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动词、名词、形容词惯用法集锦

(2011-07-14 14:08:41)
标签:

动词名词形容词

惯用法集锦

杂谈

分类: 语法专家

动词名词形容词惯用法集锦

 

第1章          动词惯用法集锦 

1、          习惯接动词不定式的动词

adore
afford
agree
aim
appear
apply
arrange
ask
bag
bear
begin
bother
care
choose
continue
dare
decide
decline
demand
deserve
desire
determine
die
essay
expect
fail
forget
guarantee
hate
help
hesitate
hope
intend
itch
learn
like
long
love
manage
mean
need
offer
pine
plan
prefer
prepare
pretend
promise
purpose
refuse
regret
remember
seek
seem
start
stop
swear
tend
thirst
trouble
try
undertake
want
wish

2、习惯接疑问词+动词不定式的动词·

advise
answer
ask
beg
consider
convince
decide
discover
doubt
explain
find
forget
guess
hear
imagine
indicate
inform
instruct
know
learn
look
persuade
phone
pray
promise
remember
remind
see
show
signal
strike
suggest
take
teach
telegraph
tell
think
understand
want
warn
wire
write
wonder

2、          习惯接动名词的动词

acknowledge
admit
adore
advise
appreciate
avoid
bar
bear
begin
cannot help
cannot resist
cannot stand
cannot stick
consider
continue
deserve
discourage
dislike
doubt
enjoy
escape
excuse
fancy
finish
forbid
forget
give up
hate
hold off
imagine
include
intend
involve
keep
kepp on
leave off
like
love
mean
mention
mind
miss
need
overlook
postpone
prefer
prevent
prohibit
purpose
put off
quit
recommend
regret
remember
report
resist
risk
save
start
stop
suggest
try
want

3、          接动词不定式或动名词意思相同的动词

adore
bear
begin
continue
deserve
hate
intend
like
love
need
play
purpose
prefer
start
undertake
want

4、          接动词不定式或动名词意思不同的动词

forget+to do sth 忘记去做
doing sth
忘记做过
mean+to do sth
打算
doing sth
意味着
regret+to do sth
遗憾将做
doing sth
后悔已做
remember+to do sth
记得去做
doing sth
记得做过
stop+to do sth
停止以便(目的状语)
doing sth
停止做(宾语)
try+to do sth
设法做
doing sth
试着做

5、          习惯接“to+动名词的动词、短语和句型

admit
amount
apply
as to
be given to
be up to
come down to
come near to
contribute
fall
feel up to
get around to
get down to
in reference to
own
see
sink
submit
switch
take
with an eye to
with a view to
with reference
with regard to
with relation to
witness

6、          习惯接oneself的动词

abandon
absent...from
amuse
apply
carry
commit
concern
conduct
content
devote
dress
enjoy
excuse
feel
forget
help
hurt
loss...in
pride upon
shave
suggest
value...on
worry

7、          习惯接that从句的动词

acknowledge
add
admit
agree
announce
answer
argue
arrange
believe
bet
comment
complain
conclude
confirm
consider
declare
doubt
dream
expect
explain
fancy
fear
find
forget
gather
guess
hope
imagine
insist
know
learn
mention
note
notice
observe
remark
repeat
reply
report
say
see
show
suppose
suspect
swear
state
think
trust
understand
wish
write

8、          习惯接that从句用虚拟语气的动词

advocate
advise
appoint
arrange
ask
arrange
command
decide
demand
desire
determine
direct
insist
instruct
intend
move
object
order
pray
prefer
recommend
require
request
suggest
urge
vote

9、          习惯接疑问词从句的动词

advise
answer
ask
beg
consider
convince
decide
discover
doubt
explain
find
forget
guess
hear
imagine
indicate
inform
instruct
know
learn
look
persuade
phone
pray
promise
remember
remind
see
show
signal
strike
suggest
take
teach
telegraph
tell
think
understand
want
warn
wire
write
wonder

10、      可以接同源宾语的动词

bow
cough
dance
die
dream
fight
laugh
look
live
run
say
sigh
sleep
smell
smile
talk

11、      习惯接两个宾语的动词

allow
ask
award
bring
build
buy
consider
cook
choosecost
do
draw
fetch
fill
find
forbid
forgive
fix
gain
gather
get
give
hand
leave
lend
lose
make
obtain
offer
order
owe
paint
pass
permit
prepare
promise
read
refuse
recommend
rent
return
save
sell
send
set
sing
show
spare
teach
tell
throw
wave
win
wish
write

12、习惯接sb/a place of sth的动词

accuse
cheat
clear
convince
cure
empty
inform
persuade
remind
rid
rob
spoil
suspectsweep
warn

13、习惯接动词不定式作宾语补足语的动词

admit
advise
allow
appoint
ask
assist
beg
believe
challenge
charge
command
consider
dare
desire
direct
drive
elect
encourage
entitle
expect
find
forbid
force
get
guess
help
intend
invite
judge
lead
leave
like
love
mean
need
order
permit
persuade
pray
prefer
prepare
press
prove
report
request
require
reveal
sentence
show
suppose
teach
tell
train
trust
urge
want
wish

14、习惯接to be作宾语补足语的动词

account
acknowledge
admit
appoint
argue
assume
believe
call
conclude
condemn
declare
drive
elect
feel
find
imagine
judge
keep
rate
reckon
request
scare
set
show
strike
suppose
think
turn
want

15、习惯接动词原形作宾语补足语的动词

feel
have
hear
let
listen to
look at
make
notice
observe
see
watch

16、习惯接现在分词作宾语补足语的动词

bring
catch
discover
have
hear
feel
find
get
keep
leave
let
like
listen to
look at
make
notice
observe
see
send
set
smell
want
watch

17习惯接“for +现在分词作宾语补足语的动词

blame
criticize
dismiss
excuse
fire
forgive
lecture
pardon
punish
scold
thank

18习惯接“from +现在分词作宾语补足语的动词

ban
bar
discourage
excuse
hold
keep
prevent
prohibit
protect
save
stop

19、习惯接“into +现在分词作宾语补足语的动词

argue
bounce
charm
con
drag
fool
frighten
jump
kid
lie
persuade
rope
shame
sting
surprise
talk
trap
trick

20、习惯接“to +现在分词作宾语补足语的动词

abandon
adapt
adjust
apply
contribute
devote
give
limit
resign
submit

21、习惯接过去分词作宾语补足语的动词

acknowledge
bear
bring
consider
declare
desire
fancy
feel
find
get
have
hear
help
imagine
keep
leavelike
make
need
notice
order
own
report
see
think
want
watch
wish

22、可用名词作宾语补足语的动词

appoint
call
declare
elect
find
make
name
term
vote
wish

23、可用形容词作宾语补足语的动词

·  bake
beat
boil
burn
colour
consider
count
cut
drink
drive
eat
fill
find
get
hammer
hold
keep
lay
leave
let
like
make
paint
prove
put
see
set
sleep
talk
think
turn
wash
wipe
wish

24、可接谓语形容词的动词

act
appear
be
become
blow
break
continue
fall
feel
flame
fly
get
go
grow
keep
lie
look
make
play
prove
rank
remain
run
seem
set
smell
sound
stand
stay
taste
turn
wax
wear
work

25、用作及物和不及物意义有别的动词

account vt.认为;vi.解释
act  vt.
扮演的角色;vi.行动
adjust vt.
调整;评定;vi.适应
admit vt.
承认;接受;vi.通向
assume vt.
假定;认为;vi.傲慢;逞强
become vt.
适合;;vi.变成
deal  vt.
分配;vi.对付;交易
delight  vt.
使喜悦;vi.爱好
fit  vt.
安装;vi.合适
live  vt.
生活;vi.
own  vt.
拥有;vi.供认
put  vt.
放;提出;vi.前进
refer  vt.
交给;vi.提及
stay  vt.
延缓;制止;vi.保持的状态;停留
treat  vt.
对待;治疗;vi.讨论;与交涉
want   vt.
想要;vi.缺乏

26、终止性动词

add
admit
answer
arrive
ask
attack
begin
break
bring
catch
close
come
discover
fall
get
learn
open
put
stop
take

27、持续性动词

believe
consider
contain
dislike
grow
hate
hold
hope
intend
keep
lie
like
live
love
mean
owe
respect
sit
sleep
stand
stay
understand
want
wish

28、有两个过去分词且意义用法有别的动词

bearborn:出生,产生
borne:
生(孩子),结(果子)
bendbent:
现代用法;用作表语
bended:
古用法;用作定语
bidbid:
出价,投标
bid/bidden:
命令,道早安,向说再见
bidden:
用作定语
blessblessed:
用作表语;为祝福,保佑
blest:
用于表示惊奇或感叹

burnburned:
用作谓语或表语;英国英语中仅用作不及物动词或用作比喻
burnt:
用作谓语、表语或定语
drinkdrunk:
用作谓语或表语
drunken:
用作定语
hanghang:

hanged:
吊死,绞死
learnlearned:
用作谓语或表语;美国人多用
learnt:
用作谓语、表语或定语;英国人多用
meltmelted:
用作谓语、表语或定语;可指易熔[融]化的东西,也可指
熔[融]化的东西
melten:
用作定语;只指难熔[融]化的东西

lightlighted:
用作谓语、表语或定语

lit:
用作谓语或表语
shaveshaved:
用作谓语或表语
shaven:
用作定语
shrinkshrunk:
用作谓语或表语
:shrunken
用作定语
sinksunk:
用作谓语或表语
:sunken
用作定语
shineshined:
及物;擦亮
shone:
不及物;发光,法亮
spoilspoiled:
用作谓语或表语;抢劫,一般损坏
spoilt:
用作谓语、表语或定语;完全损坏
strikestruck:

stricken:
身心遭受痛苦或折磨
swellswelled:
用作谓语或表语;未形成危害的增长
swollen:
用作谓语、表语或定语;有害地过度增长
speedsped:
急行
speeded:
加速

29、主动形式表示被动意义的动词

1)进行时态的主动形式表示被动意义
bake
build
cook
copy
do
fill
print
roast
sell
work out
2)非进行时态的主动形式表示被动意义
add up
act
break
blow
button
burn
cut
catch
close
clean
drive
draw
fill
keep
iron
let
lock
open
pack
peel
read
split
spoil
tear
wash
3)其后动名词的的主动形式表示被动意义
bear
deserve
need
require
stand
want

30、不用于现在进行时的动词

adore
appear
believe
belong
consist
exist
feel
find
forget
hate
hear
hold
know
lack
lie
like
love
matter
mean
measure
mind
notice
owe
own
possess
remember
see
seem
smell
think
understand
value
want
weigh
wish

31、可用于转移否定的动词

believe
expect
fancy
imagine
reckon
suppose
think

 

第2章          名词惯用法集锦 

 

1、单复数词义不同的名词

advice意见
advices
消息
air
空气
airs
做作的姿态,架子
arm
手臂
arms
武器
brain

brains
脑力
drawer
抽屉
drawers
衬裤
force
力量
forces
军队
glass
玻璃
glasses
眼镜
good
好处
goods
货物
green
绿色
greens
蔬菜
ground
地面
grounds
理由
letter
字母
letters
文学
look
脸色
looks
面容
pain
痛苦
pains
辛苦
paper

papers
论文
rag
破布
rags
破衣服
sand

sands
沙滩
sky
天空
skies
领域
time
时间
times
时代
water

waters
水域
wood
木材
woods
森林
work
工作
works
著作

2、单数形式一种意义复数形式多种意义的名词

colour颜色
colours
颜色;旗帜
custom
习俗
customs
习俗;海关
element
要素
elements
要素;自然力
effect
效果
effects
效果;财务
manner
方式
manners
方式;礼貌
quarter
四分之一
quarters
四分之一;住所

3、复数形式一种意义单数形式多种意义的名词

abuse滥用;辱骂
abuses
滥用
horse
马;骑马 
houses
 
issue
结果;子女
 
issues
结果

light
灯;光 
lights
 
people
民族;人民
 
peoples
民族
 
powder
药粉;火药
 
powders
药粉

4、习惯接动词不定式的名词

ability
appointment 
ambition 
anxiety 
authority 
attempt 
competence 
call 
courage 
challenge 
commitment 
confidence 
evidence 
effort 
fortune 
failure 
invitation 
leisure 
mind 
order 
occasion 
plot 
permission 
permit 
promise 
resolution 
strength 
tendency 
wish 
will 
fashion 
instrument 
medium 
procedure 
talent 
tool

5、习惯接“of+动名词的名词

act
danger
distinction
dream
duty
expectation
hope
hobby
habit
idea
intention
object
purpose
possibility
property
privilege
risk

6、习惯接“to+动名词的名词

adjustment
alternative
dislike
key
limit

7、习惯接动词不定式或“for+动名词的名词

cause
device
excuse
instruction
plan
preparation
reason
time

8、习惯接动词不定式或“of+动名词的名词

desire
honour 
liberty 
means 
position 
power 
right 
trick 
way

9、习惯接动词不定式或“for/of+动名词的名词

chance
gift
method
necessity
opportunity

10、要求其that从句中用虚拟语气的名词

advice
arrangement
command
decision
demand
desire
direction
instruction
motion
order
plan
regulation
request
requirement
resolution
rule
suggestion

11、习惯接复数动词的名词

cattle
Chinese
chorus
English
folk
Japanese
people
police

12、习惯接单数动词的名词

cast
city
college
community
country
factory
school
town
university
village
world

13、可接复数动词或单数动词的名词

army
audience
board
class
club
committee
company
council
crowd
crew
enemy
family
firm
government
management
navy
party
public
staff

 

第3章          形容词惯用法集锦 

 

1、习惯接介词with的形容词

awkward
brief
cold
confidential
consistent
contemporary
content
crowded
grey
handy
honest
ill
level
loose
miserable
numb
pregnant
rank
satisfied
selfish
shot
strict

2、习惯接介词in的形容词

accurate
active
advanced
alone
backward
calm
correct
fluent
poor
upright

accurate
active
advanced
alone
backward
calm
correct
fluent
poor
upright

·  admirable
ample
desperate
eager
enough
excellent
famous
fit
greedy
high
hungry
punctual
ready
ripe
technical
thirsty
unfit

3、习惯接介词to的形容词

accessible
accustomed
alive
allergic
apparent
attractive
awake
clear
close
constant
contradictory
contrary
cross
cruel
dangerous
dear
equal
extraordinary
foreign
friendly
fundamental
grateful
harmful
important
incident
junior
kind
merciful
native
near
pleasant
polite
precious
previous
relative
relevant
senior
similar
strange
superior
transparent
true
unfriendly
used
valuable

4、习惯接介词forto的形容词

accountable for sth为某事负责
accountable to sb
对某人负责
alert for sth
对某事留神的
alert to sth
对某事的
answerable for sth
为某事负责
answerable to sb
对某人负责
appropriate for sb/sth
对某人/事合适或恰当的
appropriate to sth
对某场合合适或恰当的
beneficial for sth
对某事有利的
beneficial to sb
对某人有利的
essential for sth
对某事是必不可少的
essential fot/to sb
对某人是必不可少的
fatal for sb/sth
对某人/事极其危险
fatal to sb/sth
使某人/事死亡
favourable for sth
对某事有利
favourable to sb
对某人有利;支持某人
favourable to sth
对某事有利;赞成某事
indispensible for sth
对某物/事必不可少的
indispensible to sb/sth
对某人//事必不可少的
requisite for sb/sth
是某人/事所需要的
requisite to sb
是某人所需要的
responsible for sb/sth
为某人/对某事负责
responsible to sb
对某人负责
suitable for sb/sth
对某人/事合适
suitable to sb
对某人合适
adequate for/to sth
对某事足够或恰当
convenient for/to sb
对某人合适
distasteful for/to sb
令某人反感或不快的
ineligible for/to sth
对某事无资格的
necessary for/to sth
对某事是必要的
apologetic to sb for sth
因某事向某人道歉
responsible to sb fot sth
为某事对某人负责的

5、习惯接介词of的形容词

afraid
ahead
ashamed
aware
bare
careful
careless
cautious
certain
characteristic
clear
confident
fond
forgetful
guilty
hopeful
hopeless
independent
innocent
intelligent
jealous
proud
regardless
representative
scared
short
shy
sick
sure
thoughtful
tired
typical
uncertain
unconscious
vain
worthy

6、接不同介词意义不同的形容词

afraid for sb/sth担心
afraid of sb/sth
害怕
angry with sb
对某人生气

angry about/at/over sth
对或因某事生气
anxious about/at/for sth
焦虑
anxious for sth
渴望
apologetic about sth
为某事道歉

apologetic to sb for sth
因某事向某人道歉
appreciative to sb
对某人感激
appreciative of sth
对某事表示感激;对某事/物有欣赏力
ashamed for sb
替某人害臊
ashamed of oneself for sth
因某事而感到害臊
afraid for sb/sth
担心
afraid of sb/sth
害怕
be bad at sth
在某方面不好或坏

be bad for sb/sth
有害
be bad with sth

be blind in/of an eye

be blind to sth
视而不见
be blue about sth
悲观
be blue from sth
由于变成青紫色
careless about/in sth
粗心,不经心
careless abot/of/with sth
不注意;不顾;不管
be chargeable to sb
由某人支付;记在某人账上
be chargeable with sth
能被指控为
crazy about/over sth
着迷
crazy with sth
由于发疯
derogatory about sth
贬低
derogatory of sb
有损某人的名誉
derogatory to sth
有损于
distant from sth

distant towards/with sb
疏远或冷淡
engaged to sb
与某人订婚
engaged with sb
跟某人有事
engaged in sth
从事某事;做某事
engaged on/upon sth
开始某职业
explicit in sth
明确
explicit on sth
直言
fearful for sb/sth
担心

afraid of sb/sth
害怕
be firm on sth
站稳

be firm about/in/of/upon sth
坚定
be friendly with sb
和某人友好
be friendly to sth
有利;支持
be frightened at sth
受惊

be frightened of sb/sth
害怕
be furious with sb
对某人发怒

be furious about/at sth
对某事发怒
be furious with sb about/at/for/over sth
为某事对某人发怒
be generous to/towards sb
对某人宽厚
be generous with sth/in doing sth
慷慨
happy with sb
与某人在一起快乐
be happy about over sth
对某事高兴
be happy in sth
在某事中快乐
be impatient with sb
对某人不耐烦
be impatient abou/at sth
对某事不耐烦;为某事着急
be impatient of sth
对某事无法忍受
be ingnant with sb
对某人气愤
be indignant about/at sth
对某事气愤
be indulgent to/towards sb
对某人溺爱或宽容
be indulgent of sth
对某事放纵
be irritated against sb
对某人生气
be irritated at sth
因某事而生气
be irritated with sb on sth
在某事上对某人生气
be known as sb
作为而出名
be known for sth
因某事而出名
be known to sb/sth
所知
be mad at/with sb for sth
因某事对某人狂怒
be mad about/at sth
因某事气得要命
be nervous with sb
和某人在一起不安
be nervous about/of doing sth
害怕做某事
be nervous at/from doing sth
因做某事而不安
be quick about/in sth

be quick at sth
灵敏
be quick with one's hand
手巧
be quick with sb
对某人不耐烦
be sharp for/with sb
对某人厉害
be sharp about sth
对某事精明
be sharp at sth
对某事敏锐
be sick with sth
得了
be sick for sth
渴望
be sick of sth
讨厌

7、习惯接动词不定式的形容词

able
anxious
adequate
bound
content
curious
due
delighted
eager
easy
energetic
fit
foolish
frightened
glad
hard
intelligent
kind
likely
silly
simple
unfit
unable
unwilling
willing
welcome

8、习惯接“to+动名词的形容词

addicted
equal
incident
previous

9、习惯接“in+动名词的形容词

aggressive
alone
backward
correct

10、习惯接“of+动名词的形容词

aware
fond
shy

aware
fond
shy

11习惯接从句的形容词

1)主语从句
amazing
compulsory
curious
disappointing
embarrassing
essential
important
natural
necessary
strange
surprising
urgent
vital
2)状语从句
amazed
anxious
ashamed
disappointed
eager
shocked
sorry

12、习惯用作表语的形容词

abroad
afraid
ahead
alike
alive
asleep
awake
fond

13、习惯用作后置定语的形容词

(1)  某些以a-开头的表语形容词

(2)  某些过去分词用作形容词
involved
left

(3)其他习惯后置的形容词

elect
general
junior
patent
present
personal
proper
public
real
senior

 

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