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读《大唐西域记》

(2014-01-06 11:59:27)
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读《大唐西域记》

     新的一年,翻译的第一篇文章乃罗宾博士的文章:“丝绸之路”上的盗宝和寻乐:以欧洲为例,Plunder and Pleasure-seeking on the Silk Road: Some European Case Studies,文中提到了《大唐西域记》中的一段,随在网上查读玄奘原著,用了两天时间,从头查到尾,在十二卷查到了原文,也算是大概读了一遍《大唐西域记》,不亦乐乎。录原引的英文和汉语原文在此一乐。

   Two hundred li, or so, to the west of the city [of Wu-sha],' thus the Hsi yü-chi tells us there is a great mountain. This mountain is covered with brooding vapours which hang like clouds above the rocks. The crags rise one above another, and seem as if about to fall where they are suspended. On the mountain top there rises a Stûpa of a wonderful and mysterious construction. This is the old story : many centuries ago this mountain suddenly opened ; in the middle was seen a Bhikshu, with closed eyes, sitting ; his body was of gigantic stature, and his form dried up ; his hair descended low on his shoulders and enshrouded his face.'

  

Hsüan-tsang goes on to relate how a hunter once caught sight of the Arhat and told the king, who came in person to see him and pay him worship. A monk of his following explained that it was an Arhat absorbed in that complete ecstasy which produces extinction of the mind, and indicated the means by which he might be safely roused from his trance. When these had been applied, the Saint, ' looking down on them from on high for a long time,' inquired about Ka yapa, his master, and about Sa.kyamuni Tathagata. On hearing that they had both long ago attained their Nirvana, he remained for a long time with his head bowed. Then he rose in the air and miraculously created a fire which consumed his body. His burned bones, which fell to the ground, were collected by the king, who raised a Stûpa over them.

(Aurel Stein, Ancient Khotan: Detailed report of archaeological explorations in Chinese Turkestan [Oxford: 1907], Vol. 1, p. 85).

 

                ——摘自《古代和田:中国新疆考古发掘的详细报告 》第一卷 85

                             奥瑞尔·斯坦因       牛津大学出版社 1907 

 

《大唐西域记》卷十二: 罗汉出定神变传说

  城西二百余里至大山,山气巃嵸,触石兴云,崖隒峥嵘,将崩未坠。其巅窣堵波,郁然奇制也。闻诸土俗曰:数百年前,山崖崩圮,中有苾刍,瞑目而坐,躯量伟大,形容枯槁,须发下垂,被肩蒙面。有田猎者见已白王,王躬观礼。都人士子,不召而至,焚香散花,竞修供养。王曰:“斯何人哉?若此伟也!”有苾刍对曰:“此须发垂长而被服袈裟,乃入灭心定阿罗汉也。夫入灭心定者,先有期限,或言闻犍椎声,或言待日光照,有兹警察,便从定起。若无警察,寂 然不动,定力持身,遂无坏灭。段食之体,出定便谢。宜以酥油灌注,令得滋润,然后鼓击,警悟定心。”王曰:“俞乎!”乃击犍椎。其声才振,而此罗汉豁然高视,久之,乃曰:“尔辈何人?形容卑小,被服袈裟?”对曰:“我苾刍也。”曰:“然,我师迦叶波如来今何所在?”对曰:“入大涅槃,其来已久。”闻而闭目,怅若有怀,寻重问曰:“释迦如来出兴世耶?”对曰:“诞灵导世,已从寂灭。”闻复俯首,久之乃起,升虚空,现神变,化火焚身,遗骸坠地。王收其骨,起窣堵波。

                                     

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