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大学英语四级考试:词汇与结构(三)

(2009-10-22 21:20:18)
标签:

英语四级

考试

词汇杀手

杂谈

分类: 英语学习

(6)情态动词+完成形式、时态的考点

1. We _____ our breakfast when an old man came to the door.

A) just have had     B) have just had     C) just had     D) had just had

2. You _____ all those calculations! We have a computer to do that sort of thing.

A) needn't have done                  B) must not have done

C) shouldn't have done                D) can not have done

3. By the end of this month, we surely _____ a satisfactory solution to the problem.

A) have found      B) will be finding  C) will have found  D) are finding

4. It seems oil _____ from this pipe for some time. We 'll have to take the machine apart to put it right.

A) had leaked       B) has been leaking  C) leaked        D) is leaking

5. Once environmental damage _____, it takes many years for the system to recover.

A) is done          B) is to do         C) does          D) has done

6. Mary's score on the test is the highest in her class; she ______ have studied very hard.

A) may            B) should          C) must          D) ought to

7. With all this work on hand, he _____ to the cinema last night.

A) mustn't go       B) wouldn't go      C) must          D) ought to

8. He came back late, ______ which time all the guests had already left.

A) after           B) by              C) at             D) during

9. It was very kind of you to do the washing up, but you _____ it.

A) mustn't have done                 B) wouldn't have done

C) mightn't have done                D) didn't have to do

10. You _____ her in her office last Friday; she's been out of town for two weeks.

A) needn't have seen                 B) must have seen

C) might have seen                  D) can't have seen

11. the fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence, _____ and perfected now.

A) developed                       B) have developed

C) are being developed               D) will have been developed

12. It's reported that by the end of this month the output of cement in the factory_____ by about 10%.

A) will have risen  B) has risen       C) will be rising       D) has been rising

13. Sir Denis, who is 78, has made it known that much of his collection_____ to the nation.

A) has left        B) is to leave      C) leaves            D) is to be left

14. Before the first non-stop flight made in 1949, it_____ necessary for all planes to land for refueling.

A) would be      B) has been        C) had been         D) would have been

15. The room is in a terrible mess; it_____ cleaned.

A) can't have been                  B) shouldn't have been

C) mustn't have been                D) wouldn't have been

16. Until then, his family_____ from him for six months.

A) didn't hear     B) hasn't been hearing  C) hasn't heard     D) hadn't heard

17. The conference_____ a full week by the time it ends.

A) must have lasted  B) will have lasted   C) would last      D) has lasted

18. Great as Newton was, many of his ideas_____ today and are being modified by the work of scientists of our time.

A) are to challenge                    B) may be challenged

C) have been challenged                D) are challenging

19. I'd rather read than watch television; the programs seem_____ all the time.

A) to get worse                      B) to be getting worse

C) to have got worse                  D) getting worse

20. My train arrives in New York at eight o'clock tonight. The plane I would like to take from there____ by then.

A) would leave  B) will have left       C) has left       D) had left

21. Research findings show we spend about two hours dreaming every night. No matter what we ____ during the day.

A) should have done                 B) would have done

C) may have done                   D) must have done

22. He must have had an accident, or he_____ then.

A) would have been here              B) had to be here

C) should be here                    D) would be here

23. It was essential that the application forms_____ back before the deadline(截止日期)。

A) must be sent                     B) would be sent

C) be sent                          D) were sent

24. We desire that the tour leader_____ us immediately of any change in plans.

A) inform      B) informs           C) informed      D) has informed

25. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I_____ your advice.

A) follow      B) had followed       C) would follow   D) have followed

26. It is recommended that the project_____ until all the preparations have been made.

A) not be started B) will not be started   C) is not started    D) is not to be started

27. We didn't know his telephone number, otherwise we_____ him.

A) had telephoned                  B) must have telephoned

C) would telephone                 D) would have telephoned

28. Had he worked harder, he_____ the exams.

A) must have got through            B) would get through

C) would get through                D) would have got through

29. I don't think it advisable that Tim_____ to the job since he has no experience.

A) be assigned                     B) will be assign

C) is assigned                      D) has been assigned

30. If the whole operation_____ beforehand, a great deal of time and money would have been lost.

A) was not planned                 B) has not been planned

C) had not been planned             D) were not planned

31. as commander-in-chief of the armed forces, I have directed that all measures_____ for our defense.

A) had been taken                  B) would be taken

C) be taken                        D) to be taken

32. We are all for your proposal that the discussion ______.

A) be put off    B) was put off       C) should put off       D) is to put off

33. ______ for my illness, I would have lent him a helping hand.

A) Not being    B) Had it not been    C) Without being      D) Not having been

34. To be frank, I'd rather you _____ in the case.

A) will not be involved               B) not involved

C) not to be involved                 D) were not involved

35. It is politely requested by the hotel management that radios_____ after 11 o'clock at night.

A) were not played   B) not to play    C) not be played    D) did not play

36. Jean doesn't want to work right away because she thinks that if she_____ a job she probably wouldn't be able to see her friends very often.

A) has to get        B) were to get    C) had got           D) could have got

37. _____ right now, she would get there on Sunday.  

A) Would she leave   B) If she leaves   C) Were she to leave   D) If she had left

38. It's already 5 o'clock now. Don't you think it's about time _____?

A) we are going home  B) we go home  C) we went home     D) we can go home

39. _____ before we depart the day after tomorrow, we should have a wonderful dinner party.

A) Had he arrived     B) Would they arrive C) Were they arriving D) Were they to arrive

40. It is important that enough money_____ to fund the project.

A) be collected                      B) must be collected

C) was collected                     D) can be collected

答案:DACBA CDBDD CADCA DBCBB CACAD ADDAC CABDC BCCDA

 

1. The mad man was put in the padded cell lest he______ himself.

A) injure         B) had injured       C) injured    D) would injure

2. You don't have to be in such a hurry, I would rather you_____ on business first.

A) would go      B) will go           C) went      D) have gone

3. "You are very selfish. It's high time you_____ that you are not the most important person in the world,"

Edgar said to his boss angrily.

A) realized       B) have realized       C) realize    D) should realize

4. If I hadn't stood under the ladder to catch you when you fell, you_____ now.

A) wouldn't be smiling                 B) couldn't have smiled

C) won't smile                        D) didn't smile

(7)倒装结构

5. She never laughed, _____ lose her temper.

A) or she ever did  B) nor did she ever   C) or did she ever  D) nor she ever did

6. No sooner had we reached the top of the hill _____ we all sat down to rest.

A) when         B) then             C) than          D) until

7. Only under special circumstances _____ to take make-up tests.

A) permitted are freshmen             B) freshmen are permitted

C) are freshmen permitted             D) are permitted freshmen

8. Only by shouting at the top of his voice ______.

A) was he able to make himself hear     B) he was able to make himself hear

C) he was able to make himself heard    D) was he able to make himself heard

9. We have been told that under no circumstances_____ the telephone in the office for personal affairs.

A) may we use  B) we may use       C) we could use   D) did we use

10. I could not persuade him to accept it, _____ make him see the importance of it.

A) if only I could not               B) no more than I could

C) or I could not                   D) nor could I

11. ______ as it was at such a time, his work attracted much attention.

A) Being published  B) Published    C) Publishing     D) To be published

12. The organization had broken no rules, but _____ had it acted responsibly.

A) neither        B) so          C) either           D) both

(8)易混词、不定代词

13. There were no tickets _____ for Friday's performance.

A) preferable    B) considerable  C) possible         D) available

14. Don't _____ this news to the public until we give you the go-ahead.

A) release       B) relieve      C) relate            D) retain

15. I should like to rent a house, modern, comfortable and _____ in a quiet neighborhood.

A) all in all      B) above all    C) after all          D) over all

16. Many difficulties have _____ as a result of the change over to a new type of fuel.

A) risen         B) arisen       C) raised           D) arrived

17. He made such a _____ contribution to the university that they are naming one of the new buildings after him.

A) genuine      B) minimum    C) modest          D) generous

18. We had a party last month, and it was a lot of fun, so let's have_____ one this month.

A) another      B) more        C) the other         D) other

19. _____ student with a little common sense should be able to answer the question.

A) Each        B) Any         C) Either           D) One

20. As I was just getting familiar with this job, I had _____ to ask my boss.

A) many        B) most        C) much            D) more

21. In Britain, the best season of the year is probably_____ spring.

A) late          B) last          C) latter            D) later

22. a completely new situation will_____ when the examination system comes into existence.

A) rise           B) arise        C) raise             D) arouse

23. The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at _____ chemist's.

A) each          B) some        C) any             D) certain

24. In general, the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-fifth of the total _____ for living expenses.

A) acceptable     B) applicable    C) advisable         D) available

25. I hate people who_____ the end of a film that you haven't seen before.

A) revise        B) rewrite      C) reveal            D) reverse

26. When he arrived, he found _____ the aged and sick at home.

A) nothing but    B) none other   C) none but         D) no other than

27. No agreement was reached in the discussion as neither side would give way to _____.

A) the other      B) any other    C) another           D) other

28._____ his sister, Jack is quiet and does not easily make friends with others,

A) Dislike       B) Alike       C) Unlike            D) Liking

29. The coming of the railways in the 1830s_____ our society and economic life.

A) transformed   B) transported   C) transferred        D) transmitted

30. It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and _____ knowledge.

A) extensive     B) expansive    C) intensive          D) expensive

答案:ACAAB CCDAD BADAB BDABC ABCDC CABAA

注:这些都是常考词汇,请查字典,把这些词学透彻,四级一定会的高分 You have my word.

 

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