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学习外语最有效的方法

(2008-09-16 09:02:35)
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英语学习方法

杂谈

分类: 学习方法
学习外语最有效的方法
The Most Effective Way to Learn a Foreign Language

1) 最好的但最被忽视的方法 (The Best but the Most Ignored Way)

脑袋里是一张白纸的婴儿是靠耳朵来吸收母语的。没有音标,没有串字,没有文法。经过多个月的收听,他们终於能开囗说话了。
当然,如果你现在阅读这贴的话,你可能已经有学英语的经历了,要你从零开始,你是我不会愿意的。
我自已学德语的经历可以给你们借镜。1970当我还是18岁时,我学了一年德语,但没有机会使用它。38年後的今天,我仍然能随囗说出一些短句和词汇。我是用耳朵来听的。

Babies whose brain is like a blank piece of paper acquire their mother tongue by their ears.  There are no phonetics, no spelling and no grammar.  After listening for a few months, they finally open their mouth and talk.
Certainly if you are reading this post now, you are most likely to have some experience learning English. And you will not be willing to start brand new from level zero.
You can borrow from my experience in learning German.  In 1970 when I was 18, I studied German for a year but never had a chance to use it since.  Now 38 years later, I can still utter some short sentences and vocabulary at ease.  I learnt German simply using my ears.

2)  国内英语学习状况  (The English Language Learning Scenario in China)

假如你是上学的,你必经过发音,文法,阅读等程序。经过一段日子,你能够说和书写简单的英语。在国内,往往因为传统的课堂教学问题和英语老师没有真正使用英语的经验和能力,往後便把精力错用於深度学习文法,考核对文法的认知,没有真正的去学习和使用英语。

If you are attending school, you must go through the different stages of learning pronunciation, grammar and reading.  After a period of time, you can talk or write in simple English.  In China, due to the traditonal classroom teaching approach and the lack of experience and ability of the English teachers in actually using English, energy is then usually diverted to an indepth study of grammar and test of grammar knowledge.  English is never being learnt and used in the true sense.

3)  透过泛讲去找出英语感觉  (Acquire the Sense for English through Extensive Reading)

找到合适自已程度的文章作大量阅读,留意使用的词汇,表达方式,把这些重点记下来,练习用这些材料去做句,说自已话。经过一段时间,你会突飞猛进。
关系是你要自已作主,随时随刻知道自已在看甚麽,不是用书本掩眼,看似劳力,但是给文字带着走,游白云。要时时预计作者会说甚麽,不懂的词汇,尽量去跟随上文下理去精,如果不太影响你对全文理解的话,估错或放过它也无大碍。久而久之,你会察觉自已对英语有了语感,使用坍起来容易得多,地度得多,再也不用透过中文过滤了。

Find articles which match your level to read extensively.  Pay attention to the vocabulary and method of expression.  Note them down and use them as raw material for sentence construction and say things in your own words.  After a period of time, you will suddenly experience a drastic progress.
The key is you are in charge and you know what you are reading.  You are not using a book to cover your eyes to look as if you are really trying hard, yet you are being dragged around by the texts and wondering in the cloud.  You have to be on the alert always to watch out what the writer is about to tell you.  Vocabulary which you do not understand, try to guess for the meaning reading it from context.  If it is not affecting the overall comprehension of the article, rather make a wrong guess or give it a miss.  By and by, you will notice that you have picked up a sense for English.  You will find it much easier to use English, and your English is much more natural.  You are not referring back to Chinese anymore when you use English.

4)  这种学习方法漂亮之处 (The Beauty of this Approach)

这种学习方法,你不用太费心去问那些文法问题。我们有基本文法认知便可,不用去深入理解分析它。如果你的英文底子不深的话,任理去理解也起不了作用,只会加添混淆。看本土人仕笔下的文章,他们出错的机会较低。多看多模仿,就是登陆真正英语世界的踏脚石。

This is a method which allows you not to waste your energy in asking questions on the grammar points.  All we need is a basic understanding of grammar and there is no need to go any deeper.  If your English level is not good enough, however hard you try to understand the more complicated grammar points, you are just adding to the confusion.  Reading articles written by native English speakers as they make minimal mistakes.  Read more and imitate, you are on the stepping stone to the real English world.

5)  在开囗说前先练写 (Write before You Talk)

说流利和完整的英语前,先练习书写。在没有人等着你即时回话的情况下,你可以花时间去修饰你的文字。孰习了後,说话就更有条理有把握。
Before you speak fluently in proper English, practice writing first.  When there is no one waiting for you to respond instantly, you can put in time to groom your words.  After you have trained yourself up with such practice, you will speak more logically and comfortably.


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