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高二选修7 Unit4导学案

(2011-03-16 21:44:13)
标签:

高考

教育

考试

学习

英语

高二

分类: 高二英语

Unit 4 Sharing 导学案

课课练一

I.单项填空:

1.Ford tried dividing the labor,each worker _________ a separate task.

A.assigning B.assigned C.was assigned D.would be assigned

2.The lecture_________,he left his seat so quietly that no one complained that his leaving disturbed the speaker.

A.began B.beginning  C.having begun D.being beginning

3.Such _________ the case ,there are no grounds to justify your complaints.

A.being  B.is  C.was D.to be

4.Darkness _________ in,the young people lingered on merrymaking.

A.set B.setting  C.has set D.was set

5.With all factors_________,we think this program may excel all the others in achieving the goal.

A.being considered  B.considering C.considered D.are considered

6.A new technique_________,the yields as a whole increased by 20 percent.

A.to have been worked out  B.having worked out C.working out  D.having been worked out

7.On the top was the clear outline of a great wolf sitting still,ears_________,alert,listening.

A.pointed B.pointing  C.are pointed   D.are pointing

8.Walter offered us a lift when he was leaving the office ,but our work _________,we declined the offer.

A.not being finished  B.not having finished C.had not been finished D.was not finished

9.There are various kinds of metals ,each _________ its own properties.

A.has   B.had  C.to have   D.having

10.The article opens and closes with descriptions of two news reports,each _________ one major point in contrast with the other.

A.makes   B.made   C.is to make    D.making

II.改正下列句子中的错误:

1. I saw some trees leaves of which were black with disease.

2. Here is the pen you lost it yesterday.

3. The girl told me the news is not here now.

4. This is the village where my father worked in three years ago.

5. The reason why he gave us sounded a little strange.

6. He is the only one of the students who knows French.

7. I’ll never forget the day on which I spent with you.

8. Which was planned, we met at the railway station.

9. This is the teacher with whom we’ve learnt a lot.

10. Is this farm we visited last year?

III.写出下列单词:

航空邮件         两星期         极想,渴望            有关的,切题的          遥远的,偏僻的        

杂草        观念,概念          屋顶      收到…的来信         前一天        矩形        调整         

平台       扫帚       罐,广口瓶    嗅,闻       参与,参加      

核心单词

1. relevant

adj. 有关的;切题的

常用结构:

be relevant to= have sth. to do with 与……有关

The meeting is relevant to the matter in hand.

这次会议与正在进行的事情有密切关系。

In the exams, make sure that everything you write is relevant to the questions you have been asked.在考试时一定要注意,你写的所有内容都要切合题意。

联想拓展

relevance n.  关联;相关性

have relevance to  与……有关

have no relevance to=have nothing to do with 与……无关

What you say has no relevance to the subject.

你所说的与主题无关。

高手过招

单项填空

Topics for compositions should be      to the experiences and interests of the students.

A. Concerned      B. dependent   C. concerning     D. Relevant

解析:选D。句意为:作文的题目应与学生的经历和兴趣有关。be relevant to与……有关;而concerning 是介词,相当于about,后面不加to。

2. adjust 

vt.&vi.调整;使适合

I usually adjust my watch before I go to work in the morning.

我通常早上上班前校准我的表。

常用结构:

adjust(sth./oneself)(to sth.)使适应;适应

It seems that the newcomers have adjusted themselves in the schoo1.

新来的同学看来适应了学校生活。

He adjusted himself very quickly to the heat of the country.

他使自己很快适应了这个国家炎热的气候。

These desks and chairs can be adjusted to the height of any child.这些桌子和凳子能被调整到适合任何孩子的高度。

联想拓展

adjustment n.  调整;修正

adjustable adj.  可调节的;可调整的注意:该词作不及物动词时,意为“适应于”,后常跟介词to。

高手过招

(1)单项填空

①You can’t see things clearly through a telescope unless it is             correctly to your sight.

A. Adjusted  B.  Examined  C.  Checked   D.  tested

②You can       this desk       the height of any child.                                            

A. adjust; to     B.  make; to    C. suit; to      D.  remain; for

(2)翻译句子

①他很快就适应了这种生活方式,从此幸福地生活着。

②许多新兵没能很快的适应军中生活,结果病倒了。

解析:(1)①选A。句意为:通过望远镜你看不清东西,除非你把它调好。adjust ...to 调整……以适应。

②选A。句意为: 你可以调节这张桌子以适应孩子的身高。 adjust sth. to sth.调整某物以适应某物。

(2)①He soon adjusted himself to the way of life and has lived happily ever since.

②Quite a few new soldiers could not adjust themselves to army life and fell ill.

3. participate 

vi. 参加,参与;有关系

常用结构:

participate in参加,参与 

Everyone in class is expected to participate in these discussions.

希望全班同学都能参与这些讨论。

联想拓展

participant n.                  参加者,参与的人 

participation n.               参与;分享

易混辨析

participate in/attend/join/take part in/join in

   participate in 正式用语,表示参加,参与。强调与他人共同参加某一活动,暗示以一种积极的态度参加。

   attend 正式用语,一般用于指参加会议,出席典礼或招待会等,也可以指上学,听课,听演讲或讲座等。

   join 常用词,作及物动词;通常指参加某组织或团体,并成为其中的一员,其宾语往往是the army/party/team/club等。

   take part in 指参加群众性的活动,侧重说明主语参加该项活动并在其中发挥一定的作用。part 前若有修饰语,要用不定冠词。如take (an active) part in school/activities。

   join in 参加正在进行的活动,其宾语一般是竞赛、娱乐、谈话、讨论、聚会、游戏等名词,可以用于join in (doing) sth./join sb. in (doing) sth. 结构中。

高手过招

(1)单项填空

The teacher is easy going, and she often         in the pupils’games.  (2010•01•安徽淮北检测)

A. Participates     B. acts     C. Joined          D. took part

(2)用方框内所给单词或短语的适当形式填空

    join/join in/take part in/attend/participate in

①They all        the plot.

②At the age of eighteen, he       the party.

③The children        the English Evening and had a good time.

④He didn’t         school yesterday because of his illness.

⑤Zhou Enlai           the student movements actively when he was at school.

(1)解析:选A。由时态可排除C,D两项;根据句意表示的是“参加一个活动”可知,答案选A。

(2)①participated in  ②joined  ③joined in  ④attend  ⑤took part in

课课练二

I.单项填空:

1.I was ______ work last week, but I changed my mind.

 A. to start B. to have started C. to be starting D. to have been starting

2.I intended ______ the matter with you, but I had some guests hen.

 A. discuss B. discussing C. having discussed D. to have discussed

3.Don’t let me catch you ______.

 A. do that again B. to do that again C. doing that again D. done that again

4.There are many kinds of metals ______.

 A. each has its special properties B. one has its special properties

 B. each having its special properties D. having its special properties

5.It’s pay-day, and they’re waiting ______.

 A. for paying B. to be paid C. to be paying D. to have paid

6._______ trouble, I’m going to forget the whole affair.

 A. Then rather cause B. Rather causing

 C. Rather than cause D. Rather than caused

7. The brilliance of his satires(讽刺)was ______ make even his victims laugh.

 A. so as to B. such as to C. so that D. such that

8.Children with parents whose guidance is firm, consistent, and rational are inclined (倾向于)______ high levels of self-confidence.

 A. possess B. have possessed C. to possess D. possessing

9.The worker is ______ in repairing the machine to notice my coming.

 A. too busy B. enough busy C. busy too D. busy enough

10.“What did you do in the garden?”  “I watched my father ______ his motorbike.”

 A. to repair B. repaired C. repairing D. repairs

11.We must have an engineer ______ the workers build the house.

 A. to see B. see C. seeing D. seen

II.从下面方框中选择适当的短语填空, 注意实用其正确形式。

ahead of      in the meantime      help out       be aware of

upside down   scare to death       sort out        a pack of

1. There was a roadblock straight _________ us.

2. Women _____ often more __________ their feelings than men.

3. I’ll phone for a taxi. _______________, you must get packed.

4. They were _______________ by the terrible snowstorm.

5. The cook’s ill, so I am _____________ this week.

6. They met ____________ wolves in the forest.

7. We’ve got a few little problems ___________.

8. Everything is _____________ in his house.

课文理解:

I.从课文中找到下列句子中提到的名字:

______heard from Rosemary whose letter took a fortnight to arrive.

_________is Jo’s friend who is dying to know her life in Papua New Guinea.

___________visit a remote village which is the home of Tombe.

_______could be the interpreter of his teacher when they could not participate in the conversation.

______led Jo to his house, which was dark and it took time for eyes to adjust.

______cried “ieee ieee” to show welcom.

II.段落大意:阅读课文,然后选择填空

A Letter Home

Part 1 (para.1)

An introduction

Opening of the letter: 1.________________________

Part 2 (para.2-3)

Para.2

Something about my high school: 2.___

Para.3

Poor teaching conditions: 3.____

 

Part 3  (para.4-8)

Para. 4

My first visit to a village.

Para. 5

4.____

Para. 6

5.____

Para. 7

6.____

Para. 8

7.____

Part 4  (para.9) the ending

Para.9

The close of the letter.

A. We had a meal together.

B. The experiment frightened the boys.

C. I am glad to receive Rosemary’s letter and I’ve included some photos.

D. I left and I felt privileged.

E. I saw the poor condition of the room.

F. It’s a bush school and the students live far away.

G. I saw a strange custom.

III.根据课文,选择最佳答案:

1. The purpose that the author wrote the letter is that ___.

A. she wanted to tell Rosemary her teaching life in the high school.

B. she wanted to tell Rosemary her learning life in the high school.

C. she wanted to tell Rosemary that she couldn’t get any money by teaching the poor students

D. she wanted to tell Rosemary how happy she was in the small village.

2. Why does Jo wonder how relevant chemistry is to the kids?

A. Because she thinks chemistry is too difficult to learn.

B. Because she thinks chemistry may make little difference to the kids’ life.

C. Because the kids there hardly come across anything of chemistry.

D. Because she thinks chemistry useless.

3. By writing “The only possessions that  I could see were…”, the author wants to tell us ____.

A. Tombe’s family were kind-hearted

B. Tombe’s family were guest-lovers

C. Tombe’s family only used simple things

D. Tombe’s family were too poor

4. Why did Tombe throw out the tin can?

A. Because he believed the can attracted evil spirits.

B. Because he believed any leftovers attracted evil spirits.

C. Because he believed the can has no use at all.

D. Because he believed the grill attracted evil spirits.

5. How did Jo feel after the visit to Tombe’s family?

A. Happy.     B. Sad.   C. Worried.    D. Upset.

课文重点1:

1 work as a volunteer 当志愿者  work as 从事某种职业

He used to work as a bus driver.

2 make any (a) difference to 对……有任何关系或影响;对……起作用

It makes a difference which you choose.

你选择哪一个,事关重大。

Your support will certainly make a difference in our cause.

你的支持当然会在我们的事业中发挥重要作用。

联想拓展

make no/a little/much/some difference   没有/有一点/有很大的/有一些差别

tell the difference between  说出……的差别

make a difference between  区分……

高手过招

   单项填空

 Does it              any difference whether we leave at 9:00 or at 10:00?                 

A. Tell       B. be        C. give        D.  Make

   解析:选D。句意为:我们是9点还是10点离开会有什么影响吗?make any difference 有……影响。

3 stick (1) 伸出,突出(常与out, out of 或up 连用)

 Don’t stick your head out of the window .  

He saw a branch sticking up in the water. 他看见水中伸出一根树枝。

(2) 粘,粘 Let’s stick this notice on the wall . 我们把这个通知贴到墙上。

These stamps have stuck together. 这几张邮票粘在一起了。

(3) 固定(不同情况下有不同的议法) be/get stuck in被困在…相当于be caught in

(4) v 容忍,忍受tolerate/ bear / put up with     I won’t sick your rudeness any longer.

(5) n 棍,棒,柴  a walking stick 拐杖/手杖 

  He is collecting dry sticks to make a fire. 他正在拾干柴生火。

  The door has stuck ,and I can’t get out. 门塞住了,我打不开。

He stuck a stick into the ground. 他在地上插了一根棍子

练一练:

 ---Where have you been?   ---I _    _in the heavy traffic , or I would have been here earlier.

A. stuck   B. had stuck  C. have been stuck    D. got stuck

Once a decision has been made, all of us should _    _ it.

A direct to  B stick to  C lead to  D refer to

The theory he stuck to __ to be true.

A. proving   B. is proved    C. proves   D. being proved

短语: stick to 坚持,忠于(后接n & pron ) insist on 坚持(后接v-ing 形式) stick to a post 坚守   stick to one’s word 遵守诺言    stick to principles 坚守原则

 

课课练三

I. 用所给动词的适当形式填空。

1. ______ anyone __________ (witness) the car accident yesterday?

2. The clouds ______________ (reflect) in the lake. Didn’t you see them?

3. ___________ (not yell) at me like that.

4. The sailor had ___________ (abandon) the sinking ship.

5. They all ______________ (flee from) the burning building last night.

6. He _______(drag) his suitcase along the platform, for they were too heavy to carry.

7. We _______ (rent) this house from Mr Smith.

II. 根据所给的汉语提示填空。

1. I have a ________ (鲜明的) memory of that dreadful night.

2. What is your _______________ (年收入)?

3. Can we find _______________ (住所) at a hotel for tonight?

4. She has a very good ______________ (关系) with her classmates.

5. The air in the forest is _________ (纯洁的) and cleaner than that in the city.

6. The boy was very ___________ (敏捷的) at physics.

7. His strength was __________ (令人畏惧的)

III. 根据提示写出所给词的适当形式。

1. deep __________ (名词)           2. language ___________ (同义词)

3. beautiful ___________ (名词)       4. poison ____________ (形容词)

5. narrow _____________ (反义词)    6. taste__________ (名词)

7. deep ____________ (反义词)     

写出本单元下列单词:

作口头翻译的人            烧烤,烤架       干透        干枯      不然,否则        特权,特别优待      

文书工作        安排,排列       敬酒,烤面包片       梳子       宇航员          角度      目录       

捐赠         自愿的,志愿的            在危急中          购买      周年纪念            种子           缝纫机              公牛      

核心单词:

4. privilege  n. 特权;特别待遇 vt. 给予……特权

常用结构:

enjoy privileges  享受特权

the privilege of doing sth./to do sth.有幸做某事

privilege sb. from ...                         给某人特权使某人免于……

I hope to have the privilege of working with them again.

但愿有幸和他们再度合作。

联想拓展

privileged adj.有特权的

be privileged to do sth.荣幸地去做某事

We are privileged to welcome you as our speaker this evening.

我们荣幸地欢迎你今晚来给我们做演讲。

     解析:选B。句意为:女士们,先生们,我非常荣幸地介绍今晚的演讲嘉宾。privilege of doing sth./to do sth.有幸做某事。

5. donate v. 捐赠,赠送

常用结构:

donate sth. to sb. 向某人捐赠某物

She donated a large sum of money to the charity.

她捐了一大笔钱给那个慈善机构。

The van was donated to us by a local firm.

这辆货车是当地一家公司捐赠给我们的。

联想拓展

donation n.  捐赠;捐赠物;捐款

make/give/present a donation to sb. 捐赠给某人

send a donation to 把捐款寄至……

promise a donation 应允捐赠

高手过招

完成句子 

①He           (捐赠)a million to the school.

②The rest of the money we get is                     (来自捐赠).

答案:①donated  ②from donations

6. purchase  vt.& n.买;购买; (以某种代价)换得;(经过努力)取得,赢得(常与with连用)

The new couple spent some money on the purchase of the furniture necessary for their new house. 这对新婚夫妇花费了一些钱购买新房子里必备的家具。

The farm was sold at ten years purchase. 这农场以相当于十年土地收入的价钱售出。

常用结构:

made a purchase  买件东西

leave sb.to his purchase              让某人自谋生路

live on ones purchase              自谋生计,自找活路

purchase freedom with blood      以血的代价赢得自由

purchase and sale  买卖

高手过招

翻译句子 

①这是我前几天买来的一件东西。

②你不努力什么也不能得到。

③他给他的儿子一些钱买课本。

答案: ①It is a recent purchase of mine/what I purchased the other day.

②You can’t get any purchase without  efforts/purchase anything if you don’t make any effort.

③He gave his son some money for the purchase of/to purchase school books.

课文中重点短语和句型2:

4 get through (1) 通过(考试,测验等) Tom failed but his sister got through.

    All of them ___________; that is to say, they all passed the exam.

(2) 通过(议案,建议等), 使通过 Do you think the bill will get through? 你认为议案能通过吗?

  They succeeded in ____________the bill _______________.

(3) 到达,抵达Thousands of refugees will die if these supplies don’t get through. (难民)

  I started as soon as your message ______________________to me.

(4) 接通电话I rang you several times yesterday , but couldn’t get through (to you ) .

(5) (设法)做或完成  Let’s start ; there is a lot of work to get through / to be got through.

  He _____________________ the book on one evening.

(6) 经过。。。后仍然活着

  The old got through two wars . 相当于live through “经历。。。(通常指不好的事情) ”

(7) 用完,花光 He said he ________________________ all his money.

(8) 通过,穿过 We managed to get through the forest with his help.

 I got     to him and he said that he had got __the examination.

A off, out  B through, through   C along, back   D away, to

 相关短语: get along 过活,生活,相处,进展 get away with …(做了某事) 而不受惩罚,携带。。。跑掉 get down

写下,记下,下来,情绪低落  get down to。。。开始认真(做某事)其中to 是介词  get in touch with…与。。。取得联系 get over 克服(困难等);淡忘; 从(病,损失等)中恢复过来,痊愈 get rid of …摆脱,除掉,处理掉 get across (使。。。) 被理解,使通过 get together 聚集,相聚在一起 get round 传开,绕开,说服 get off 下车 get in 插话  get about 病愈后能走动,旅行

练一练:1. How are you managing to do your work without an assistant? ---Well, I __ somehow.

A get along B come on C watch out D set off

2. Hardly could he __ this amount of work in such a short time .

A. get through   B. get off    C. get into    D. get down

3. The woman biologist stayed in Africa studying wild animals for 13 years before she returned.

---Oh, dear ! She _   _ a lot of difficulties !  

A. may go through   B. might go through  C. ought to have gone through   D. must have gone through

4. There were a lot of people standing at the door and the small girl couldn’t get_.

 A. between   B. through   C. across   D. beyond

5 whether if : if 用在条件状语从句中意为“如果” If it rains tomorrow, we will not go to the park.

  if 用在宾语从句中时可与whether互换  We don’t know if/whether he can come.

 但在下列情况下必须用whether :

(1) 正式文体中,句中有or not 时。 I wonder whether it is big enough or not.

(2) 引导主语、表语、同位语从句时。 Whether it is true remains a question. 

The question is whether he can come on time.  The question whether it is right or wrong depends on situation

(3) 作介词宾语时。 I haven’t settled the question of whether I’ll go back home.

(4) 与不定式连用时。 She hasn’t decided whether to go or not

(5) 作discuss 等词的宾语时 We discussed whether we should close the shop.

  We haven’t settled the problem __ it is necessary for him to study abroad.  A if B where C whether D that

6 call 组成的词组: call sb up 打电话,征召(服役), call sth up 使回忆起,使想起 call on sb 拜访某人 call at 停泊,停靠(某地) call on 号召 call for 需要,要求 call for sb 去接… call sb in 召来,叫来(服务) to call in a doctor/the police 请医生/叫警察 call sth in 下令收回,要求退回 call back 回电话,召唤某人回来

7 hear from “收到…的来信” 后接的宾语是(发信)人。  I heard from my sister in New York yesterday.

  hear of/ hear about… 听说 …  hear sb do sth 听见某人做过某事  hear sb doing sth 听见某人正在做某事

类似用法: write to sb 或write sb a letter 或write a letter to sb 给某人写信(收信人)Don’t forget to write to me.

8 I know you’re dying to hear all about my life here, so I’ve included some photos which will help you picture the places I talk about.

我知道你急于了解我在这里的生活情况。我在信中附有几张照片,能够帮助你想像出我所谈到的地方。

be dying to do sth意为“极想做某事”。

All of them are dying to see the movie. 他们所有人都极想看那部电影。

联想拓展

be dying for sth. 极想得到某物

表示“渴望”的相关短语:

be thirsty for sth.   be eager to do sth.  desire to do sth.    have a strong desire for sth.

long to do sth./ for sth.    starve for sth.   have an urge to do sth.   be keen to do sth./ be keen on doing sth.

由动词die组成的短语: die away逐渐消失

高手过招

单项填空

Smallpox, a kind of disease, has now died         .

 A. out     B. away      C. off        D. Down

解析:选A。考查短语辨析。 die out 灭绝,消失;die away 渐息;die down 平息;die off (花、草)枯死。根据句意,选A。

  相关短语: die for 为…而死 die away(声音等)逐渐消失 The sound of their laughter died away.

  die down(火焰等) 逐渐减弱 The flames finally died down. 火焰越来越小,最后熄灭了。

  die off相继死去  die out 灭绝,绝种   

die of 因…而死(原因多来自内部,如情感、饥饿、寒冷、疾病等)

die from 由于…而死 (原因常来自外部) He died from a wound . 他受伤而死。

  death (n) 死,死亡  dead (adj) 死的,无生命的 

deadly adj 枯燥的,令人厌烦的

adj 致命的,致死的, a deadly weapon/disease  deadly poison 剧毒 

  adj 极度的,彻底的 We sat in deadly silence.  

adv 极其,非常 deadly serious/dull 极其严肃认真/乏味  deadly pale/cold 死一般地苍白,冷得要死

9  It take(s) /took/will take sb some time to do sth    (1) 干某事花费某人多长时间

  It usually takes me 20 minutes to go home.

(2) 该结构也可表示花费劳动力干某事  It took the Old Egyptians much labor force to finish the Pyramid.

(3) 表示花费的结构还有: ① sb spend time / money on sth /(in) doing sth 某人花钱/时间干某事

    ② (doing) sth cost (sb) some money //代价     “ (干) 某事花费某人钱/代价” 事/物做主语

       His careless driving cost him his life.   The repairs cost a lot , but it’s money well spent.  

③ charge sb some money for (doing) sth 因…而向某人要价 He charged me 5 yuan for repairing my bike.

④ pay (money) for sb /sth  为…而付钱  I paid 3 dollars for the book.

10 up to : be up to sth = be busy doing sth 忙于某事/从事某事   

It’s up to sb to do sth 由某人负责做某事

be up to = be fit for 胜任(常用于否定句和疑问句中)

What’s up? 怎么了/发生什么事了? It’s (all )up to you. 由你决定

up to = up till/until直到…up to now=so far 到目前为止 up to date最新的,现代的 up to the minute最新/近的

(1) 多达,高达 He can earn up to $ 50,000 a year.   (as much as )

 (2) 一直到 She lived at home right up to she got married.

 (3) 胜任(be fit for ) I’m not sure if she is really up to that job.

 (4) 由…负责  It’s up to her to decide whether or not to go on the course.

 (5) 忙于,从事于  Father wants to know what I have been up.

 练一练:What do you want to do next? We have half an hour until the basketball game .

---__. Whatever you want to do is fine with me.   

A. It just depends    B. It’s up to you   C. All right    C. Glad to hear that.

     ---      __ , Jack ? You look pale.    ---I fell off my bike and hurt my legs. 

A.      What’s going on    B. What’s up   C. What did you do    D. What have you done

 

 

课课练四

I.选择填空:

1. The place __ interest the children most is the Children’s Palace.
A. what   B. that   C. where   D. in which

2. I, ___ your good friend, will try my best to help you out.
A. who is   B. who am   C. that is   D. what is

3. The brave man, ___ the tiger was shot, is good hunter.
A. of whom   B. by that   C. by whom   D. by which

4. The clever boy made hole in the wall, ___ he could see what was going on inside the house.
A. on which   B. at which   C. through which   D. in which

5. This is the girl ___ believe was the driver of the car.
A. who   B. whom   C. in whom   D. /

6. My hometown is no longer the same ___ it used to be.
A. like   B. that   C. as   D. which

7. You can take any seat ___ is free.
A. in which   B. that   C. where   D. on which

8. She hasn’t got enough money ___ to buy the rings.
A. for which   B. with which   C. that   D. which

9. I’ve read all the books ___ were borrowed from the library.
A. they   B. where   C.   D. that

10. Is oxygen the only gas ___ helps fire burn?
A. it   B. which   C.   D. that

II.改错:

Why do people travel? Well, many people

travel because they want to see another countries  1_______

and visit places that is famous, interesting or     2_________

beautiful. People also travel to meet new friends,  3________

to try new kinds of food, experience life in    4__________

other parts of the world and simply to get away 5________

to cold weather. Yet there are other reasons why 6____________

do people travel. Many of today’s travelers are 7_________

looking for a unusual experience and adventure 8___________

travel is become more and more popular. Here  9____________

is a quickly look at two popular activities: hiking 10__________

and rafting.

写出下列单词:

树干        拖拉机          咔嗒声       裁缝        政治的           分配,分发          安全,保护     

 运转,操作          小诊所          

重点单词:

7. distribution

n.分配;分发 分布状态

At present, the distribution of profits cannot satisfy most of the people.

目前利润的分配未能满足大多数人。

联想拓展

distribute vt.                         分配; 散布

distribute sth. To                  把某物分配/分发给……

distribute sth. Among          在……分发某物

Before the opening ceremony of the super-market, some workers are sent to distribute handbills on the street.

超市开业前,一些工作人员被派去街上散发传单。

高手过招

翻译句子 

①幼儿园的老师正在给小朋友们派发礼物。

②救援物资的发放依然在讨论中。

 答案:①The teacher in the kindergarten is distributing the gifts to the children.

②The distribution of the rescuing goods is under discussion.

语法探究:   定语从句

  定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,词组或代词即先行词。定语从句通常出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出。

  关系代词有:who, whom, whose, that, which等。

  关系副词有: when, where, why等

注:1.介词提前时一般只用which和whom。

       2.whose+名词=the+名词+of which/ of whom

例句:This is the detective who came from London.

The book which I am reading is written by Tomas Hardy.

The desk whose leg is broken is very old.

This is the room that Shakespeare was born in.

关系代词that which的区别

1.宜用that引导的定语从句

2. as which 的区别

as 和which在引导非限制性定语从句时,这两个关系代词都指主句所表达的整个意思,且在定语从句中都可以作主语和宾语。但不同之处主要有两点:

 (1) as 引导非限制性定语从句,可放在主句之前,或者主句之后,甚至可以切割一个主句;which引导的非限制性定语从句只能放在主句之后。另外,as有“正如……,正像……”的意思

 (2)as 代表前面的整个主句并在从句中作主语时,从句中的谓语必须是系动词;若为行为动词,则从句中的关系代词只能用which。

(3)当先行词受such, the same修饰时,常用as

I have never heard such a story as he tells.

He is not such a fool as he looks.

This is the same book as I lost last week.

注意:

当先行词由the same修饰时,偶尔也用that引导定语从句,但是和由as所引导的定语从句意思不同。

She wore the same dress that she wore at Mary’s wedding.

她穿着她在MARY婚礼上穿过的一条裙子。

She wore the same dress as her young sister wore.

她穿着和她妹妹所穿的一样的裙子。

判断关系代词与关系副词 

方法一:

用关系代词,还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词后面无宾语,就必须要求用关系代词;而不及物动词则要求用关系副词。例如: 

This is the mountain village where I stayed last year. 

I'll never forget the days when I worked together with you. 

例1变为肯定句:

This museum is ___ you visited a few days ago.

例2变为肯定句:

This is the museum ___ the exhibition was held.   

在句1中,所缺部分为宾语,而where, that, on which都不能起到宾语的作用,只有the one既做了主句的表语,又可做从句的宾语,可以省略关系代词,所以应选D。   

而句2中, 主、谓、宾俱全,从句部分为句子的状语表地点,既可用副词where,又因 in the museum词组,可用介词in + which 引导地点状语。而此题中,介词on 用的不对,所以选A。  

关系词的选择依据在从句中所做的成分,先行词在从句中做主、定、宾语时,选择关系代词 (who, whom, that, which, whose);

先行词在从句中做状语时,应选择关系副词 ( where 地点状语,when 时间状语,why 原因状语) 。

区分定语从句和同位语从句

1.定语从句修饰先行词,它和先行词是修饰关系;

同位语从句说明先行词的具体内容,是补充说明的关系

(1) The plane that has just taken off is for London.              定语从句

(2) The fact that he has been dead is clear.                  同位语从句

2.定语从句由关系代词或者关系副词引导,关系词在句中充当成分,有时可以省略;

同位语从句主要由that引导,在句中一般不做成分;句子也可以由when, where, how, why, whether, what等词引导,充当成分

(1) The news he told me is true. 定语

(2) The news that he has just died is true.

(3) The problem that we are facing now is how we can collect so much money. 定语

(4) The problem how we can collect so much money is difficult to solve

定语从句练习:

I.选择填空:

1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace.

A. Which B. where C. what D. in which

2.Do you know the man _______?

A. whom I spoke B. to who spoke C. I spoke to D. that I spoke

3.This is the hotel _______last month.

A. which they stayed B. at that they stayed

C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed

4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded?

A. which B. that C. when D. on which

5.That is the day ______I'll never forget.

A. which B. on which C. in which D. when

6.The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here.

A. where B. to which C. which D. in which

7.Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working.

A. where B. that C. which D. there

8.This is one of the best films _______.

A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown

C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked

9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day?

A. about which you talked B. which you talked

C. about that you talked D. that you talked

10.The pen ______he is writing is mine.

A. with which B. in which C. on which D. by which

11.They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy.

A. whom B. who C. which D. that

12.The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old.

A. to whom B. on whom C. with which D. with whom

13.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country?

A. who B. who's C. which D. whose

14.I'm interested in ______you have said.

A. all that B. all what C. that D. which

15.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday.

A. which B. who C. what D. as

16.He isn't such a man ______he used to be.

A. who B. whom C. that D. as

17.He is good at English, ______we all know.

A. that B. as C. whom D. what

18.Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much.

A. I went with B. with whom I went C. with who I went D.I went with him

19.I don't like ______ as you read.

A. the novels B. the such novels C. such novels D. same novels

20.He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school.

A. which B. that C. whom D. what

21.The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing.

A. which B. that C. whom D. who

22.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women.

A. them B. which C. whom D. who

23.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it.

A. who;/ B./; whom C. whom;/ D./; who

24.I lost a book, ______I can't remember now.

A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that

25.Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world.

A. for which B. for that C. in which D. what

26.I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV.

A. that B. which C. as D. it

27.I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together.

A. when; which B. which; when C. what; that D. on which; when

28.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong.

A. which B. whose C. what D./

29.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting.

A. in which B. with which C. that D. for which

30.This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly.

A. after which I have looked B. which I have looked after

II. 请找出下列各句中的错误并加以改正

  1. This is the factory where we visited last week.

  2. This is the watch for which Tom is looking.

  3. The person to who you spoke is a student of Grade Two.

  4. The house in that we live is very small.

  5. The sun gives off light and warmth, that makes it possible for plants to grow.

  6. I’ve read all the books which I borrowed from the library.

  7. This is the best film which I have ever seen.

  8. My father and Mr. Smith talked about things and persons who they remembered in the country.

  9. Everything which we saw was of great interest.

  10. His dog, that was now very old, became ill and died.

 

 

 

 

课课练五

I.选择填空:

1. This is the bag _____ my mother bought yesterday.

  A. that                      B. who                  C. whom                      D. this

2. The man _____ lives next to us is my English teacher.

  A. who                       B. which               C. who                         D. /

3. The girl _____ you saw in the street is Mary.

  A. that                      B. whose               C. which                      D. as

4. Is this the factory _____ a lot of students visited yesterday?

  A. the one                 B. which               C. who                         D. whom

5. Is this factory _____ a lot of students visited yesterday?

  A. the one                 B. that                  C. which                      D. /

6. The only language _____ is easy to learn is the mother tongue.

  A. which                   B. that                   C. /                              D. it

7. The girl handed everything _____ she had picked up in the street to the police.

  A. which                   B. in which            C. that                          D. all

8. _____ cleans the blackboard should be praised.

  A. That                    B. Who                 C. The one who            D. The students who

9. Please show me the book _____ you bought yesterday.

  A. which                   B. whom               C. whose                      D. this

10. This is the best book _____ I have been looking for all this year.

  A. who                            B. whom               C. which                      D. /

II. 请找出下列各句中的错误并加以改正

 11. The reason which he didn’t go to school is that he was ill.

 12. Those who wants to go with me put up your hands.

 13. The boy, his mother died last year, studies very hard.

 14. I have two sisters, both of them are doctors.

 15. We’re going to visit the school where your brother works there.

 16. He is the only one of the students who have been invited to the English Evening.

 17. That is the way which they work.

 18. Those have questions can ask the teachers for advice.

 19. Who is the man who has white hairs?

 20. I will never forget the days which we had a good time together at the sea.

I. 从教材中找出下列短语。

1.in need___________    2. purchase a gift _________    3.provide sth. for sb. ________ 4.participate in  _________ 5.cover the cost of …  ___________ 6.in the future ________

7.in two weeks’ time_________  8. over the last few weeks ________________

9.have no opportunity _______________  10. attend school ________________

1.需要 2.购买礼物 3. 提供给某人某物 4.参加 5.够支付…的费用 6. 将来 7. 两周后

8. 在过去的几周里 9. 没有机会 10. 上学

II Find the correct words for the explanations.

1) a list of priced items for sale, usually presented in book form

2) to buy something with money

3) a plant part that gives rise to a new individual

4) to join things or repair or make something using a needle and thread

5) give something to a charitable organization or other good cause

1)catalogue  2)purchase 3)seed 4)sew 5)donate

词汇巧解

1. purchase vt.& n.买;购买; (以某种代价)换得;(经过努力)取得,赢得(常与with连用)

原句呈现: When you purchase an item, we will send you an attractive card for you to send to your special person .

 [典例]

1) The new couple spent some money on the purchase of the furniture necessary for their new house.这对

新婚夫妇花费了一些钱购买新房子里必需的家具。

2) The farm was sold at ten years’ purchase. 这农场以相当于10年间土地收入的价钱售出。

自我归纳 purchase sth. with sth; purchase sth. for sb.

purchase shares  购买股票

made a purchase买件东西   leave sb.to his purchase让某人自谋生路

live on one's purchase  自谋生计,自找活路

 purchase freedom with blood以血的代价赢得自由

purchase and sale买卖

[拓展]n. [C]常作复数, 指“购买之物”Are you satisfied with your purchase?

       [U] action of buying sth.  They announced the purchase of such a large house.

 [模仿巩固]根据括号里所给的中文意思补全句子。

1) It is __________________________________(我前几天买来的一件东西。).

2) You can't_________________________________(你不努力什么也不能得到).

3) He gave his son some money______________________ (买课本).

答案1)a recent purchase of mine/what I purchased the other day 2)get any purchase without efforts/purchase anything if you don't make any effort 3)for the purchase of/to purchase his school books

2. supply

原句呈现: Water supply for one person.

自我归纳:

1) 用作动词时,

指“供给,提供,备办”等,常用于词组supply sb. with sth. 或supply sth. to/for sb.。其同义词为provide, present, give, furnish等。

They supplied food to/for them.      他们供给他食物。

拓展:用作名词时:

a) 指“供给;供应”等,其反义词为demand(需求)。

    supply and demand  供与求    be in short supply 供应缺乏,供应不足

    food supply   食物供应     water supply       供水

     a good supply of meat (fish, fruit)        肉类(鱼,水果)大量供应

b) 当“供应品;生活用品;补给品”等,常用复数supplies。

     military supplies      军需品 

     household supplies   家庭用品

     medical supplies       医用品

3.operate

原句呈现:Community primary schools operate in poor or remote villages.

【自我归纳】

可意为“起作用;见效;工作;运转;经营;操作;做手术”。当它作 “做手术”讲时,后面如果带有表示人或某部位的名词或代词时,应用介词on。构成“operate on sb.”或“operate sb. on + 某部位”结构。

如:to operate on a patient给病人做手术

 to operate a patient on the head  给病人头部做手术

【拓展】 operation n. 操作; 运算; 经营; 手术

operator n. 操作员;电话接线员

[例句] They were also given the opportunity to do some operations.

他们也有机会亲自去操作。

Then he bent over the patient to start the operation. 然后他俯身开始给病人做手术。

He is a computer operator. 他是个电脑操作员。

Operator, I want to make a long distance call. 话务员,我要打长途电话。

【模仿巩固】

将下列句子翻译成英语。

1.这是一台很容易操作的新型机器。

2.我星期五去医院看他了, 就在那一天他动了手术。

答案1.This is a new model machine which is very easy to operate

2.I went to see him in the hospital on Friday when he was operated on.

4. in need在困难中;在危急中

原句呈现 . ...bring hope for a better future to a community in need.

 词义拓展1) need 名词, 意思是“需要、必要”。其  复数形式是“必需品”。

There is no need to hurry.                   没必要着急。

I feel the need of exercise.                   我觉得需要运动。

 We are in need of water.                    我们需要水。

2) need用作不可数名词时, 还有“贫穷、不幸、逆境、困难”等意思。

Many families are in great need.    许多家庭处于贫困的情况。

A friend in need is a friend indeed.  患难见真情

[短语归纳]

in need/want of需要    the need for sth.对……的需要   at one’s need在某人困难时

satisfy/meet one’s needs满足某人的需要

[典例]

1) After the lack of water for a long tie, crops are in great need of water;

长时间缺水后, 庄稼急需要水.

2) As we all know, everyone in the world has a need for affection.

我们大家都知道,每个人都有对感情的需要

模仿巩固 汉译英

1)无论孩子们提出什么要求,家长们总是设法满足他们的需要。____________________________-

2) 勤奋工作是成功的需要。_______________________________________________

答案1) No matter what requirements are raised by children, the parents would manage to satisfy their needs.   2) Hard work is the need for success.

根据课文2回答问题:

根据内容从A-U礼物中选出下列句子中合适的礼物。

1. This gift allows a woman who is a trained tailor to make some income, giving her and her family a better future.

 

2. This gift gives a man or a woman the opportunity to acquire basic reading and writing, and life skills. Adults develop the confidence to participate in the social, economic and political lives of their communities.

 

3. This gift covers the cost of production and distribution of seedlings, as well as training in tree care for the local villagers who are working hard to prevent their land from turning into desert.

 

4. This gift buys a goat. A goat gives milk and is a valuable income. Goats increase in number quickly and add much to a family’s food and financial security. They are easy and fun for children to care for.

 

5. This gift covers the cost of exercise books and textbooks for community primary schools that operate in poor or remote villages.

 

6. This gift gives a child a good start in life. Community schools provide good quality education for children who would otherwise have no opportunity to attend school.

 

Answers:(N)   A sewing machine     (G)   Basic adult education    (A)  20 tree seedlings     (J)  A goat for a poor family     (F)  Basic health-care services     (I)  One year of primary schooling 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

课课练六

单元检测

一.   完成句子。

1. 我昨天收到了纽约的姐姐的来信。

   I ________ _________ my sister in New York yeaterday.

2. 她渴望出国。

   She ____ _______ ________ go abroad.

3. 她在抽屉里偶然发现一些旧照片。

   She _________ _________ some old photos in a drawer.

4. 不要把头伸出汽车窗外。

   Don’t _______ your head _______ ______ the car window.

5. 最近非洲许多河流都干涸了。

   Many rivers in Africa ________ ________ ______ recently.

6. 你的衣服要很长时间才能干透。

   Your clothes will take ages _______ ________ _______.

7. 患难之交才是真朋友。

   A friend ___ ________ is a friend ________.

8. 这桌子可以配合小孩的高度任意调整。

   You can _______ this desk ____ _____ ________ ____ any child.

二. 根据所给提示,用本单元所学单词的正确形式填空。

1. She speaks in a _________ (轻柔的) voice.

2. I’ll _______ (烧烤) you some fish.

3. Only members have the __________ (特权) of using the sports facilities.

4. The new ____________ (布置) of the furniture changed the atmosphere of the room.

5. I had two slices of t_______ and a glass of orange juice for breakfast.

6. He ___________ (purchase) the land for $200, 000 dollars.

7. They celebrated their 10th wedding a____________.

8. _________ you _________ (sew) me a button on my shirt, please?

9. This is a well _________ (tailor) coat.

10. My i_________ isn’t enough to support my family.

11. She showed great _______ (技能) in winning the hearts of the children.

12. The teacher ___________ (distribute) the books to the students.

13. Professionals cannot ___________ (参与) in the competition.

14. Tokyo and New York are major f_________ centers.

15. Is there any __________ (保护) against nuclear weapons?

16. This sewing machine ________________ (not operate) properly.

17. His idea was __________ (远离的) from reality.

18. I ran all the way to school, o_________ I’d have been late.

19. He ________ (donate) blood to a blood bank.

三. 在下列定语从句中,填入适当的介词。

1. The pencil ________ which he wrote was broken.

2. He built a telescope ________ which he could study the skies.

3. The woman, ________ whom I learned the news, is a nurse.

4. The wolf ________ which the sheep was killed was shot.

5. She has three children, all _______ whom are at school.

6. There is a tall tree outside, ________ which stands our teacher.

7. My glasses, _______ which I was like a blind man, fell to the ground and broke.

8. In the dark street, there wasn’t a person ________ whom she could turn for help.

9. I was surprised at the way ________ which he treated the old man.

10. The age _______ which children can go to school is seven.

11. His bike ________ which he went to work was stolen last night.

12. Do you know the building ________ which is flying a red flag?

13. Ours is a beautiful school, ________ which we are proud.

14. The desk ________ which Jack is leaning is John’s.

15. He bought a book yesterday, the author ________ which is a teacher.

单元巩固练习

第一节 单项选择

1.This is one of the best films _______.

A. that have been shown this year    B. that have shown 

C. that has been shown this year      D. that you talked

2.Can you lend me the book ______the other day?

A. about which you talked        B. which you talked

C. about that you talked         D. that you talked

3.The pen ______he is writing is mine.   

A. with which      B. in which      C. on which      D. by which

4.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country? 

A. who          B. who's      C. which     D. whose

5. I'm interested in ______you have said. 

A. all that    B. all what      C. that   D. which

6.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. 

A. which    B. who        C. what        D. as

7.He isn't such a man ______he used to be. 

A. who      B. whom       C. that    D. as

8.He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school. 

A. which       B. that    C. whom     D. what

9.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it.   

A. who;/       B./; whom       C. whom;/         D./; who

10.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong.  

 A. which     B. whose     C. what       D./

11.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting. 

 A. in which         B. with which      C. that         D. for which

12.The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill. 

A. why; that       B. that; why      C. for that; that       D. for which; what

13. --- Did you ask the guard _______ happened?--- Yes, he told me all _______ he knew.

A. what; that     B. what; what       C. which; which   D. that; that

14. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn?    A. that B. /        C. which D. it

15. Is _______ some German friends visited last week?

A. this school    B. this the school     C. this school one     D. this school where

16. — Could I have a word with you, mum?— Oh, dear, if you ______.  

A. can   B. may        C. must   D. should

17. — Can I look at the menu before I make an order?— Of course. ___________, madam.

A. Take your time     B. Don’t mention it   C. Never mind   D. Help yourself

18. The criminal, as well as some ______ people, was arrested by the police yesterday.

A. relevant      B. skilled            C. released          D. lucky

19. Do you remember the chicken farm _____ we visited three months ago? 

A. where       B. when     C. that       D. what

20. I ______ my university professor in the supermarket near my house, which was out of my expectation.

A. came out         B. came across     C. came about      D. came along

21. The plan has to be _______ to meet the real situation. 

A. adjusted   B. adapted      C. produced        D. refounded

22. Students are encouraged to _________ the design competition for robots at the university.

A. take part           B. operate     C. join to      D. participate in

23. The man I ______ yesterday in the street is my manager.

 A. paid a visit      B. had a talk             C. met         D. dropped

24. After Yang Liwei succeeded in circling the earth, Chinese astronauts __________ walk in space.

A. anxious to do     B. eager for    C. are dying to      D. are longing to

25. — Why didn’t she ask for help at that time?— You know, at such a midnight, there was no one ________.

A. she could turn to   B. for whom to turn     C. who to turn to   D. for her to turn

26. In ______ Chinese culture, marriage decisions were often made by parents for their children.

A. historic        B. remote           C. traditional         D. further

27. A live program on TV is calling on people to ______ money or some other things to the people who have suffered from the flood in Henan Province.     

A. donate    B. lend             C. put         D. pay 

28. I was about to go to bed _____ one of my old classmates made a call to me.

 A. when         B. as     C. while     D. that

29. With the guide _______ the way, we finally got to the village which we were looking for.

A. led       B. leading       C. to lead    D. had led

30. The reason ______ at the meeting for being late was not reasonable.

A. why he gave      B. what he gave     C. he gave     D. on which he gave

第二节 提高练习

1. Have you _______some new ideas? ------Yeah, I’ll tell you later.

A. come about  B. come into  C. come up with   D. come out with

2.  I couldn’t do my homework with all the noise _______ . 

A. going on      B. goes on     C. went on      D.  to go on

3.  His carless driving _______ him his life last year. 

A. cost         B. spent        C. paid         D. took

4.  --- Are all the titles of the articles _______  in the contents? --- Yes, all _______.

A. listed, included B. listing, includes  C. listed, including  D. being listed, being included

5.  She ______ the table and said the dinner was ready. 

A. lay      B. laid         C. lied         D. lain

6.  Do you ______ your friends through thick and thin?.  

A. stick out    B. stick to     C. stick with    D. stick

7.  The man I _________ yesterday is Mr. White 

A. paid a visit    B. had a talk    C. dropped in    D. came across

8.  The organization is badly _________ of hands. 

A. relevant     B. donated     C. in need     D. dying

9.  Sue is good at .singing and her voice sounds _________. 

A. soft       B. softly       C. sweetly      D. well

10. Shut the window, _________ it’ll get too cold in here. 

A. so     B. yet        C. but        D. otherwise

11.  _______ is no wonder that he could speak English well. 

A. There      B. That       C. This        D. It

12.  The hill ________ is covered with trees is called Mang Hill. 

A. of which top   B. whose the top   C. whose top  D. top which.

13. Can you lend me the novel_________ the other day?

A. that you talked   B. you talked about it C. which you talked about  D. you talked about

14.  The government has taken some measures to solve the shortage of electricity, but it may be some time ______the situation improves.    A. since          B. when                C. unless           D. before

15. The most exciting thing for him was ______ he finally found two tinned fruits in ______ seemed to him to be a servant’s bedroom .    A. that; what   B. what; what     C. that; that    D. what; that

第三节 完形填空

    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从21—35各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选

出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

     (1)Scientists around the world have been studying the warning of waters in the Pacific Ocean known as El Nino. The appearance of EI Nino is known to   21   the weather around the world.

     Scientists still do not completely   22   it. Yet they now find they can   23   it to tell about the future in different areas of the world. One   24   is the work of two scientists at Columbia University in New York, Mark Cane and Gordn Eshel. A scientist of Zimbabwe, Roger Buckland,   25  with them. They have   26   that when EI Nino appears, Zimbabwe has little or no    27     This means corn crops in Zimbabwe are    28    The last El Nino was in 1991 to 1993. That was   29   southeastern Africa   30   a serious lack of rain.

    The scientists   31  about their recent work in the publication Nature.  Their computer program can tell when an EI Nino   32   develop up to a year before it   33 They suggest that this could provide a directive early warning system   34   southern Africa, and could prevent many people from   35 

21. A. effect    B. affect   C. spoil    D. heat

22. A. understand B. know C. realize   D. see

23. A. put   B. take   C. make   D. use

24. A. example  B. reason  C. cause  D. result                                                     

25. A. studied  B. worked C. found  D. realized

27. A. rain    B. snow  C. storm  D. wind

28. A. rich   B. weak  C. strong  D. poor

29. A. as   B. when      C.while      D. where

30. A. received       B. took C. suffered   D. made

31. A. wrote   B. spoke   C. told    D. talked

32. A. can    B. will  C.may    D. shall

33. A. can    B. does  C.will  D. may

34. A. to   B. with     C. for   D. of

35. A. leaving  B. spreading  C. expanding D. starving

(2)Shopping habits in the United States have changed greatly in the last quarter of the 20th century. 36  in the 1900s most American towns and cities had a Main Street. Main Street was always in the heart of a town. This street was  37  on both sides with many 38  businesses. Here, shoppers walked into stores to look at all sorts of merchandise: clothing, furniture, hardware, groceries. 39   ,some shops offered 40  .These shops included drugstores, restaurants, shoe-repair stores, and barber or hairdressing shops. 41  in the 1950s, a change began to 42 .Too many automobiles had crowded into Main Street 43  too few parking places were 44  shoppers. Because the streets were crowded, merchants began to look with interest at the open spaces  45  the city limits. Open space is what their car-driving customers needed.   

And open space is what they got 46  the first shopping centre was built. Shopping centres, or rather malls, 47  as a collection of small new stores 48  crowded city centres. 49  by hundreds of free parking space, customers were drawn away from 50  areas to outlying malls. And the growing 51  of shopping centres led 52   to the building of bigger and better stocked stores. 53   the late 1970s,many shopping malls had almost developed into small cities themselves. In addition to providing the 54   of one stop shopping, malls were transformed into landscaped parks, 55   benches, fountains, and outdoor entertainment.  

36.A.As early as     B. Early   C. Early as      D. Earlier  

37.A.built       B. designed     C. intended     D. lined  

38.A.varied     B. various       C. sorted      D. mixed up  

39.A.Apart from     B. However    C. In addition  D. As well  

40.A.medical care   B. food    C. cosmetics   D. services  

41.A.suddenly B. Abruptly   C. Contrarily   D. But  

42.A.be taking place      B. take place      C. be taken place   D. have taken place  

43.A.while      B. yet    C. though         D. and then  

44.A.available for   B. available to  C. used by      D. ready for  

45.A.over     B. from   C. out of    D. outside  

46.A.when      B. while   C. since   D. then  

47.A.started    B. founded      C. set up D. organized  

48.A.out of     B. away from  C. next to     D. near  

49.A.Attracted           B. Surprised    C. Delighted      D. Enjoyed  

50.A.inner      B. central         C. shopping      D. downtown  

51.A.distinction        B. fame       C. popularity   D. liking  

52.A.on   B. in turn    C. by turns       D. further  

53.A.By   B. During       C. In       D. Towards  

54.A.cheapness      B. readiness    C. convenience      D. handiness  

55.A.because of     B. and     C. with  D. provided  

第四节. 阅读理解(本大题共20小题,每小题2分,共40分)

A

Ticket price increases at HK Disney

Source:Xinhua | 02—05—2009 11:39

Hong Kong Disneyland announced on Tuesday it will raise weekday admission prices for mainland and overseas tourists by about 19 percent.But Hong Kong residents and tourists who purchase tickets through travel agents can still enjoy the old prices until June 30.     

A one-day admission will cost HK $350($45)for adults and HK $250 for children aged up to 11 from Monday, the previous charges for weekends.Adults were previously admitted for HK $295 and children HK $210.

A Hong Kong Disneyland spokesman said the park does not expect the new pricing structure to have an immediate impact on attendances, as research shows guests choose when to visit the attraction based on time available rather than ticket prices.But the hikes(the rise of prices)drew immediate criticism from the industry.The greater tourism industry fears it may harm mainlanders willingness to visit Hong Kong.     

Joseph Tung Yao-chung, executive director of Travel Industry Council of Hong Kong, said the decision was unwise in the current financial climate.He also urged the company to rethink its decision, during an interview with Southern Metropolis Daily.     

56.On September 10 of 2009(weekday),  Hong Kong  residents and tourists will have to spend

             buying three children tickets.

A.HK $360    B.$ 360     C.HK $750     D.HK $885     

57.There is a family with five people, John,his father,mother,grandfather and grandmother.They are from America, John is eleven years old.If they visit the place on June 30 2009(weekday),they will spend about         in total.

A.$212       B.$ 1650    C.HK $1400    D.$1390     

58.What can we infer from the passage?

    A.Joseph Tung Yao-chung disagreed about the ticket price increase at HK Disney.

    B.Hong Kong Disneyland will make a lot of money by raising weekday admission prices for mainland tourists.     

    C.The Hong Kong Disneyland spokesman didn't like the new pricing structure.

    D.Only tourists from mainland visit Hong Kong Disneyland.     

B

When I was small and my grandmother died I couldn’t understand why I had no tears. But that night when my dad tried to cheer me up, my laugh turned into crying.  

   So it came as no surprise to learn that researchers believe crying and laughing come from the same part of the brain. Just as laughing has many health advantages, scientists are discovering that crying does so, too.  

Whatever it takes for us to reduce pressure is important to our emotional (情感的) health, and crying seems to be helpful. Study found that 85 percent of women and 73 percent of men report feeling better after crying.  

Besides, tears attract help from other people. Researchers agree that when we cry, people around us become kinder and more friendly and they are more ready to provide support and comfort. Tears also enable us to understand our emotions better; sometimes we don’t even know we’re very sad until we cry. We learn about our emotions through crying, and then we can deal with them.  

Just as crying can be healthy, not crying — holding back tears of anger, pain or suffering — can be bad for physical health. Studies have shown that too much control of emotions can lead to high blood pressure, heart problems and some other illnesses. If you have a health problem, doctors will certainly not ask you to cry. But when you feel like crying, don’t fight it. It’s a natural — and healthy — emotional response (反应).  

59.   Why didn’t the author cry when her grandmother died?  

A. Because her father did not want her to feel too sad.  

B. Because she did not love her grandmother.  

C. Because she was too shy to cry at that time.  

D. The author doesn’t give the explanation.  

60.   It can be inferred from the text that ______.  

A. there are two ways to keep healthy  

B. crying does more good to health than laughing  

C. crying and laughing play the same roles  

D. emotional health has a close relationship to physical health  

61.   According to the author, which of the following statements is TRUE?  

A. Crying is the best way to get help from others.  

B. Fighting back tears may cause some health problems.  

C. We will never know our deep feelings unless we cry.  

D. We must cry if we want to reduce pressure.  

62.   What might be the most suitable title for the text?  

A. Power of Tears                                B. How to Keep Healthy  

C. Why Do We Cry                                D. A New Scientific Discovery  

C

TWENTY-FIVE years ago director Stephen Spielberg captured the hearts of Western audiences with his family classic.E.T.Now his Hong Kong director Stephen Chow is trying to do the same trick in China.

Chow's latest movie CJ7(《长江七号》),in cinemas now,is a heart-warming story about a poor migrant worker(外来务工者) and his son.When a strange alien enters their lives,father and son learn a lesson about the value of family.Chow hopes his movie will help to make family films more popular in China.

Family films have been the main part of the Hollywood market for the last 40 years.They have given audiences movies like E.T., Indiana Jones and Jurassic Park.However, there are few of these movies in China, where expensive history films are more popular.

A family film is not simply a children's movie.It is a film that is not only suitable for children, but appeals to the whole family.

According to Raymound Zhou,a famous film critic,these films are rare in China because“very few families go to the cinema together”.Because of this,there is little demand for movies that appeal to the whole family.     

However, in the West,it is common for the family to sit down and watch a movie together.Tim Bridges, from London,says:“I love it at Christmas when I sit down and watch a movie with my family.”     

All family films contain similar messages about being honest、remaining positive and learning there is more to life than money.According to the American movie reviewer,Dave Johnson, this is because “When parents watch a movie,they want their children to be learning good values”.     

Just like when the alien in Spielberg's E.T.phones home to make contact with his family, Chow will hope Chinese audiences are tuned in and ready to receive his family movie message.

63.Which of the following can replace the underlined part in the last paragraph?

    A.understand what others are thinking      B.make telephones

C.go to the cinema                     D.sing songs     

64.What is the family film,according to the passage?

    A.A kind of film that is about history.

    B.A kind of film in which the characters are animals.

    C.A kind of film that is meant for both children and adults

D.A kind of film that is about families     

65.What is implied but not stated directly in the passage?

    A.Families in China should go to the cinema at Christmas.

    B.It's good for children to watch family films.     

    C.Chinese families don't like family films.

D.The movie CJ7 has nothing in common with E.T.

66.It can be inferred that in the future,         

    A.Chinese families will go to the cinema together     

    B.there may be more family films in China  

    C.making family films in China is not easy

    D.family films are about love

D

Japanese students work very hard but many are unhappy.They feel heavy pressures from their parents to do well in school.Most students are always being told by their parents to study harder so that they can have a wonderful life.Though this may be good ideas for those very bright students,it can have very bad results for many students who are not quick enough at learning.

Unfortunately,a number of students killed themselves.Others are after comfort in using drugs.Some do bad things with trouble-makers and turn to crime.Many of them have tried very hard at school but have failed in the exams and have disappointed their parents.Such students feel that they are less important and leave school before they have finished their study.

It is surprising that though most Japanese parents are worried about their children, they do not help them in any way.Many parents feel that they are not able to help their children and that it is the teachers' work to help their children.To make matters worse, a lot of parents send their children to special school called juku-cram schools.These schools are open during the evening and on weekends, and their only purpose is to prepare students to pass exams, they do not try to educate students in any real sense of the real world. It thus comes as a shock to realize that almost three quarters of the junior or high school population attend these cram schools.     

Ordinary Japanese schools usually have rules about everything from fhe students' hair to their clothes and things in their school bag.Child psychologists now think that such strict rules often lead to a feeling of being unsafe and being unable to fit into society.They regard the rules as being harmful to the development of each student.They believe that no sense of moral values is developed and that students are given neither guidance nor training in becoming good citizens.

67.A lot of Japanese students are unhappy at school because                . 

    A.they work very hard         B.they find they can't do well at school

C.they feel unimportant        D.they are under too much pressure     

68.Because of their failure at school, some students take drugs to          

    A.kill themselves             B.seek comfort

C.disappoint their parents      D.make trouble     

69.What should be the best title of the passage?

A.Students' Pressure    B.Students' Problems

    C.The Negative Impact(影响) of Japanese Education    D.The Trouble in Japanese Schools

70.In juku-cram schools students              

    A.are taken good care of by the teachers     B.feel no pressure

C.are trained to pass exams               D.can learn a lot of useful things

71.In ordinary Japanese schools,       

    A.there are strict rules                   B.students feel safe     

    C.students can do anything               D.learning is not important

E

As a result of pollution , Lake Erie , on the borders of the USA and Canada , is now without any living things.  

   Pollution in water is not simply a matter of “poisons” killing large numbers of fish overnight. Very often the effects of pollution are not noticed for many months or years because the first organism(生物体 ) to be affected are either plants or plankton. But these organisms are the food of fish and birds and other creatures. When this food disappears, the fish and birds die too. In this way a whole food chain can be wiped out, and it is not until dead fish and water birds are seen at the river’s edge or on the sea shore that people realize what is happening.  

   Where do the substances which pollute the water come form? There are two main sources sewage (污水) and industrial waste. As more detergent (洗涤剂 ) is used in the home, so more of it is finally put into our rivers. lakes and seas. Detergents harm water birds dissolving the natural substances which keep their feathers waterproof. Sewage itself, if not properly treated, makes the water dirty and prevents all forms of life in rivers and the sea from receiving the oxygen they need. Industrial waste is even more harmful since there are many highly poisonous things in it, such as copper and lead(铅 ).  

   So , if we want or stop this pollution , the answer is simple: sewage and industrial waste must be made clean before flowing into the water. It may already be too late to save some rivers and lakes, but others can still be saved if the correct action is taken at once.  

72. Pollution in water is noticed _____.   

A. when the first organisms are affected   

B. when a good many fish and birds die    

C. when poisonous things are poured into water          

D. as soon as the balance of nature is destroyed    

73. The living things die because there is no ____ in the lake or river.     

  A. water           B. fish                 C. poison            D. oxygen    

74. Which of the following is harmful according to the passage?   

 A. Organisms                               B. Plants and plankton in the water        

C. Waste water from cleaning     D. Industrial waste made clear before flowing into the water   

75.The way to stop water pollution is _______.  

A. realize the serious situation clearly    

B. put oxygen into the river    

C. make the waste material harmless before flowing into the water   

D. make special room in the sea for our rubbish  

第二部分. 基础知识

I.完成句子

1. 我昨天收到了纽约的姐姐的来信。 I ________ _________ my sister in New York yeaterday.

2. 她渴望出国。 She ____ _______ ________ go abroad.

3. 她在抽屉里偶然发现一些旧照片。 She _________ _________ some old photos in a drawer.

4. 不要把头伸出汽车窗外。 Don’t _______ your head _______ ______ the car window.

5. 最近非洲许多河流都干涸了。 Many rivers in Africa ________ ________ ______ recently.

6. 你的衣服要很长时间才能干透。 Your clothes will take ages _______ ________ _______.

7. 患难之交才是真朋友。 A friend ___ ________ is a friend ________.

8. 这桌子可以配合小孩的高度任意调整。 You can _______ this desk ____ _____ ________ ____ any child.

II. 根据所给提示,用本单元所学单词的正确形式填空。

1. She speaks in a _________ (轻柔的) voice.

2. I’ll _______ (烧烤) you some fish.

3. Only members have the __________ (特权) of using the sports facilities.

4. The new ____________ (布置) of the furniture changed the atmosphere of the room.

5. I had two slices of t_______ and a glass of orange juice for breakfast.

6. He ___________ (purchase) the land for $200, 000 dollars.

7. They celebrated their 10th wedding a____________.

8. _________ you _________ (sew) me a button on my shirt, please?

9. This is a well _________ (tailor) coat.

10. My i_________ isn’t enough to support my family.

11. She showed great _______ (技能) in winning the hearts of the children.

12. The teacher ___________ (distribute) the books to the students.

13. Professionals cannot ___________ (参与) in the competition.

14. Tokyo and New York are major f_________ centers.

15. Is there any __________ (保护) against nuclear weapons?

16. This sewing machine ________________ (not operate) properly.

17. His idea was __________ (远离的) from reality.

18. I ran all the way to school, o_________ I’d have been late.

19. He ________ (donate) blood to a blood bank.

III. 单词拼写

  1. Our members have the __________(特权) of using the lending service of the library.

  2. The ___________(宇航员) soon get used to the condition of weightlessness.

  3. The foreign friends hope that they can join the celebrations for the university’s 80th ____________(周年纪念).

  4. What I need now is the _____________(安全)of a happy home.

  5. Mail comes to this r__________ village only once a week.

  6. He is being treated at a private c_____________.

  7. This type of university course is no longer r____________ to today’s problems.

  8. It is said that this company is in serious f_____________ difficulties now.

  9. I’ll make ___________(安排)for you to be met at the railway station.

10. In my opinion, these are _____________(政治) rather than social matters.

IV. 翻译单句

1.他过了好一阵子才适应新环境。(adapt)

2.你是否很想开一个诊所( clinic )帮助那里的村民。(be dying to )

3.他出去了,灯还亮着。(with)

4.电脑给边远地区的孩子带来了很大的变化。(make …difference)

5.这个项目由政府出资以及公众捐款。(finance)

6.人们鼓励孩子们参与社团活动。(participate in)

7.我认为那样没有两样。(make …difference)

8.他不会借钱给你,这是必定无疑的。(for sure)

9.她非常渴望出国。(be dying to )

10.我相信下一年9月我会在大学里学习。

11.给植物定期浇水,不要让土壤干透了(dry out).

12.我在考虑去哪儿度周末。(wonder)

V. 短语填空.(用合适的短语及其正确形式填空.) (共10个题, 30分, 每题3分)

  I haven’t 36____ ____(收到……来信)you for 37_______(两周).I 38____ ____ ____(渴望) your letter. These days I am very busy . I am try to 39_____ ______ (适应)these conditions .However ,one thing is 40 ____ ____(肯定的). My students 41____ ____ ____(没有概念) of doing experiments. 42 _____ _____ _____ (前几天),I showed them the weekly chemistry experiment ,who had never 43_______ _____(遇到)anything like this before. So they fled. 44____ ____ _____(说实话),I doubt whether I am 45________ _____ _________(改变,有影响) to these boys’ lives at all.

VI. 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)注意:按短文改错要求做题。

Dear Anish,

Here are the information about Manchester University. 76.      _______

It is about 200 miles far away from London, and it       77.    _________

has a very big schoolyard. You can live in the school     78.      ________

or near the school. They have all sorts of course.         79.    __________

I’m sure you will find one you like it. I know you        80.     __________

are particular interested in Human Rights. So I will       81. ______________

see that if there is anything on their website(网址).       82. _____________

I’ll send my friend Charlie meet you at the airport    83._______________

when you arrived. You met him a few years ago, but he    84._______________

has changed a lot since then, Both your aunt or I look      85._______________

forward to seeing you again.

See you soon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

答案

第一节 单项选择 1-5 ACADA     6-10 DDBDD      11-15 DAAAB   16-20 CAACB   21-25 ADCCA     26-30 CAABC

第二节 单项填空

1-5 CAAAB      6-10 CDCAD     11-15 DCDDA

第三节 完形填空

(1)21--25  BADAB     26--30  CADBC     31--35  ABBCD

(2)36. B  as early as的意思为“同……一样早”, early是副词,“早期”的意思,earlier是比较级“较早”的意思。  

37. D  本句的意思是“街道的两旁排列着很多各种各样的商店”,build的意思是“建造,修建”,design的意思是“设计”,intend“意思是“打算”,line是“沿……排列”的意思。  

38. B  varied是“变化多端”的意思,various为“各种各样的”,sorted意为“分类的”,mixedup意为“困惑的,迷惘的,不适应社会的”。本句意为“各种各样的商店”。  

39. C  本句的意思是“除了各种各样的商店销售各种各样的商品之外,有些商店还提供服务”,apart from意为“除此之外”,后必须接名词或动名词,however是连词“然而”的意思,in addition可单独使用,意为“除此之外”,as well用在句末。  

40. D  medical care意为“医疗护理”。food是“食物”,cosmetic是“化妆品”,service是“服务”,根据上题意思,service一词放在这里最合适。  

41. D  本句的意思是“在五十年代,情况发生了变化”,有转折的意思。suddenly和abruptly都是“突然”的意思,contrarily指“相反地”,but是“但是”的意思,表转折。  

42. B  take place只有主动语态,故可排除C,而begin to后应接动词不定式,只有take place“发生”可用。  

43. A  此句中太多的汽车和太少的停车场有相对比较的意思,while是连词,有“而,却”的意思,表比较。yet“然而”,表转折,though“尽管,虽然”,表让步。  

44. B  be available to sb.为固定搭配,意为“对某人来说可用的,可得到的”,本句意为“顾客可用的停车场地”,故选B。  

45. D  本句意为“商人们开始对城市界限以外的开阔地感兴趣”,out of表示“……的外面”而outside指“超过某一个界限,范围等”。  

46. A  这里是一个时间状语从句。因此用when(在……时候)。while指“在……期间”;since表示“自从”,主句一般用完成时。  

47. A  本句的意思是“购物中心是从聚集一些小的店铺开始的”,只有started as有此意。  

48. B  本句意为“远离拥挤的市中心”, out of指“在……之外”,away from表示距离,“远离”,next to指“靠近,下一个”,near是“近”的意思。  

49. A  本句意为“被……所吸引”,surprise意为“使……惊奇”,delight意为“使……喜悦”,enjoy意为“欣赏,喜爱”。  

50. D  本句意为“顾客从市区被吸引到城市以外的商业中心”,只有downtown“市区”符合此意。  

51. C  本句意为“这些购物中心越来越大的名气反过来导致了更大,设备更好的商店的建成”。distinction声望;fame卓越,好名声;popularity名气很大,知名度很高;liking喜爱,喜好。故选C。  

52. B  根据上题解释,in turn应为“依次”的意思,引申为“反过来”。  

53. A  在这四个选项中,只有by所组成的时间状语与完成时连用,意为“到……为止”,其他三个选项均被排除。  

54. C  这里convenience与providing组成短语“提供方便,便利”,符合上下文义。  

55. C  介词with在这里的意思是“带有”,本句意为“商业街被变成了带有长椅、喷泉及户外娱乐的风景优美的公园”。 

第四节.阅读理解

56—58 CAA       59—62 DDBA    63—66 ACBB   

67—71 DBCCA    72—75 BDCC  

第二部分

V:短语填空.(用合适的短语及其正确形式填空.) (共10个题, 30分, 每题3分)

36. heard  from      37. fortnight       38. am  dying  to   39.adapt  to      40. for  sure

41. have  no  concept   42. The  other  day   43. come  across   44. To  be  honest

 45.make  any  difference

VI、第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

76.are-is          77. 删去far     78.∨       79.course-courses   

80. 删去it            81.particular-particularly        82.删去that   

83. meet前加to        84.arrived-arrive              85.or-and

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