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课件

(2011-09-17 12:29:43)
标签:

杂谈

coherence and cohesion 连贯

(关联词as a result, consequently, thus accordingly so that(目的性较强,且,一定是放在逗号之后)in a word 总之; in another word

besides, in addition, what’s more(三个里,一篇文章,只能出现两个)好的--- yet most importantly;坏的 yet most terribly; on the one hand, on the other handfor one thing, for another定语从句,)

Lexical resources 词汇 (已有的词汇)

Grammatical range and accuracy 语法 (时态,单复数;三大从句:形形容词性从句,名词性从句,副词性从句

(依托自己的已有能力,不熟悉的绝对不能用)

状语从句和主句最好要11.

 

如果孩子们出国,那么他们可以接受更好的教育,因为在国外有更好的大学和教师以及更为先进的知识。

 

If the teenagers go to the western countries for their dreams, then they are likely to get better education, for there are more famous universities, more patient professors, and advanced knowledge.

百分比,数量和“有”连用,那么“有”是可以不出现的

87.9% 的城市家庭养宠物

87.9 percent of the city families keep a pet

逻辑诸位不一致 :错误都在高级结构上(介词)

 

如果没有健康, 那么什么都没有意义

If health is lost, then wealth is nothing

If without health, then you will find nothing meaningful

作为一个学生,学习是我们的主要任务

As a student, my task is study.

As a student, I should focus on study.

作为消费者consumer,吸引我们的是性能quality和价格而不是产地。

 

As consumers, we are attracted by the price and quality, not the place where a product is made.

 

 

1, 清晰简练 being simple is being beautiful

2,不求有功,但求无过

Imagination >translation

如今,大学生毕业之后又很大的就业压力以及很大的无奈

Nowadays, college graduates are faced with heavy employment pressure and growing despair.

如今,成千上万的大学生涌出pour校门,涌入flood人才市场,排着长长的队伍wait in a long queue,抢着struggle for/crazy for 一个小小的工作。大部分人没有运气。 对于少数幸运的人,他们只能一个月800块钱,活都活不下去

 

Nowadays, thousands of college students flood/pour out of schools and into the markets every year. They stand in long queues and fight/struggle for a small job. Yet, most of them have no luck. For the few lucky ones, they only get 800 yuan a month, which is not enough for a basic life in cities.

如今有很多人虐待动物 abuse animals

Nowadays, many terrible people abuse animals.

Nowadays, many terrible people treat animals in a terrible way. They are just monsters/beasts/nightmares for animals.

 

 

 

如今,我们经常听到这样的故事,说有人将猫从窗户里扔出去,有人残暴地踢着狗在大路上; 还有人拿着刀追着可怜的鸡。总之,人们对待动物冷酷无情

 

nowadays we often hear such stories that some people throw cats out of windows, kick dogs in the streets, and even run after chickens with a stick in hand. In a word, humans are very terrible to animals.

如今人们饱受污染之痛  nowadays, people suffer terribly from pollution.

如今,我们吃着不干净的食物,喝着肮脏的水,呼吸有毒的空气。人们为各种疾病所烦扰。他们在晦暗的天空下咳嗽,挣扎。

Nowadays, we eat unhealthy food, drink dirty water, and breathe poisonous air. People are troubled with one disease or another. They cough and struggle under the grey sky.

 

写作时,尽量避免用we ,you 等第一,第二人称,最好用第三人称。

 

标点的使用

英文中没有“、”“。”“《》” “:”

切忌全部逗号

 

经常编造古话,谚语。

According to an old Chinese saying,

An old Chinese saying goes that

There is an old Chinese saying which goes that

According to the ancient Chinese wisdom/philosophy,

 

中国有句古话说的好,一个好汉三个帮

A hero/successful man has three helpers/assistants.

 

三个臭皮匠,顶一个诸葛亮Three stupid persons can think out an idea which is as good as the idea from a smart person.

三岁看老 one’s childhood decides his future/adulthood

三十而立 one should have his own career by the age 30

两情若在久长时,又岂在朝朝暮暮

True love is not afraid of time and distance.

患难之间见真情a friend in need is a friend indeed.

君子之交淡若水 decent friends should keep each other at a distance./a hedge between keeps friendship green

 

标点符号

逗号,

用在两个并列成分间通常为连贯词and, 倘若两个成分比较长(每个成分有定语从句),或者每个成分中间已经出现了and,则可以在主要的连接词and前面加入逗号;在介词词组“from A to B”这样的结构中,以上方法同效

新时期的绝望mad /crazy /helpless主妇们包括include必须全职工作为支付柴米油盐的以及花尽心思挽留丈夫的.

The new-time crazy housewives include those who have to work full time to pay the family bills, and those who do whatever they can to keep their husbands.

 

这是形形色色的 a diversity of people一群人,从坐飞机的职业经理人到坐高铁high-speed train 的白领white collar// office people到普通大众common people,他们匆忙回家,不管方式如何by all means:可以坐火车,汽车,摩托车乃至步行。

This is a diversity of people, from the professional managers who travel by plane, to the white collar people who travel by express train, and to the common people who hurry back home by all means---- by train, bus, motorbike, or even on foot. 

A diversity of 大量的---东西 a variety of 各种各样的

总的来说这七个国家分为两大群体,一群生产production多过消费consumption,一群消费多过生产

In general, the seven countries are divided into two groups----one where the production is bigger than the consumption, and the other where the situation is totally different/reversed.

如果没有出现句号,那么动词的动力可以无限延续。 be, 和不及物动词)

我的生命是有限的, 但是我对你的爱是无穷的

My life is limited, but my love for you forever.

我的肉体是虚弱的, 但是我的精神是剽悍的

My flesh is weak, but my spirit powerful.

如果环境污染了,山秃了bald,水脏了, 空气毒了,人民病了

If the environment is polluted, then the mountains are bald, the water dirty, the air poisonous and the people sick

有了法律从旁监督stand by,那么我们的政府是清廉的clean,我们的官员是诚实的honest,邪恶势力dark force是虚弱的weak,人民群众是满意的satisfied.

If the law stands by, then the government is clean, the officials honest, the dark force weak, and the people satisfied.

 

现在我们有各种各样的影片, 有的是describe/ deal with现实生活片real life,有的是未来幻想片imaginations of the future,有的是无厘头搞笑片funny and silly situations.

A diversity of 各种各样的

Now we have a great variety of movies. Some deal with the real life, some with the future imaginations, and some with funny and silly situations.

 

总的来说这七个国家分为三大群体. 阿根廷Argentina和巴哈马the Bahamas属于belong to/ fall into 富裕群体,三个国家属于中间群体,剩下的国家属于贫穷群体。

Generally, these seven countries are divided into three groups. The Bahamas and Argentina belong to the wealthy group, three countries to the middle group, and the others to the poor group.

“,” 用来表示补充和强调

Do the job fast, and well.

The internet offers us everything important, and up-to-date.

生活太美好了,美到了产生找乐子冲动的地步了

Life is simply too good, and to produce a desire for adventures// an urge for orgies.

这样的情况的确会发生,只不过很偶然,很罕见

Tragedies like this indeed happen, but only rarely/occasionally.

这个听起来很有道理,只不过仅仅在某种程度上

This sounds reasonable/ sensible, but only to some extent.

 

常用因果关系表述法

较好的副词:

as a result, hence, consequently 因此

常用介词:

due to (中性) owing to (中性),thanks to (褒义)because of (中性)

幸亏有当地警察的及时帮助,这些年轻人才能脱离险境

Thanks to the timely help of the local police, these young people could get out of danger.

常用动词:                                                                                                                   

(主语是物体,事件,不能是人)result in/from, lead to, bring about, contribute to 导致(中性)

One careless step leads to a huge disaster. 一着不慎,满盘皆输

One minor mistake leads to a major disaster

be responsible for (中性,主语可能是人、物体,事件), blame --- on ---归罪到---头上(主语肯定是人)

Many of the locals blame the social problems/ills on the outsiders/aliens.

Be alien to ---格格不入

Playing with computer every day is alien to a low-carbon lifestyle.

 

常用句型:

The reasons for such a concern may involve the fact that 这样的担心的理由有很多,包括----

A couple of factors /causes might have contributed to this phenomenon/problem 该现象的发生, 背后有一些列原因

 

增加数字的方法:

数据都是政府的,政府就是自己,数据应该精确到小数点后面一位。

According to the data released by the local government, ---当地政府发布的数据;

According to the survey conducted by the municipal government ,--- 当地政府所做的调查;

According to the statistics from the related authorities, ---有关单位的统计资料;

(show, reveal, indicate, suggest, find, discover)

2 使用例证

For example/for instance譬如+ 一个例子 (句子, 在一个句子之内)

Such +as 至少两个例子(名词)

Flood, drought, landslide 山体滑坡 tsunami 海啸 earthquake, mud avalanche 泥石流

A case in point is -----///---- is a case in point. ----是一个典型的例子

For proof/evidence, look no further than ---- 要找例子很简单,---就是典型的

Similar examples are simply numerous 类似的例子很多

Similar examples simply abound 类似的例子举不胜举

大自然在发威,海啸就是一个典型的例子

The nature is getting mad/crazy/furious. For proof, look no further than tsunami.

Tsunami is a case in point.

我们今天的生活无比美好,远远超过了父辈father generation们的想象imagination。要找例子只要看看今日的饮食就可以了。无论是从品variety种还是营养度nutrition上,以往的饮食都无法和今日的饮食相比较 compare

Suffer from Malnutrition 营养不良

Now our life is very wonderful, which is way better than//beyond our father generation’s imagination. For proof, look no further than the food we eat every day. Indeed, the food of yesterday cant compare with that of today not only in quantity, but also in quality.

Our life is better than the fathers could ever think. For ----

无论从数量还是质量的角度来说,中国的大学都无法和西方的大学比较 compare with // compete with // rival sth  

Chinese colleges cannot compare with western colleges, not only in quantity but also in quality

Universities in china can’t compare with those in the west, not only in quantity but also in quality.

 

大的框架结构

1, 一管到底

Pressure results /arises /stems from a series of factors

From study. The students have to work hard to get different powerful certificates for a better employment in the future. The adults have to enrich themselves by attending training classes. Otherwise, they will either be replaced or displaced.

From life. We are now living in an expensive society. The house price is going up rather fast, the living cost is increasing every day and the salary is always disappointing.

From work.  different members of the company fight each other just for a small job or limited resources.

衡量一个国家成功与否的标准有哪些  (生活水平,环境保护,法律制度,教育制度)

A country’s success is based on a series of factors.

On standard of living of the people. On the one hand, a successful country should offer its people a wealthy life, which may include a good salary, a lot of material enjoyment and cultural activities. On the other hand, the government should narrow the income gap. If the gap is not under control, it grows wider and wider. As a result, people of different income groups will form different social classes, which fight and hate each other.

On environmental protection.

On the law system.

On the education system. A good education system can produce for the society talented people, provide its own people with equal opportunities and attract smart brains from other countries.

2, 主系表倒装

The USA is among the most developed countries in the world.

Following closely behind is ----                                               

Why in the developing countries, people’s life expectancy is increasing and infant mortality is decreasing?

诸多因素之一就是生活水平的提高among the favorable factors is the improvement of people’s living standard. (feed and clothe themselves well.  Enjoy a variety/diversity of cultural and sport activities.)

与此匹配的是医疗上面取得的进步

Matching this is the progress that we have made in medical treatment, and the protection we get from the free-medi-care system (get timely and proper treatment without fearing a financial ruin)

同样重要的是这个社会的安定和平 equally important is the peace and security of the society.

最后一点就是我们在科技上取得的进步。

Last but not least is the progress we have made in science and technology.

 

3, 顶真:一正装,一倒装。

减负工程 the school burden reduction/relief effort

课业不见了,同时不见的还有严格的监管和引导 as a result of the school burden relief effort, the heavy work load is gone, but gone too is the strict help and guidance of teachers. 

你不仅人漂亮,内心也漂亮

Your face is beautiful; beautiful too is your heart.

你不仅人漂亮,内心更漂亮

Your face is beautiful, and more beautiful is your heart à your face is beautiful and more so is your heart.

中国的经济在飙涨soaring,家长的财富wealth在飞涨。 于是家长们想到这样美妙的烧钱方法不足为奇。Fancy idea of burning money

China’s economy is soaring, soaring too is the wealth of the parents.

China’s economy is soaring, and so is the wealth of the parents. It is no surprise that parents should come up with such a fancy idea of burning money.

游客获益了benefit 当地人也获益了

The tourists benefit, so do the locals.

游客们已经获益了, 当地人也获益了

The visitors have benefited, so have the locals.

凡事都有代价,成功也是如此

Everything comes with a cost/price, so does success.

 

1)               顶真写作法就是将顶真强行扯断

上一段落结尾处---be +adj

下一段落开头:And adj too be+ ----

随着工业化和城市化的进展,我们的青山绿水遗失了。

同时消失不见的还有我们无忧无虑的简单生活,人们在压力和昂贵的生活成本下挣扎呻吟。

With the development of industries and cities, our green mountains and clear rivers are lost.

Lost too is our simple and easy life. People struggle and cry under the increasing pressure and living cost.

2 段落结束总结:不及物动词+介词+n(a)

新段落开始:and + 介词+n(b),继续扩写

中国的经济得益于工业化和都市化 benefit from

也得益于广大农民工farmer-laborers/migrant laborers,他们没有工作偏见prejudice,愿意在任何时候,任何地点接受任何工作

China’s economy benefits from the development of cities and industries.

And from the large numbers of farmer-laborers/migrant workers, who have no job prejudice. They can take any job anywhere and anytime.

 

一,超过70%的作文可采用一面倒的形式,即或者赞同,或者不赞同。

写作思路简单(大部分可采用如下形式)

1,   引入话题(交代观点发生冲突的前提背景)+我的观点+理由如下

2,   阐述支持观点的理由123写好中心句,从道理上论证(3-4句话, 原因/背景 +结果),结束之后进行例子,数据等的支持。

3,   总结观点,交代简单的解决方案 (空洞和虚幻)(最好写清楚观点是什么)“should parents send kids abroad for education?

 

 

1,   引入: 肯定现象,且进行一定夸张(数量,程度);问题产生(快,少,大概)》人们问,好还是坏?--》争论颇多,观点两派;我的观点,理由如下。

 

越来越多an increasing number of ----; increasingly popular= gain popularity;

不再是个别人做的,已经是一种潮流---no longer a fashion, but rather a trend (好事情)

出问题了 problems have appeared/arisen/followed.

人们问是好是坏。

Thus people begin to question/ask whether --- is beneficial or harmful/detrimental

Thus people feel very confused and concerned whether sth is more a curse than a blessing.

观点四起,争论不已Arguments have appeared/arisen and opinions are divided(只需要出现半句话)

This issue is under heated discussion某物争论很多

Sth is at the center of controversy备受争议

Sth is at the center of a storm of controversy 受到了暴风骤雨一般的争议

Sth is at the center of abuse /criticism, which I don’t agree with for the following reasons受到了指责和谩骂

Obviously there is a great deal of truth/credibility in this idea, which I agree with for the following reasons.

尽管争论很多, 我强烈的赞同,理由如下

Despite all the arguments, I strongly believe that----. My reasons are as follows.

2 中间段落通过firstly, secondly, thirdly 来点明;每个段落里有几层意思,则通过 besides, in addition, what’s more 等来表明

2,    

综上所述Based on the above analysis/what has been discussed最后

我想再次重申我的观点,我赞同、不赞同文中观点

I should reiterate that/repeat that I agree /disagree with the view given/presented in the exam. However

 

 

 In some countries, young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies. To what extent do you agree or disagree with people who decide to do this.

Nowadays, some high school graduates spend one year travelling or working, instead of attending universities. Actually this has already become a trend among the young. However, problems have arisen. Some got injured in the wild, and some got cheated in the society. Thus parents feel both confused and concerned whether it is harmful or beneficial for the kids to spend one year off the campus. Indeed, arguments have appeared. Despite all these, I strongly support those brave young people for the following reasons.

1)                   放松; 增加见识2)挣钱;积累社会经验; 朋友3) 了解社会和自己

问清楚每个中心句的主语是谁。

Firstly, travelling gives the young a chance to relax and refresh. Such young adults have been through three years of hard work and pressure. They are exhausted, physically and mentally. In theory, they need time to relax; in reality, they can afford the time. As a result, they may return to their college study with renewed energy and passion. Besides, travelling broadens/widens the horizon/eyes/the vision of the young adults. Such kids have always lived in either homes or schools, which means they know very little about the bigger world outside. If they travel to a faraway place or even a foreign land, they surely witness a lot of new things, including cultures, traditions, customs and even habits. Such knowledge is a huge help for the young to do academic research in colleges.

Secondly, working offers the young an opportunity to make money. Averagely, the young adults can make up to 900 yuan a month, which means they can save 6000 yuan a year. This money is significant for both the individuals and the families. In addition, working may enrich the social experiences of the young. In their part time jobs, the young can learn how to deal with people and work. Such ability benefits them through their whole life. According to the survey conducted by Zhejiang University, those fresh men with working experiences can better and fast fit into the school environment. Their earlier working experiences are the very secret. Yet, most importantly, the young are most likely to meet some interesting friends, who are older, smarter, and mature. They are useful resources in time of trouble, who can always lend a helping hand.

Thirdly, working and travelling may give the young a better understanding of the society and themselves. Consequently, they know what they desire and why. Such people are more determined and focused. Accordingly, they can work more effectively toward a single goal. If without such wonderful experiences, the young will simply dream and drift through four years and wake up with a shock.

Based on the above discussion, I should reiterate that the young need to broaden their horizon and enrich their experiences. However, the parents, the teachers and the society should warn them of the possible dangers and even temptations, so that they are better prepared.

 

 

 

Using a computer every day can have more negative than positive effects on young children. Do you agree or disagree?

Nowadays, it is quite common for kids to use the computer. Actually, kids aged 4,5 and 6 sit in front of the computer every day, with great interest and fascination. However, troubles have followed too. Some kids have problems with eyes and some with their study. Thus parents get very confused and ask whether using the computer every day may have more negative than positive effects on the children. Indeed, arguments have arisen and opinions are divided. Despite all these, I strongly believe that using the machine too long can be more a curse than a blessing for “the future”. My reasons are as follows.

1,伤害身体2,影响学习:浪费时间;筋疲力尽3,伤害ruin/poison/corrupt心灵 the young minds

Firstly, using the computer every day may harm the health of the kids. On the one hand, staying with the computer hurts the eyesight. If a person, whether kids or adults, stare at the computer screen for long, then his eyes will get tired. If such a situation continues, he may finally have to wear glasses. According to the data from the local government, 87.3% of the kids in a primary school are near-sighted. The computer should be responsible. On the other hand, using the computer every day may cause pains in different parts of the body. For example, some kids have pains in their necks, shoulders and backs. This is more than terrible, for such problems usually trouble the office people. The computer should be blamed.

Secondly, using the computer every day may negatively affect the study of the kids. for one thing, using the computer wastes time. Averagely, a kid spends at least 1.5 hours to 2 hours before the machine. They will even spend the whole day if without the warnings from the parents. Yet, time is valuable and limited for the kids, who are supposed to develop physically, mentally, emotionally and artistically. For example, they have the normal classes, the sport class, the piano classes and many other extra classes to attend. They really can’t afford such a loss of time. For another, using the computer too much exhausts the strength of the kids. Consequently, they stay between sleepy and awake in class. The results are just terrible.

Thirdly, using the computer every day may poison the young minds. There is simply too much dirt, blood and sex on the internet. also there are terrible and nasty idols on the internet, such as sister Furong and Sister Feng. When the kids see too many such scenes, they just follow and copy. Some even show serious behavior problems. In a word, this machine is more a Pandora box than a treasure box for the kids.

Based on the above discussion, I want to repeat my view that the kids should keep their good distance with the computer. Meanwhile, the parents should have a time limit for the kids to use the computer; and the government should clean up the internet.

 

Nowadays, it is common for kids to use a computer every day. Actually, kids aged 5, 6 or 7 years old sit in front of a computer, with their eyes fixed on the screen. However, troubles have followed. Some kids have problems with their studies and some with their eyes. The parents are confused and concerned, so they start to ask whether using a computer every day can have more negative than positive effects on young children. Indeed, arguments have arisen and opinions are divided. However, I strongly believe using the computer too much is more a curse than a blessing for the kids. My reasons are as follows.

1)       伤身:眼睛,颈椎2)浪费时间,影响学习3) 伤心

Firstly, using the computer every day harms the health of the young kids. If the kids stare at the screen, their eyes will get exhausted. If they sit in front of the computer for long and often, their eyesight will be damaged greatly. According to the data from the local government, 78% of the kids wear thick glasses even in a primary school. The computer should be responsible. Yet, more terribly, using the computer too much may cause pains in the necks, shoulders and backs of the kids. This is more than terrible, for such diseases are always with the office people, middle-aged people and old people, but now with our future—the kids. The computer should be blamed.

Secondly, using the computer every day wastes time. Kids usually spend one or two hours before the computer per day, maybe half day if not warned by their parents. As a result, they don’t have enough time for something more significant, such as social activities, sport activities and art classes. Yet, the kids should develop themselves in an all-round manner, physically, mentally, emotionally and artistically. By no means should the computer be everything in their little world. Otherwise, we will have a big tragedy.

Thirdly, using the computer every day pollutes/poisons/ruins the minds of the young kids. There is simply too much dirt, blood and sex on the internet. Also there are quite a number of horrible and nasty “internet idols”. If the kids stay with the computer too long and too often, then they are more likely to be negatively influenced/ affected. As a result, they will demonstrate some behavior problems. According to the most recent survey done by the committee of teenager development, adolescent criminality has more than doubled ever since computer was brought into this country.

adolescent 和青少年相关的 adolescent problems 青少年问题)

Based on the above discussion, I should reiterate my view that the computer is more a Pandora box than a treasure box for the kids. The parents, teachers and the government need to make joint effort to prevent the kids from being terribly influenced. The parents should have time limit for the kids to use the computer, while the government should clean up the internet.

 

Have access to computers能够用到电脑

Have access to top secretes/ the top labs 能够利用到实验室

Enter thousands of families 进入千家万户

丰富娱乐休闲生活Enrich our recreational and leisure life

Add color to our life 让我们的生活更加精彩

Conquer people of all ages 征服了所有年龄的人

All nations can be defeated but not conquered 所有的民族都可以被打败,但是不可以被征服

Sit in front of the TV, with their eyes staring at the screen 坐在电视前面, 眼睛盯着屏幕 // With their eyes glued to the screen 眼睛盯着屏幕 glue 胶水)

Get addicted to sth 对某物上瘾了 à drug/alcohol addicted 吸毒上瘾,酗酒上瘾 --- drunk driving 酒后驾车 Drug abuse滥用毒品

Harm the eyesight /ruin the health 伤害视力,毁害健康

Nearsighted 近视眼的; 目光短浅的Farsighted 目光长远的

Have pains in necks, backs and waists 颈椎,背部,腰部有病

Ruin/poison/corrupt the minds毒害心灵  nasty minds 邪恶心灵

More often than not经常

Have the potential to be hooligans and even criminals 有潜力成长为流氓和罪犯

Become more and more aggressive 变得越来越咄咄逼人

Be cold and indifferent to the people around 对周围的人漠不关心,冷漠

Ruin the relations between family members 伤害家庭的成员关系

Escape into /retreat into a fantasy imaginary world退入幻想的世界

Clean up the internet 清洁网络、the popular culture

The ugly, nasty and ridiculous internet idols 网络红人 sister furong and sister feng

 

1,引入话题

电脑诞生,用户年轻化,家长担心,专家忧虑。问:好否?争论四起,观点不一。我的观点:否

Every since computer was introduced into this country, the users have become younger and younger that may include high school students and even primary school students. They sit glued to the screen every day. Parents are worried and experts are concerned. People can’t help asking whether it is a curse or a blessing for the kids to use computer every day. Indeed, arguments have arisen and opinions are divided. Be that as it may, I totally agree that using the computer every day may have more negative than positive effects on the kids for the following reasons.

2,观点:1),浪费时间,要专注学习,体育,美术,艺术,所以孩子们的世界不应该全是电脑

Firstly, sitting before the computer every day is a sheer waste of time. Children are at the most vigorous and formative stage in their life, physically, mentally, emotionally and artistically. Thus, they should spread their time on study, sports, and arts. It is a big tragedy and irony讽刺 if computer is everything in a kid’s world.

2),伤身(眼睛,坐姿,要背疼痛,这是成年人的病),

Secondly, using the computer too much may be harmful to the eyesight and health. According to a recent survey, even in a primary school classroom, 47.3% of the kids are nearsighted, more or less. Even more terrible, some of the kids even have pains in the backs and necks, which is a typical sickness for the office white collar people. 

3)       伤心(黄的,毒的,脏的,暴力的)--》具有成为流氓和罪犯的潜质。

Thirdlysitting before the computer too long may damage kids’ character and poison their minds. Those computer games that attract the kids are, more often than not, bloody, dirty and violent. If a kid is exposed to such games for long, then he has got the very good potential to be a hooligan or criminal. Research shows that such kids already have displayed/demonstrated/exhibited some level of violence and aggression

4),伤环境:上瘾了,漠视家人,--》行为问题,心理问题。

Lastly, if the kids become computer-addicted上瘾了, they tend to be cold and indifferent to the people around. This ruins the relationship between family members, because the young are willing to escape into their own world rather than communicate with their parents.

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