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给新进大学教员的建议

(2008-02-02 06:11:07)
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给学生的建议

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Saturday, February 24, 2007
Advice for New Junior Faculty
给新进大学教员的建议
liyiru2_b翻译

http://gregmankiw.blogspot.com/2007/02/advice-for-new-junior-faculty.html

A reader emails me:
一位读者给我发了一封电子邮件:


I've read your "Advice for..." blog posts with interest. They're truly helpful. But now I've finished the job market and I have a tenure-track position at a research university. Can you post an "Advice for Junior Faculty" next?


我饶有兴趣地读了您"Advice for...(给……的建议)"(共有两篇-译者注)的博客文章,觉得对自己非常有帮助。现在,我在一所研究型大学找到了终身研究员侯补的职位。您能在下面的文章中谈谈“给初级教员的建议”嘛?

Okay, here goes:
好,下面就来谈谈几点建议:

  • Your focus should be on getting papers published in refereed journals. Everything else is secondary.
  • 你应该把注意力放在发表期刊论文上,其他都是次等重要的。
  • Do not be a perfectionist. It is tempting to keep revising your dissertation chapters until you are completely satisfied with them before sending them off to a journal. The problem is that you may never be completely satisfied. Meanwhile, the editorial review process is unconscionably long, and your tenure review is approaching. So don't delay. If you just got a job as an assistant professor at Bigshot University, aim to send your dissertation research to journals before you arrive at Bigshot to start teaching.
  • 不要当一名完美主义者。一遍一遍地审视论文的各个章节,直到你完全满意再寄给学术期刊,这样做是很自然的。问题是,你可能永远不会完全满意。同时,编辑审查的过程又是无节制的漫长,而你的终身教职评估渐渐逼近。所以不要再耽搁了。如果你在某所知名大学担任助理教授,最好能在开始教学前就把自己的论文送去学术期刊。
  • It pays to be a good teacher and a good citizen in your department: Your senior colleagues will be more likely to want to keep you around. But don't deceive yourself into thinking that great teaching or citizenship will make up for a paucity of published research.
  • 在你的院系里,你应该当一名优秀的教师和合格的公民:这样,资历比你长的同事会更加想留你在身边。但是不要自欺欺人,认为非常棒的教学或者人品会弥补哪怕一点点发表的学术研究。
  • For women and minorities:
    Be especially wary of invitations to sit on university committees. I have noticed that deans and other university administrators like to promote diversity on their committees. They never seem to figure out
    that, as a result of this "tax" on women and minorities, we white males are left alone with more time to pursue our research.
  • 给女士和少数人的建议:特别要注意请你们进入校委员会的邀请。我注意到,校长和其他大学管理者喜欢使委员会人员多样化。他们好像从来没发现,这种加于女士和少数人“税”的结果,就是我们男性白人有了更多进行研究的时间。
  • Attend conferences and give seminars at schools to publicize your work and yourself. The people in the audience may one day be in a position to hire you or write letters of evaluation about you.
  • 在学校参与研讨会并且举行讨论会,这样可以给自己的学术工作和自己多做宣传。台下的听众可能在将来成为你的雇主或者评估你的人。
  • Tenure review committees give a lot of attention to where papers are published (perhaps too much, in light of this work by Andrew Oswald). Give each of your papers a shot or two at the top journals, such as the AER, JPE, or QJE. Even if you are not confident in the paper, it is worth a try for two reasons. First, as author, you are not in the best position to judge its quality; some people are too fond of their own work, and some are too hard on it. Let the editors decide. Second, the editorial process is highly imperfect. (Again, see Oswald.) The bad news is that some of your best articles may end up getting rejected from the top journals. The good news that you may get lucky, and some of your so-so articles may end up published in top journals simply because they hit the editor's desk when he is in a good mood.
  • 终身教职评估委员非常在意论文发布的杂志(可能太过在意了,根据work by Andrew Oswald)将你的论文投向一、两家顶级刊物,比如说AER(American Economic Review美国经济评论),JPE(Journal of Political Economy政治经济学杂志),或者QJE(Quarterly Journal of Economics 经济学季刊)。就算你对自己的论文没有信心,由于如下两个原因还是值得一试的。第一,作为原作人,你并不处在判断它价值的最佳位置,一些人太热爱自己的作品,另一些人则太过苛刻。让编辑们决定吧。第二,审查过程相当不完美(还是看看Oswald的文章)。坏消息是你一些相当棒的文章可能被核心刊物拒稿,好消息是你可能走大运,一些不大出彩的文章可能最终登上核心刊物的版面,仅仅因为编辑那时候心情不错。
  • Do not get discouraged by rejection. It is part of the process. Learn what you can from the editors and referees and then take your paper to another journal.
  • 别因为退稿而泄气。这是总归要经历的过程。从编辑和审查人身上学到东西,然后把文章寄给另一家杂志。
  • Be on the lookout for good coauthors among your colleagues and students. See My Rules of Thumb for more discussion of this topic.
  • 在你的同事和学生中寻找优秀的合著人。我的My Rules of Thumb有更多此主题的讨论。
  • Avoid activities that will distract you from research. Whatever you do, do not start a blog. That will only establish your lack of seriousness as a scholar.
  • 避免分散你研究注意力的活动。不管你做什么,别写博客。那只会建立你这个学者不严肃的形象。
  • Remember that you got into academics in part for the intellectual freedom it allows. So pursue your passions. Do not be too strategic. Be wary of advice from old fogies like me.
  • 记住:你进入大学的部分初衷是为了它的知识自由。所以追求你的激情所在吧。别太战略性。关注像我这样老家伙的建议。
 

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