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5B知识点汇总

(2012-06-04 15:41:27)
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杂谈

5B知识点汇总

词组

Unit 1

马上 at once  

向你演示 show you  

在周二下午 On Tuesday afternoon  

告诉我 tell me  

她的学生 her students  

计算机课程 Computer Studies  

新学期 new term  

在一周内 in a week  

在钟旁边 near the clock  

我将要I’ll=I will  

8门学科 eight subjects  

周一上午Monday morning  

本学期 this term  

什么科目 what subject  

一节美术课 an Art lesson  

非常 very much  

第一节课 the first lesson  

每个星期天 every Sunday  

在周一 on Monday  

社会科学 Social Science  

一门有趣的学科 an interesting subject  

每天every day  

学英语 learn English  

很高兴见到你Nice to see you.  

热咖啡 hot coffee  

……怎么样 how about  

欢迎回到学校Welcome back to school.  

上课 have a lesson  

在早上 in the morning  

新学期的第一堂课 the first lesson of the new term  

你呢 how about you  

孩子们 boys and girls  

从周二到周五from Tuesday to Friday  

   Unit 2

病了be ill  

打电话给她 call her  

多休息 have a lot of rest  

高烧 high fever  

发烧 have got a fever  

打错电话 wrong number  

休息 have a rest  

我有、我得到 I’ve got  

一个电话 a telephone call  

午饭后 after lunch  

待会儿见 see you soon  

吃些药 take some medicine  

在学校 at school  

严重的咳嗽a bad cough  

胃痛 (have got) a stomach ache  

对……说 speak to  

说英语 speak English  

重感冒 (have got ) a bad cough  

看医生 see a doctor  

牙痛 have a toothache  

张开你的嘴巴 open your mouth  

变得更好 get better  

感觉不舒服 feel ill  

别的一些什么 anything else  

一些水果 some fruit  

感觉好一些 feel better  

带些花给你get some flowers for you  

呆在床上 stay in bed  

喝热茶 drink hot tea  

你怎么啦? What’s wrong with you? =What’s the matter with you?  

呆在家里stay at home   

在周日早上on Sunday morning  

   Unit 3

过来 come here  

展示给我们看 show us  

不同的爱好 different hobbies  

集邮collect stamps  

本的爱好 Ben’s hobby  

这张轮船邮票  this ship stamp  

拍照 take photos  

一些爱好 some hobbies  

相同的爱好 the same hobby  

购物 go shopping  

在花园里 in the garden  

烹饪美味食物 cook nice food  

看一看 have a look  

给花浇水 water flowers  

我们的同班同学 our classmates  

种花 grow flowers  

动物邮票 animal stamps  

制作模型轮船 make model ships  

做衣服 make clothes  

中国邮票Chinese stamps  

做漂亮的连衣裙 make pretty dresses  

照看,照顾 look after  

花的邮票 flower stamps  

有着相同的爱好 have the same hobby  

创作音乐 write music  

许多书 a lot of books  

许多漂亮的邮票many beautiful stamps  

   Unit 4

进来come in  

大声说speak loudly  

打乒乓play table tennis  

每天every day  

和……玩play with  

住在苏州live in Suzhou  

写信给write to  

安静地坐sit quietly  

在伦敦附近near London  

游得快swim fast  

学语文study Chinese  

从……到……from… to…  

非常very much  

上网surf the Internet  

跳舞跳得美dance beautifully  

在海里in the sea  

仔细听listen carefully  

给我的一封信a letter for me  

跑得快run fast  

又跳又跑jump and run  

在电脑房in the computer room  

玩得好play well  

一个小镇a small town  

一位英国朋友an English friend  

跳得高jump high  

小心地走walk carefully  

写一封电子邮件write an e-mail  

Unit 6

抬起 lift up  

屈膝 bend one’s knees  

做些锻炼 do some exercise  

右腿 right leg  

仰躺 lie on one’s back  

感到非常疲劳 feel very tired  

左手 left hand  

多锻炼 do more exercise  

跟着指令做 follow the orders  

每天 every day  

上下跳 jump up and down  

双脚并拢 put one’s feet together  

10次 ten times  

站成一排 stand in a line  

想要变得健康want to be healthy  

站起来 stand up  

打乒乓 play table tennis  

试着跳10次try to jump ten times  

向左转 turn left  

在操场上 in the playground  

双膝并拢 put one’s knees together  

向右转 turn right  

一节体育课a PE lesson  

抬起你的右臂 lift up your right arm  

发指令 give orders  

把…放在…上 put … on …  

用…触摸… touch … with…  

孩子们 boys and girls  

仔细听 listen carefully  

抬起双腿 lift up one’s legs  

Unit 7

步行 on foot  

忙碌的一天 a busy day  

……的时间到了It’s time for…  

起床 get up  

洗脸 wash one’s face  

11点三刻a quarter to twelve  

值日 on duty  

一场足球赛 a football game  

打扫图书馆 clean the library  

快点 be quick  

四点一刻 a quarter past four  

6点50分ten to seven / six fifty  

在晚上 at night  

随身携带 take … with …  

六点半 half past six / six thirty  

还没有 not yet  

在八点半 at half past eight  

从……到…… from …to…  

吃午饭 have lunch  

回家 go home / come home  

做回家作业 do one’s homework  

晚餐前 before dinner  

需要做…… need to (do)  

从6点到12点 from six to twelve  

刷牙brush one’s teeth  

准备好……be ready for…  

没有时间休息 There’s no time for rest.  

骑自行车 ride a bike  

   

   

   Unit 8

在夜晚 at night  

观察蚂蚁 watch ants  

荡秋千 play on the swings  

谈论 talk about  

小学 primary school  

做家务劳动 do housework  

当然 of course  

捉昆虫 catch insects  

把…放在…里面 put … in …  

看电视 watch TV  

去公园 go to the park  

周五下午 Friday afternoon  

去爬山 go climbing  

在周末 at the weekends  

度过周末 spend the weekends  

上网 surf the Internet  

捉蝴蝶 catch butterflies  

谈论蜻蜓talk about dragonflies  

去游泳 go swimming  

向……学习learn from  

搬运大的东西 carry big things  

打篮球 play basketball  

看动画片 watch cartoons  

有趣的昆虫 interesting insects  

每周六 every Saturday  

打扫房间 clean the room  

我们的好朋友 our good friends  

听音乐 listen to music  

去电影院 go to the cinema  

看它们在花丛中跳舞 watch them dance in the flowers  

  Unit 9

写故事 write stories  

住在纽约 live in New York  

喜欢写故事 like writing stories  

教法语 teach French  

来自 come from / be from  

参观你们的学校 visit your school  

一个大城市 a big city  

英语俱乐部 English Club  

他的中国朋友 his Chinese friend  

与他谈话 talk to him  

一起回家 go home together  

每周五下午 every Friday afternoon  

孩子们 boys and girls  

一所小学 a primary school  

向他学英语 learn English from him  

说日语 speak Japanese  

我的同班同学 my classmate  

一位美国来访者 an American visitor  

来自法国 be from France  

不同的国家 different countries

一个忙碌的家庭主妇 a busy housewife  

做所有的煮饭、清洁活 do all the cooking and cleaning  

来自不同的城市 come from different cities  

   

句型


1.今天星期几?今天是……

What day is it today ? It is …

2.你/你们早上/下午有什么课?我/我们有……

What lessons do you have in themorning / afternoon ? I / we have …

3.你/你们星期一有什么课?我/我们有……

What lessons do you have on Monday ? I / we have …

4.你/你们星期一早上/下午有什么课?我/我们有……

What lessons do you have on Monday moroning /afternoon ? I / we have …

5.你们一周上多少节课?我们上三十节课。

How many lessons do you have a week ? There are thirsty

6.你喜欢什么科目?我喜欢……

What subjects do you like ? I like …

7.你们一学期上多少门课?我们上十门课。

How many subjects do you have a term ? There are ten..

8.几加几等于几?几减几等于几?等于……

What is … plus … ? What is … minus … ? It is …

9.你现在感觉怎么样?我感觉冷/热/病了/累/饿/渴。

How do you feel now ? I feel cold / hot / ill / tired / hungry / thirsty

10.我可以给你拿一个/一些…..

I can get a / some … for you

11.你怎么了?我得了……我听了很难过。

What’s wrong with you ? I’ve got … I’m sorry to hear that

12.他/她怎么了? 他/她得了……

What’s wrong with him / her ? He / she has got …

13.服用些药品并且多多休息。

Take some medicine and have a lot of rest

14.我可以和…通话吗?对不起,你打错了。

May I speak to … ? Sorry , wrong number

15.是……在通话吗?是的,我是……

Is that speaking ? Yes , this is … speaking

16.我希望你早日康复。

I hope you get better soon

17.你有一些兴趣爱好吗?是的,我有。我喜欢……

Do you have any hobbies ? Yes , I do , I like

18.他/她有一些兴趣爱好吗?是的,他/她有。他/她喜欢……

Does he / she have any hobbies ? Yes , he / she does. He / she likes …

19.我的兴趣爱好是…… /xxx的兴趣爱好是……

My hobby is … /xxx’s hobby is …

20.他跳的高吗?不,他跳的不高。

Does he jump high ? No, he doesn’t

21.他/她通常放学后干什么?他/她通常……

What does he / she usuaally do after school ? He / she usually …

22.他每天都有课。

He has lessons every day

23.学生们正在试图按照指令做。

The students are trying to follow the orders

24.站成一排,让我们来做练习(运动)。

Stand in a line , let’s do some exercise

25.上下跳十次。

Jamp up and down ten times

26.仔细听。停!

Listen carefully . Stop !

27.平躺。

Lie on one’s back

28.弯曲你的……举起你的……

Bend your … lift up your …

29.左右转。用你的……摸你的…..

Turn left and right . Touch your … with your …

30.把你的……放在你的……

Put your … on your …

31.现在几点了?现在是六点半。现在是吃早饭的时间了。

What’s time is it ? It’s half past six . It’s time for breakfast

32.我/我们想要……你想加入我/我们吗?

I /We want to … Do you want join me / us ?

33.八点半上课。

Classes begin at half past eight

34.他/她每天都做什么?他/她在...点...

What does he / she do every day ? He / she …at...

35.没有时间……

There’s no time for ...

36.有场足球比赛在…点。让我们去看看。

There’s a football game at ... Let’s go and watch it

37.你是怎样度过你的周末的?我经常…有时……

How do you spend you weekends ? I often ... sometimes I ...

38.他/她是怎样度过他的/她的周末的?他/她经常……有时……

How does he / she spend her / his weekends ? He/she ofte ... Sometimes he/she...

39.它喜欢花。它是什么?它是……吗?不,它不是的。它是……

It like flowers . What’s it ? Is it a ... ? No , It’s a....

40.它夜晚发光。它有长/短腿。它跳的高。

It glows at night . It has long / short legs , It jumps high

41.你来自哪里啊?我来自……我是…..

Where are you from ? I’m from ... I’m ...

42.他/她来自哪里呢?他/她来自…..他/她是……

Where’s he / she from ? He / she from ... He / she is ...

43.他们来自哪里?他们来自……他们是……

Where are they from ? They are from ... They are ...

44.它是什么国家?它是……

What country is it ? It’s ...

45.你/他们说英语吗?不,我/他们说法语。

Do you / they speak English ? No , I / they speak French

46.他/她说英语吗?不,他/她说法语。

Does he/she speak English ? No ,he /she doesn’t

47.你/他们说哪国语言啊?我/他们说……

What do you /they speak ? I /they speak ...

48.他/她说哪国语言啊?他/她说……

What does he / she speak ? He / She speak...

49.他/她来自于……吗?是的,他/她是。不,他/她不是。

Does he /she speak ? Yes,he /she does . No, he / she doesn’ t .

50.英格兰是汤母的家乡。

England is the home of Tom.


祈使句

1、touch 碰 touch your right leg 碰你的右腿 touch your right ear with your left hand 用你的左手碰你的右耳朵

2、stand 站 stand up 起立 stand in a line 站成一条线(排) stand on the man’s shoulders 站在那个男的肩上

3、put 放 put your feet together 并拢你的脚(双脚并拢) put your hands on your head 把你的手放在你的头上 put this pineapple on the table 把这个菠萝放在桌子上 put your book here 把你的书放这里

4、jump 跳 jump up and down 上下跳 5、lie 躺 (lying) lie on your back (背)躺下,仰卧(lie on one’s back) lie on the floor躺在地板上

5、 bend 弯曲 bend your knee 弯曲你的膝盖 bend your arms 弯你的手臂 bend your finger 弯曲你的手指

7、move 移动 move your legs to the left 把你的腿移到左边 I can’t move. 我不能动了。

8、lift 提 lift up your left leg 提起你的左脚 lift up your hands 举起你的手

9、turn 转动 turn left 向左转 turn left and right 左右转

10、show 把…给人看 show 某人 某物 show 某物 to 某人

11、do 做 Do this ten times. 把这个做十遍。 If you want to be healthy, do some exercise with me. 如果你想要变得健康,和我一起做运动吧。 do push-ups 做俯卧撑 do hand-stands 做手倒立

12、listen 听 Listen carefully. 仔细听。Listen to me, please. 请听我说。

注意:祈使句改否定句,在句子前面加Don’t… Stand up, please. 请起立。 Don’t stand up, please. 请不要起立。

一般疑问句

1、 情态动词can和may

(1) May I speak to Nancy? This is Nancy speaking. (电话用语,答语特殊)

(2) Can you make a dress for my sister’s doll? Yes, I can.

(3) Can you do hand-stands? No, I can’t.

2、 be动词

(1) Are you surfing the Internet? No, I’m not. I’m writing an e-mail.

(2) Are they tired? Yes, they are.

(3) Is she ready for breakfast? No, she isn’t. She’s brushing her teeth.

(4) Is he from the UK? No, he isn’t. He’s from France.

(5) Are you from different countries? Yes, we are.

(6) Is it a dragonfly? No, it isn’t. It’s a butterfly.

3、 助动词do和does

(1) Do you have any hobbies? Yes, I do. I like taking photos.

(2) Do you like cooking? No, I don’t.

(3) Do you water the flowers every day? Sometimes I do, sometimes I don’t.

(4) I want to play chess. Do you want to join me? Yes, I do. But I’m doing my homework. Do you want to go to England? Yes, I do. I’ll go there soon.

(5) Do you surf the Internet every weekend? No, I don’t.

(6) Do you do housework at the weekends? Of course, I do.

(7) Do you speak Japanese? No, I don’t. I speak English and Chinese.

(8) Do you like Shanghai? Sure, I do. I’d like to visit it.

(9) Does Jim live in London? No, he doesn’t. He lives in a small town near London.

(10) Does Clare study Chinese at school? No, she doesn’t.

(11) Does Tom play football well? Yes, he does. He swims well, too.

(12) Does Liu Tao jump high? No, he doesn’t. But he runs fast.

(13) Does Yumi speak English? Yes, she does. She speaks French, too.

(14) Does Mr Brown often do housework on Saturdays? No, she doesn’t. She goes to work on Saturdays.

特殊疑问句

1、 what

(1) What day is it today? It’s Monday.

(2) What lessons do you have in the morning/on Monday/this morning/on Tuesday afternoon? I have…

(3) What subject do you like? I like… What subject does he study at school? He studies…

(4) What’s your favourite subject? It’s/My favourite subject is…

(5) What’s wrong with you? I’ve got a … What’s the matter with that boy? He’s got a …

(6) What’s your hobby? I like… My hobby is… (+动名词)

(7) What does Helen usually do after school? She usually… What does Mike do every day?He does some exercise at seven o’clock.

(8) What time is it? It’s.. It’s time for…

(9) What (insect) is it? It’s a/an…

(10) What country is it? It’s…

(11) What are you doing? I’m watering the flowers. (进行时态)

2、 how

(1) How do you feel now? I feel…

(2) How do you spend your weekends? I often… How does David spend his weekends? He often…(第三人称单数)

(3) How about you? (根据上文回答问题)

3、 why

Why are you absent today? I’m ill. I’ve got a fever.

4、 where

(1) Where are you? I’m in the garden.

(2) Where are you from? I’m from China.

(3) Where’s my grape? It’s in my mouth.

一般现在时

Hello, boys and girls.我是一般现在时,你们想知道我的故事吗?Let me tell you!

定义:一般现在时表示现在经常反复发生的动作、存在的状态或习惯性的动作的时态。

首先,介绍我的本领。我的本领有三样:

1. 表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue. 天空是蓝色的。

2. 表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day. 我每天六点起床。

常与表示频度的时间状语连用。如:every…, sometimes, usually, often, at…,

on Sundays

I go home at 5 every afternoon. 我每天下午5点回家。

3. 表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun. 地球绕着太阳转。

第二,请看我的面目--构成:

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。

构成:一般现在时用行为动词的原形,如: We study English.我们学习英语。

但第三人称单数作主语时,动词的词尾有所变化。

如:Nancy likes English.南希喜欢英语。

a. 第三人称单数动词词尾的变化有几种形式:

  

变化

例词

一般情况

加s

reads,likes,takes

以ch,sh,s,x,

或辅音字母加o结尾的词

加es

teaches,washes,watches,misses,mixes,

goes ,does

以辅音字母加y结尾的词

变y为i再加-es

studies,cries,carries

b. 一般现在时动词有特殊的人称形式,这些形式可表示如下:

一般动词

动词to be

动词to have

I like it.

You like it.

He/She likes it.

We/You/They like it.

I am a student.

You are a student.

He/She is a student.

We/You/They are students.

I have a pen.

You have a pen.

He/She has a pen.

We/You/They have pens.

第三,我的变化--否定句、一般疑问句、特殊疑问句:

1. be动词的变化。

   否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

   一般疑问句:be +主语+其它。

   如:-Are you a student?

     -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

   特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike? What does she like?

2. 行为动词的变化。

   否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:

   I don't like bread.

   当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:

   He doesn't play computer games.

   一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

   - Do you play football?

   - Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

   当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:

   - Does she go to school by bike?

   - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

语法复习

1. from 后面跟国家,如They are from Australia,they are Australian .

2. Is he/she from …? Yes ,he /she is . No, he /She isn’t.不能说成Does he/she from…? Yes, he/she does .因为from不是动词。

3. for 后面跟动词加ing或者名词,to 后面跟动词原形,如Are you ready for playing basketball ? Are you ready for basketball game?Are you ready to play basketball ?

4. 除了耳痛用an earache其他用a ,medicine是不可数名词,所以是take some 或者any medicine,不加s

5. 某个人的爱好用xxx’s hobby is 动词加ing表示。如 David’s hobby is growing flowers.

6. 遇到now一定要用现在进行时,主语加am/is /are 中的一个be动词,加动词加ing,注意有的要去e,有的要双写,如Nancy is _________ (sit quietly) now .

7. 没有看到句子中有now 一般都是一般现在时。

8. subject和lesson要注意区分,如 We have eight _________(subjects/lessons),subject 表示科目,lesson表示节课

9. talk to 后面跟人,表示对谁谈话 如 talk to David 对David 说

talk with 后面也跟人,表示跟谁一起说话 如talk with David 跟David 一起说话 talk about后面跟人或话题 表示谈论关于什么人或什么话题的意思,不能用错了。

10. look for 和find 的区别,look for 表示正在寻找(但是还没找到) find表示找到的意思。如I am looking for my bag now, but I can’t find it.我正在寻找我的包但是我找不到它。

11. 哪国男孩 应该写 哪国人加boy,不能写国家加 boy ,如Chinese boy 不能写China boy

12. in the playground 在操场上 in the street在街道上 in the tree在树上(表示外来物)长在树上的用on the tree 在二楼 on the first floor

在卡片的字要用on the card在卡片里夹的东西用 in the card

13 .想要做某事有两种说法,want to 和would like to,两者的区别在于主语如果是三单的话,want to…变成wants to…,而would like to…无论主语是不是三单,都写原形就写would like to…

14. 动词遇到can 或者一般现在时,主语不是三单的情况下,动词都要写原形,不用加任何东西。

15 有的词组是固定搭配 名词一定要变复数,如take photos ,watch cartoons,grow flowers , collect stamps , catch insects, put your feet together 注意dagonfly ,butterfly ,firefly 都要去y加ies,boys 不用去y加ies

16.形容词和副词的区别:如beautiful是形容词 加上ly就变成了副词beautifully

17.有些名词可以当做动词来使用: 如 water可以是水也可以是浇水洒水的意思

18.I’ve got … 中的’ve是have, He’s got …中的’s是has

19.like 后面的动词一定要加ing,不加s

20.在一般现在时的肯定句中,一定要看清楚句子中的主语,如果是三单(一个人/动物,名字/东西)动词要加s或者es或不规则变化。而如果主语是复数或者是I ,YOU则动词就写原形。

21.在一般现在时的疑问句中,一般句子开头要用Do 或者Does来提问,如果主语是三单就要用Does 提问,不是三单就用Do.如 your brother have PE lesson this morning?

22.在一般现在时的否定句中,在动词前要用don’t 或doesn’t来表示否定意思。如果主语是三单就要在动词前面加doesn’t 如果主语不是三单就在动词前面写don’t如I go to school on Sundays.

Nancy wants to go shopping ,but Helen

23.some 和any的区别:some 用在肯定句any用在疑问句和否定句 .只有当问句表示一种邀请或者请求,或期待一个肯定的回答时才能用some。

24.现在进行时虽然是上学期学的但是也要记得:表示的是某人正在干某事如I’m writing an e-mail to my friend Tom. 主语加am is are 中的一个be 动词加动词加ing

25.打电话: Is that …? Yes, this is xxx speaking .或者 Sorry ,wrong number.

26.on、in和at的区别:在星期几用on,在星期几的上午/下午还是用on,在上午/下午用in,超过夜里9点用at.

 

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