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选修6     Unit2 Poems   核心语言知识梳理

(2011-09-27 13:43:44)
标签:

选修6

unit2

poems

核心语言

知识梳理

分类: 课文词句

选修6 Unit2 Poems 核心语言知识梳理

 

 

一、选修 6 Unit 2  词汇
1. poetry  n.  诗(总称);诗意
2. tick  vt.  给……标记号
3. rhyme  n.  韵;押韵;押韵的词;  vi.  vt.  (使)押韵
4. convey  vt.  传达;运送

1) If you'll leave a message,I'll convey it to him.如果你愿意留下口信,我会转告他的。

2) I can't convey my feelings in words.我的情感难以言表。
3) The ambassador personally conveyed the president's message to the premier.大使亲自向总理转达了总统的问候。


5. emotion  n.  情感;情结;感情
6. nursery  n.  托儿所
7. nursery rhyme  童谣
8. concrete  adj.  具体的

   in the concrete具体化,实际上
9. repetition  n.  重复;反复;循环
10. contradictory  adj.  引起矛盾的;好反驳的
11. hush  vi. &vt.  (使某人)安静下来
12. △mockingbird  n.  嘲鸫(一种鸟,能模仿其他鸟的叫声)
13. diamond  n.  钻石;菱形
14. brass  n.  黄铜;黄铜器
15. △billy-goat  n.  公山羊
16. flexible  adj.  灵活的;可弯曲的;柔顺的

    a flexible schedule.可变通的日程表

    flexible plans灵活的计划

    flexible rule软尺, 卷尺
17. pattern   n.  模式;式样;图案

习惯用语:

pattern oneself after模仿(某人的)样子
pattern sth. upon仿照...式样制 造某物
pattern sth. on仿照...式样制 造某物

She's a pattern of all the virtues.她是一切美德的楷模。

pattern a dress on [after] a  model模仿模特的流行样式裁制衣服
She patterned herself after her mother.她模仿她的母亲。

18. squire  n.  乡绅
19. cottage  n.  村舍;小屋
20. coffin  n.  棺材
21. sparrow  n.  麻雀
22. kitten  n.  小猫
23. tke it easy  轻松;不紧张;从容
24. run out of  用完


25. cinquain  n.  五行诗
26. be made up of  由……构成
27. tease  vi. & vt.  取笑;招惹;戏弄
28. salty  adj.  含盐的;咸的
29. droop  vi.  低垂;凋萎;萎靡
30. △dread  vi. & vt.  害怕;畏惧
31. endless  adj.  无穷的;无止境的
32. haiku  n.  俳句
33. △syllable  n.  音节
34. minimum   n.  最低限度;最少量; 最小数
35. translation  n.  翻译;译文
36. branch  n.  枝条;支流;部门
37. melt (melted; melted, molten)
vi. 融化;溶化;软化
38. △brimful  adj.  盈满的;满到边际的
39. in particular  尤其;特别
40. eventually  adv.  最后;终于
41. await  vt.  等候;期待
42. transform  vi. & vt. 转化;转换;改造;变换
43. △revolve  vi. & vt. (使)旋转
44. △utter  vt.  说;讲;发出(声音)
45. sorrow  n.  悲伤;悲痛;懊悔
46. bare  adj.  赤裸的;光秃的;稀少的; n.  最基本的要素
47. librarian  n.   图书馆馆长图书馆管理员
48. forever  adv.  永远
49. stem  n.  茎;干
50. △cement  n.  水泥
51. section   n.  部分;节;切下的块
52. appropriate  adj.  适当的;正当的
53. exchange  n.  交换;交流;互换; vt. & vi.  调换;交换
54. diploma  n.  毕业文凭;学位证书
55. sponsor  n.  赞助人;主办者;倡议者;vt.  发起;举办;倡议
56. blank  n.  空白; adj.  空白的;茫然的
57. compass  n.  指南针;罗盘;(复数)圆规
58. bride  n.  新娘
59. bridegroom  n.  新郎
60. championship  n.  冠军称号
61. rhythmic  adj.  有节奏的;有规律的
62. darkness  n.  黑暗;漆黑
63. warmth  n.  暖和;温暖
64. try out  测试;试验
65. scholarship  n.  奖学金;学问;学术成就
66. pianist  n.  钢琴家;钢琴演奏者
67. violinist  n.  小提琴演奏者
68. let out 发出;放走
69. load  n.  负担;负荷物(尤指沉重的)

 

二、核心单词
1. convey   vt. 运送;传达;表达;转让(财产等)
常用结构:
convey sth. to sb.  向某人传达/运送某物
convey sth./sb. to a place 把某物/某人送到某地
convey one’s feelings/thanks to sb.  向某人表达某种感情/谢意
Passengers are conveyed by bus to the airport.旅客们被公共汽车送往机场。
A wire conveys an electric current. 电线传导电流。
I found it hard to convey my feelings in words. 我觉得难以用语言表达我的感情。
The old farmer conveyed his farm to his son. 老农夫将农场转让给儿子。

 

辨析
convey/transfer/transport
    convey基本含义指将物体从一地运送到另一地,或指语言、信息等的传递。也可表示财产的转让,但该词更强调通过法律手段转让财产或某种所有权。
   transfer主要指工作地点的变换、住所及物体的转移,还可指旅途中交通工具的变换,如转车、转船等。也可指把财产转让给他人。
   transport基本含义是运送。但该词通常局限于用交通工具运输货物和人。


完成句子
①言语无法表达我对她有多么的生气。             how angry I am with her.
②管道将燃气从工厂传送到每家每户。               from the power plant.


答案:

①Words can not convey
②Pipes convey gas to every family

2. transform   . 变成,彻底改变;转换;转化;改造

常用结构:
transform ...into ... 使……变成……
transform one’s life 改变某人的一生
transform to a new place 搬到新地方
be transformed from  由……变成……;
                                            由……迁到……
be transformed from A to B    由A处迁到B处
Hard work transformed her completely into an ordinary housewife.艰辛劳动彻底把她变成了一个普通的家庭妇女。
The company is transformed from a family business into one with 5,000 labours.这家公司已从家族企业变成 一家拥有5,000名员工的大公司。

 

拓展
transformation    n.改革;转变;变化

 

填空
The Greens have  their garage into a          guest house.
A. Transformed                 B. transmitted
C. Transported                  D. Translated
          解析:选A。考查词义辨析。transform 使(形状、姿态、性质、机能等)改变,transform ...into ...把……改变成……,故A项符合句意。transmit传送;传导;传达;transport 输送;运输;translate 翻译,皆不符合句意。

3. appropriate  

adj. 适当的;正当的;

v. 侵吞;盗用;挪用;拨(专款等)


Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word.在每个空白处填入一个适当的单词。
The mayor was found to have appropriated government money.市长被查出挪用了公款。

 

常用结构:
an appropriate response/measure/method恰如其分的反应/恰当的措施/方法
be appropriate to/for     适于;合乎
It is appropriate that ...  (从句中用可以省略should的虚拟语气形式)
The government appropriated a large sum of money for building hospitals.

政府拨了一大笔钱用来建造医院。

       拓展
appropriately    adv. 适当地


      填空
    His casual clothes were not        for such a formal occasion.
A.ready B. good  C. special D. appropriate
      解析:选D。句意为:他的休闲装不适合这样的正式场合。ready 准备;good好的;special 特别的;appropriate合适的。


 

These books are suitable for children.适合儿童阅读的书籍
This wine is not suitable to my taste.这酒不合我的胃口。

     suitable  to/for

 

   4. load     n. 负荷物(尤指沉重的),载重物;压力,负担,工作量 ;v.  装载;给……负荷

       常用结构:
a load of= loads of =plenty of  大量,许多
take a load off one’s mind  打消某人的顾虑 
a heavy load for  对某人是一件重负
load (up) ...with ...  用……装……
load ...onto/into ...   把……装到……上去
load off one’s mind 去除某人的精神负担
Supporting such a large family is really a heavy load for her.
她养这么一大家子,负担真的很重。
I had loads of fun today.
我今天玩得很开心。
She loaded film into the camera.
她把胶卷装到照相机里。

       提示:
      load为及物动词,后面必须接宾语,否则要用被动语态。
      常见结构为:

load (up) A with B或load (up) B onto (into) A;

被动形式:A is loaded (up) with B或B is loaded (up) onto A。


填空
He has got            money from his uncle.
A. a large amount of    B. loads of
C. a load of                       D. All above
       解析:选D。loads of 和a load of表示“许多的,大量的”,既可修饰可数名词,又可修饰不可数名词。a large amount of只能修饰不可数名词,故选D项。


5. exchange    n. 交换;交流;互换 

                           vt. &   vi. 调换;交换
An exchange of opinions is helpful. 相互交换意见是有益的。
An exchange of prisoners during a war is unusual. 战争时期很少交换俘虏。
We’ll have an opportunity to exchange views tomorrow. 明天我们将有机会交换看法。
The store will not exchange goods without a receipt. 这家商店没有收据不予换商品。


       常用结构:
exchange sth. with sb. 和某人交换某物
in exchange for   交换
exchange sth. for sth.  用某物交换某物
exchange looks   交换眼色
exchange information  交流信息
exchange greetings   互相问候;打招呼
exchange words   相互交谈

用适当的介词填空
①I shook hands and exchanged a few words       the manager.
②You can exchange your currency           dollars in the hotel.
③Would you like my old TV in exchange            this camera?

答案:

①with   ②for   ③for

 

三、重点短语
6. take it easy    轻松;不紧张;从容
Take it easy. We'll take care of everything.放心好了,一切由我们照料。
You should take it easy this weekend.这个周末你应该放松一下。
Take it easy, and you will make it.别紧张,你会成功的。

 

      拓展:
take things easy 别紧张,慢慢来;从容不迫地进行工作
take one's chance 碰运气
take one's time  不匆忙;别着急;慢慢来
take sb. wrong  误解(曲解)某人的意思
take sth. seriously认真地对待某事
            填空
—It can't be too worse.
—Just         , things will turn out to be better so long as you don't stop trying.


A. be all right            B. take your time
C. ignore it                 D. take it easy
       解析:选D。句意为:——糟透了。——沉住气,只要不放弃,事情会变好的。take it easy表示安慰,别紧张,沉住气

7. run out of   用完
We are running out of our money.
   =Our money is running out. 我们的钱快花光了。
I run out of breath. 我跑得喘不过气来。

拓展
      run out of  意为“用完了”,是及物动词短语,表示主动意义,主语一般是人
      run out=become used up,意为“……用完了”,是不及物动词短语,其主语通常为时间、食物、金钱等名词。

     Our supplies finally ran out.我们的供给终于耗尽了
     其他有关短语:
run short of sth. 缺乏,短缺
run short 不足;短缺
give out  (为不及物动词短语)用尽;分发;宣布;发出;精疲力竭
use up  (为及物动词短语)用完,消耗尽
(1)填空
      Can you spare me some paper? Mine             .
A. has run out         B. has used up
C. has run out of    D. is run out
(2)翻译句子
旅行将要结束时,食物已经吃完了。

 

解析:

(1) 选A。空格前为mine 作主语,相当于my paper;run out需要物作主语,而D项时态不对。
(2)Food supplies had run out toward the end of the trip.


8. make up of   组成……;构成(常用于被动结构)
Girl students make up 40% of the student number. 女学生占学生总数的40%。
The medical team is made up of five doctors and ten nurses. 这支医疗队由5名医生,10名护士组成。

       拓展:
make up  构成,组成;编造;化装
make up for sth. 弥补
be made up of= consist of ...由……构成,组成
be made of    由……做成(看得出原材料的样子)
be made from   由……做成(看不出原材料的样子)
make out       分辨,辨认出
be made in    在……(地方)做成
be made by   由……(某人)制造
make towards sth./make one's way to向……移动,朝……走去
I'll try to make up for the lost time. 我要尽力弥补失去的时间。

 

填空
Everyone in our class likes Mary because she is good at telling and                 jokes.
A. turning up                 B. putting up
C. making up                 D. showing up
          解析:

         选C。按照句意此处有“编造笑话”之意。turn up出现,将……调大;put up张贴;show up 出现。

 

9. let out    发出;放走
Every time she moved her leg, she let out a moan. 每次她动一下腿,就会发出一声呻吟。
Don’t let out the plan to the press.别把这项计划泄露给媒体。
He let out the bird from the cage.他把鸟从笼子里放走了。

 

拓展
let down  放下;使失望;给轮胎放气
let alone   更不用提;更别说
let one's hair down 无拘无束;放松一下
let go    放开;松手
let it go 算了;放手
let in     让……进来;放……进来
let off    放(炮);投放(炸弹);宽恕

 

填空
He accidentally           he had quarreled with his wife and that he hadn’t been home for a couple of weeks.
A. let out                B. took care
C. made sure        D. made out
解析:选A。考查动词短语辨析。let out 在本句中为“泄露”的意思。take care 小心,注意;make sure 确信;make out 辨别出,理解。
10. stay up  挺住;站立;熬夜;不睡觉
Our flag still stayed up after many attacks of the enemy.经过敌人的数次进攻之后,我们的红旗依然挺立。
He stayed up late into the night yesterday.昨天他一直熬到深夜。

拓展
stay ahead (of) (比……)领先; (走在……的)前面
stay away (from)不在; 外出; 走开; 别接近
stay behind  留下来不走;留在后面
stay out        在外;不在家
stay still       静止不动

 

填空
It is your own fault that you are so tired. You oughtn’t to have             so late.
A. stayed up      B. woke up
C. made up        D. turned up
     解析:选A。

        词语辨析题的关键是把握各个选项的意思,然后依据情景选择。stay up late意思是“熬夜到很晚”。

10、run out of  用完

     run高频短语搭配收集(15个)

1)run across=To find by chance; come upon.偶然发现;偶然碰到
2)run after=To pursue; chase.追赶;追逐

He finally became tired of running after her.他追求她终于追烦了
3)run against=run into.偶然撞见:意外遇见;与…偶然碰见

4)run along=To go away; leave.离开;走开
5)run away=To flee; escape.跑开;逃走

6)run down=To stop because of lack of force or power停掉,耗尽:因缺乏力量或能量而停止:
The alarm clock finally ran down.闹钟终于停了
=To become tired.筋疲力尽
=knock down:与…相撞,把…撞倒:
an old man who was run down by a speeding motorist.被一辆疾驰的摩托车撞倒的老人
=To chase and capture:追捕到:追寻并抓到:
Detectives ran down the suspects.侦探抓获了嫌疑犯
=To trace the source of:追溯:追踪…的来源:
The police ran down all possible leads in the missing-person case.警察查遍了这件失踪案的所有可能的线索
=To disparage:贬低,说坏话:
Don't run her down; she is very talented.不要贬低她;她很有天分的
=To go over; review:浏览;复习:
run down a list once more.再浏览一下单子

7)run in
=To insert or include as something extra:插入,补入:把另外一件东西嵌入或包括进来:
ran in an illustration next to the first paragraph.在第一段旁边加上插图

=visit:非正式访问,顺便看望:为交往目的而去与…相伴;拜访:
We ran in for an hour.我们拜访了一个小时

8)run into
=To meet or find by chance:偶然遇见,偶然发现:
ran into an old friend.与一个老朋友不期而遇
ran into trouble.陷入麻烦

9)run off
=To print,or copy:印刷,打印出,复印:
ran off 200 copies of the report.把这个报告复制了200份

=To run away; 跑掉;私奔
=To flow off; drain away.流掉;流干

10)run on
=To keep going; continue.继续做;继续
He is always running on about his tax problems.对于他税务方面的问题,他总是讲个不停

11)run out
=To become used up; be exhausted:用完;耗尽:
Our supplies finally ran out.我们的供给终于耗尽了
=To put out by force; compel to leave:逐出:强使离去;驱逐:
We ran him out of town.我们把他驱逐出镇子

12)run over
=knock down, and often pass over:碾过:与…相撞、撞倒,通常压过去:
The car ran over a child.那辆汽车碾过了孩子
=To read or review quickly:浏览:快速阅读或过目:
run over a speech before giving it.演说之前浏览一下演讲稿
=To go beyond a limit:超过某个限制:
The meeting ran over by 30 minutes.会议拖了30分钟了

13)run through
=To use up quickly:挥霍掉:
She ran through all her money.
匆匆排练:
Let's run through the first act again.我们再排练一下第一场
We ran through the witness's testimony before presenting it in court.在法庭上出示之前,我们先过目一下见证人的证词

14)run up
=To make or become greater or larger:使变大,变大,增大:
run up the price of the company's stock.使公司股票的价格升值

15)run with
=To take as one's own; adopt:收为自己的;采用:
“He was determined to run with the idea and go public before it had been researched.他决定采用这种观点,在调查之前公开。


三、重点句型
11. And said though strange they all were true. 尽管有点奇怪,但这些都是真实的。

 

拓展解释though strange是省略句,在句中充当让步状语。相当于though they were strange。

      在一些状语从句中,如时间,条件,让步状从中,如果从句的主语与主句主语一致或者为it,而且从句的谓语部分有动词be,就可以把从句的主语和动词be连同省略。

[典例]

1) Whenever in difficulty(=whenever you are in difficulty), don’t hesitate to ask me for help. 无论什么时候有困难,都不要犹豫,立即找我帮忙。

2) If necessary, I will leave for Guangzhou to help you.如果有必要,我回去广州帮你。

[练习

1)他在困难中遇上了许多好心人。

_____________________________

2)虽然被骗了许多次,她还是很轻易相信陌生人。

_____________________________

Keys:

 1)When in difficulty, he met many kind persons.

     2) Though cheated many times, she is still easy to believe strangers.

 

         在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,如果从句的主语与主句的主语相一致,且从句含动词be时,从句可用省略主语和动词be 的形式。
          在when it is+adj. 结构中,it is也经常省略。
1) I'll go to Mary's birthday party if invited to.(if invited to等于if I’m invited to)如果受到邀请的话, 我就去参加玛丽的生日聚会。
2) What were you doing while staying at the hotel?(while staying ...等于while you were staying ...)待在宾馆的这段时间你在干什么?
3) Whenever (it was) possible, they would stop him and ask him the question.只要可能,他们就会让他停下问他这个问题。

 

提示
         在条件状语从句、让步状语从句、方式状语从句中,也经常采用这种省略的形式。

 

 

语法填空
    When           help, one often says “Thank you.” or “It’s kind of you.”
  A.Offering             B. to offer   

  C. to be offered   D. Offered
       解析:选D。首先要依据省略规则分析省略了什么。When offered等于When one is offered。one是offer动作的被执行者,因此要用过去分词。

12、

    Some poems tell a story or describe something in a way that will give the reader a strong impression. Others try to convey certain emotions.有的诗歌以一种令读者印象深刻的方式讲述故事或描述事情。而有些诗歌是为了传递某些情感。

[解释]  some…others…一些……而另一些…

[典例]

      In the summer camp, some members are from Africa. Others are from Asia.夏令营活动中,有些营员来自非洲,有些来自亚洲。

[练习] 汉译英

1)讨论过程中。有些人同意这个计划,有些人反对。

       _______________________________________________________________________________________

2)比赛过程中,这支团队合作很好。他们中一些人进行策划,一些人收集信息;而另些人却在准备他们的演说词。

  

Keys:

1)In the discussion, some people agreed with the plan, while others were against.

2) The group cooperated well in the course of the competition. Some of them made the plan; some of them

collected the information; others prepared for their speech.

 课文要点

1. 课文词汇等填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等)

     根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法:

        There are various reasons        people write poetry. Some        (诗歌)give the reader a strong impression. Others try to        传达)certain emotions.  In this text, some simple forms of English poems are introduced. Such     nursery rhymes, which may seem    (concretely), but they are easy to learn and recite. List poems have a     (灵活的) line length and repeated phrases. Students can also write the cinquanin, a poem    (make) up of five lines. Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry with 17 syllables. English speakers also      (翻译) Tang poems into English.       so many different forms of poetry to choose from, students may   10   (eventual) want to write poems of their own.

答案:

1. why       2.poems      3.convey        4.as        5.concrete   6.flexible     7.made       8.translate      9.With         10. eventually

 

2. 课文大意概括 (旨在训练用30个单词概括大意的能力)

     阅读课文,试着用30来个单词概括课文大意或翻译下面短文。

    本文概述人们写诗的原因,并列举5种简单英语诗歌的特点,形式的,包括这些诗歌的例子。

      The passage talks about

_________________________

 

答案:The passage talks about the reasons why people write poetry and outlines the characteristics of five simple forms of English poems, including examples of these forms.

  3. 课文佳句背诵与仿写 (旨在培养对难句的理解和运用能力)

1.【原句】By playing with the words in nursery rhymes, children learn about language.通过童谣中的文字游戏,孩子们学习了语言。

 [模仿要点] 句子结构: by doing (作状语),+ 主句

【模仿1】通过很多练习,你可以提高你的英语发音。

_____________________________

答案: By practicing a lot, you can improve your English pronunciation.

【模仿2】通过双方的共同努力,我们可以享受温暖的师生关系。

_____________________________

答案: By making joint efforts, we can enjoy a warm relationship between teachers and students.

 

2.【原句】Another simple form of poem that students can easily write is the cinquain, a poem made up of five lines.另外一种学生容易写的简体诗是由五行组成的,叫五行诗。

 [模仿要点] 句子结构: 同位语

【模仿1】另一个人们赞成“福娃”,那五个2008年奥运会吉祥物,的英文名字的原因是它的拼音翻译。

_____________________________

答案:Another reason why people show favour of “Fuwa”, the English name of five mascots of the 2008 Olympics, is its pinyin translation.

【模仿2】另一个我们能帮助保护我们的生存环境的努力是对塑料袋,一种难溶解的物质,使用的禁止。

_____________________________

答案:Another efforts that we can make to help protect our living environment is a ban on the use of plastic bags, a kind of material hard to be degraded.

3. 【原句】With these, students can convey a strong picture in just a few words.用五行诗,学生可以用少量的词语传递一幅动人的画面。

 [模仿要点] 句子结构: with +N.(作状语)

【模仿1】共同努力,我们可以创造一个和谐的社会。

_____________________________

答案:With the joint efforts, we can make a  harmony society.

【模仿2】在他的指导下,我们用一种更好的方法解决了这个问题。

_____________________________

答案:With his instruction, we work out the problem in a better way.

4. 【原句】It is easy to write and, like the cinquain, can give a clear picture and create a special feeling using the minimum of words.它容易写,而且像五行诗一样,它可以用最少的词语呈现一幅清晰的画面,表达出一种特殊的感情。

 [模仿要点] 句子结构:It is + adj. to do sth, like + N./doing +谓语

【模仿1】网上畅游很容易,像网上购物,能省很多从这家店到那家店的时间。

_____________________

答案:It is convenient to surf on the Internet and,like shopping on line, can save you lots of time going from one shop to another.

三、单元自测完形填空

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从21—30各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。词数:180
 完成时间:14分钟 
     A group of alumni (校友) got together to visit their old university professor. Their   21   soon turned into com- plaints about the   22   they face in work and in life. The professor then brought over a large pot of coffee and   23   cups -- porcelain (瓷器), plastic, glass, crystal, some plain-looking, some expensive, some nice-looking – telling them to help themselves to the coffee.

    When all the students had helped themselves to a cup of coffee, the professor said, “If you hadn't noticed, all the nice-looking expensive cups were   24   , leaving behind the plain and cheap ones. While it is   25   for you to want only the best for yourselves, that is the   26   of your stress. What all of you   27   wanted was coffee, not the cup,   28   you consciously (有意识地) went for the best cups.”

    Life is the coffee. Jobs, money and position are the cups. They are just tools to hold   29   , and do not change the quality of life. Sometimes, by   30   only on the cup, we fail to enjoy the coffee.

21. A. argument B. quarrel C. conversation D. debate

22. A. failure      B. stress    C. hardship         D. misfortune

23. A. lovely       B. various  C. strange           D. classical

24. A. set back   B. moved up   C. taken up       D. put aside

25. A. important B. normal      C. opposite       D. rare

26. A. excuse       B. condition C. result             D. source

27. A. nearly        B. really        C. usually             D. certainly

28. A. and            B. so               C. but                     D. thus

29. A. life             B. courage    C. happiness        D. complaint

30. A. operating B. basing      C. concentrating D. depending

答案:

       人们总是会从各种各样的咖啡杯里选择最好看最昂贵的,就好像人们在生活中总是为自己寻求最好的东西,而这就是人们产生压力的原因。人生就是咖啡杯里的咖啡,我们应该去享受咖啡的美好味道,而不是把自己的精力集中在为自己挑选漂亮的杯子。重要的是咖啡,而不是容器。

21.  C。根据下文的“…complaints about the   22   in work and in life.”可知他们是在谈话。

22.  B。根据下文的“…that is the   26  of your stress.” 可知他们是在抱怨生活中的压力。

23.  B。根据下文的描述可知有各种各样的咖啡杯。

24.  C。根据下文的“…leaving behind the plain and cheap ones.”可知便宜的、不好看的咖啡杯都剩下了,而昂贵漂亮的咖啡杯都被人拿起来用了。

25.  B。每个人都选择昂贵漂亮的咖啡杯,这符合人性的特点,所以这是很正常的事情。

26.  D。根据上文的“While it is   25   for you to want only the best for yourselves…”可知教授在解释说这就是人们产生压力的起源。

27.  B。教授的意思是“你们真正想要的是咖啡”。

28.  C。你们真正想要的是咖啡却有意识地选择好的杯子,上下文为转折关系。

29.  A。从上文“Life is the coffee.”以及下面的“…and do not change the quality of life.”可知答案为A。

30.  C。上文提示。从上文人们只注意咖啡杯的细节可知此处意为人们只把注意力放在杯子上而没有珍惜生命本质的东西。

2. 语法填空    阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31-40的相应位置上。
 
     People are not as honest as they once were. The temptation (诱惑) to steal is greater   31   ever before especially in large shops. A detective recently watched a well-dressed woman   32   always went into a large store on Monday morning.   33   Monday, there were fewer people in the shop than usual    34  the woman came in, so it was easier for the detective   35   (watch)her. The woman first bought a few small articles. After a little 6me, she chose one of  36     (expensive) dresses in the shop and handed it to an assistant who wrapped it up for her as quickly   37   possible. Then the woman simply took it and walked out of the shop    38   paying. When she   39  (catch), the detective found out that the shop-assistant was her daughter. Thc girl "gave" her mother  a free dress once   40   week.

答案:

31.than  32.who/that  33.One  34.when  35.to watch  36.the most expensive  37.as

38.without  39.was caught 40. a

  31.than.greater than是形容词的比较级结构:

  32.who, who引导的限制性定语从句:

  33.One,one Monday表一个星期天:

  34.when,考查由when引导的时间状语从句:

  35.to watch, 考查It is +adj + to do sth.的句型结构,其中to do sth.作真正的主语:

  36.the most expensive,从上下文可知,此处是“最昂贵的衣服之一”:

  37.as,as+adj原级十as possible 是固定搭配,“尽可能地……;”

  38.without.Without paying指没有付钱;

  39.was caught. 考查动词的被动语态结构,“被抓”:

  40.a,once a week指每星期一次.

3. 阅读理解

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。词数:269 ; 完成时间:6分钟 
    WASHINGTON/NEW YORK-US

    President Bush said on Monday that he wanted Osama bin Laden "dead or alive" for last week's attacks on the World Trade Center and the pentagon, but many of Washington's allies are cool on strikes against Afghanistan.

   Bush has named Saudi-born militant Osama bin Laden as a prime suspect, though he has provided no evidence for his claim. Still, he had been building public support for military action and has warned Afghanistan's Taliban to give up Bin Laden.

   But the Taliban, which has warned of "holy war" in response to any US attack, by Tuesday afternoon had given no indication of whether the man they call their "guest" would be handed over.

   On, an unprecedented "Day of terror", two planes smashed into New York's World Trade Center twin towers on September ll, putting them into ruins while explosions rocked the Pentagon in Washington, and the White House and State Department were evacuated (疏散). The attacks have left more than 5, 000 people dead or missing.

   China has said it is ready to join international efforts in fighting "terrorism" but insisted that peace, not war, is the best option (选项).

   In London, Blair declared it a "war between the civilized world and fanaticism" and determined to stand by anally which aided Britain in two world wars. France, Germany and other, including Russia, are also supportive. "The evil must be punished," Russian President Vladimir Putin said. "But we should not liken ourselves to bandit." His defense chiefs have ruled out hosting NATO forces in former Soviet Central Asia or joining US military action, although Moscow says it will help with intelligence.

41. What building(s) was/were totally damaged?

    A. The World Trade Center and the Pentagon.     B. The World Trade Center.

    C. The Pentagon.                            D. The White House.

42. In this passage, what country does the underlined pan refer to?

    A. Russia.    B. France.    C. Germany.    D. America.

43. According to the passage, which of the following is right?

    A. It was bin Laden that made the terrorist attacks, which have left more than 5, 000 people dead or missing.

    B. Russian forces will join US military action.

    C. There is no sign to show that the Taliban will hand over bin Laden.

    D. Few countries support America after the attacks.

44. From the passage, what problem is the world facing ?"

    A. Wars.    B. Terrorism.    C. Population.    D. Explosions.

45. What does the word "suspect" in the second paragraph mean in this passage. ?

   A. Someone who has attacked others.

   B. Someone who has set the building on fire.

   C. Someone who has stolen some things.

   D. Someone who has probably done wrong.

答案:

    41.答案是B.第四段中的putting them into ruins对应问题中的totally damaged,故只有World Trade Center。

    42.答案是D.stand by...站在……的一边。两次世界大战支持英国的必是America。

    43.答案是C.第三段表明此意。

    44.答案是B.从几个国家政府发表的声明来判断世界面临“恐怖组织”的威胁。

    45.答案是D。

4. 读写任务   阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文:

    I restarted my senior high school life due to my failure in my entrance examination. I was very upset at that time.

    My teacher found me depressed. One day he asked me to come to his office and told me about his attitude towards life "We might suffer from making mistakes, but it's important to model ourselves into the people we will become. All the growing pains and the embarrassing things we may experience are part of the process. We never stop growing up, so learn from it and keep up your spirit! "At last, he added, "if  you are optimistic, things you want may happen to you!"

    Warm feelings rush through my soul. I suddenly found the sun shining again when I stepped out of his office.

    With the teacher's help, I eventually got over my depression. From then on, I no longer bowed my head but began smiling to my classmates. I would put up my hand confidently in class and kid with my new friends in my spare time. Meanwhile, I was gradually embraced by my classmates.

 [写作内容]

  1.以约30个词概括短文内容。

  2.然后以约120个词就“老师对学生人生的影响”这个主题发表你的看法,并包括下面要点。

  1)你对好的老师和不好的老师对学生的人生影响有何感想。

  2)以你的生活经历为例,说明老师对你成长的影响。

[写作要求]

  1.作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子。标题自定。

  2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

[评分标准]概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

[写作辅导]

  1.写作有可能用到的主要短语和单词:鼓励encouragement,鼓励某人做某事encourage sb to do sth, 学会自强learn to be independent, 自信confidence/confident,成功succeed/success,情感低谷be upset,勇敢面对生活中的痛苦face bravely pains in life.

  2.本文的概要必须包含以下要点:the student was upset / his teacher told him about his own attitude towards life/his teacher encouraged him to face bravely pains and gains in life.

  3.本文要注意,概要一定要根据文段的时态来写。同时,绝对不能抄袭原文的句子。作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事时,一般使用一般过去时态较为常见。而结论性的观点应使用一般现在时或一般将来时态。

     I will never Forget My Teacher


      I will Never Forget My Teacher

      When the student was upset, the teacher told him about his own attitude towards life and encouraged him to face bravely pains and gains in life, which helped him finally defeat his depression.

      Teachers play an important role in us students' growth. We can't grow up well without our teachers. A good teacher can help his students out to great successes. He can also encourage his students to be brave when they are upset and in trouble. What is more, a good teacher can make you independent and confident. I will never forget my English teacher, Mr. Li, who never looked me as a stupid student; he always gave a lot of encouragement and kind help, which led to my good command of English.

      Teachers' love is unforgettable. Their kind help will be of great benefit to us forever.

 

 

四、课文
P.10
  A FEW SIMPLE FORMS OF ENGLISH POEMS
        There are various reasons why people write poetry. Some poems tell a story or describe something in a way that will give the reader a strong impression. Others try to convey certain emotions. Poets use many different forms of poetry to express themselves. In this text, however, we will look at a few of the simpler forms.
        Some of the first poetry a young child learns in English is nursery rhymes. These rhymes like the one on the right (A) are still a common type of children's poetry. The language is concrete but imaginative, and they delight small children because they rhyme, have strong rhythm and a lot of repetition. The poems may not make sense and even seem contradictory, but they are easy to learn and recite. By playing with the words in nursery rhymes, children learn about language.
    Hush, little baby, don't say a word, Papa's going to buy you a mockingbird. If that mockingbird won't sing, Papa's going to buy you a diamond ring. If that diamond ring turns to brass, Papa's going to buy you a looking-glass. If that looking-glass gets broke, Papa's going to buy you a billy-goat. If that billy-goat runs away, Papa's going to buy you another today.
        One of the simplest kinds of poems are those like B and C that list things. List poems have a flexible line length and repeated phrases which give both a pattern and a rhythm to the poem. Some rhyme (like B) while others do not (like C).
    I saw a fish-portal all on fire
    I saw a fish-pond all on fire,
      I saw a house bow to a squire,
        I saw a person twelve-feet high,
        I saw a cottage in the sky,
        I saw a balloon made of lead,
        I saw a coffin drop down dead,
        I saw two sparrows run a race,
        I saw two horses making lace,
        I saw g girl just like a cat,
        I saw a kitten wear a hat,
        I saw a man who saw these too,
       And said though strange they all were true.
   Our first football match
       We would have won ...
        if Jack had scored that goal,
        if we'd had just a few more minutes,
        if we had trained harder,
        if Ben had passed the ball to Joe,
        if we'd had thousands of fans screaming,
        if I hadn't taken my eye off the ball,
        if we hadn't stayed up so late the night before,
        if we hadn't taken it easy,
        if we hadn't run out of energy.
       We would have won ...
        if we'd been better!
       Another simple form of poem that students can easily write is the cinquain, a poem made up of five lines. With these, students can convey a strong picture in just a few words. Look at the examples (D and E) on the top of the next page.
   Brother Beautiful, athletic Teasing, shouting, laughing Friend and enemy too Mine
    Summer Sleepy, salty Drying, drooping, dreading Week in, week out Endless
    A fallen blossom Is coming back to the branch. Look, a butterfly!
        ( by Moritake)
   Snow having melted, The whole village is brimful Of happy children.
                                                                                              (by Issa)
       Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry that is made up of 17 syllables. It is not a traditional form of English poetry, but is very popular with English writers. It is easy to write and, like the cinquain , can give a clear picture and create a special feeling using the minimum of words. The two haiku poems (F and G) above are translations from the Japanese.                       
    Where she awaits her husband On and on the river flows. Never looking back,Transformed into stone.Day by day upon the mountain top,wind and rain revolve.Should the traveller return,this stone would utter speech.,
                                                                                    (by Wang Jian)
        Did you know that English speakers also enjoy other forms of Asian poetry - Tang poems from China in particular? A lot of Tang poetry has been translated into English. This Tang poem (H) is a translation from the Chinese.                
        With so many different forms of poetry to choose from, students may eventually want to write poems of their own. It is easier than you might think and certainly worth a try!

P.14       I'VE SAVED THE SUMMER

 
I've saved the summer
And I give it all to you
To hold on winter mornings
When the snow is new.
 
I've saved some sunlight
If you should ever need
A place away from darkness
Where your mind can feed.
 

And for myself I've kept your smile
When you were but nineteen,
Till you're older you'll not know
What brave young smiles can mean.
 
I know no answers
To help you on your way
The answers lie somewhere
At the bottom of the day.
 
But if you've a need for love
I'll give you all l own
It might help you down the road
Till you've found your own.
                            (by Rod McKuen)

P.52   A spring morning
    I awake light-hearted this morning of spring, Everywhere round me the singing of birds-But now I remember the night, the storm, And I wonder how many blossoms were broken.
                                                                (by Meng Haoran )

    Hungrily the cat consumes the fish;
        Hungrily I close my eyes and make a wish;
        Hungrily the boy runs to the road's end;
        Hungrily the driver takes the next bend.
        Hungrily the young man loves life at sea;
        Hungrily the beautiful girl looks at me;
        Hungrily the seal dives down into the deep;
        Hungrily I fall into bed and sleep.

    If you were the only girl in the world
        and I were the only boy!
        Nothing else would matter in the world today
        we could go on loving in the same old way!
        A garden of Eden just made for two
        with nothing to mar our joy
         I would say such wonderful things to you
        there would be such wonderful things to do
        If you were the only girl in the world
        and I were the only boy!
                                                (by Clifford Grey)

         Sunshine
        Lovely, cheerful
   Warming, welcoming, calming
        I sing with you
          Brightness
     First autumn morning:
        The mirror I stare into
        Shows my father's face.
                   (by Kijo Murakami)
   

 

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