加载中…
个人资料
英语组
英语组
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:27,524
  • 关注人气:9
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

M5 U3 Language Points

(2008-09-24 12:02:54)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 教案

1. A recent announcement by scientists that they have successfully cloned the first human embryo…

    announcement (n.) 宣告,通知,声明

(短语)make/ issue an announcement 发表声明

    announce(vt.)宣告,通知,声明

(短语) announce sth. to sb. (不能用announce sb. sth.)

(比较) announce/ declare

    announce 指对公众或特定的一群关心的人进行宣布;declare指官方的正式宣告

Everyone was silent as he announced the winner of the competition.

This powerful country declared war on that small country.

 

2. On the one hand, some scientists point out that if you clone an embryo, you can …

  ①on (the) one hand…on the other hand…一方面…另一方面…(单独使用on the other hand时,hand不能省略,但与on the one hand连用时,可省略)

On one hand, rapid development of the economy will improve the living conditions of the people. On the other hand, it will speed up environmental destruction.

  (短语) at hand 在手边,在附近     by hand 亲手,手工

        in hand 手头现有的,正在进行,在处理中

hand in hand手拉手    

Hands off! 请勿动手!不许干涉    Hands up! 举起手来!

  ②point out 指出  He pointed out my mistake. 他指出我的错误。

    point to/point at 指着,指向某人或某物(两个词组可互换使用)He pointed at/ to a picture.

    point at 对准,瞄准(某人用枪对准某人某物等)

They pointed at her head but she was not afraid.

    point to 表明,指向(主语为证据、时针以及宾语为某一方向时)

The evidence points to him as the criminal.

The hands of the clock pointed to half past three.

The compass needle points to the north.

 

3. …they may be on their way to producing a real-life Frankensrein’s monster.

    on one’s (the) way to doing sth. “正在做某事的过程中”. to是介词,后接名词、代词或动名词短语

    (练习) I’ve just heard a warning ______ the radio that a storm may be ______ its way.

    a. on, on      b. over, in      c. on, above     d. from, on

    (短语) on one’s (the) way to 在去…的途中     by the way 顺便问问,顺便说说

by way of 途经      in a way 在某种意义上,在某种程度上

in one’s (the) way 挡路       in this way 用这种方式

 

4. However, in general the scientists were praised for their wonderful scientific breakthrough.

  ①in general 一般说来,从总体上看,大体上

    In general, red is the most popular colour this season.

  (短语) in a general way 一般,通常        as a general rule 在一般情况下

  ②praise (vi.&vt.&n.)表扬,赞扬,表彰

  (短语)win high praise 受到高度赞扬     in praise of 赞扬(某人)      

        beyond all praises 赞美不尽的,赞不绝口的

        be loud in sb.’s praise 对某人极力称赞

        praise sb. for sth. 因某事而赞美/称赞某人

     (练习)He gave a speech in praise of school life.

他做了一个赞美学校生活的演讲。

He is highly praised for his research on genes.

他的基因研究受到了高度赞扬。

 

5. However, some people consider that cloning human embryos with the intention of destroying them shows no respect for human life.

  with the intention of 为了,以…为目的或意图

  He has decided to go abroad to study with the intention of improving his English and finding a better job when he returns.

  intention (n.) 目的,打算,意图

  (词组)without intention 无意地     make one’s intension clear 说清楚自己的目的

          state/ announce one’s intention 声明自己的意图

  (练习) I began reading with the ___b___ of finishing the book, but I never did.

        a. interview     b. intention     c. application      d. consideration

 

6. I don’t want to adopt someone else’s child and I don’t want to use another woman’s egg—I want a child that is generically related to me.

  ①adopt (vt.) 收养,领养;采用,采纳(议案、意见等)

    Can you adopt my new idea?

    They adopted a neighbour’s boy.

    (词组) adopt measures/ new methods/ an idea 采取措施/ 采用新办法/ 采纳意见

          adopt a resolution 通过一项议案

          an adopted son 养子     adopted words 外来词

    (比较) adopt/adapt

          adopt收养,领养;采用,采纳(议案、意见等);adapt使适合,使适应 adapt…to…;改编adapt…for…

      She had to adapt herself to local conditions. 她必须使自己适应当地的情况。

      This English novel was adapted for the stage. 这部小说被改编成了剧本。

    (练习) The couple decided to _____a boy because they had three girls.

         a. adapt     b. adopt    c. receive      b. keep

 

②be related to 与…有关联;与…有联系

  Can you relate what happened in your childhood to your present state of mind?

   relate (v) 和…相关,把…与…关联起来

relation (n.) 关系,联系,家属,亲属

   relative (adj.) 有关系的,相对的;(n.) 亲戚,亲属

 

7. While cloning human embryos is illegal in many countries, some scientists are already pushing ahead with research so as to deliver a cloned human baby.

  ①while (conj.) 当…的时候,和…同时(while引导的从句要表示一段时间)

    John came in while I was typing a letter. 当我正在用打字机打一封信时,约翰进来了。

         (conj.) 然而,虽然,尽管

    While he was hated by others, I liked him. 他虽受人恨, 但我却喜欢他。

    (练习) ______ English can be difficult to learn, it is a very useful tool for communication.

          a. Because      b. As      c. Once       d. While

  ②push ahead with 推进,推行,毅然继续做某事

    It is hard to push ahead with such an unpopular policy.

这样一个不得人心的政策很难推行下去的。

    (词组) push ahead/ forward/ on with sth. 毅然继续做某事

          push sth. forward 提出某事, 迫使他人考虑或注意某事

          push sb./ sth. over 使某人/某物倒下;推倒某人/某物

  ③deliver 在这里“接生,使分娩”之意

    Her baby was delivered by an experienced doctor.

    该词还有“投递,传送,释放,表达,解救”等意思

    (词组) deliver sb. from danger   救某人脱险

          deliver sth. to sb.   把某物交付给某人

          deliver a message/ a letter   传话/ 送信

          deliver a speech     发表演说

          be delivered of   生下孩子

 

8. China has succeeded in producing clones of cows and goats, and continues to research ways in which cloning can benefit mankind.

  ①succeed in doing sth. 成功地做某事 (反义词组)fail to do sth.

    After practicing more, he succeeded in passing the driving test.

    success (n.)     successful (adj.)     successfully (adv.)

  ②benefit (n.) 利益,好处;(pl.)救济金

    (词组) be of benefit to 对…有裨益      for the benefit of…为了…的利益

    It is said Yoga is of great benefit to human health.

    (vt.&vi.) 有益于

benefit sb./sth. 有益于某人/某物        benefit from/by 从…中获益

Such foolish behavior will not benefit you.

We all benefited from her success.

 

9. We could produce a monster, or even a superhuman race that could one day end up replacing us.

  end up 以…而告终,后接现在分词;end up with/in/as 后接名词

  At first he refused to accept any responsibility but he ended up apologizing.

  The party ended up with a song.

  If you continue to steal, you will end up in prison.

 

10. Human life would no longer be unique; it would just be a product for sale.

   for sale 待售,出售的   

   The land is now for sale at that price to anyone.

   现将那块地按该价出售,任何人都可购买。

   on sale (英)出售,(美)廉价出售

   Tomato soup that is usually sold at twelve cents a bowl is now on sale for ten cents.

 

11. I would like to comment on your article ‘The perfect copy’.

   comment (n.& vi.) 评论,评注

   (词组) make (a comment)comments on sb./sth.同comment on/ upon/ about sb./sth. 评论某人(某事)

   He made several comments on the book.

   We would like the audience to comment on our new play.

 

12. After all, scientists have been challenging questions of morality for centuries.

   after all 毕竟,终究,别忘了

   We all though that he would fail, but he succeeded after all.

   我们都认为他要失败,可他还是成功了。

   (短语) above all 首要,特别是      first of all 首先,首要的是

         in all 总共,总计           not…at all 一点儿也不

         all the same 仍然,还是      not at all 一点也不,不用客气

         all the best 万事如意         all the time 一直

 

13. When reading articles related to science, we often come across difficult or unfamiliar words.

   come across  (偶尔)碰到,遇见,发现; 同义词组run across, run into, meet with

   (短语)come about 发生    come to 达到,总计    

        come on 加油,快点        come over 过来

        come up 走上前,走过来      

come out 出来,(花)开放,出版,(消息)传出

   (练习) Jim was very happy yesterday because he __b__ the book that he wanted.

         a. came to     b. came across     c. came about     d. came out

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
前一篇:M5 U3 Reading
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

    < 前一篇M5 U3 Reading
      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有