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高考交际用语荟萃 2 

(2008-03-19 06:03:26)
标签:

高考交际用语

杂谈

分类: 英语
  20.劝告和建议
  I think you ought to…我想你应该…
  If I were you, I’d…如果我是你,我会…
  It might be a good idea if you…如果你…这倒是个好主意。
  Have you ever thought of…? 你是否想过要…?
  I recommend that…我建议…

  I strongly advise you to…我极力主张你…
  You really ought to…你的确应该…
  Personally, I think you’d better…依我看,你最好…
  Why not do…? 为什么不…?
  Why don’t you do…? 你为什么不…?

  I suggest that…我建议…
  What about doing…? …怎么样?
  How about doing…? …怎么样?
  Shall we…? 我们去…好吗?
  Let’s…, shall we? 让我们去…好吗?
  You need (to)…你需要…

  如:
  ①---- The park isn't far from here. Shall we walk there?
  公园离这里不远,我们走着去好吗?
  ----OK.
  好吧。

  ②---- You must remember the saying: Whatever you do, do it well.
  你必须记住这句话:无论你做什么都要把它做好。
  ----Thank you for your advice.
  谢谢你的忠告。

  ③---- You'd better open the windows. It's hot in the room.
  你最好打开窗户,房间里热。
  -----All right.  
  好吧。

  21.禁止和警告
  You can’t…你不能…
  You mustn’t…你不能…
  You’d better not…你最好不…
  Don’t…不要…
  Take care! 当心!

  Be careful! 当心!
  Look out! 当心!
  If you…, you will…如果你…,你将…
  You are not allowed to…不允许你…

  如:
  ①---- You mustn't play on the road. It's dangerous.
  你不能在马路上玩,这很危险。
  ---- No, I won't.
  我不会在马路上玩的。

   ②---- You are not allowed to park here.
  不允许你在这里停车。
  ----Oh, I'm sorry.
  哦,对不起。

  ③----Look out! You could fall off the ladder.
  当心!你会从梯子上掉下去的。
  ----Oh, thank you.
  哦,谢谢你。

  22.许诺
  I promise…我答应…
  You shall …你将得到…
  I will give …to you.我会把…给你。

  如:
  ----When shall I have a new toy, Mum?
  妈妈,我什么时候才能有个新玩具?
  -----You shall have it on your birthday next Wednesday.
  下周三你过生日时会有一个的。

  23.惊奇
  Really? 真的?(常用在听到高兴或忧伤的消息时以表示惊异的神情)
  Oh dear! 哎呀!/天哪!
  Is that so? 是那样吗?
  Good heavens! 天哪!
  How astonishing! 真惊人!

  How extraordinary! 真不寻常!
  I can’t believe it! 我简直不敢相信!
  I can’t believe my eyes! 我简直不敢相信自己的眼睛!
  It can’t be! 这不可能!
  My goodness! 天哪!

  Oh, that’s incredible! 啊,简直不可思议!
  What a surprise! 真是出人意料!
  What? 你说什么?
  Are you serious? 当真,你不是在开玩笑吧?

  如:
  ①----I lost my new bike last week.
  我上周丢了我的新自行车。
  ----Really?
  真的吗?

  ②----He is ill again, and he has been ill for two weeks.
  他又生病了,而且已病了两个星期了。
  ----Is that so? I’m sorry to hear that.
  是吗?听到这个消息我很难过。

  ③----Jimmy has won the first prize.
  吉米获得了一等奖。
  ----Really? I can’t believe it.
  真的吗?我简直不敢相信。

  ◆ 在口语中常把There 或Here放在句首,以加强语气,表示说话人的惊讶或感叹,常译成“你瞧”,“哎呀”。

  如:
  ①Good heavens! There you are!
  天哪!你终于回来了。

  ②Oh, my God! Here we are!
  嗳,上帝呀!我们终于到了。

  ◆ There可单独用作感叹句,以引起注意,表示安慰,加强语气等。

  如:
  ①There! The work is done.
  瞧!事情干完了。

  ②There now! What did I tell you?
  你看!我怎么跟你说来着?

  ③There, there, never mind!
  好啦,好啦,不要紧的!(表示安慰)

  ④There now! You see I was right.
  哎,你瞧,我刚才是对的吧。(引起注意)

  24.焦虑
  What’s wrong? 怎么啦?
  What’s the matter with…? …怎么啦?
  Is there anything the matter? 有什么问题吗?
  Oh, what shall I do now? 哦,我现在该怎么办?
  What’s the problem with? …怎么啦?
  What’s the trouble with…? …怎么了?

  如:
  ①----What’s wrong?
  怎么啦?
  ----Oh, nothing much.
  哦,没什么。

  ②----What’s the matter with your computer?
  你的电脑怎么了?
  ----It doesn’t work.
  它不工作了。

  ③----What’s wrong with your eyes?
  你的眼睛怎么了?
  ----I can’t see anything clearly.
  我看不清东西。

  ④----What’s the trouble with the TV?
  这台电视怎么了?
  ----It has no pictures and no colour.
  它即没有图像也没有颜色。

  ㈡ 交际用语中易混淆的用法比较:
  ⒈ Nice to meet you. 和Nice meeting you.
  这两个句子的意思相同,但Nice to meet you.可以用于见面时也可以用于分手时,用于见面其句型省略了“it is”,用于分手时其句型省略了“it was”。而Nice meeting you.则用于分手时,等于It was nice meeting you.见面时的客气用语还有:
  ①I’m very glad to meet you. 见到你我很高兴。

  ②Glad to meet you. 见到你我很高兴。

  ③It’s a (great) pleasure to meet you. 见到你我很高兴。

  ④Pleased to meet you. 见到你我很高兴。

  在分手时常说:
  ①It was nice meeting you. 遇见你太好了。

  ②Nice to have meet you. 认识了你很高兴。

  ⒉ 助动词do加强语气及转达问候的表达方式:
  do可用于祈使句和肯定的陈述句中,置于动词原形前以加强语气。如果句子动词是过去时用did + 动词原形,如果是一般现在时用do + 动词原形,第三人称单数用does + 动词原形。读时须重读,翻译时应将其强调的意思表达出来。

  如:
  ①Do give her my regards.
  请一定代我向她问好。

  ②Do let me know when you meet with difficulty.
  遇到难处一定要告诉我。

  ③I did be homesick when I was abroad.
  我在国外时可真想家呀。

  ④He does work hard at school.
  他在学校学习的确很努力。

  ◆ do作实义动词,可以表示生活学习等方面的情况。

  如:
  ①He is doing quite well at school.
  他在学校学习情况不错。

  ②I did well in English but badly in maths.
  我英语学得很好,但数学学得很糟。

  ③How did you do in the examination?
  你考得怎么样?

  ◆ do还可表示符合某种需要,可译成“行”,“合适”,“够了”等。

  如:
  This place will do for a workshop.
  这地方作车间合适。

  ①---Will Tuesday do?
  星期二行吗?
  ----Sure.
  行。

  ②I don’t think these shoes will do for mountain-climbing.
  我认为这种鞋不适合于爬山。

  ⒊ What can I do for you? , Can I help you? 和Is there anything I can do for you?
  What can I do for you? = Can I help you? = Is there anything I can do for you?
  这三句话可用于许多不同的情景中,其中文意思要根据上下文及所用于的情景来理解。

  如:
  ①----What can I do for you?
  您要什么?
  ----I’d like a cup of coffee.
  我想要杯咖啡。

  ②---- What can I do for you?
  您要买什么?
  ----Headache medicine.
  头痛药。

  ③---- What can I do for you?
  你要借什么书?
  ----I’d like to borrow a book on medicine and renew this one.
  我想借一本医学方面的书并续借这本书。

  ④---- What can I do for you?
  你有什么事?
  ----Excuse me, is boss in?
  请问老板在吗?

  ⑤---- What can I do for you?
  有什么事吗?
  ----Could you show me the way to the internet bar?
  你能告诉我去网吧的路吗?

  ⑥----You are so busy. What can I do for you?
  你这么忙,我能帮你做什么吗?
  ----No, thank you.
  不用了,谢谢。

  ⒋ I’m well. 和I’m good.
  be well指身体好,其相对应的短语为be ill(生病)。如说“我身体很好”,应说 “I am very well.”,不能说“I’m very good.(good指品质好)。
  形容词well和ill不能作定语修饰名词,若作定语须用sick和healthy. 如说“生病的孩子”应该说a sick boy, “健康的孩子”应该说a healthy boy。

  如:
  ①----Why doesn’t Tom come to school?
  汤姆怎么没来上学?
  ----He is ill.
  他生病了。

  ②----How is your father?
  你父亲好吗?
  ----He is very well. Thank you.
  他很好,谢谢。

  ◆I’m very well. = I’m feeling quite well. = I’m fine. = I’m all right. = I’m OK.

  ◆I’m ill today. = I’m feeling bad today. = I’m feeling terrible today. = I don’t feel very well today.

  ⒌ It’s a pleasure to do…, It’s a pleasure.和 with pleasure.
  ◆It’s a pleasure to do…是客套话,意思是“很高兴做…”,相当于Pleased (或Nice, Great) to do…

  如:
  ①It’s a pleasure to meet you.
  =Pleased (或Nice, Great) to meet you.
  认识你很高兴。

  ②It’s a pleasure for me to be invited to speak here.
  =I’m glad to be invited to speak here.
  应邀在这儿发言我深感荣幸。

  ◆It’s a pleasure. = A pleasure.表示“没什么,不用谢。”“这是我乐意做的。”类似的习语还有:It’s nothing. Not at all. You are welcome. Don’t mention it. That’s all right. My(Our) pleasure.等,主要用于你帮助了别人或你为别人做了好事,而别人对你说 “Thank you.” 时。

  如:
  ①----Thank you, Mum, for my party, and for your beautiful presents!
  谢谢你,妈妈,为了我的这次聚会,也为你给予的漂亮的礼物。
  ----Not at all, dear. It was a pleasure.
  不用谢,这是我乐意做的。

  ②----Thank you for all the help you’ve given me.
  谢谢你给予我的所有帮助。
  ----It’s a pleasure.
  不用谢。

  ◆ With pleasure. = Yes/ Certainly. 表示“当然可以”,“愿意效劳”,“行”,“不成问题”,“好的”。类似的习语还有:All right. No problem. I’d like to.等,主要用于别人求你做某事,你很乐意去做的场合。

  如:
  ①----Could you help me with my English?
  你能否帮助我学英语?
  ---- With pleasure.
  当然可以。

  ②----Could you post the letter for me?
  你能替我把这封信寄走吗?
  ---- With pleasure.
  愿意效劳。

  ③----Will you lend me a hand?
  请你帮一下忙,好吗?
  ---- With pleasure.
  好的。

  ◆ pleasure是名词,大多用于客套话中。

  如:
  ①I have had the pleasure of meeting your brother before.
  我以前有幸见过令兄或令弟。

  ②May I have the pleasure of your company at dinner?
  我可否有和你一起吃饭的荣幸?

  ⒍ All right. That’s all right. 和 That’s right.
  ◆ All right. 意思是“行”,“可以”,表示同意对方的建议或要求,这时也可以用OK.

  如:
  ①----Tell me about him, please.
  把他的情况给我讲讲吧。
  ----OK./ All right.
  好吧。

  ②----Let’s not do that. All right?
  那件事我们别做了,行吗?
  ---- OK./ All right.
  好吧。

  ◆OK.和All right.还可以表示“身体很好”或“已经康复”的意思。

  如:
  ①----Is he all right?
  他很好吗?
  ----He is quite all right.
  他很好。

  ②----How are you today?
  你今天感觉(身体)怎么样?
  ----I’m all right. Thank you.
  我很好,谢谢。

  ◆ That’s right.意思是“对了”,表示赞同对方的意见、看法或行为,肯定对方的答案或判断,其相反说法是“That’s wrong.”。

  如:
  ①----We must help him.
  我们必须帮助他。
  ---- That’s right.
  说得对。

  ②You are not English. You are American. Is that right?
  你不是英国人,你是美国人,(我说的)对吗?

  ③I think that’s right.
  我想那是对的。

  ◆ That’s all right.意思是“没关系”,“不用谢”,用作回答对方的道歉或感谢。

  如:
  ①----I’m very sorry I can’t do it.
  非常对不起,我做不了。
  ---- That’s all right.
  没关系。(回答对方的道歉)

  ②----Many thanks.
  非常感谢。
  ---- That’s all right.
  不用谢。(回答对方的谢意)

  ⒎ What do you like about…? , How do you like…?和 What’s …like?
  ◆ What do you like about…? 是用来询问对方具体哪一方面喜欢某人或某事物,此时what作like的宾语,不用how.


  如:
  ①----What do you like about him?
  你喜欢他哪一点呢?
  ----Honesty and diligence.
  诚实与勤奋。

  ②----What do you dislike about smoking?
  你哪一点不喜欢吸烟呢?
  ----Smelly rooms.
  房间里难闻的气味。

  ◆ How do you like…? 用于询问对方对某一事物的看法,此时how作状语,不能用what 代替,句中的like还可用find代替,如果用think of代替like,疑问词应用what.

  如:
  ①----How do you like/ find the city?
  你觉得这座城市怎么样?
  ----Very beautiful.
  很美丽。

  ②----What do you think of the novel?
  你认为这部小说怎么样?
  ----Very interesting.
  很有趣。

  ③Tell me how you like my plan
  跟我说说你对我的计划的看法。

  ◆ What’s …like? 是用来询问某人、某一活动,某一电影、某一小说或某一场所等留给人的印象,要求对方所询问的有关事物作出简单的评价,描述外貌等,句中like为介词。

  如:
  ①----What’s your English teacher like?
  你的英语老师是什么样子的?
  ----He is tall and handsome.
  他高大英俊。

  ②----What was the conference like?
  大会开得怎么样?
  ----Very interesting.
  非常有趣。

  ③----What is the dictionary like?
  那部字典是什么样子的?
  ----A pocket one. Simple but clear.
  是一部袖珍字典,简单明了。

  高考预测题:
  1.----Thank you so much for the lovely evening, Jim. Frank and I had such a good time.
   ----You are quite welcome, John. _______ . We’d been looking forward to seeing you.
  A. We are glad to meet you.
  B. I am afraid you did not have a good time.
  C. Just stay a little longer.
  D. Thank you for your coming.

  2.----I am sorry to hear that your mother is ill in hospital.
   ----______________.
  A. That’s all right.
  B. Don’t be so sorry. She is well soon.
  C. It is nothing.
  D. It’s very kind of you.

  3.----What do you think of that tea set as a gift for Mary’s birthday?
   ----__________, but I don’t particularly care for the design.
  A. It is the right thing.
  B. I think it is Chinese style.
  C. Not bad.
  D. Let me think it over again.

  4.----Tom was killed in a traffic accident.
   ----________. I talked with him yesterday morning!
  A. What a pity       B. I beg your pardon?  
  C. Sorry to hear that.   D. Is that so?

  5.----My son has passed the exam.
   ----Congratulations! He’s really intelligent.
   ----___________.
  A. Oh, no, he is nothing.
  B. Oh, thank you.
  C. Sometimes he is intelligent
  D. You are right.

  6.----Don’t forget to phone me when you get home. Just to let me know you’ve arrived safely.
   ----I won’t forget. Good-bye then.
   ----____________.
  A. With pleasure     B. Have a nice trip  
  C. Don’t mention it   D. It is very kind of you

  7.----I am sorry I broke your mirror.
   ----Really? _________.
  A. It doesn’t matter.
  B. Don’t be so sorry.
  C. It’s OK with me.
  D. I don’t know.

  8.----Please don’t make a noise.
   ----_________. I’ll be as quiet as a mouse.
  A. Yes, I won’t.      B. No, I won’t.  
  C. No, I will.       D. Yes, I will.

  9.----We have got to do something about pollution. It’s getting worse.
   ----________.
  A. Yes, it certainly is.   B. Yes, it is certainly. 
  C. Yes, we have        D. No, you haven’t.

  10.----You speak very good English.
    ---- _____________.
  A. No, not at all.     B. My English is not good. 
  C. Thank you.        D. No, you speak better than I

  11.----Why not go and have dinner in a restaurant?
    ----________. It’s too expensive.
  A. Why not         B. I agree    
  C. I’m afraid not     D. I’m sure

  12.If you see a sign with “No photos” on, you __________.
  A. take some photos
  B. just look at the photos
  C. can’t take photos
  D. take some photos away

  13.----Are you feeling _______?
    ----Yes, I’m fine now.
  A. any well      B. any better   
  C. quite good     D. quite better

  14.----How do you like your uncle?
    ----___________.
  A. Yes, I like him very much.
  B. No, I don’t like him.
  C. I like him.
  D. He is very kind.

  15.----Have a nice weekend!
    ----___________.
  A. The same to you  B. The same as you 
  C. So have I      D. You have it too.

  16.----I feel a bit hungry.
    ----Why not go to have _______ bread?
  A. any          B. some       
  C. little        D. a

  17.----Would you go to the concert with me?
    ----________, but I’m very busy now.
  A. I’d like to    B. Sure  
  C. No problem     D. Certainly

  18.----I am afraid robots will replace man in almost all fields of society one day.
    ----__________.
  A. Yes, they do.
  B. I am sorry to hear that.
  C. I’m sorry, but I can’t agree with you.
  D. I am sorry for that.

  19.----Do you mind my taking this seat?
    ----___________
  A. Yes, sit down, please.
  B. No, of course not.
  C. Yes, take it please.
  D. No, you can’t take it.

  20.----I was so sure that our experiment was going to succeed, but something went wrong at the last moment.
    ----_______, but don’t give up.
  A. You don’t mean that
  B. Find out the reason
  C. Never mind
  D. I’m sorry to hear that

  21.----Hi, haven’t seen you for ages! You look fine!
    ----_______. You look well, too.
  A. Great     B. Thanks   
  C. Oh, no     D. Not at all

  22.----If I were you, I would tell her frankly.
    ----__________.
  A. It is none of your business.
  B. It’s my pleasure.
  C. I will think about it
  D. It’s very kind of you to help me.

  23.----Your name again, please? ___________.
    ----It’s Bell Green.
  A. I didn’t quite catch you.
  B. I can’t quite catch you.
  C. I don’t hear you.
  D. It’s your turn.

  24.----Do you think I could borrow your dictionary?
    ----___________.
  A. Yes, you may borrow.
  B. Yes, you could.
  C. Yes, help yourself.
  D. Yes, go on.

  25.----Why didn’t you tell Tom the truth?
    ----___________.
  A. Yes, I was afraid to be scolded by him.
  B. No, but I want to.
  C. But I did.
  D. I always hate telling lies.

  26.----Do you think it is going to rain over the weekend?
    ----__________.
  A. I don’t believe   B. I don’t believe it 
  C. I believe not so   D. I believe not.

  27.----You couldn’t have chosen any gift better for me.
    ----_________.
  A. That’s all right. I will give you a better one next time.
  B. I am sorry I cannot let you satisfied.
  C. I’m glad you like it so much.
  D. You have a gift for music, don’t you?

  28.----I am so tired, working all morning on the farm.
    ----Why not take a rest?
    ----_________.
  A. Because I cannot afford it.
  B. Maybe I should
  C. I don’t know
  D. Sorry, I cannot tell you.

  29.----_________. Did you do it yourself?
    ----I am glad you like it. My sister did it for me.
  A. I don’t think so.   B. I like your hair style 
  C. I have no idea     D. You look nice today

  30.----I am sorry, but I can’t hear you clearly.
    ----I say the meeting has been put off till tomorrow. Can you hear me?
    ----Yes, _______.
  A. I see       B. I know  
  C. let me see     D. go away

  答案与提示:
  1.D  英美等国的人很讲礼貌,客人要感谢主人的盛情邀请,而主人要同样感谢客人的光临。

  2.D  It’s very kind of you.的意思是:Thank you.

  3.C  答语中的but是关键词,意思是“还不错,但是我不喜欢……

  4.D  答语的后半部分是感叹句,表示惊讶。C项与后面的语气不一致。

  5.B  回答赞美、祝贺、祝愿时,应用thank you。

  6.B  Have a nice trip的含义是:旅途愉快。

  7.A  回答sorry的用语有: it doesn’t matter, it is nothing和 that is all right。

  8.B  No, I won’t.的意思是“是的,我不会吵”。英语中要求肯定和否定形式要一致。

  9.A  It certainly is.的意思是“污染肯定是越来越严重了”,不说it is certainly。

  10.C  英美人对别人的称赞往往是“接受”,要做出向对方表示感谢或流露出高兴情绪的反应。

  11.C  Why not…?是提建议时常用的句型。I’m afraid not. = I’m afraid that we can not go and have dinner…(恐怕不行)。It’s too expensive.(太贵)说明“不行”的原因。

  12.C  No photos.的意思是“禁止拍照”。

  13.B  答句是形容词原级,汉译意义似乎是“你身体感觉好吗?”但是,不能以汉译为准,也不能套用下文,习惯用法是比较级。修饰比较级形容词不用quite。

  14.D  How do you like…?相当于What do you think of…?是询问你对某人、某事的评价性的意见,译为“你觉得…怎么样?”而不是“你喜欢…吗?”在做此情景对话题时,切忌望文生义,应了解句子的内在涵义。

  15.A  Have a nice weekend!(祝你周末愉快)这是一句祝福语,根据英美人的习惯,对方也应该做出同样的回答。The same to you.(也祝你周末愉快)符合上下文的情景要求。

  16.B  此题很容易受答句问句形式的限制而用any, 因为通常情况下,疑问句和否定句用any. 但根据上下文的情景,“我”饿了,对方建议我吃些面包。在英语中,建议性的疑问句常用some

  17.A  根据上下文的情景分析,答方委婉地拒绝了对方的邀请,因为他很忙,根据英美人的习惯,即使是拒绝对方的邀请,也要让对方觉得他是愿意接受对方邀请的,只是由于某种原因才不能去。

  18.C  本题的语境是关于对“机器人在各个领域全面代替人类”的看法,故答语应是赞同与否。

  19.B  No, of course not.的意思是“当然不介意”。

  20.D  当别人遇到困难、麻烦时,我们应说I’m sorry to hear that.

  21.B  对他人的夸奖应表示感谢。

  22.C  虚拟语气表示建议。

  23.A  让对方重复说过的话,是因为没有听清,“catch”此处意为“听清”。

  24.C  Help yourself.此处的意思是“你自己拿吧”。

  25.C  but I did表示“我已经告诉他了”。回答特殊疑问句不用yes与no。

  26.D  so 和not可放在动词expect, fear, hope, suppose, believe, think以及词组be afraid的后面,省略与上文相同的肯定和否定的宾语从句。

  27.C  You couldn’t have chosen any gift better for me.的意思是“你再也选不到比这更好的礼物”。表示说话人非常喜欢你的礼物,C最符合语境。

  28.B  Why not…?是表示建议的句型,不是询问原因。Maybe I should.是Maybe I should take a rest.的省略。

  29.B  从答语中得知前者在夸奖对方,同时根据like,故选B。

  30.B  打电话时在噪音中对话,没有听清,重复后听清了,也就是知道对方说话的内容了。I see的意思是“明白了”,强调理解后的感悟,不合语境。

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