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FT中文网-美国汽车业酝酿大规模重组

(2008-10-13 11:19:57)
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汽车

分类: 生活

美国汽车业酝酿大规模重组

英国《金融时报》伯纳德•西蒙(Bernard Simon)多伦多、约翰•里德(John Reed)上海报道 2008-10-13 

陷入财务困境的汽车制造商及其零部件供应商正在寻求更加强大的合作伙伴和买家,全球汽车业大规模重组正在酝酿之中。

很多动作以3家底特律汽车制造商为中心:通用汽车(GM)、福特汽车(Ford Motor)和克莱斯勒(Chrysler)。随着汽车销量萎缩,流动性降低威胁着3家公司在未来12个月内的生存问题。

据悉,其中规模最小、也最为脆弱的克莱斯勒正与通用汽车及法日合资集团雷诺-日产(Renault-Nissan)就广泛合作事宜进行谈判。

FT中文网-美国汽车业酝酿大规模重组

上周末,克莱斯勒表示“正在考虑若干潜在的全球合作伙伴关系”,但拒绝提供更多详细信息。纽约对冲基金Cerberus Capital Management拥有克莱斯勒80%的股权。

与此同时,福特正考虑出售所持日本马自达(Mazda) 33%的股权,以及全资所有的瑞典沃尔沃(Volvo)。福特坚称其“与马自达的关系没有发生变化”。

据报道,整个夏天,通用汽车和福特一直在就合并进行谈判,尽管上个月谈判中断。通用汽车称,公司高层与其它汽车制造商“定期就共同感兴趣的问题进行讨论”。

“我们可以认定,在当前背景之下,大家都在互相进行谈判,”密歇根汽车业智囊机构汽车研究中心(Center for Automotive Research)主任戴维•科尔(David Cole)表示。

科尔特别指出,主权财富基金是潜在买家之一,并预期有一系列交易将“很快进行”。他同时提出,通用汽车有可能为旗下一些发动机工厂寻找买家,并估计这能为通用筹集超过100亿美元的资金。

一年多前,通用汽车曾考虑过与克莱斯勒合并,但最终放弃。此后在2007年5月戴姆勒(Daimler)以74亿美元的价格将克莱斯勒出售给Cerberus。

 

 

US carmakers seek alliances

By Bernard Simon in Toronto and John Reed in Shanghai 08-10
13  

A massive realignment is looming in the global automotive industry as financially troubled carmakers and their parts suppliers seek stronger partners and buyers.

Much of the manoeuvring revolves around the three Detroit-based carmakers, General Motors, Ford Motor and Chrysler, whose survival is threatened by dwindling liquidity over the next 12 months as car sales wilt.

Chrysler, the smallest and most vulnerable of the three, is understood to have held talks on wide-ranging alliances with GM and with Renault-Nissan, the Franco-Japanese group.

FT中文网-美国汽车业酝酿大规模重组

Over the weekend, Chrysler, which is 80 per cent owned by Cerberus Capital Management, the New York hedge fund, said it was “looking at a number of potential global partnerships”. It declined to provide further details.

Meanwhile, Ford is considering selling its 33 per cent stake in Japan's Mazda, as well as Sweden's Volvo, which is wholly owned. Ford insisted that its “relationship with Mazda has not changed”.

GM and Ford are also reported to have held merger talks over the summer, although they broke them off last month. GM said its officials “routinely discuss issues of mutual interest” with other carmakers.

“We can assume in this environment that everyone is talking to everyone else,” said David Cole, chairman of the Michigan-based Center for Automotive Research, an industry think-tank.

Mr Cole singled out sovereign wealth funds as among the possible buyers, and expected a series of deals “sooner rather than later”. He also raised the prospect that GM might seek buyers for some of its engine plants, which, he estimated, could raise more than $10bn.

GM studied, then rejected, a possible tie-up with Chrysler more than a year ago, before Daimler sold it to Cerberus in a $7.4bn deal in May 2007.

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