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Bloomberg

(2008-06-05 06:36:16)
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杂谈

分类: 新知
 Bloomberg Is Said to Explore a Third Mayoral Term or a Bid for Governor
Christian Hansen for The New York Times

Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg recently commissioned a poll of how voters would feel about repealing the city’s term limits law.

Published: June 4, 2008

As the end of his term nears, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and his senior advisers have been exploring strategies that would allow him to remain in political life, including undertaking a campaign to overturn the city’s term limits law or making a bid for governor, according to two people who have been briefed on the deliberations.

Mr. Bloomberg, as part of that effort, commissioned a poll recently to determine whether city voters would be open to lifting the term limits law, which forces him and other elected city officials from office after two four-year terms. The poll found that even as voters approved of his performance as mayor, they would strongly oppose any attempt to undo the limits. Voters were receptive to the idea of a Bloomberg candidacy for governor, however.

Either move by the mayor would dramatically shake up the political world in New York and beyond, given his national profile and previous pledge to try to shape the presidential campaign this fall, perhaps by establishing an independent political organization.

In addition, Mr. Bloomberg, 66, has a record of overcoming long political odds with his single-minded focus and willingness to spend tens of millions of dollars on campaigns, so his ruminations about his future or a race for governor would be viewed with seriousness — and some alarm — by other potential candidates.

The deliberations are occurring as the mayor expresses frustration that his agenda is unfinished and that some of his more ambitious proposals, like congestion pricing, have been blocked by lawmakers in Albany. And despite his previous public statements that he is looking forward to focusing on philanthropy full time after leaving office, people who have spoken to Mr. Bloomberg say he has clearly been bitten by the political bug and is not eager to give up the power that comes with elected office.

The mayor’s current term is set to expire on Dec. 31, 2009.

The people who have been briefed on the deliberations say that the poll results will not dictate the mayor’s ultimate course.

“The mayor was interested in seeing the lay of the land,” said one of the people, a former political adviser to the mayor who spoke on condition of anonymity because he did not want to be seen as betraying the confidence of the mayor’s inner circle.

Stu Loeser, a Bloomberg spokesman, would not confirm or deny that a poll had been conducted.

But he said that the mayor, who has previously said he will respect the will of voters, was standing by that position. The voters approved term limits in 1993.

“The mayor’s views haven’t changed,” he said.

If the mayor and his advisers decide to try to overturn the term limits law, they will have until September to gather signatures to put the question before voters in this November’s election.

Some of Mr. Bloomberg’s advisers are strongly warning against such a campaign, saying that taking on such an unpopular issue — even if the fight is ultimately successful — would cause lasting damage to Mr. Bloomberg’s reputation and what they see as his brand: the reform-minded political outsider.

Mr. Bloomberg’s deliberations echo those of his predecessor, Rudolph W. Giuliani, who sought to extend his term as mayor after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Although Mr. Giuliani was at the height of his popularity at the time, and almost universally applauded for his leadership in the crisis, his efforts to stay on for a few months drew swift condemnation and a less than enthusiastic response from the public.

The former political adviser to Mayor Bloomberg sought to play down the significance of the polling, saying the questions regarding the term limits law and a race for governor were included in a larger survey the mayor conducted to measure his overall job approval and other city issues.

“He had his advisers throw in the question about term limits and a run for governor,” the former adviser said. “It was part of a regular process the mayor goes through to update himself on public opinion.”

And while the poll showed voters were open to the idea of a Bloomberg run for governor, it is not clear how eager the mayor is to pursue that path. In the past he has strongly denied any interest in doing so. Thus far, he has had a friendly relationship with David A. Paterson, the Harlem Democrat who took over in March to replace Gov. Eliot Spitzer, who resigned after he was implicated as a client of a prostitution ring.

“I think the mayor likes David Paterson and I don’t think he is going to launch a campaign any time soon,” said the former political adviser.

The mayor is said to find other jobs potentially attractive, including Treasury secretary and president of the World Bank.

“One wouldn’t poll for those jobs,” a person close to the mayor said.

Mr. Bloomberg, the billionaire founder of Bloomberg L.P., a media and financial services giant, is not the only one within his tight-knit circle itching for something to do next. Kevin Sheekey, a top political assistant who spent months trying to build support for an independent presidential campaign by Mr. Bloomberg, is said to be equally distressed at the prospect of his boss’s leaving public life. As much as anyone in the Bloomberg operation, Mr. Sheekey is considering the mayor’s future options.

The syndicated columnist Robert D. Novak, in a column last weekend, suggested that Mr. Sheekey was under consideration by Senator John McCain’s campaign to run the Republican national convention this summer in Minneapolis-St. Paul. But Republican operatives played down that possibility on Tuesday, saying Mr. Sheekey’s chances for the job could be hurt because Mr. Bloomberg is an independent and no longer a Republican.

The deliberations come after an extraordinary, but in some ways deflating, year for Mr. Bloomberg.

A year ago this month, he grabbed the attention of the national political establishment by announcing he was leaving the Republican Party and criticizing “rigid adherence to any particular political ideology.” He flirted with a presidential run for the next nine months, traveling the country and appearing on the covers of Time and Newsweek while pushing a message of nonpartisan problem-solving.

But the excitement among Democratic voters about Senator Barack Obama and the emergence of Mr. McCain as the Republican nominee — both of whom promote nonpartisan approaches — undercut the Bloomberg rationale for running. In February, despite months of elaborate behind-the-scenes effort to build the infrastructure of a campaign in all 50 states, the mayor said he would not run.

Fernanda Santos contributed reporting.

 

马侃与奥巴马主要政见对比

主要议题

奥巴马

马侃

伊拉克问题

1、反对伊战,誓言结束冲突,立即撤军;

2、反对在伊拉克建立永久基地。

3、若伊拉克发生大灾难或种族灭绝行动,愿意恢复派兵。

1、强烈支持增兵伊拉克。

2、誓言永不放弃,深信能赢得对付叛乱的战争。

3、美军可能像在德国与韩国长期驻扎一样,留守伊拉克一百年。

伊朗核问题

1、赞成与伊朗对话,指伊朗对中东地区和美国构成严重威胁;

2、愿意先举行较低层级的会谈;

3、赞成实施国际制裁,迫使伊朗更加透明化。

1、曾说唯独拥有核武的伊朗比军事攻击更严重;

2、反对举行任何总统层级会谈,认为这只会给该政权强硬派合法性;

3、应在联合国架构之外加强制裁,特别是经济制裁。

中东和谈

1、美国对以色列的承诺“不能讨价还价”;

2、孤立哈马斯和真主党组织;

3、赞同增强温和派巴勒斯坦人影响力的政策。

1、 支持美国给予以色列军事援助,并称自己是哈马斯集团的最大敌人;

2、鼓励以色列与巴勒斯坦自治政府主席阿巴斯会谈,孤立哈马斯、真主党和叙利亚;

3、以色列在2006年对黎巴嫩发动的战争是正当的

经济政策

1、承诺对劳工阶层及年收入七万五千美元以下低收入户减税,同时提高平均年薪二十五万美元以上家庭的赋税;

2、房市危机方面,赞成设立基金,协助使民众房屋避免因拖欠偿还贷款遭到查封,并由联邦政府协助取得贷款。

1、证维持布什总统任内实施的减税政策;2、对财政赤字,坚决反对笼络选民的政治拨款,也就是国会议员的专项拨款,建议冻结一年非军事联邦支出;

3、房市危机方面,建议房贷和学生助学贷款由政府担保。

医疗保健

1、希望使全体国民加入普遍性健保计划;

2、他的计划是以奖励办法与降低成本作基础,民众可以自愿加入,但父母有义务为子女投保。

1、认为应让更多人获得健保;

2、建议加强对保险业及药厂的监督,防止他们牺牲消费者,牟取不当利益。

移民政策

支持强化边境管制的移民改革措施,同时在特定条件下让一千两百万非法移民取得合法地位。

在2006年试图规范非法移民问题的立法中扮演关键角色,但坚持必须先做好边境管制,才能推动其它改革。

国际贸易

曾批评与美国加拿大和墨西哥的北美自由贸易协议,并说要重启谈判。

支持北美自由贸易协议,并认为自由贸易是美国外交政策的重要工具,特别是在中东。支持与哥伦比亚签署自由贸易协议。

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