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Relativity-of-Material-Existence

(2020-06-27 10:31:22)

Relativity of material existence

The title of the article "relativity of material existence" may cause readers to doubt that it is an article about materialism and idealism in philosophy. There is part of idealism in the article, but the author doesn't think it is harmful to physics or science.

This article is a hypothesis about the order of the universe. It is a theory based on the hypothesis. Of course, the hypothesis may be wrong, so the whole theory may be wrong. It is different from any kind of cosmology, and it is quite different from the accepted cosmology, even some views are opposite. The author puts forward such a view in order to provide Chinese scientists or physics and philosophy enthusiasts with another way of thinking about the universe. Another way of thinking may be helpful in scientific exploration.

Einstein's theory of relativity is based on two hypotheses: the principle of relativity and the principle of constant speed of light. But the author thinks that these two hypotheses are a pair of contradictions. To tiny photons move at the speed of light, giant galaxies move at the speed of light is not comparable. Why is giant Galaxy movement limited by the speed of light? At the end of this theoretical reasoning, only a static universe or a limited universe can be obtained. This is in contradiction with the view of the universe in materialist philosophy, which holds that the universe is infinite, the world is moving, developing and connected, and there is no isolated object. Therefore, the author does not agree with the principle that the speed of light is constant. The speed of light is not the absolute speed in the universe. Like the infinity of the universe, the speed has no scope.

The idea of relativity of material existence is based on three hypotheses: infinite material level, corresponding orbit and celestial level, and corresponding radiation and celestial level. Because relativity belongs to philosophy, the ultimate relativity of physics in this article should start from philosophy.

Human, or human, can be defined from biological, spiritual and cultural levels, or a combination of these levels. Biologically, human beings are classified as mammal, primates, hominids, human beings, intelligent people, with highly developed brains. On the spiritual level, people are described as being able to use various concepts of souls, which are considered to be related to the existence of divine power in religion; in mythology, people's souls are also compared with other humanoid animals. In cultural anthropology, people are defined as those who can use language, have complex social organization and technological development, especially they can establish groups and institutions to support and assist each other.

In biology, the scientific name of human is "Homo sapiens", which belongs to the primates of the human family with chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, gibbons, and apes. The difference between human beings and other primates lies in the upright body, highly developed brain, reasoning and language ability from highly developed brain.

From the behavioral perspective, human beings have the following characteristics: they know how to use language, have a variety of complex mutual social organizations, and like to develop complex technology. These behavioral differences also derive different beliefs, legends, rituals, values and social norms of different cultures.

Next, we will define "human" from the perspective of physics. Man was born in the development of the physical universe. After billions of years of complicated evolution, the s1mplest single celled organism in ancient times was born in the universe magically. Like the s1mplest creatures, human beings are made up of matter and energy, which is essentially the same as other creatures on earth. From the point of view of physics, this article gives a definition to human beings: human beings are a special combination of consciousness formed by the special combination of matter and energy. This is the definition of human beings in physics. In physics, all things and phenomena are material, and robots are material, but one day they may be the same or more intelligent as human beings. Although man is material, he has consciousness. Consciousness can recognize and change the material world. Consciousness is the opposite of the material world, which constitutes the universe together with matter.

Human beings have a common property in all living things, which is that human sensory organs can respond to the stimulation of energy like other animal and plant sensory organs. For example, human eyes are used to feel the stimulation of light, ears are used to receive sound waves, and our skin can also feel hot and cold itching. This is the same as mimosa's fear of touch, and the fact that some flowers open in the daytime and close their petals in the evening. Human beings have the nature of feeling energy that all living things have. At the same time, human beings also have another unique characteristic - consciousness, or wisdom. Although animals also have certain thinking, they cannot be said to have consciousness. This may be the ultimate goal for the universe to produce creatures. Consciousness is the symbol of human beings. It is precisely because of consciousness that human beings are completely separated from the material world. With the emergence of human beings, the original single physical universe is divided into the physical universe and the conscious universe, which are two opposite and unified cosmic elements. Consciousness comes from matter, but it can change matter.

In the time when there is no consciousness, that is to say, in the past when there is no human being, there is only matter in the universe. They really exist, but they do not exist. Without the recognition of consciousness, the meaning of their existence is only to generate wisdom and consciousness (the evolution of biology can be regarded as a part of this process). Only after the emergence of human beings, the matter in the universe has the meaning of existence. They can be recognized, utilized and changed, so as to realize the further development of the universe. We are relatively right to say that the universe exists for human beings.

Consciousness is produced in the process of the development of the material world, and consciousness itself is constantly developing. It is enriched by the new understanding of material obtained by human beings. Knowledge (the carrier of consciousness) gathers in human brain and becomes the basis of new discovery. Through human special creativity, we can get a new understanding of the universe. This is the development process of consciousness. Consciousness is developing forward, because people can feel the stimulation of energy released by matter and input the nature of matter into human consciousness, and gradually understand the essence of things through the unique logical reasoning of human brain. Only when a certain characteristic of a thing enters human consciousness through the transmission of energy, can human be sure that this kind of material exists, otherwise, it cannot be sure that this kind of material exists. Human beings can feel energy, but not all energies (such as infrared, ultraviolet, etc.) can be directly felt by human beings. When consciousness does not develop to a certain extent and cannot feel the energy indirectly, human beings cannot be sure that this material exists, although it does exist. Electromagnetic wave is a good example. Even though Maxwell predicted its existence in theory, no one was sure before Hertz found it in the laboratory, and no one is new to electromagnetic wave now. This is true of almost every scientific discovery. Science is a process of continuous development, as well as a process of constantly generating new knowledge of the universe. There is always something that people don't realize, that is to say, there must be certain substances in the space where people think there is nothing. The view that the matter is relatively nonexistent and that it is nonexistent without realizing it is actually a philosophical relativity. Although some people will think that this view is an idealist view, people usually view the problem in this way.

Next, we will discuss the relativity of matter in physics.

The reason why we can see the objects on the earth and see the sun, nine planets, meteors, comets, etc. is that our eyes can feel the light from these objects, some of which are emitted by the objects themselves, some of which are reflected by the light lines of the sun. If an object doesn't shine or reflect light, we can't see it. That's certain. The luminescent objects in the universe are stars. The intense light radiation they emit makes us only see the round outline but not the features of its surface. The light of a star is the original light. In the solar system, other celestial bodies absorb and reflect the sun's light. People understand their characteristics by receiving their reflected light. This is the same reason that we observe the objects on the earth. All atomic objects can reflect light, which is beyond doubt. To find an absolutely non reflective object, it must not be made up of atoms (one of the three hypotheses in this book is that the universe is made up of different material levels, not just atoms). There are two cases of non reflection: one is that the photon is completely absorbed when it contacts the object, and the other is that the photon passes through the object completely. A black hole in the universe (a black hole is not made up of atoms) is a celestial body that cannot be detected by human vision because it can absorb photons.

The celestial bodies in the universe become a system of celestial bodies because they revolve around one another. The objects with tiny mass revolve around the objects with large mass. The sun attracts its subordinates because of its much larger mass than the nine planets. The sun has a huge form of energy radiation, providing the energy that the earth needs. While other celestial bodies in the solar system absorb solar radiation, they also radiate a certain amount of energy (infrared). Although this radiation is much smaller than the solar radiation, it is continuously carried out. This radiation is common to all atomic objects. According to the specific assumption of star level in the orbit of stars, there is a certain order of celestial bodies in the universe. Only stars (and a few black holes) can rotate around the center of the galaxy. So is it just a coincidence, or must an object become a star if it wants to rotate around the center of the galaxy? If it has to change, how does it change, and how does the star actually form? The author's opinion is that if an object wants to revolve around the silver center, it must become a star. A new mechanism of star formation will be discussed below, which is contrary to the generally accepted view of the scientific community.

According to the present astrophysics, there are two conditions to form a star: one is to have a nebula mainly composed of hydrogen and helium gas; the other is that the nebula must reach a certain mass, only in this way can the star erupt. If a celestial body is not made up of hydrogen and helium, it will not be able to become a star even if its mass is large enough, because of course its atoms will not become hydrogen and helium atoms. So we can infer that there are massive planets in the universe, which can sometimes attract stars to rotate. Of course, it can also attract a lot of stars smaller than its mass to form a system to revolve around the silver center, and even, as long as its mass is large enough, it can attract the central black hole of the galaxy. If this is the case, then there will be no order in the universe, which is also inconsistent with the assumption of this article. Therefore, the author believes that this phenomenon does not exist. The problem is that stars are thought to be a thermonuclear reaction of hydrogen and helium. We can get a better logic from this point of view, that is, the sun is not composed of hydrogen and helium atoms, nor other atoms at all, but another material level, which corresponds to the radiation of light. When the mass of a planet increases beyond a certain limit, the inner atoms of the planet are recombined into the material level of the star under the great pressure of the gravity of the star, and emit light radiation accordingly. When this change happens, this kind of material can exist stably like an atom, even if a tiny part of it is separated from the celestial body and put into the universe, this part will still be stable Maintain the properties of stars. According to this point of view, it is necessary to change the definition of stars. We no longer simply think that stars are the objects that emit light and heat by themselves, nor that stars are the objects that radiate light and heat by thermonuclear reaction. Instead, we define stars as a unit of stellar material level due to the mass of a certain range, and at the same time release light and heat. The reason why light atoms like hydrogen and helium exist in the sun is actually a by-product of this nuclear reaction. This process is: two or more atoms are recombined under the action of great pressure. Because of the great pressure, the change of this combination breaks through the scope of nuclear reaction, and forms a new material level that can resist the pressure, and releases light atoms at the same time. The viewpoint of this article is that a star is not made up of atoms, and the energy radiation form of a star is the inevitable energy radiation determined by its own material level (as for the problem of how an atomic object flies out of the solar system and becomes a stellar material, the author believes that the change of the gravitational field is the cause of this change, and the change of the gravitational field is equivalent to the change of the pressure).

At the same time, according to the star radiation hypothesis, all celestial bodies need to radiate energy, but they also have the corresponding process of receiving energy. For stars, there is not only a process of radiating energy outward, but also receiving energy from other celestial bodies in the universe. This is similar to the solar energy obtained by the nine planets themselves. All stars will get energy from the radiation of another kind of celestial body. All objects in the universe need to radiate and receive energy. The objects that provide energy for stars are those in the center of the galaxy and those in the same level. Our sun gets energy from the radiation of the huge absorbing objects in the center of the galaxy. As the earth receives radiation from the sun, a relatively low-level sun receives energy from its upper level, the central body of the galaxy. All the low-level objects in the universe will get energy from their upper level objects.

What is the central object of the galaxy? The sun has a very large mass, and hundreds of millions of celestial bodies revolve around the center of the galaxy, and move in a huge range of tens of thousands of light-years, which inevitably requires the mass of the central celestial body of the galaxy to be larger. Its huge mass determines its own material level different from that of the stars, and the matter further collapses into a kind of high-density matter, mainly because The huge pressure caused by mass exceeds the maximum pressure that the stellar material level can bear, which causes the stellar material level to recombine into a stable material that can resist this pressure. Because of its huge mass, the photon captured by it is not possible to escape, and because it does not radiate energy in the form of light itself, so we can not observe it, but humans can detect this radio object through infrared technology. Scientists have long suspected that this object is a black hole. The reason why they can't be sure is that it is different from the black hole predicted by Einstein. According to the current cosmology developed on the basis of general relativity, there are two kinds of black holes in the universe, one is a tiny black hole formed in the early stage of the big bang, the other is a product of the later stage of star evolution. This theory can't explain the central object of the galaxy. It's huge and can't be evolved by stars. Therefore, it has been proposed that there are star level black holes and Galaxy level black holes in the universe. Star level black holes are the existence form of stars in the late stage of evolution, while Galaxy level black holes are giant objects in the center of galaxies. These two kinds of celestial bodies are contradictory, or should not be a kind of celestial body. If there are two kinds of celestial bodies, they should be different in essence. This article holds that both stars and black holes are real celestial bodies in the universe, they all exist as stable as planets, there is no mutual evolution, they differ in different levels in the universe and different material levels, but they can change each other by changing their material levels. The black holes mentioned later in this article refer to the central objects of galaxies and the objects of the same level. In fact, all the objects that we can't see and can't detect at present are black holes. In this way, there are many kinds of black holes in the universe, but we only discuss one kind, namely, the central objects of galaxies.

How is a black hole formed? If the mass of an object increases to a certain extent, it can shrink into a black hole. If the volume of an object shrinks to a certain extent, it can also become a black hole. It should be called a black hole substance. If an atom shrinks infinitely, it can also become a black hole. It should be called a black hole unit. These black hole products are essentially the same. Just as atoms and earth are essentially the same.

 

The huge mass of black hole makes it have huge energy radiation, which reaches the sun and replenishes the energy consumed by the sun due to radiation. The energy of this kind of radiation is huge, even if the radiation energy of all the stars in the galaxy is added together, it can't be compared with it. People certainly won't believe this, because why hasn't the huge energy of black hole had any impact on the earth, we can't even feel the slightest of it? Therefore, it is generally believed that a black hole is a celestial body that only absorbs but not radiates energy. But why can't we think about it this way: black holes are radiating energy, and we can't see it because this radiation doesn't work on atoms? Photons can collide with atoms and interact with them, so people can feel light. However, unlike photons, the energy particles radiated by black holes do not interact with atoms, and even objects with great density will not block them at all. All atomic objects are like nonexistent particles. Just because of this, people who are composed of atoms will not I feel it. This is actually another point of view in this article, that is, black holes radiate energy, but this energy radiation has no effect on atomic objects.

A black hole attracts stars to rotate, and stars attract planets to rotate. Is the planet gravitated by stars and black holes at the same time? At present, no scientists have done this research. On the surface, it seems impossible to detect the tiny difference of gravitation between Pluto and earth in the center of the Milky way in the solar system, because the distance between the earth and Pluto is relatively tiny in the large scale of the Milky way. However, unlike the view that the center of the Milky way is attractive to the planets, this article holds that the center of the Milky way has no force on the planets, that is, the planets are not gravitated by black holes. Scientists have not found that the orbits of planets or comets have the traces of black hole gravitation, which is the reason why people are not sure that there are huge celestial bodies in the center of the galaxy for many years. General relativity and later big bang cosmology have not made any explanation or hypothesis for the central celestial bodies of the galaxy. Obviously, such celestial bodies are outside these theories and need a new theory To explain. It has been mentioned in this article that planets and black holes have no gravitational effect, that is to say, all atomic objects are not gravitated by black holes. Different levels of celestial bodies correspond to different gravitational fields, atomic bodies have a gravitational field, stars have a gravitational field, black holes also have a gravitational field, these three gravitational fields are not omnipotent, they only have a strong effect on a specific material level (field is also a relative concept, which is contradictory to the universal gravitation in Newtonian mechanics, this article does not think that gravity is omnipotent. The gravitational field of a black hole has no force on the atom, but has a strong effect on the material level of a star and a black hole; the gravitational field of a star has a strong effect on the material level of a star, as well as on the material level of an atom and a black hole; for an atomic object, there is a strong effect between the atomic objects, between the atomic objects and the material level of a star, and at the same time, on a cold dark object The quality is powerful. In short, it is a powerful role between the same level of material level and the adjacent level of material level. This conclusion is not pushed out by formula, but a kind of logical reasoning. In the final ana1ysis, it is a hypothesis pushed out by hypothesis, which seems not convincing. Let's go on with the reasoning just now. If so, then the question arises again. Since atoms are not affected by the gravitational force of black holes, what happens when atoms leave the solar system and enter the galaxy? According to Newton's view, if an object always maintains a uniform linear motion or a static state when it is not affected by external forces, then the object will maintain its original speed and make a linear motion. The law of inertia is valid in the study of the motion of an object with the surface of the star as the inertial system, but it can not solve the motion of the object in the vast space. First of all, according to philosophy, there is no object in the universe that is not affected by external forces; second, the straight line in the universe is undefined. Newton's law of inertia can't be applied in the wider space. However, the atomic object is unstoppable to leave the solar system. What's its future? According to our second hypothesis, stars are the main rotating objects around black holes. We can speculate that after the atomic objects leave the solar system, the constituent atoms recombine and become the material level of stars. Like stars, they rotate around the center of the galaxy. For human beings, it becomes hot and bright. There is another possibility, if the atoms do not change, because of it It is not affected by the force of black hole, which makes it obtain a relatively high speed relative to the universe. It makes curvilinear motion under the force of an unknown celestial body in the universe (see "matter and speed").

It says that atomic objects are not affected by black hole forces, but what is the concept? What will happen between two objects without gravity? The best explanation is that there is no effect between them. We have talked about that the huge energy radiated by black holes will not have any impact on the earth. The energy is the moving particles and the matter. Since the energy can have no effect on the matter, there are naturally substances that do not have any effect on each other. Based on this consideration, at the same time, due to the non gravitational interaction between the atomic object and the black hole, it is deduced that there is no interaction between the atomic object and the black hole. Just as the radiation energy of the black hole completely passes through the earth, all the atomic objects can cross the black hole, because for the atomic object, the material level of the black hole does not exist (for two objects without force, the author thinks that they can only be Relative does not exist). However, whether atomic objects, stars or black holes exist in the universe, their difference lies in their different material levels, which is the relativity of material existence. But although matter is relative, we can still rely on the development of science to gradually recognize the relatively non-existent matter and promote the development of science.

Since the objects composed of black holes and black hole material levels have no effect on atomic objects, we can separate them from the space we live in, and think that they are celestial bodies and basic material units in another space, in which atomic objects do not exist. We live in atomic space, and all the objects around us are made of atoms. In our living space, there are three kinds of substances, one is relatively energetic matter, such as particles of photon, the other is relatively material, that is, matter composed of various atoms, and the other is dark matter. Because there are infinite material levels in the universe (this is an assumption), we can't contain all material levels in our space. The matter level of the universe occupied by our atomic space is a limited part, and the other part of the universe accounts for most of the matter level, which is relative to the matter in other layers of space that we do not exist. Because black holes have no effect on the atomic space, we can call those matter that do not interact with the atomic space black holes. From this point of view, the universe There can be countless black holes in the universe, as long as they are relative to us.

Suppose we take a spaceship to navigate in the universe, and we want to enter the galaxy from the solar system. When we reach the junction of the two systems, what will happen to us? There are two possibilities. The first one is that we will change together with our spaceship, and the constituent atoms will be recombined into the stellar material level, rotating around the center of the galaxy like other stars. For the observers on earth, the whole spaceship will become a luminescent body and a star in an instant. For the people in the spaceship, he may not feel the change of himself, but he found that the situation around him had changed. First of all, the originally bright sun behind him suddenly lost its light, and became like the nine planets observed on earth, with only weak "anti light". Of course, this "light" is not what we call light, but the radiation of the black hole in the center of the galaxy. Secondly, he will find that there are countless more large and bright "suns" in the universe, the largest of which is the central object of the galaxy, and several tiny black holes revolving around the big black holes. For the person who has completed this transformation, he is no longer afraid of the high temperature of the star, because he has the same material level as the star, and our earth, for him, is a world of cold dark matter. When he gets close to us again, because of the extremely high temperature of his body, we cannot get close to him. Here, we also have to look at the concept of temperature from a relative perspective. There is no absolute temperature in the universe. The absolute temperature we say is only applicable to our atomic space, and the temperature range in the atomic space is only a segment corresponding to the atomic space on the temperature line in the universe. Another possibility is that people and spaceships do not change, but they are in a relatively unstressed state at this time. Because the universe is constantly moving, the whole galaxy is relatively moving at a high speed with it. That is to say, this object has obtained a high speed (the speed in the universe corresponding to atoms) without force, but it is absolutely not There is no object under force. They will also be affected by the force of a certain kind of celestial body, and move in a very large range like photons. As a matter, the motion of photons in the universe can not be infinite, and should also have a certain range. Therefore, human beings rely on light to judge the scale of the universe, and inevitably come to the conclusion that the universe is limited. The atomic celestial body that is separated from the solar system may also be like the photons, which have obtained a high speed and revolved around a more distant celestial body, It is possible that it behaves as energy relative to such a body. The author's view tends to be the first possibility.

The above is the main view of the relativity of the existence of matter. The main view of this article is summarized by combining the above several inferences: the universe is composed of infinite material levels, the same material level has a powerful role, the adjacent material level has a powerful role, except that there is no role between the material levels; each material level corresponds to a certain degree If human beings complete the transformation from atomic level to other level, it is possible to break through the limitation of time and space to human beings.

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