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(2008-09-13 22:48:07)







分类: 电影破事

         (The original text is from IMDb)



What would account for the size and power of the monster?



        There is a phenomenon known as deep-sea gigantism. The term means that some creatures, who are relatively small when conceived near to the surface, get progressively larger as they develop deeper and deeper in the ocean. For example, squid are usually a maximum of 60 cm in length, but the Giant Squid, which can reside at depths of over 900 m, can reach up to 13 m in length. As for what kind of creature grew to that size, the monster does somewhat resemble animals in the amphipod order.



        It could be posited that the monster was disturbed by the oil drilling rig and then followed a tanker ship to the New York harbor (the first thing it destroyed was a tanker ship), where it then proceeded to rip apart the city, finding it a threat. The little creatures that attached themselves to it could be ectoparasites that live on the monster.



        One might imagine that the monster's strength, and the toughness of its skin, might be some sort of adaptation to the extremely high pressures of the deep ocean. But this would be wrong, because real-life deep sea organisms do not require such features to survive. As discussed here, it is differences in pressure that are dangerous to organisms, so they will experience no significant problems as long as the liquid in their body is at equally high pressure as the surrounding water, and as long as they have no gas-filled body cavities at lower pressure like humans do.



        As for respiration, while it is unlikely that the monster could breathe the air if it really was a deep-sea organism, the deep ocean is a low-oxygen zone, meaning the monster would have had to develop ways to absorb and process what oxygen it had available, as well as store it for long stretches of time.



Could a creature really get that big?



        A normal living organism of ordinary density could not realistically grow to the size of the Cloverfield monster and still be able to support its weight on land.



        As discussed in Section 3 of The Biology of B-Movie Monsters, if one imagines increasing the size of a creature without changing its proportions, the load-bearing strength of its legs will increase in proportion to their cross-sectional area (meaning that if you multiply the creature's length by N, the legs can bear N^2 times as much weight) but its weight will increase more rapidly in proportion to volume (so if you multiply the creature's length by N, the weight will increase by N^3). This is why larger land organisms need to have proportionally thicker legs to support themselves. And yet, as seen in the movie, the legs of the monster do not appear particularly thick in proportion to its body. A physicist calculates here that a land animal could not grow much larger than 10^5 or 10^6 kg (100 - 1000 tonnes). If it were any larger than that its legs would need to be so thick it would be unable to move. The largest dinosaurs probably didn't weigh much more than 60 tonnes, while the paleontologist Kenneth Carpenter estimates in "The Official Godzilla Compendium" that if Godzilla is imagined to be 100 feet tall, it would weigh around 9,800 tonnes; the Cloverfield monster would presumably be even larger, given that the Statue of Liberty is over 111 feet from its feet to its head, and the base that it stands on is over 150 feet high. If the monster approaches this height, its length must be nearly 500 feet. So, an organism made out of the usual biological materials could not really have the size and proportions of the monster without collapsing under its own weight. In comparison the largest dinosaurs (based on a scattering of remains) would have attained a maximum length of 200 feet and a height of 60 feet.



        However, one could posit that the monster might be made out of significantly stronger materials than anything found in known earthly organisms; perhaps the tensile strength of its legs are closer to steel or carbon nanotubes than to bone.



What happens to Marlena, the girl who gets bitten?



        Marlena, the girl who gets bitten, starts to bleed from her eyes and ears; then the military takes her behind a curtain. Watch closely and you'll see her stomach expand and burst.



        This event is foreshadowed when a dead soldier, whose chest and stomach had burst open, is wheeled in a stretcher past the camera. And earlier, when the monster first attacks, the characters pass by several ambulances. In one of the ambulances we can hear a woman scream, followed by some unusual noises. Her scream is loud and piercing; later, Marlena will make the same horrible scream.



        Why this happens is unclear. Maybe something in the monster's saliva causes the body to create an excess of fluid or gas. Maybe the small monsters reproduce by biting their prey and impregnating them (somewhat like the Alien movies. Note that as she's being taken away by two medics, a rifle is trained on her stomach). Whatever caused it, Marlena suffers horribly and dies.



What happens to Rob and Beth?



        Nobody knows for sure; we don't actually see what happens to them when the bridge collapses. The camera gets buried under a pile of rubble after the first explosion. We can see Rob's back. He is hunched over, presumably in an attempt to protect Beth.



        After the end credits, there is a whisper that sounds like "Help us." When played backwards, it says "It's still alive." Presumably, the voice is Rob's. But because it was Matt Reeves, and not the actor playing Rob, who recorded the message, the identity of the speaker is in doubt.



Is there something seen falling from the sky in the very last scene of the film?



        Look for the splash on the right side of the screen when the camera is looking out over the sea. This scene occurs immediately after the noisy scene where Rob and Beth are bombed while taking shelter under the arch in Central Park. After the bombing scene, the camera cuts to a relatively quiet ocean-and-shore scene filmed from atop a Ferris wheel at Coney Island, then Rob turns the camera on himself and Beth sitting in the caged Ferris wheel car. The object splashes into the ocean during this first ocean footage, a fraction of a second before Rob turns the camera back toward himself and Beth. The falling object occurs on the lower right part of the screen, entering at about a 45-degree angle from the right to the left, passing over the two ships seen on the right, and splashing to the left of both ships, but about a mile farther out to sea than the ships are, aligned between the two telephone poles on shore. A small, dark, stationary, spherical object is positioned in the sea close to shore, but contrary to earlier speculation, that is not the falling object. The falling object's trajectory is black and the object has been described as being black or gray in color. The trajectory is seen for only about a half second, and terminates in a white splash, comparable in size to the size of the two ships.



        Though many believe this to be the monster, the story established in the "viral" marketing campaign for the film says that a piece of the Japanese Government's "ChimpanzIII" satellite fell from space into the Atlantic ocean sometime before the monster's attack, so this might be the object seen falling from the sky. Internet rumors say that J.J. Abrams has confirmed that this is what it was, but we have been unable to find an interview or other source for this claim.



        Director Matt Reaves has also mentioned that there is an object that can be seen splashing down in the final scene. He did not elaborate on what that object might be.



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