加载中…
个人资料
垃圾杂碎
垃圾杂碎
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:363
  • 关注人气:0
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……

(2010-12-01 10:47:24)
标签:

陨石

文化


- Meteorites For Sale -销售陨石对于
- Found A Meteorite? -发现的陨石?
- Monthly Favourite -每月的最爱
- Meteorite Information -陨石信息
- Classification List -分类表
- Meteorite Collection -陨石收藏
- Media Centre -传媒中心

- Home -首页

- Search -搜索
- Site Map -网站地图
- Contact -联系

陨石澳大利亚:你找到陨石?

HAVE YOU FOUND A METEORITE? - If you've come to this page because you believe a stone you have may be a meteorite; then the information below may help you to identify the 'potential meteorite'. 你有没有发现陨石;? -如果你来到这个网页,因为你相信你有一块石头可能是一块陨石,那么下面的信息可以帮助你找出潜在陨石'。 It is important to note that this information is a guide only! 重要的是要注意,此信息仅供参考! A meteorite can only be termed so, when it has been formally classified by a recognised institution. 一个被称为陨石只能如此,当它已被正式列为由认可机构。 With that said, there are still a number of things that may indicate you have a meteorite which are listed below. 随着中说,仍然有以下电话的东西,可能表明您列出了这些陨石。 If you are still not sure after looking at this page or you think you do indeed have a meteorite; please see details at page end. 如果你仍然不相信这页后看,或者你认为你确实有一个陨石;结束,详细资料请参阅网页。

There is a 'Glossary of Meteorite Terms & Definitions' here to help. An Information Icon ( 有一个'陨石条款和术语表定义, 在这里 帮忙。 信息图标 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定…… ) following a meteorite name may be clicked to obtain further information and/or photos for that particular specimen. )后,点击陨石名称可能会获得进一步的信息和/或针对特定标本照片。

IMPORTANT NOTICE TO AUSTRALIAN RESIDENTS: 澳大利亚居民的重要通告:

It is illegal to send meteorites overseas that have been found in Australia. 它是非法的陨石海外派遣澳大利亚已发现英寸 Doing so breaks Federal Law under the 'Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act (1986)' and can incur heavy penalties including fines and/or a prison sentence. 这样做休息根据联邦法律 ,法令保护可移动文化遗产(1986)' ,可招致重罚监禁刑罚包括罚款和/或。 Special export permits or clearance letters must be obtained to send any Australian meteorite overseas which on occasion can be denied, reflecting the serious intent of the legislation. Meteorites Australia supports the Australian Government and the Department of the Environment and Heritage in this matter and will only conduct proceedings in a manner which adheres to these laws. 特别出口许可证或清理信件必须获得发送任何海外的澳大利亚陨石有时可以被剥夺,反映了严重的立法原意。陨石澳大利亚支持澳大利亚政府对此事环境和遗产部在这方面和,只会这些法律进行诉讼的方式,奉行。

More details ---> 更多细节--->

Does the stone attract a magnet? 请问石头一块磁铁吸引?

If the answer to this question is "NO" then it is probably not a meteorite. 如果这个问题的回答是“否”,那么它很可能不是陨石。 Because of their high iron content, the vast majority of meteorites will attract a magnet. 由于其含铁量高,绝大多数的陨石会吸引磁铁。 A good test is to dangle a magnet on a string and see if it is drawn towards the stone. 一个好的测试是吊着一个字符串磁铁,看看它是否是石头画走向。 If the magnet pulls towards the stone then you are on the right track. 如果磁铁石朝拉那你就是在正确的轨道。 However there are still a lot of Earth rocks that will also attract a magnet, so this test is by no means conclusive. 但仍然有大量的地球岩石,也将吸引一个磁铁,所以这个测试决不是决定性的。 A very few meteorites will not attract a magnet, so read on and see if any of the other features are present. 极少数陨石不会吸引一块磁铁,所以阅读,看看是否具有任何其他都存在。 There's still a very small chance it could be a meteorite. 还是有一个很小的机会,它可能是一块陨石。

Weight 重量

Is the stone 'heavy for it's size'? 是石头,它沉重的大小'? Because meteorites usually have a large iron content they are quite heavy. 由于陨石通常有一个大铁内容,他们都相当沉重。 Even meteorites with a relatively low iron content will still seem quite heavy compared to Earth or terrestrial rocks of the same size. 铁含量即使以相对较低的陨石仍然显得非常沉重相比,地球陆地岩石或相同的大小的。 Some meteorites are made completely of metal. 完全是由一些陨石的金属。 These are called Iron meteorites, usually abbreviated to "Irons" and are very heavy for their size. 这些被称为铁陨石,通常缩写为“铁杆”,是非常沉重的大小。 They are primarily a mix of iron and nickel. 他们主要是铁和镍的混合。

* Click here for a list of meteorite densities --> * 点击这里进行了密度名单陨石- >“

Surface Features / Colour 表面特征/彩色

Fusion Crust: When meteorites travel through Earth's atmosphere, they burn and form what is called a "Fusion Crust". 融合地壳: 当陨石穿过地球大气层的,他们燃烧 ,并形成了所谓的“融合地壳”。 The crust is usually black, grey to dark brown in colour. 地壳通常是黑色,灰色,深褐色英寸 A weathered meteorite which has been on the ground for sometime will be more of a rusty/brown colour. 陨石风化已被地面上的某个时候将更多的是生锈的颜色/棕色。 Sometimes the fusion crust will have "Flow Lines" where the surface has melted and looks to have flowed around the meteorite. 有时融合地壳将有“流线”里的表面已经融化,并期待已流周围的陨石。 They look like fine wavy lines in the crust and will occasionally seem to originate from the front and stream towards the back. 他们看起来像在地壳细波浪线,并会偶尔似乎来自正面和背面朝流。 When meteorites hit the ground they will often chip parts of the crust off. 陨石撞击地面时,他们往往会在片外地区地壳的。 Iron meteorites, when freshly fallen have a beautiful 'steely', blue/black fusion crust. 铁陨石,当时刚下有一个美丽的'钢铁',蓝/黑融合地壳。 Irons that have weathered will rust and form a rusty oxide layer. 风化铁杆有会生锈,形成一个生锈的氧化层。 It may look like a lump of rusty metal and possibly flake at the surface. 它可能看起来像一个生锈的金属表面的肿块,并可能在鳞片。 It could also be a mixture of these two things. 它也可能是这两种东西的混合物。

3.636克未分类撒哈拉切片一半。
Notice the Black Crust with faint flow lines & the different pale interior. 注意地壳浅内饰黑幽幽的流线及与不同。

More fusion crust examples - click an image to enlarge. 更多融合地壳的例子-点击图片放大。

OUM的Dreyga / Amgala(蛋白H3 - 5)三十六点零零克个人 - 100%的融合飞行标志结皮
Oum Dreyga (H3-5) OUM的Dreyga(蛋白H3 - 5) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
Kilabo(LL6)一十点三零克个人
Kilabo (LL6) Kilabo(LL6) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
鄄城县流行性感冒(H5)9.25克个人
Juancheng (H5) 鄄城县流行性感冒(H5) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
Thuathe(H4的- 5)三点三六克面向个人
Thuathe (H4-5) Thuathe(H4的- 5) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
Bensour(LL6)16.57克个人
Bensour (LL6) Bensour(LL6) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
Pultusk“豌豆”流行性感冒(H5)3.765克个人
Pultusk (H5) Pultusk 流行性感冒(H5) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
Sikhote -阿林(IIAB) - 233.3克面向个人
Sikhote-Alin (IIB) Sikhote -阿林(IIB级) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
Millbillillie(Eucrite)10.35克面向个人(漠土染色)
Millbillillie (Eucrite) Millbillillie(Eucrite) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
美国西北航空3147(Eucrite)4.10克Endcut
NWA 3147 (Eucrite) 美国西北航空3147(Eucrite) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……

Rounded Corners: Meteorites are rarely ever a ball or sphere type shape, but actually quite irregular. 圆角: 陨石很少过一个球或球型的形状,但实际上相当不规则。 One point to note is that they will usually have rounded corners. 有一点需要注意的是,他们通常有圆角。 Where the stones have large flat surfaces, it could be possible that it broke on entry and more specimens lay close by. 凡有大的石头平面,它可能是可能的,它打破了进入和更多的标本躺在附近。 Say within a kilometre or two! 说一公里内或两个! Notice the rounded corners in the fusion crust examples above. 公告地壳上面例子中的圆形边角的融合。

No Holes: Meteorites DO NOT have holes in the surface. 无孔: 不要有陨石表面的洞。 Many people believe stones that appear 'bubbly' are meteorites. 许多人认为石头出现'泡沫'的陨石。 They are most likely just pumice, scoria or something similar to it and often of volcanic origin. 他们是最可能只是浮石,火山渣或类似的东西,并经常火山的起源。 These type of stones are also usually quite light in weight. 这些石头的类型通常也相当重量轻英寸 The only occasion bubbling may be evident is with ' Oriented Meteorites '. Sometimes they will have frothing on the trailing edge of the freshly fallen meteorite. 唯一的一次冒泡,可明显'是面向陨石 '。有时他们会在刚倒下陨石发泡后缘的。

Regmaglypts or 'Thumb-prints': While meteorites don't have holes, sometimes they will have what are called "Regmaglypts" or more commonly 'thumb-prints'. Regmaglypts或'拇指纹': 虽然陨石不有洞,有时候他们会具有所谓的“Regmaglypts”或更常见的'拇指印痕'。 If you could imagine the meteorite being a soft piece of dough or clay and you pressed your thumb into the surface, it would leave a shallow indentation. 如果你能想象得出,陨石是一个或一块软粘土您按下面团表面拇指进去,它会留下压痕浅。 Generally speaking, if a meteorite has this feature, then the bigger it is, the bigger the 'thumb-prints' will be. 一般来说,如果一个陨石具有此功能,则是更大的,更大的'拇指印痕'会。 Take note of the Sikhote-Alin meteorite below which shows this feature well. 以陨石注意的Sikhote -阿林下面这说明此功能良好。

Sikhote -阿林(IIB级)83克个人
Sikhote-Alin - Strong regmaglypts with fresh blue/black fusion crust . Sikhote -阿林-融合地壳强regmaglypts新鲜蓝/黑。

Interior 室内

Colour: When a meteorite is sliced or broken, the exposed interior surface is sometimes referred to as the "matrix". Meteorites vary extremely widely when it comes to the matrix colour. 颜色: 当陨石切片或破碎,裸露的内表面,有时被称为“黑客帝国”色彩。陨石变化极其广泛,当谈到矩阵。 They range from white to black, including red, orange, grey, tan/brown (common), silver (in Irons), yellowy or even a mixture of different colours. 它们的范围从白到黑,红,橙,灰,茶色/棕色(普通),银(铁杆),淡黄色,甚至不同颜色的混合。

扎格(蛋白H3 - 6)二十一点七零克Endcut
Multi-coloured interior. 多种颜色的内饰。
(Note the rich black outer fusion crust at top.) (注黑色外融合地壳顶部的丰富。)
五点八九一克未分类撒哈拉陨石

A weathered dark brown coloured interior. 风化深褐色内饰。

Chondrules: Depending on the type of meteorite it could be, the interior could vary quite drastically. 球粒: 要根据不同的类型的陨石可以,内部可能有很大不同急剧下降。 The most common is the Ordinary Chondrite which will generally show small round features called "Chondrules". 最常见的是普通球粒陨石通常会显示小而圆的特点被称为“球粒”。 (Pronounced: ' kon-drools ') These can be different colours and sizes. (发音:' 干,流口水 ')这样可以有不同的颜色和大小。 Sometimes in weathered or broken meteorites, the chondrules may be exposed and evident on the surface. 有时,在风化或破碎的陨石,陨石可能暴露的和表面上的明显。 This gives the appearance of a bumpy surface unlike the crusts mentioned above. The links below provide a valuable insight into what chondrules look like. 这给上述提到的外观结壳不像崎岖不平的表面。下面的链接提供了宝贵的见解陨石成什么样子。

* A Pictorial of Type-3 Chondrites in the Meteorites Australia Collection ---> * 集合型图案,澳大利亚3球粒陨石中的陨石--->

美国西北航空2622(LL4)16.2克Endcut
Chondrules in NWA 2622. 陨石在美国西北航空2622。

Metal: As previously mentioned, most meteorites have a high iron content. 金属: 如前所述,大部分陨石具有较高的铁含量。 In ordinary chondrites, there are nearly always small visible iron flakes. 在普通球粒陨石,几乎总是有明显的小铁片。 Again this feature can also vary in size and shape, but visible iron such as this is a good sign. 同样,这功能也各不相同的大小和形状,但这个明显的铁等是个好兆头。 On Earth, iron is extremely rare in its free natural form and is only found in a few places around the world. 在地球上,铁是极其罕见的自然形态在它的自由,是世界上唯一发现地周围的几个。 The iron we see and use in our everyday lives, has to be manufactured and processed from iron ore. 我们看到的铁和生活在我们的日常使用,要制造和矿石加工而成铁。 If the stone is completely iron inside then it is a positive sign, however you would need to ensure that you don't have an old rusty man-made object or by-product. Many, many people confuse old metal objects for meteorites. 如果石头是铁里面则完全是一个积极的迹象,但是你需要确保你没有一个生锈的旧人造物体或副产品。许多人,许多人把旧金属物体的陨石。

美国西北航空1287 H6的一十一点六〇克
Metal flecks through-out the interior of a NWA 1287 slice. 金属微粒通过出1287片的内部的一个NWA的。

RARE EXCEPTIONS 除了极少数例外

Carbonaceous Chondrites: This is a very rare class in which some specific types would not display many of the above features. 碳质球粒陨石: 这是一种非常罕见的类中,一些特定类型的许多功能将不会显示在上面。 For example, Murchison which fell in Central Victoria, Australia in 1969. 例如,在中环默奇森下跌了澳大利亚维多利亚州于1969年。 This meteorite basically has a black interior with very small white to grey coloured chondrules. 这主要有彩色陨石球粒黑色内饰非常小的白色至灰色。 These meteorites are one of those rare exceptions to the rule! 这些陨石是一个例外的规则对这些罕见!

默奇森陨石
Murchison Meteorite showing small white chondrules and black matrix. 默奇森陨石球粒陨石显示白色和黑色的小矩阵。

Achondrites: This name is given to meteorites which do not have chondrules and originate from different areas of the solar system. 无球粒陨石: 这个名字,是考虑到那些没有陨石球粒和来自太阳系不同领域的。 These meteorites vary quite widely and can have a pale chalky interior, sometimes with other coloured inclusions or shapes. They can have fusion crust, metal and other meteorite traits but will not have the chondrules. 这些陨石有很大不同,可以有广泛苍白白垩内部,有时与其他颜色的包裹体或形状。他们可以得到融合地壳,金属和其他陨石的特征,但不会有陨石。

Examples of various "Achondrites" - click an image to enlarge. “例如各种”无球粒陨石-点击图片放大。

Agoult(Eucrite)0.912克Partslice
Agoult (Eucrite) Agoult(Eucrite)
美国西北航空3147(Eucrite)4.10克Endcut
NWA 3147 (Eucrite) 美国西北航空3147(Eucrite) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
Bilanga(Diogenite)二点一○克Partslice
Bilanga (Diogenite) Bilanga(Diogenite)
美国西北航空1281(Howardite)五点四零克Partslice
NWA 1281 (Howardite) 美国西北航空1281(Howardite) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
美国西北航空2705(Ureilite)3.2克Endcut
NWA 2705 (Ureilite) 美国西北航空2705(Ureilite) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
德Orbigny(Angrite)1.25克Partslice
D'Orbigny (Angrite) 德Orbigny(Angrite) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……

Stony/Irons: These are RARE! 斯托尼/铁杆: 这是罕见的! If your specimen has any sort of 'crystal-type' pieces in the stone then it is probably not a meteorite. 如果您有任何标本石样的'水晶型品在当时它可能不是陨石。 There is a rare class called Pallasites. 有一类叫做Pallasites罕见。 Out of around the 30,000 different meteorites that have been found; less than 50 are Pallasites! 出于不同的3万左右已经发现陨石;不到50个是Pallasites! If your stone has all of the iron meteorite characters AND contains crystals; it may be a Stony/Iron meteorite. 如果你的石头晶体的所有字符,并包含铁陨石,它可能是一个斯托尼/铁陨石。 The crystals are usually green/yellow to orange/black and can sometimes protrude through the surface. 该晶体通常是绿色/黄色至橙/黑,有时还会通过表面突出。

Examples of various "Stony/Iron" Meteorites - click an image to enlarge. 例如陨石各种“斯托尼/铁” -点击图片放大。

Imilac(Pallasite)8.40克半Endcut
Imilac (Pallasite) Imilac(Pallasite)
美国西北航空1827(Mesosiderite)十三点七八克Endcut
NWA 1827 (Mesosiderite) 美国西北航空1827(Mesosiderite) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
布伦纳姆(Pallasite)一十四点九〇克Partslice
Brenham (Pallasite) 布伦纳姆(Pallasite) 来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……

What To Do Now Or Still Not Sure? 现在做什么或仍然不知道?

Don't forget to have a look through the other pages of Meteorites Australia such as the Monthly Favourites and the Meteorites Australia Collection . Many more high quality images of different meteorites are available to view. 不要忘了澳大利亚的其他陨石如页面一看,通过每月的最爱澳大利亚陨石收集 。许多不同的陨石更多高品质的影像可查看。

If you are still unsure, I can take a look at it for you. 如果你仍然不能确定,我可以带一个你看它。 Photos can be sent through via the Contact Page but please keep the files under about 1MB as larger ones will most likely be blocked by the email server. 照片可以通过发送通过联系页面 ,但请保持约1MB的文件下,是以较大的将最有可能是服务器阻止了电子邮件。 All verified meteorites require extensive testing and study from an approved institution to be formally classified and approved as such. 所有经核实批准为陨石的要求和如此广泛的测试和研究的认可机构正式机密。 Please also give as many details as possible on where and how the specimen was found as knowledge of the local ground, rocks and conditions can be very useful. 也请提供尽可能多的细节在哪里以及如何标本,地面上发现的知识的地方,岩石和条件可以是非常有用的。 It is particularly important with suspected iron meteorites, as many specimens can be very difficult to pick from man-made iron. 这是特别重要的疑似铁陨石,因为许多标本可以是非常困难的回升,从人造铁。 Please also state why you think it is a meteorite with as many references to the features presented above. 另请说明为什么你认为它是一个陨石上面所介绍的许多功能参考。 Please feel free to email me with any questions or queries you may have but last of all; remember that more than 99.9% of stones suspected of being a meteorite are usually just Earth rocks! 请随时给我发电子邮件的任何问题或疑问,你可能有,但最后所有;记得,有超过99.9%的石陨石怀疑是通常只是地球岩石! Thankyou and happy meteorite hunting! 三江源陨石狩猎和快乐!

 

 

Thankyou for your interest in Meteorites Australia 谢谢你们的澳大利亚的利益在陨石

 

 

 

 

StatCounter - Free Web Tracker and Counter
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……
Meteorites For Sale
Meteorites Australia Extras Shop
Meteorites Australia Collection
The Complete Meteorite Classification List
Chondrites Only - Meteorite Classification List
Achondrites Only - Meteorite Classification List
Stony / Irons Only - Meteorite Classification List
Irons Only - Meteorite Classification List
Home Page
Meteorites For Sale
Complete Online Meteorite Classification List
Found A Meteorite?
Monthly Favourite Meteorite
Monthly Favourite Archives
Meteorite Information Pages
The Unusual Meteorite Features Page
Meteorites Australia Collection
Meteorite Odds / Ends & Trivia Page
Media Centre
Privacy Policy
Search
Contact
Have You Found A Meteorite?
Glossary of Meteorite Terms & Definitions
What Is A Meteorite?
Meteorite Odds / Ends & Trivia Page
The Unusual Meteorite Features Page
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……2002 Monthly Favourites
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……2003 Monthly Favourites
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……2004 Monthly Favourites
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……2005 Monthly Favourites
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……2006 Monthly Favourites
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……2007 Monthly Favourites
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……2008 Monthly Favourites
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……2009 Monthly Favourites
来之天外的礼物——陨石的初步鉴定……2010 Monthly Favourites

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有