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repetitive exposure to sedative or excitative mu

(2008-07-02 18:54:19)
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杂谈

心率变异性与重复曝光音乐

repetitive exposure to sedative or excitative music.

Makoto Iwanaga a ,, Asami Kobayashi b and Chie Kawasaki b,asami
a Department of Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama 1-7-1, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8521, Japan

Received 25 July 2004;  accepted 11 November 2004.  Available online 17 February 2005.

Abstract摘要

Previous studies of physiological responses to music showed inconsistent results, which might be attributable to methodological differences.以往的研究中的生理反应,对音乐的表现不一致的结果,这可能是由于方法上的分歧.

Heart rate variability has been used to assess activation of the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous systems.心率变异性已被用来评估激活交感神经和迷走神经系统.

The present study aimed to examine heart rate variability with repetitive exposure to sedative or excitative music.本研究旨在探讨心率变异性与重复曝光,以镇静或兴奋的音乐.

The participants were 13 undergraduate or graduate students who were each exposed to three conditions sedative music (SM), excitative music (EM), and no music (NM) on different days.与会者共有13个本科或研究生的学生,每个人接触的三项条件镇静音乐(钐)兴奋性的音乐(5),没有音乐(NM)对不同天.

Each participant underwent four sessions of one condition in a day.

每位参赛者经历了四期的一个条件是常事. Sedative music and no music each induced both high relaxation and low tension subjectively.镇静音乐,没有音乐,每次都引起高度松弛及低张力主观的.

However, excitative music decreased perceived tension and increased perceived relaxation as the number of sessions increased.但是,兴奋的音乐知觉降低紧张并增加知觉放松的次数增加.

The low-frequency (LF) component of heart rate variability (HRV) and the LF/HF (high-frequency) ratio increased during SM and EM sessions but decreased during NM sessions.低频(LF)的组成部分,心率变异(HRV),低频/高频(高频)的比例在增加,SM及助理会议但在下跌nm的会议.

 

The HF component of HRV during SM was higher than that during EM but the same as that during NM.巨星组成的HRV期间钐高于助理期间,但相同的,在nm左右. These findings suggest that excitative music decreased the activation of the parasympathetic nervous system.上述结果表明,兴奋的音乐降低激活交感神经.

Keywords: Music; Relaxation; Tension; Heart rate; Heart rate variability

关键词:音乐;松弛;张力;心率;心率变异 

Biological Psychology生物心理学
Volume 70, Issue 1 , September 2005, Pages 61-6670卷,第1期,2005年9月,61-66页

 

 

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