅, 挑拨                    

pry         [ ]v.探查              

psychiatrist            [ ]n.精神病医师, 精神病学家                  

psychic           [ ]adj.精神的               

psychosomatic        [ ]adj.受心理影响的, 精神身体相关的                   

psychotherapy        [ ]n.精神疗法, 心理疗法                  

puffy             [ ]adj.一阵阵吹的, 气喘吁吁的, 膨胀的, 自大的                               

purebred         [ ]adj.纯种的  n.纯种的动物                     

pursuit           [ ]n.追击,追求                        

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