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【英语】高分生传授英语冲刺经验,轻松提高15分

(2015-04-20 14:01:04)
标签:

高考

分类: 学习方法

一、听力。以模拟练习为主。书店里这方面的参考书很多,可以挑一两本,每周做三四套自测题,还可以每天早晨听英语新闻,只要听懂主要意思就可以了。

听力测试中的重点问题

  1.具体细节

  Who cleaned the room

  Why did he come late

  What will he do tomorrow

  When does the office open

  Where did the woman stay last year

  Which does she prefertea or coffee

  How much did she pay for the book

  How often does he write to his mother

  2.判断主题

  What are they talking about

  What are the two speakers interested in

  Which of the following topics are they talking about

  What is the best title of the talk

  3.推理判断

  What does the man think of it

  How does the woman find it

  How do they like it

  Do they agree with each other

  What do we learn from the woman’s words

  When did this conversation take place

  Where do they have the conversation

  What is the probable relationship between the man and the woman

  Why did the man do that

  What is the reason for his absence

  How much a pound are the apples

  When does the plane take off

What’s the time now
  二、单项选择或语法填空。不要花太多工夫做题、抠语法,最重要的是一定要把老师课上讲的弄懂。建议大家在高考前每天只用五分钟时间做这项工作。另外,通过扩大阅读来提高单选成绩可以收到事半功倍的效果。 

单项填空中多次考过的句式

  Tom got updressed himself and went out.

  The first textbooks written for teaching English came out in the 16th century.

  He is considered to have invented the computer.

  Why not try going by boat

  He could hardly keep his eyes open.

  I can hardly imagine Peter sailing across it.

  If we had driven in turn you wouldn’t have got so tired.

  I didn’t know you were in London.

  The women got paid by the hour.

  You mustn’t play with the fire, you may hurt yourself.

  Could I borrow your bookOf course you can.

  We wish each other the best of luck.

  Look through the book and tell me what you think of it.

  The lights happened to go out.

  The fire broke out in the factory yesterday.

  The book is of great value.

   She is a newcomer to chemistry.

  He dropped the coffee cup.

  None of us had any money on us.

  They gave the child what he wanted.

  I bought two dozen of these eggs.

  This is Zhao speaking.

  Thank you. It is my pleasure.

  I have never heard a better voice.

  It was only then that I began to notice it.

  The number of people invited was fifty.

  You should leave things where you can find them.

  I don’t need any money,but I’ll bring some in case.

  Now that you’ve got a chance, you might as well make full use of it.
  三、完形填空。要每天坚持做一篇练习,重要的是在对照答案时,一定要找出答错的原因,所以最好选择每道题的答案附有详细解释的参考书。要多总结,争取培养出题感,这样考试时即使面对几个模棱两可的答案,也可以揣摩到出题人的意图,从而选出正确的选项。同样,完形填空也可以通过扩大阅读来带动。

完形填空题判断的依据 
  1.环境线索 
  2.因果线索   

3.转折线索 
  4.让步线索 
  5.顺序线索 
  6.反义词线索 
  7.同义词线索 
  8.比较线索 
  四、阅读理解。一定要坚持每天做两三篇阅读理解练习。据同学们介绍,他们大多数人在高三期间都做过七八百篇阅读练习。对于做错的题,一定要认真分析,让自己的思路向答案的思路靠拢。很多时候,当学生选错了选项时,仍然觉得自己很有道理,此时要果断地中断自己的思路,静下心来为答案找理由。书店里这种书也很多,挑选时要注意质量,要挑选权威出版社出版的,最好答案后有分析,这样可以避免被印刷错误的答案误导。阅读理解的题目都出自原文,做题的时候紧紧围绕原文考虑问题。平时在阅读时不妨把文章中和题目有关的句段画出来,以防止出现想当然的错误。做题时就从这些句段中分析作者的思路和写作意图,从而找出正确的答案。总之,做阅读理解题既不能想得太多,又不能想得太少,这中间有一个分寸,练习做得多了,自然就掌握了。在英语高考中阅读理解得了满分的同学,就是得益于这个方法。 

阅读理解重点问题汇编 
  (1)考查主题或段落大意 
  The story mainly tells us___
  From the passage we know that___
  The writer wants to tell us___
  The best title of this passage should be___ .
  The main idea of Paragraph is___
  Paragraph deals with___
  The last paragraph ends the passage with an emphasis on___
  What is the subject discussed in the text 
  Whish of the following statements is best supported by the last paragraph 
  (2)推理判断测试题 
  We can infer from the passage___
  From the passage we can tell___
  We can conclude from the passage___
  What probably happened in the end 
  When he said“…”,he meant___
  This passage would most likely to be found in___
  (3)考查文章细节理解的测试题 
  The right order of the story is___
  Choose the right order of the events given in the following. 
  Which of the following maps shows the right position of… 
  Which statement is true 
  (4)考查作者写作意图的测试题 
  This article is particularly written for___
  When the writer says…he really means___
  The author’s attitude to…is that___
  What kind of atmosphere does the writer want to create in this passage 
  The writer regards…as___
  The writer’s purpose in writing this story is___
  (5)猜测词义,常见的题干有 
  The word…in Paragraph…refers to___
  The underlined word“…”means___
  The word“…”could be replaced by___
  Which of the following words can take the place of… 
  五、写作。写作很容易在短时间内有大的飞跃,要做的就是积累一些经典的句型、地道的表达方式,在写作前准备一些要用的好词汇、好句子。积累素材很重要,要多背课文。整理出最常用、最精彩的表达法,写作文时有意识地想一想,总能用上几个。

书面表达中的常用连词与句式 
  1.过渡用语 
  表示时间顺序:firstthenafterwardsmeanwhilelater… 
    表示空间顺序:nearnext tofar fromin front ofon the lefton one side… 
    表示比较、对照:likeunlikesuch asbuthoweveron the other handon the contrarynevertheless… 
  表示因果关系:becauseforas resultthereforethus… 
  表示递进关系:besideswhat’s moremoreoverin addition… 
  表示并列关系:andas well asalso… 
  表示总结性:in generalin wordin shorton the whole… 
  2.常用句式 
  记事 
  At first he didn’t hear anything at all. 
  But then sudden knock on the door woke him up. 

Following that came man’s voice saying “Come out or will break in” 
  Several minutes laterhe heard someone leave. 
  Finally he got upopened the door and looked around. 
  写人 
  She is girl of twelve years old. 
  She is tall and slim with big eyes and curly hair. 
  Being kind and helpfulshe always enjoys helping others out. 

In her spare time she spends much time listening to music and reading novels. 
   She gets on well with almost anyone and is always welcome wherever she goes. 
  介绍某地 
  Liaoning Province lies in the northeast of China. 
  It is rich in many kinds of natural resourcessuch as coal and petrol. 
  It has population of 23 million. 
  It is terribly cold in winter and very hot in summer there. 

The people there are friendly and hardworking and their hospitality will never 

fail to give you deep impression. 
  通知用语 
  Attention, please.May have your attention, please? 
  The sports meet to be held tomorrow is canceled due to the bad weather. 
  meeting is to be held in Room 203 at two o’clock tomorrow afternoon. 
  Please take pen and notebook with you and be there on time. 
  That’s all. Thank you!
  写信 
Dear Tom
 

I’m very glad to receive your letter…  

am fine but very busy recently learning English. 
 have been strictly following the advice given by you in your last letter and have

made some progress so far. 
Please remember me to your parents. 
                                                       Yours truly

Li Ming 
议论 
In my opinion
prefer traveling by train rather than by plane.

For one thingtrain ticket is much cheaper than plane ticket. 
For another
you can enjoy the beautiful views outside the train window. 
Above all
it’s safer traveling on train than traveling in plane. 
In word
will always travel by train if I’m not in great hurry. 

短文改错测试中常出现的错误 
  andbut用错 
  名词单复数形式不对 
  人称代词指代混乱 
  逻辑推理错 
  动词在第三人称单数后忘加
  动词过去式未加ed 
  so…that句式 
  定语从句中的whichwhere 
  though后多加but 
  形容词和副词混用

 

 

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