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[转载]常用词根的小结(二)

(2018-08-01 09:04:40)
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“-name-/-nom-/-nym-”: naming(名称;提名;命名)→name; namely; nominal; nominate; noun; surname; nominal*

“-nat-/-nas-”: to be born(出生,天生)→innate; naïve; nation; national; nationality; native; natural; nature; pregnant; renaissance

“-nec-”: bind; tie(捆绑;联系)→connect; necessary; annex*

“-neg-/-ny-/-n-”: say “no”(否定;否认)→deny; denial; negate; negative; no; nor; neither

“-noc-/-nui-”: harm; hurt; injure(伤害)→annoy; innocent; nuisance; odium; ennui

“-norm-”: rule; pattern(规则;尺度)→abnormal; enormous; norm; normal; normalization; enormity*

“-note-/-nota-”: mark; sign; indication(标记)→denote; notable; note; notebook

“-nov-/-new-”: new(新)→innovation; new; news; novel; novelty; renew; renovate

“-num-”: number(数字)→innumerable; number; numerical; numerous

“-nunc-/-nunti-/-nounce-”: messenger; announce; report(信息;宣布;报告)→announce; announcement; denounce; pronounce; pronunciation; renounce*; enunciation*; renunciation*

“-nur-/-nut-”: nourish; feed(滋养;抚育)→nurse; nursery; nurture; nutrition; nurture; nourish*; malnourished*

“-ole-/-ale-/-ule-” : feed; nourish(成长,滋养)→abolish; adolescent; adult; coalition; old;(aliment; prolific)

“-opera-”: work(运作)→cooperate; cooperation; cooperative; manoeuvre; office; opera; operate; operation; operator; operational

“opt ”: choose(选择)→adopt; adopted; adoption; opt; optional

“-ordin-/-order-”: arranging(安排;排列)→coordinate; coordination; disorder; order; orderly; ordinary; subordinate

“-ore-/-ora-”: pray; speak; say(说话;祈祷;崇拜)→adore; orate; oration

“-organ-”: implement; work; tool(工具;机体)→organ; organic; organization; organize; organism

“-ori-”: rise(升起;出现)→arise; arouse; origin; orient; oriental; orientation; origin; original; originate

“-pact-/-pag-”: fasten; contract(捆绑;收紧)→compact; impact; page; pact

“-pair-/-pejor-”: worse(使更糟)→impair; pejorative*

“-pal-/-pale-”: pale(惨白)→appall; pale

“-pan-”: bread(面包)→accompany; company; companion

“-pand-”: spread; extend(扩展;发展)→expand; expansion

“-par-/-pare-”: ready; prepare; bring(准备)→apparatus; parade; parent; prepare; preparation; repair

“-pare-/-pari-/-pero-/-peri-” : equal; order; place(对等;等级)→compare; comparison; comparable; emperor; empire; imperative; imperial; pair; peer; separate; several; disparity*

“-part-/-parc-/-port-”: part; piece; divide(部分;分开)→apart; apartment; compartment; depart; department; impart; impartial; parcel; part; partial; participate; particle; particular; partly; partner; party; patch; portion

“-pace-/-pass-/-pet-”: step(步伐;行走)→compass; pace; pass; passage; passenger; passerby; passport; past; pastime; surpass;

“-pater-/-patri-”: father(父亲)→patriotic; patron; pattern; patriarchal*; patriarch*

“-pati-/-pass-/-path-”: suffering; emotion; feelings(痛苦;情感;感受)→compassion; compatible; impatient; passion; passive; pathetic; patient; patience; sympathetic; sympathize; sympathy; repent*

“-pax-/-peace-/-pac-”: peace(和平;安静)→pacific; pay; peace

“-pear-/-par-”: become visible(可见的)→apparent; appear; appearance; apparently; disappear; transparent

“-ped-/-pes-”: foot(脚;足;行)→expedition; pedal; pedestrian; impeachment*; impede*

“-pel-/-pul-/-pete-/-peat-”: drive; push; seek(推动;争夺;寻觅)→appetite; appeal; appealing; compel; compete; competition; competitive; competitor; competent; compulsory; expel; impetus; perpetual petition; impulse; propel; pull; pulse; push; repel; unappealing; repeal*; dispel*; repulse*

“-pend-/-pens-”: hang(悬挂)→appendix; depend; dependent; dependence; independence; independent; pendulum; suspend; perpendicular*

“-pend-/-pens-/-pound-/-pounce-”: weigh;pay(掂量;量化;钱财)→compensate; compensation; expend; expenditure; expensive; indispensable; pension; ponder; pound; spend; dispensable*

“-spers-/-sperg-”: scatter(散开)→disperse; disperse; sparse

“-peri-/-pers-/-pert-”: prove; proof; peril(证明;证实)→experience; experiment; experimental; expert

“-peri-”: around; near; about; away(周围;附近;离去)→period; periodical; perish

“-phant-/-fant-/-fanc-/-pha-”: vision; show(视觉;显现)→fancy; fantasy; phase; phenomenon

“-pic-/-ping-”: paint(绘,画)→depict; paint; painter; painting; picture; pine; picturesque*

“-pile-/-pole-”: pack(组合)→compile; pile; pillar; pole; polar

“-plac-/-plea-”: pleasure(快乐)→plea; plead; pleasant; please; pleasure; complacently*

“-place-”: place(地点;放置)→displace; place; replace

“-plain-/-plang-”: bewail; lament(挽歌)→complain; complaint

“-plan-/-plain-”: flatten; level(平坦)→explain; explanation; plain

“-plaud-/-plaus-/-plode-”: clap(拍手;鼓掌)→applaud; applause; explode; plausible

“-ple-/-pli-/-ply-”: fill up(充满)→accomplish; complement; complete; compliment; comply; implement; plenty; supply; depletion*; replenish*; replete*

“-plec-/-plic-/-plo-/-ply-”: braid; fold(折叠)→appliance; application; apply; complex; complicate; complicated; diploma; diplomatic; display; duplicate; employ; employment; explicit; exploit; implication; implicit; imply; multiply; perplex; plait; plight; reply; simple; simplicity; simplify; simply; deploy*; plait*; pleat*

“-plor-”: weep; cry(哭泣;争夺)→deplore; explore; implore*

“-point-/-punt-”: point(点)→appoint; appointment; punctual

“-pon-/-pos-/-pound-”: put; place(放置;地点)→component; compose; composite; composition; compound; deposit; disposal; dispose; disposable; disposition; expose; exposure; impose; opponent; oppose; opposite; poem; poet; poetry; pose; position; positive; post; postage; postcard; poster; postman; postpone; posture; preposition; proposal; propose; proposition; suppose; appose*; decompose*; potency*; presupposition*; proponent*; repose*

“-pop-/-pub-”: crowd; nation; people(大众;民众)→people; pop; populace; popular; population; populist; public; publication; publicity; publish; republic; republican

“-port-”: carry; approach(接近)→import; importance; important; report; opportunity; port; portable; report; reporter; support; transport

“-poss-/-pote-”: to be able; to have power(能力;力量)→impossible; possess; possession; potent; possible; possibility; possibly; potential; power; powerful; omnipotent*

“-prac-/-prag-”: do; act(做;实践)→practical; practically; practice; practicality; practitioner; pragmatic

“-pris-/-prehend-/-prehens-”: seize; hold(抓,拿,取;容纳)→comprehend; comprise; prison; prisoner; surprise; apprehension*

“-press-/-prem-/-prin-”: press; imprint; strike(打击;撞击)→compress; depress; impress; oppress; press; pressure; print; repression; suppress; reprimand*

“-prim-/-prem-/-prote-”: first(第一,首要,首先)→premier; primary; prime; primitive; prince; principal; protein; prototype; pristine*

“-pris-/-prais-/-prec-”: prize; value(奖励;称道;珍惜)→appraise; prize; appreciate; enterprise; entrepreneur; interpret; praise; prize; price; premium

“-priv-/-propr-/-proach-/-prope-/-prox-”: one’s own; make one’s own; single // near(自我,自己;接近)→appropriate; approximate; deprive; peculiar; proper; property; privacy; private; privilege; // approach; reproach

“-prov-/-prod-”: profit; beneficial(益处;好处)→improve; improvement

“-prove-/-prob-”: test; prove(测试;证明)→approve; probability; probable; proof; prove; probation*

“-pun-/-pen-/-pain-/-poi-”: punish; grief; penalty; pierce(痛苦;惩罚)→pain; penalty; pen; point; punish; punitive*

“-put-”: think(思考;思索)→computer; computer; deputy; dispute; repute

“-quali-”: state; nature(所属类别;属性)→qualification; qualify; qualitative; quality

“-quanti-”: extent; amount(所有数量;多少)→quantity; quantify; quantitative

“-quart-”: fourth(四分之一)→quart; quarter; quarterly; square

“-quir-/-quis-/-quer-/-quest-”: get; seek(争,夺,抢)→acquire; acquisition; conquer; conquest; quest; cry; enquire; exquisite; inquire; inquiry; quarrel; quest; question; questionnaire; request; require; requirement; quiz; exquisite*; prerequisite*; querulous*

“-rad-/-rude-”: root; ray(根;散发;放射)→radiant; radiate; radiation; radical; radio; radius; ray; root; radium*; rude; rudimentary*

“-range-/-range-/-ray-”: range; put in a row(安排)→arrange; array; range

“-rap-”: seize; beat(打;夺;抢)→rap; rape; rapid; rapt*; rapture*; ravage*

“-rat-/-reas-”: thinking; reasoning; calculate(掂量;计算;推理)→rate; ratio; ration; read; reader; reason; reasonable; reckon

“-rect-/-reg-/-rig-/-roy-/-rex-”: straight; make straight; lead straight; rule; king(皇帝;规则;命令)→alert; correct; direct; direction; directly; director; erect; escort; rectangle; rectify; right; rigorous; upright; realm; regime; region; regular; regulate; regulation; reign; rich; royal; royalty; rule; ruler

“-relate-”: relation(说法;关联)→correlate; correlation; relation; relativity; relate; interrelation

“-rest-/-rit-”: stand firm; established; stop(稳健;静止;停止)→arrest; irritate; rest; restless

“-riv-/-rip-/-rig-”: riverbank; reach the bank; stream(河流;起源;河畔)→arrive; arrival; derive; rival; irrigate; ripple; rise; river

“-rod-/-ros-”: gnaw; scrape; shave(啃;磨)→corrode; corrosion; erosion; rat; razor

“-rogat-”: ask(询问)→arrogate; interrogate

“-roll-/-rot-”: roll; turn(滚动)→control; role; roll; rotate; rotary

“-rud-”: rush; fall(匆促;下降)→rude; ruins

“-rupt-”: break(打破;破裂)→abrupt; bankrupt; corrupt; disrupt; erupt; interrupt; route; routine

“-sacer-/-sanc-”: holy(神圣)→sacred; sacrifice; saint; sanction

“-sala-/-salt-/-saus-”: salt(盐)→salad; salary; salt; sauce; saucer; sausage; saline*

“-salt-/-sult-”: leap(跳跃)→assault; insult; result; resultant

“-salv-/-salu-”: safety(安全)→safe; safety; safeguard; salute; salvage; save; saving

“-sati-/-satu-”: enough(足够;充足)→asset; satisfy; satisfactory; satisfied; saturate; sad; satire; satisfaction; satisfactory; satisfy; saturate; insatiable*

“-scala-/-scend-/-scent-”: ladder(梯子;爬;高)→ascend; ascent; descend; descendant; descent; transcend; transcendentalist*; escalate; scale; scan

“-scam-/-shame-”: shame(惭愧)→ashamed; shame

“-sci-”: know(认知)→conscience; conscientious; conscious; consciousness; science; scientific; scientist; subconsciously*

“-scrib-/-scrip-”: write; writing(写)→describe; description; manuscript; prescribe; prescription; script; subscribe; transcript*; conscription*; scribbler*; scripture*

“-sect-/-sec-/-seg-”: cut(分;离)→insect; intersection; sail; sailor; saw; sect; section; sector; segment; sex

“-secu-/-sequ-/-sic-”: follow(跟从;随从)→consecutive; consequence; consequent; consequently; execute; executive; intrinsic; persecute; prosecute; pursue; pursuit; second; secondary; sequence; subsequent; sue; suit; suitable; suite; ensue*

“-sem-/-sim-”: bring together(聚合;聚拢)→assemble; assimilate; similar; simulate; resemblance; resemble; same; seem; similar; simulate; simultaneous

“-sens-/-sent-/-cens-”: feeling(感受;认知)→census; consensus; consent; nonsense; resent; scent; sensation; sense; sensible; sensitive; sentiment; sentence; resentment*; sensory*

“-sere-/-sert-”: join(加入;连接)→assert; desert; exert; insert; serial; series

“-serv-”: keep safe; keep; watch(保持;看护)→conserve; conservation; conservative; observe; preserve; reservation; reserve; reservoir

“-serv-/-servr-”: serve; slave(奴隶)→deserve; dessert; servant; serve; service

“-sess-/-sid-”: sit(处于;座位;坐)→assess; obsess; possess; possession; preside; president; reside; resident; residence; saddle; seat; seize; sit; session; set; settle; siege; sit; site; situated; situation; subsidy; sedative*; subside*; dissident*

“-sid-”: stars(星星)→consider; considerable; considerate; considerably; consideration

“-sign-”: mark out(标记)→assign; sign; signify; design; designate

“-sip-/-sup-”: throw(扔;投)→dissipate

“-soci-”: join; an ally; companion(加入;联盟;伙伴)→associate; association; sociable; social; socialism; society; sociology

“-sole-/-sola-/-solu-”: alone; lonely(孤独)→desolate; sole; solitary

“-sole-/-soli-/-sil-”: pleasure; strong; firm(强健;稳健)→console; consolidate; silly; solid; solitary

“-solv-/-solu-”: loose; release; free from debt(松解;放松)→dissolve; resolute; resolve; resolution; soluble; solution; solve

“-sorb-”: suck in(吸入)→absorb

“-spec-”: individual; species(个体;种类)→especial; especially; special; specialize; specialist; specialty; specific; species; specification; specify; spice; spicy

“-spect-/-spi(s)-”: look; sight; watch(看,视力;认知)→aspect; conspicuous; despise; despite; expect; expectation; inspect; perspective; prospect; prospective; respect; respective; retrospect; specimen; spectacle; spectacular; spectator; spectrum; speculate; spite; spy; suspect; suspicion; suspicious; introspect*; retrospect*

“-sper-/-spir-”: hope; breathe(呼吸;希望;生灵)→aspire; conspiracy; despair; expire; inspire; prosper; prosperity; prosperous; speed; spirit; spiritual

“-spond-”: pledge(保证,誓言,抵押)→correspond; correspondence; corresponding; respond; response; responsible; responsibility; sponsor; spouse; responsive*

“-stand-/-stanc-/-star-/-stab-/-state-/-stit-/-sist-”: stand; stay; set (up); place; establish(成型;保持;树立;构成)→constituent; circumstance; constitute; constant; destiny; destination; distance; establish; establishment; estate; instead; institute; institution; obstacle; rest; stability; stable; stadium; staff; stage; stall; stance; stand; standard; standpoint; state; statement; statesman; static; station; stationary; statistics; statistical; statue; status; statute; stay; steer; stem; still; stool; substance; substantial; substitute; superstitious; system; systematic; understand; withstand; prostitute*; status quo; // assist; assistant; consist; consistent; consistency; exist; existence; insist; instance; instant; persist; resist; resistance; resistant; transistor; reinstate*; restitution*; solstice*

“-stil-”: drop(下落)→distill; instill

“-stinc-/-sting-”: separate; quench(分离;熄灭;蛰)→distinct; distinction; distinguish; instinct; extinct; extinguish; stick; sticky; stimulate; sting; stitch

“-stor-”: stake(库存)→restaurant; restore; stock; store; storage

“-string-/-strain-/-strict-”: to bind; contract(捆紧;棒紧)→constrain; distress; district; prestige; restrain; restraint; restrict; strain; strength; stress; strict; string; strong

“-struc-/-stroy-”: pile up; erect; build(结构;建立)→construct; construction; destroy; destruction; industrial; industry; industrialize; infrastructure; instruct; instruction; instrument; obstruct; obstruction; strain; structure

“-sume-/-sum-”: take(拿;取;承担)→assume; assumption; assuming; consume; consumption; presumably; presume; resume

“-sul-/-sel-”: summon; gather(召集)→consult; counsel

“-sum-/-super-”: superior(超;圆满)→consummate

“-sure-/-sur-”: secure; make sure(确保;确信)→assure; assurance; ensure; insure; reassure; sure

“-tach-/-stake-”: stake(树桩;关键)→attach; attached; attack; detached; stake

“-tail-”: cut; limitation(减切)→tailor; detail; entail; retail; tailor

“-tain-/-ten-/-tent-/-tin-/-tact-/-teger-/-tang-”: hold // touch; reach(把握;接触,延伸)→contain; content; detain; entertain; maintain; maintenance; obtain; retain; retention; sustain; tenant; tennis; // attain; contact; contaminate; continent; continue; continual; continuous; entire; intact; integral; integrate; integrity; tactics; tangible*; continence*; countenance*; pertain*; pertinent*

“-tect-/-tech-”: workman; craftsmanship(工艺;技术)→architect; architecture; technical; technician; technique; technology

“-tege-/-tect-”: cover(覆盖)→detect; detective; detector; protect

“-temp-/-time-”: time(时间)→contemporary; temper; temperature; temperature; tempo; temporary; tide; extemporize*

“-tend-/-tent-/-tempt-”: extend; stretch; aim; strive for; try(弯曲;倾向;争;夺)→attempt; attend; attention; attentive; inattention; attendance; contend; extend; extension; extensive; extent; intend; intense; intensity; intensive; intention; pretend; tempt; temptation; tend; tendency; tense; tension; tent; tentative; tone; intent*

“-term-”: end; limit(末端;结束)→determine; determination; term; terminal; terminate; terminus*; interminable*

“-terr-”: land(土地)→territory; terrain*; terrestrial*

“-testi-/-test-”: witness(证明;证据)→contest; protest; testify; testimony

“-text-”: weave; braid(编织;编织物)→context; pretext; text; textbook; textile; texture; tissue

“-theo-/-thu-”: god(神)→enthusiasm

“-tom-/-tomo-”: cutting(切;砍;剪)→atom; contemplate

“-tor-/tour”: direct; circle(指导;环绕)→attorney; tour; tournament*

“-tort-”: turn; twist(扭曲)→distort; retort; torch; torment; torture

“-tract-/-tire-/-drag-/-draught-/-dra-”: draw towards; pull(拖;拉;抽)→abstract; attract; attraction; attractive; contract; distract; extract; draft; draught; draw; retire; subtract; retreat; trace; track; tractor; trade; trademark; traffic; trail; train; trait; traitor; treat; treaty

“-tramp-”: stamp(踩)→track; tramp; trap; trip

“-trai-/-trea”: hand over(给出)→betray; traitor; treason

“-tribu-/-trib-”: give; assign(给予;呈交)→attribute; contribute; contribution; distribute; tribe; tribute

“-tric-/-trig-”: trifles; complexities(复杂)→intricate; intrigue; trick

“-triev-/-trouv”: find(找寻)→retrieve

“-triv-/-trop-”: trope(修辞)→contrive

“-trud-”: thrust(投;刺)→intrude; protrude*

“-tue-”: look at(照看)→intuition; intuitive; tuition

“-turb-”: commotion; confuse(扰乱;喧闹)→disturb; disturbance; perturb*

“-und-/-ound-”: overflow(流溢)→abound; abundant; abundance; abound; redundant; surround; undulating*

“-uni-”: one(一;统一)→onion; uniform; unify; unique; union; unit; unite; universal; universe; university; unitary*

“-use-/-ut-”: employ; use(使用;实用)→abuse; misuse; disuse; utility; utilize; usage; use; used; useful; usual; usually; utilize; utility; utensil*; usurp*; usurer*

“-vad-/-vas-”: go; leave(走;离开)→evade; evasion; invade; invasion; pervade*

“-vaga-”: wander(漫游;走动)→extravagance; extravagant

“-vapor-”: steam(蒸汽)→evaporate

“-vari-/-varu-”: changing(改变;变化)→invariable; variable; variation; variety; various; vary

“-vent-/-ven-”: come; arrive(到来;来临)→advent; adventure; avenue; convenient; convenience; convene; convention; conventional; event; intervene; invent; invention; inventory; prevent; revenue; venture; souvenir*

“-verb-”: word(言辞;话语)→adverb; verbal; nonverbal; verb; verbal

“-vert/-vers-/-viro-”: turn towards(转;扭)→adverse; reverse; converse; adverse*; advertise; anniversary; avert; averse; controversy; controversial; conversely; converse; conversation; convert; conversion; diverse; diversion; divorce; environment; inverse; invert; prose; reverse; universe; universal; university; versatile; verse; version; versus; vertical; veer*; introvert*; perverse*; revert*; veranda*; averse*; diverge*

“-vesti-”: track; footstep(足迹)→investigate; vestige*

“-via-/-vey-”: way; road(路;途径)→convey; deviate; obvious; previous; trivial; way

“-vic/-vis-/-vid-/-view-”: something seen(看;视)→advise; advice; advisable; envisage; envy; evidence; evident; interview; invisible; provide; provided; provision; review; revise; supervise; survey; video; view; viewpoint; visa; visible; vision; visit; visitor; visual*; vista*; vigilant*; provident*

“-vid-/-vis-”: divide; separate; widow(分离)→devise; device; divide; dividend; individual; widow

“-vinc-/-vict-”: conquer; overcome;→convict; convince; conviction; province; revenge; victory; vengeance*; avenge*

“-viv-/-vit-/-vio-/-vig-/-verg-/-val-/-wor-/-war-”:(男性)①life; live(生命力);②strength;strong;(力量);③worth(价值);④truth(真实;可靠)→verge; vegetarian; vegetation; vegetarian; revive; survival; survive; valid; validity; violate; violent; violence; vital; vivid; verify; very; virtue; virtual; vital; vivid; vitamin; viable*; vigorous; war; verdure*; vehemently;* valorous*; valiantly*; warrior*; // worth; worthwhile; worthy; // avail; available; equivalent; evaluate; evaluation; invalid; invaluable; prevail; prevalent; valid; valuable; value; valor*; invigorating*; inviolability*

“-voc-/-vok-/-call-”: to call (as witness)(呼喊)→advocate; provoke; call; council; evoke; provoke; recall; reconcile; vocabulary; vocal; vocation; voice; vowel; irrevocable*

“-voi-/-vui-/-vac-/-vit-”: empty; void; cease(空;停)→avoid; void; evacuate; inevitable; vacant; vacation; vacuum; vain; vanish; vanity; vast; void; waste; evacuate*; evanescent*

“-volv-/-volu-/velo-”: roll; wrap(卷;包裹)→develop; development; envelop; envelope; evolution; evolve; involve; revolt; revolution; revolutionary; revolve; volt; volume

“-vove-”: vow(誓言)→devote; vote

“-ward-”: observe; to decide after investigation(认知;观察)→awake; award; aware; reward; upward; toward; wait; wake; warn; watch

“-wit-/-wis-”: know(认知)→wise; wisdom; wit; witty; witness

 

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