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考研作文最后背诵(一)

(2008-01-14 23:08:23)
标签:

考研

英语

杂谈

分类: 英语学习
 

1. P 41  2000年作文

Directions:     Study the following two pictures carefully and write an essay to

A.       Describe the pictures.

B.       Deduce the purpose of the drawer of the pictures, and

C.       Suggest counter-measures.

You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET II.

A Brief History of World Commercial Fishing

                       

       As is shown (vividly depicted, illustrated, described) in the pictures, (we can see clearly that 此括号内容重复) with the increase of commercial fishing, the number of fishes sharply decreased. In one picture, there were various kinds of fish and only one fishing-boat in 1900. On the contrary, in 1995 there was only one fish, but many fishing-boats.

       The purpose of this picture is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the decrease of ocean resources. Owing to over-fishing, the number of fishes has obviously decreased. If we let this situation go as it is, we won’t know where fish is in the future. By that time, our environment will suffer a great destruction.

       Therefore, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures. For one thing, we should appeal to our authorities to make strict laws to control commercial fishing. For another, we should enhance the awareness of people that the ocean resources are very vital to us. Only in this way can we protect our ocean resources. Also, I believe that we human beings can overcome this difficulty, and we will have a bright future.

[给分] 14分with the speedy social and economic development as well as the reform and opening-up in recent decades, the number of adolescents worshiping their idoles sharply increased

[评语] 内容切题,包括提纲的全部要点;文章通顺,语言流畅,句式变化多样;用词面较宽;虽有个别不妥之处,但该生基本功较好;表达能力较强;长度符合要求。

如图所示,随着商业捕鱼的泛滥,鱼的数量已经显著下降。在一幅图中,1900年只有一艘渔船,而有各种各样的鱼。而在另一幅图中,1995年只有一只鱼,但有很多渔船。

这组图的目的是告诉我们应该对海洋资源的减少给予充分重视。由于过度捕捞,鱼的数量已经明显下降。如果我们让这种情况听之任之的话,我们不知道鱼的未来在哪儿。到那时,我们的环境将会遭受巨大的破坏。

因此,我们急需采取严厉措施。一方面,我们应该呼吁各级政府制定严格的法律来控制商业捕鱼。另一方面,我们应该增强人们的意识:海洋资源对我们非常重要。只有这样才能保护我们的海洋资源。我同时相信我们人类能够克服这个困难,并将拥有更美好的未来。

2. P11.

When we use the word “love”, we do not simply mean an attraction to a person of the opposite sex, which is a very narrow definition of the word. The picture below illustrates the real meaning of love, by stressing the fact that love is emotional strength, which can support us no matter how dark the world around us becomes. In fact, throughout history people of many different cultures have regarded love as the noblest of human emotions.

 

As an example of the power of love, we should remember how the Chinese people of all nationalities respond to the call to help the victims of natural disasters every year. Although their incomes are still low by international standards, people all over the country do not hesitate to donate whatever they can——be it money or goods——to help their needy fellow citizens. Moreover, they do this with no thought of gain for themselves.

 

In my opinion, the best way to show love is to help people who are more unfortunate than we are. We should always be ready to give a helping hand to those who are in trouble, no matter whether they are family members or complete strangers. In this way, we can help to make the world a better place, for, as the picture shows, the darker the shadows of sorrow become, the more brightly the lamp of love shines. (232)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

当我们用到”爱”这个词,我们不仅指对异性的吸引,这是对这个词非常狭隘的解释。下面的图画注解了爱的真正含义,它强调爱是情感的力量,不论我们周围的世界多么黑暗,爱都能支撑我们。事实上,历史上处于不同文化中的人们都把爱当作人类最高尚的情感。

 

举一个例子证明爱的力量,我们应该记得每年中国各族人民如何响应号召去支援自然灾害中的受难者。尽管他们的收入按照国际标准衡量还是处于低水平,但是,全国人民毫不犹豫地尽他们所能捐献——不管是钱,还是物品——去帮助那些贫困的同胞。并且,他们这么做不考虑自己的得失。

 

我认为,表示爱心的最好方式是帮助比我们更加不幸的人。我们应该随时准备向有困难的人伸出援助之手,无论他们是家庭成员还是素昧平生。这样,我们能够助一臂之力把世界变成一个更美好的地方。因为,正像图画所描绘的,悲伤的阴影越黑暗,爱心之灯的光芒就越闪亮。

 

 

3. p12.

The picture vividly depicts a lovely American girl in traditional Chinese costume with a sweet smile on her face. She wears ribbons, necklaces and other accessories that are characteristic of the clothes of a certain Chinese minority group. Undoubtedly, the costume has added oriental charm to her beautiful look/appearance/features.

 

What the picture conveys goes far beyond only a new fashion trend. Instead, it carries cultural meanings. The fact that people from different countries are attracted to mysterious Chinese culture indicates that to some extent a culture can be accepted, respected, appreciated and shared internationally. In other words, a nation’s unique culture can become international through worldwide economic and cultural exchanges. Since the trend of globalization become irresistible, cultural communication can effectively improve mutual understanding and friendship.

 

It is my view that national culture as priceless spiritual treasure should be preserved and cherished. Meanwhile, there are good reasons to advocate international culture for those ideas from the other cultures, controversial or even absurd at first sight, can provide a different perspective for us to observe the world in the long run. Nevertheless, when we are confronted with a different culture, we should be sensible enough to absorb its essence and to resist its dark side. Only in this way can we promote cultural development positively and make our world dimensional, colorful and vigorous. (220)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

这幅图画生动描述了一位可爱的美国女孩身穿传统的中国服装,面带甜蜜的微笑。她戴着具有某个中国少数民族服饰特征的发带、项链和其它饰品。毫无疑问,这套服装为她美丽的外表增加了东方魅力。

 

这幅图画所表达的内涵远不只是一种新的时装潮流。反之,它具有文化内涵。各国人民被神秘的中国文化所吸引这个事实,显示了在某种程度上,一种文化可以被接受、尊重、欣赏和分享。换言之,一个民族的独特文化可以通过全球性的经济和文化交流走向世界。由于全球化潮流不可阻挡,所以文化交流可以有效地增进相互间的理解和友谊。

 

在我看来,民族文化作为无价的精神财富,应该被保存和珍惜。同时,我们很有必要推广世界文化。因为来自其它文化的观点,即使乍看起来相互矛盾或荒谬,但从长远看来,可以为我们观察这个世界提供一种不同的视角。然而,在我们面临其它文化时,我们应该充满理智地取其精华、去其糟粕。只有这样我们才能积极发展民族文化,并使我们的世界丰富多元、多姿多彩、充满活力。

 

4.p13.

The set of drawings above vividly depicts the destiny of a flower in different circumstances. As is shown in the first cartoon, the flower is placed in a comfortable greenhouse that shelters it from the threatening lightening and storm. With proper temperature, moisture and fertilizer, the flower is growing in full bloom. On the contrary, when removed from the greenhouse and exposed to the driving rain, the flower soon fades and withers, with the petals cast about on the grounds.

 

To begin with, the purpose of the drawings is to show us that the flower growing in the green house cannot withstand the test of the storm, yet the symbolic meanings subtly conveyed should be taken more seriously. The delicate flower is naturally associated with young people, to be specific, the only children in our current society; the greenhouse epitomizes parents’ doting care and abundant material supplies that can shield the children from the storms, or the harsh reality. Once the young people begin to seek independence and accept challenges from the real world, they are found too spoiled to be strong enough in the face of difficulties.

 

Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from these thought-provoking drawings. On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten the youth to be more independent in life. On the other hand, parents should be sensible enough to give their children more freedom to deal with troubles and problems. Only by undergoing more challenges and toils in adversity can young people cultivate strong personality and ability, and only in this way can they become winners in this competitive world. (272)

 

 

 

 

 

上述图画生动描绘了一朵鲜花在不同环境中的命运。如第一幅图所示,花儿被放置在一个舒适的温室中,使它远离雷电和暴雨的威胁。有适当的温度、湿度和肥料,花儿正在绽放。与此相反,当它被移出温室并暴露在暴雨中时。花儿很快就凋谢枯萎了,花瓣散落满地。

 

 

首先,这两幅图的目的是要告诉我们“温室里的花朵经不起风雨”,而其微妙传达出的象征意义更应被重视起来。这朵娇弱的花朵自然使人联想到年轻人,具体地说,是我们社会中的独生子女。温室则是父母溺爱和优越物质条件的缩影,它为年轻人挡风遮雨,使他们远离残酷的现实。一旦年轻人开始在现实世界中寻求独立并接受挑战时,他们已被惯坏,很难坚强地面对困难。

 

 

因此,我们要从这些发人深思的图画中获取积极的意义。一方面,我们可以不断用图画去启发年轻人在生活中自立自强。另一方面,父母应该采取理智做法,给子女更多自由,让他们去面对烦恼和问题。只有在逆境中经历更多的挑战和磨练,他们才能培养出坚强的个性和能力。也只有这样做,他们才会在充满竞争的世界里走向成功。

 

5.p14.

It is vividly depicted in the cartoon that a boy is running along the racetrack with painstaking efforts, sweat pouring down his face. After a long journey, he is making the final spurt toward the finishing line, with strong determination to become the champion.

 

Undoubtedly the cartoon conveys the meaning that life is like the process of running in which one should make constant efforts and never stop making progress. Owing to the quickening pace of life, competition goes increasingly fierce in all walks of life, stimulating everyone to pursue one goal after another. Once a person stops making progress, he can hardly maintain his past glory and survive in this competitive world. Generally speaking, neither a country nor a person can remain stagnant.

 

A case in point is the successful launching of “Shenzhou V Spacecraft” which sets china in a high position of aviation and space flight. Although it means a great achievement for us Chinese, we are facing new challenges in the future and need to do further research in space technology. Another illustration is closely related to us, the examinees. If we pass this test and are fortunately admitted by a university, we shall not stop making efforts. On the whole, these examples effectively clarify the saying that “destination is another starting point.” (216)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

这幅图画生动地描绘了一个男孩在沿着跑道奔跑。他付出了艰辛的努力,汗水淌下脸庞。在长途跋涉之后,他在朝着终点冲刺,并拥有强大的决心成为冠军。

 

 

毫无疑问,这幅画显示了人生就像跑步的过程一样,人们应该做出不断的努力,而且决不要停止前进。由于生活节奏的加快,各行各业的竞争日趋激烈,激励每个人去追求一个又一个的目标。一旦一个人停止取得进步,他就很难保持过去的荣誉并在此竞争世界中生存下去。总之,无论一个国家还是一名个人都不能停滞不前。

 

 

一个典型的例子就是“神舟五号”飞船的成功发射,使中国在航空和空间飞行中处于高端地位。尽管这对我们中国人意味着巨大的成就,但我们在未来正面临着新的挑战,并需要在空间技术方面进行继续研究。另一个例子和我们考生密切相关。如果我们经过了考试,并幸运地被一所大学所录取,我们也不应停止努力。总而言之,这些例证有效地证明了“终点又是新起点”这一说法。

 

6.p15、

As is vividly depicted in the cartoon, four children are playing a “football match” of taking care of their aged father. Each of them stands in a different corner of a football field. The eldest son kicked out the father with the other three children guarding their goals.

 

The purpose of the drawing is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the mistreatment of senior citizens. First and foremost, some people shirk their duty of financially supporting their old and helpless parents due to their own interests. Furthermore, some elderly people are often ill-treated by their own children and cannot lead a normal life. Last but not least, while some young people enjoy a comfortable life, their parents are neglected and reduced to utter poverty.

 

It is imperative for us to take drastic measures. To begin with, relevant laws and regulations should be made to severely punish those who shun the responsibilities of caring their parents. In addition, we should cultivate the awareness of the young that respecting the old has always been the traditional virtue of Chinese culture. Only in this way can we curb the current evil phenomenon revealed in the picture. (198)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

如图所示,四个孩子在打一场照顾他们年迈父母的“足球赛”。每个人站在球场的一角。大儿子踢出父亲,其他三个孩子守着球门。

 

 

这幅图的目的是告诉我们应该重视虐待老年人问题。首先,有些人由于自己的利益逃避赡养他们年迈无助父母的责任。其次,有些老年人经常被他们自己的子女虐待,不能过正常生活。最后,当一些年轻人享受舒适生活的同时,他们的父母被忽视,一贫如洗。

 

 

我们急需采取严厉措施。一方面,我们应该制定相关的法律法规严惩那些逃避养老责任的人。另一方面,我们应该培养人们的意识:尊老是中华文化的传统美德。只有这样我们才能制止图画中所显示的这种丑恶现象。

 

7.p16. Directions: Study the following photos carefully and write an essay in which you should first describe the photos briefly; then interpret the social phenomenon reflected by them, and give your point of view.

You should write 160-200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)

     

图一:把崇拜写在脸上。       图二:花300元做个"小贝"头。

注:Beckham(贝克汉姆):英国足球明星。

As is vividly depicted in the photos above, Beckham, the smart British football superstar, is enjoying a striking popularity among the adolescents. In the first picture, Beckham’s name appears on a young man’s face. The caption indicates that worship for the idol is written on the face. In the second photo, another young man is doing Beckham’s chic hairstyle in a barbershop. We are informed that he is spending 300 yuan imitating his idol’s haircut.

  Undoubtedly, the pictures have subtly reflected the social phenomenon that idol worship is prevalent among the teenagers nowadays. Beckham represents the image of sport hero whose handsome appearance and unparalleled football skills are passionately adored by all the sports fans. Likewise, several teenage girls won their fame overnight in The 2005 Super Girl Contest in China, which provoked nationwide noisy debates on the value and harm of admiring these idols. Briefly speaking, young people are inclined to idolize the people who excel in appearance, intelligence or talent.

  Hence, idolatry, the thought-provoking social phenomenon, is a double-edged sword which can exert profound influence on the growth of young people. If we simply worship the idols by imitating their hairstyles or pursuing fashions unreasonably, the obsession will certainly waste us a great deal of money or time, endangering the efficiency of our work. On the contrary, we will lead a positive and fruitful life if we endeavor to improve ourselves by bridging the gap between our models and us. Accordingly, the latter attitude should be adopted to direct our way of life. (254)

以上的照片生动地显示出,相貌英俊的英国足球巨星贝克汉姆在年轻人中广受欢迎。在第一张照片中,贝克汉姆的名字出现在一个年轻人的额头上。文字表明:对偶像的崇拜写在了脸上。在第二张照片中,这个年轻人正在理发店中做贝克汉姆的时髦发型。我们得到的信息是:他正花300元来模仿偶像的发式。

毫无疑问,照片巧妙地反映了这样一个社会现象:偶像崇拜目前在青年人中非常盛行。贝克汉姆代表了体育界英雄的形象,他的英俊外表以及高超的球技正是球迷们热情追捧的。同样,2005年中国举办的“超级女生”大赛中,几个十几岁的女孩一夜成。围绕着崇拜这些偶像的意义和危害,这个事件激起了全国性的争论。总之,青年人往往容易崇拜那些在外表、才华和特长方面极其出色的人。

在我看来,偶像崇拜这个发人深思的社会现象,其实是把双刃剑,可以深刻影响青年人成长。如果我们只是靠模仿偶像发型或追逐时尚的方式来崇拜他们,这种痴迷将必定浪费我们大量的金钱和时间,影响我们的工作效率。相反,如果我们靠弥补我们和榜样之间的差距来努力提高自己,我们就会过一种积极和收获显著的生活。因此,我们应当采取后面一种态度来指引我们的人生。

 

 

 

 

8.w20

Directions: Study the following drawing carefully and write an essay in which you should first describe the drawing briefly; then interpret the social phenomenon reflected by them, and give your point of view. You should write 160-200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

 

河南上万大学生蜂拥招聘会                         浙江招聘会现场

 

As is illustrated in the pictures, thousands of students in Henan and Zhejiang Province went to two conferences to find jobs. Job hunting has been a headache for college graduates.

 

Why do college graduates find it increasingly difficult to get jobs? The causes of this phenomenon are various. For one thing, a few years ago colleges and universities enrolled so many students in popular majors, such as economy, finance and so on that the number of graduates is greater than the need in the market. For another, most graduates would rather stay in large cities without suitable job to do than go to the country. According to the recent statistcics by China’s Ministry of Education, 3.38 million college students graduated all over the country in 2005 and only 75% of them are employed right after graduation.

 

I assume this hard nut can be cracked if both colleges and students take effective actions. First and foremost, universities should research the market and develop special skills to suit its need. In addition, students’s attitude towards employment should be changed. Going to some small cities and country, they can give full play to their professional theoretical knowledge and practical skills. Briefly speaking, if we attach much importance, this situation can be improved. (209)

如图所示,河南和浙江省上万的大学生进入两个招聘会寻找工作。找工作对很多大学毕业生来讲已经变成了非常头疼的问题。

为什么大学生发现越来越难找工作?这个现象的原因如下。首先,几年前各大学院和大学录取了这么多经济、金融等热门专业的学生,以至于毕业生的数量超过了市场需求。其次,大多数大学生宁愿呆在大城市没有合适的工作,也不愿去小城市和乡村。根据中国教育部最新调查,2005年全国有338万大学生毕业,而其中只有75%毕业后马上找到了工作。

我认为如果大学和学生都采取有效措施,这个难题可以解决。首先,大学应该调查市场来发展学生的特殊技能适应需求。其次,学生的就业观念应该转变。他们应该去小城市和乡镇,在那里他们可以充分发挥自己的专业的理论知识和实践技能。总而言之,如果我们更加重视,这种状况可以得到改进。

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