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“人不犯我,我不犯人”

(2021-05-08 13:17:54)
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         “人不犯我,我不犯人”


         人不犯我,我不犯人;

         人若犯我,我必犯人

               We will not attack unless we are attacked;

              if we are attacked, we will certainly counter-attack.

                              ——毛泽东       

  “人不犯我,我不犯人人若犯我,我必犯人是毛泽东1939年9月16日,在《和中央社、扫荡报、新民报三记者的谈话》中提出的当时面对和国民党的摩擦问题他说:

先生们的问题表中还问到共产党对待所谓磨擦的态度。我可以率直地告诉你们,我们根本反对抗日党派之间那种互相对消力量的磨擦。但是,任何方面的横逆如果一定要来,如果欺人太甚,如果实行压迫,那末,共产党就必须用严正的态度对待之。这态度就是:人不犯我,我不犯人;人若犯我,我必犯人。但我们是站在严格的自卫立场上的,任何共产党员不许超过自卫原则。

 In your list of questions you also ask about the Communist Party's attitude to what has come to be known as "friction". I tell you frankly that we are absolutely opposed to friction between the anti-Japanese parties, which cancels out their strength. But if anyone persists in using violence against us, tries to bully us and resorts to repression, the Communist Party will have to take a firm stand. Our attitude is: We will not attack unless we are attacked; if we are attacked, we will certainly counter-attack. But our stand is strictly one of self-defence; no Communist is permitted to go beyond the principle of self-defence

    —— 引自毛泽东《和中央社、扫荡报、新民报三记者的谈话》

                             1939916

从此后,“人不犯我,我不犯人;人若犯我,我必犯人”成为了中国共产党坚持正义,为了人民和民族利益,敢于打击和消灭一切来犯之敌的斗争口号。

在谈到当时的政治问题时,毛泽东还说:

改革国内政治之所以非常重要,是因为敌人在目前,主要的是政治进攻,我们就要特别加强政治抵抗。这就是说,民主政治的问题,应当快点解决,才能加强政治上的抵抗力,才能准备军事力量。中国抗战主要地依靠自力更生。如果过去也讲自力更生,那末,在新的国际环境下,自力更生就更加重要。自力更生的主要内容,就是民主政治。

Internal political reform is very important because at present the enemy is mainly carrying on a political offensive, and so we must strengthen our political resistance in particular. In other words, the problem of democracy must be solved as soon as possible, for only in this way can we increase our capacity for political resistance and build up our military strength. China has to rely mainly on her own efforts in the War of Resistance. We have stood for regeneration through our own efforts, and this has become even more important in the new international situation. The essence of such regeneration is democracy.

           —— 引自毛泽东《和中央社、扫荡报、新民报三记者的谈话》

                             1939916

      Interview with Three Correspondents From the central News Agency, The Sao Tang Pao and the Hsin Pao

           September 16, 1939

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