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新概念二 41

(2008-10-09 10:59:18)
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新概念

教育

abundant充足的,丰富的abundant natural resources.

中国地大物博,游人无不叹为观止

Tourists will surely admire /gasp at/marvel at/stand in awe at the big land and the abundant natural resources of china.

Affluent 富裕的,繁荣的 an affluent lifestyle富足的生活方式,

他从小在富足的环境下成长起来he was brought up/grew up in affluent circumstances.

杭州市一个富足的社会 Hangzhou is an affluent society.

物阜民丰的长江三角洲the populous and affluent Yangtze river delta.

贫穷的poor, impoverished, underdeveloped.

这个贫穷的地区交通落后,经济上和文化上都远远落后于其他地区。

This impoverished/Poor area has a really underdeveloped transportation and communication system; it lags behind other areas in cultural and economic construction.

Barren 贫瘠的 +土壤

Arid +土地/气候  干燥的

澳大利亚土地贫瘠,绿色生命很难存活

The barren land of Australia offers little support for green life.

南极环境恶劣,为生命提供了很少的支持

The hostile conditions of the South Pole offer little support for life.

 

表示观点:想,认为

Think, believe

持这样的观点

Hold the opinion that, argue that

 

Train sb 训练某人

Scold sb= give sb a good scolding 狠命的训某人(通常对象是孩子)

Give sb a dressing down. 狠命的训某人

 

Among them will be Dibbie’s mother who swam the channel herself when she was a young girl.

 通常英语结构: +谓语/联系动词(以be动词为代表)+宾语/表语(联系动词的需要)

I am among the best students.我是好学生中的一员。

The USA is among the most developed countries in the world.美国是世界上最发达的国家之一

==the USA is one of the most developed countries in the world.

among them will be Dibbie’s mother.与常见句子结构相反。因为定语从句的结构需要

类似结构表达如下:

有益健康的视频和均衡饮食对身体很重要,然而更重要的是进行体育锻炼

Wholesome food and balanced/healthy diet is important to health. But even more important is exercise. \\\even more so is exercise.)

绿色食品 Organic food.

托福考试作文:发展中国家人民的寿命上涨。要求交待背后的原因。

第一,     生活水平的提高。在温饱之外,人们注重均衡饮食,参加体育锻炼

Among the most desirable factors is the improvement of people’s life. Apart from a warm and satisfactory material life, people eat a balanced diet and go in for/take part in exercise.

第二,     与此同步的是医疗技术方面取得的进步,且人人都享受免费的医疗保障,没有人会担心因生病而倾家荡产

Matching this is the progress we have made in medical technology and treatmentIn addition, very citizen is protected/covered by a free medi-care system. So no one will fears a financial ruin.

第三,     同样重要的是我们社会的和平稳定.我们告别了血腥战争, 而在这样的战争中,年轻人最倒霉。 在战场上成千上万的年轻生命会陨落

Equally important is the peace and stability of our society. We have said farewell to the bloody wars, in which the young people suffered most. Thousands and thousands perished in simply one war.

 

我公司各项情况都相当好,最突出的是我们的质量,同样令人印象深刻的是我们的售后服务。所有这些都为我们赢得了市场认可和消费者满意

Among the most desirable factors is our good quality.  Matching this is our perfect after-sales service. All these have won us the market acceptance and customer satisfaction.

 

 

The Olympic Games

Olympic Games=Olympics

Hold 召开

政治上高度敏感a politically sensitive place

召开紧急会议hold an emergency meeting.

*******************************************************************************************这个教室能够容纳80个学生,this classroom can seat /hold 80 students.

=The lecture hall has a sitting capacity of 100.

他担任重要岗位,仅次于总统

He holds an important position, second only to the president.

饱威尔对中国持温和立场he holds a moderate position to china .

替我照看一下,我去去就来hold the fort, I will be back in a second/in no time/in a minute.

我等的花儿都谢了I waited until I cooled my heels---High-heeled shoes 高跟鞋

 

A meeting kicked off/wrapped up

The opening ceremony开幕式

The closing ceremony闭幕式

为期两天的会议圆满闭幕了

The two-day meeting ended successfully.

 

Government 中央政府the central government 地方政府local government

那南京市人民政府Nanjing municipal government

Municipality 直辖市

民间组织Non-governmental organizations.

民乐folk music 民间传说the folk lore ,

这里你可以品尝到地方风味小吃,也可以听到各种民间传说。

Here you can taste the local snacks/flavors and hear all kinds of folk lore.

 

Immense extremely large 巨大的

彩电光天化日之下消失。 The color TV simply disappeared in broad daylight.

一个庞大女人,a woman of immense size,--〉巨大的体育馆a stadium of immense size

immense difficulties/ possibilities巨大的困难,可能性

一个身材中等的人a man of common/average size. 

一个身材矮小的人 a man of short size.

体格中等,一般,强壮,纤细的人

A man of common build, average build, strong build./slim build

********************************************************************************************

Enormous =immense巨大的,极大的=fantastic 异乎寻常的,非常巨大的

an enormous amount of money巨款

heir wedding cost a fantastic amount of money他们的婚礼花费了一大笔钱。

Bulky 庞大的,笨重的

a bulky parcel 笨重的包裹

the bulky figure of that inspector 检察员庞大的身躯

医疗改革一个庞杂的工程,单靠某一个方面的力量无法做到,需要普通大众,商人以及政府官员的共同努力。

Medical reform is a complicated and huge project. It can’t be achieved by a separate effort; it needs the joint efforts of the general people, the business people and the governmental officials.

环保是一个庞杂的工程,单靠某一个方面的力量无法做到,需要各个方面的综合努力,包括制污者,普通大众和地方政府。

Environmental protection is an immense and complicated problem. It can’t be achieved by a separate effort. It needs the joint efforts of the pollution-producers, the common people and the local governments.

 

A separate effort 单方面孤军奋战, 单方面的努力

A single effort 努力一次,

环保是一个庞杂的工程,单靠单次的努力是不够的,需要不断的投入。

The environmental protection is a huge and complicated project. It can not be achieved by a single effort. It needs continuous flow of investment.

 

Standard 标准

各种星级酒店很多,服务有不同的标准。

We have lots of star-restaurants which offer services of different standards.

形容词可做表语和定语,某些形容词=of + 该形容词的名词

运用时本简单的原则,如形容词作表语,则不做替换了;如形容词作定语,则可以替换。

建造一个公正和平的世界we want to establish a world of peace and justice

有的定语涉及到形容词和名词时,只好用上述结构

this is a meeting of great importance and far-reaching impact该会议很重要且影响深远。(影响主动向外延生)

名词作定语时要格外小心:的确有名词作定语,这些名词或是固定表达,或是表示质地或性质,已慢慢地朝形容词靠拢。

我们用的是高质量材料we use quality material.

高档茶choice tea. 彩电color TV纸袋子 a paper bag,大学生college students

更多情况下, 名词就是名词,没有形容词的趋势。

不同风格的服装clothes of different styles

不同口味的食品food of different tastes

不同风味的小吃snacks of different flavors

以上情况只能用of+N放在名词之后的结构处理,且有时位置的不同会带来意思的不同。

我们用不同的高质量材料we use different quality materials

我们运用不同质量的材料 we use materials of different qualities

不同等级的房间we have rooms of different standards

我们有不同的标准间we have different standard rooms

当地人生活水平很高,生活方式富足

The local people enjoy a high living standard, they have an affluent lifestyle.

不同岗位上的人都会涉及到 People at different levels will be involved in.

 

capital 首都,首府

北京是中国的首都Beijing is the capital of china

杭州是浙江的首府Hangzhou is the capital city of Zhejiang.

杭州乃六朝古都,风景如诗如画.

Hangzhou is the capital city for six dynasties. It has a poetic and picturesque landscape. 

资金

大学毕业生择就业时,更倾向于外资企业。不仅能够得到更好的报酬,而且前途更好。

College students prefer foreign -capital companies. They not only get a more desirable pay but better prospects.

 

Design 设计  古怪的服饰strangely –designed clothes.

最新设计风格,绝对价格实惠

we have clothes of the latest designs at cheap prices

设计风格不同的汽车cars of different designs.

杭州饭店追求精致典雅

Most of the restaurants are designed and decorated in an elegant way.

这家茶吧从设计到装修都体现了中国古代的特色。是朋友聚会的好去处。

The tea-house is designed and decorated in an ancient style. It offers/provides an ideal place for friend-gathering.

这些餐点从设计到装修都体现了少数民族的风情

these restaurants are designed and decorated in the styles of china’s ethnic minorities.

 

The text         the Olympic Games

希腊是现代奥运会的起源地

Greece is the birthplace of modern Olympic Games

至今该运动会已有很久的历史,可以追溯到几百年前

The Olympic games has a long history. It dates back hundreds of years.

京剧有很悠久的历史了,可以追溯到清朝时期

Beijing opera has a long history, it dates/reaches back to the Qing dynasty

特制火炬 a specially designed torch.

每个国家都利用奥运会展示自己的成就

the Olympic games is a good show-case for a country’s achievements (show-case显示某事物优点的方法)

5000年辉煌的文明和现代中国的成就会使每个中国人感到自豪

every Chinese will be proud of our great motherland, both of its 5000-year civilization and of its modern achievements

我们拭目以待 we are anxiously expecting the big event.

********************************************************************************************

Achieve 取得, achievements 成就

取得很好的成就

Achieve great progress. 取得巨大的进步

Score great achievements 取得巨大的成就

Build 建造,building 建筑物

建造一个巨大的建筑物

Build /construct a great structure.

Live 生活,life 生活

过着幸福的生活

Lead a happy life.

在你们面前有一个黑色的大楼

There, in front of you////across the street stands a massive black structure.

 

开设公交路线

Open/run/operate more bus lines/routes

As the buildings go up ----go up =rise

太阳东升西落the sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

上涨的河水the rising water.

紫金山海拔千米The mountain stands/rises 1000 meters above the sea level

Ascend to the throne 登基

raise举手raise your hands

“抬眼看”raise one’s eyes/ Mr. Hams-Worth did not look up from his desk

工作时抬头看了一下,发现没有什么异常,又低下头去

Look up from his work and then lowered eyes when he found nothing unusual.

raise薪金上调get a raise   get a promotion地位晋升

Raise 抚养(人/动物)

现在社会抚养孩子成本很高nowadays, it’s expensive to raise a child=bring up a child.

一个蓝领养活一个家庭是不容易的。It is getting more difficult for a blue-collar to raise/support a family.

在泰国偏远的地区,人们通过饲养昆虫来谋生

In some underdeveloped areas of Thailand, people make a living by raising worms

 

 

 

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