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马尔科姆:选票否则子弹(5)

(2007-12-07 11:05:11)
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The same thing happened to the French up in French Indochina. People who just a few years previously were rice farmers got together and ran the heavily-mechanized French army out of Indochina. You don't need it -- modern warfare today won't work. This is the day of the guerrilla. They did the same thing in Algeria. Algerians, who were nothing but Bedouins, took a rine and sneaked off to the hills, and de Gaulle and all of his highfalutin' war machinery couldn't defeat those guerrillas. Nowhere on this earth does the white man win in a guerrilla warfare. It's not his speed. Just as guerrilla warfare is prevailing in Asia and in parts of Africa and in parts of Latin America, you've got to be mighty naive, or you've got to play the black man cheap, if you don't think some day he's going to wake up and find that it's got to be the ballot or the bullet.同样的事情发生在法国,那就是法国的印度支那。正是几年前,农民们一起把沉重机械化的军队赶出了印度支那。你不需要这样——今天的现代战争不会是劳动。这是游击战胜利的日子。在阿尔及利亚他们做了同样的事情。阿尔及利亚人没有任何武器但是他们拿着劳动工具偷偷的占领了小山,而这些法国人和所有他们的目空一击的武器却不能战胜这些游击队。在这个地球上没有一个地方百人能够赢得游击战争。这不是他的速率。正像游击战在亚洲、在非洲部分地区和拉丁美洲部分地区是主要的一样,已经是个很有势力但毫无判断力的人,或你已经显示了黑人的廉价,如果你不想想某一天他会苏醒并认识到这会变成选票否则子弹。

l would like to say, in closing, a few things concerning the Muslim Mosque, Inc., which we established recently in New York City. It's true we're Muslims and our religion is Islam, but we don't mix our religion with our politics and our economics and our social and civil activities -- not any more We keep our religion in our mosque. After our religious services are over, then as Muslims we become involved in political action, economic action and social and civic action. We become involved with anybody, any where, any time and in any manner that's designed to eliminate the evils, the political, economic and social evils that are afflicting the people of our community.在结束,我将会说说关于穆斯林并包含最近我们在纽约市已确定的清真寺在内的事情。我们是穆斯林信徒并且我们信仰伊斯兰教这是事实,但是我们没有把我们的信仰和政治、经济、社会、社会活动混淆——从来不。我们把我们的信仰放在清真寺。当我们的修道士仪式结束之后,从一个穆斯林教徒陷入政治活动、经济活动和社会活动。我变成任何有关的人,任何地方,任何时候和任何方式那都是打算消除这些邪恶、政治、经济和对社会大众有害的事物,因为这些是我们团体人民的痛苦。

The political philosophy of black nationalism means that the black man should control the politics and the politicians in his own community; no more. The black man in the black community has to be re-educated into the science of politics so he will know what politics is supposed to bring him in return. Don't be throwing out any ballots. A ballot is like a bullet. You don't throw your ballots until you see a target, and if that target is not within your reach, keep your ballot in your pocket. 黑人民族独立运动的政治哲学体系意思是黑人能够在他们自己的国家支配政治和政治家;黑人在黑人团体里,他们的政治自然学科肯定是被再教育的,这样他们将会明白政治应该带给他回报。不要扔掉任何选票。一张选票相当于于一个子弹。你不能扔掉你的选票除非你看到了一个靶子,如果那个靶子不在你的范围之内,把你的选票放到你的口袋保管好。

The political philosophy of black nationalism is being taught in the Christian church. It's being taught in the NAACP. It's being taught in CORE meetings. It's being taught in SNCC Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee meetings. It's being taught in Muslim meetings. It's being taught where nothing but atheists and agnostics come together. It's being taught everywhere. Black people are fed up with the dillydallying, pussyfooting, compromising approach that we've been using toward getting our freedom. We want freedom now, but we're not going to get it saying "We Shall Overcome." We've got to fight until we overcome.黑人民主独立运动的政治哲学体系已经被用在基督教堂,已经被用在全国有色人种学进会,已经被用在争取种族平等大会上,已经被用在全国学生统一行动委员会上,已经被用在穆斯林会议上,已经被用在无神论者和不可知论者之间,已经被用在任何地方。黑人们已经厌烦了磨蹭、偷偷走路和妥协的方法,以至于我能够有利的获得自由。我们现在就想要自由,但是我们不打算了解它,正如谚语“我们会胜利的”我们要斗争直到我们胜利。

The economic philosophy of black nationalism is pure and simple. It only means that we should control the economy of our community. Why should white people be running all the stores in our community? Why should white people be running the banks of our community? Why should the economy of our community be in the hands of the white man? Why? If a black man can't move his store into a white community, you tell me why a white man should move his store into a black community. The philosophy of black nationalism involves a re-education program in the black community in regards to economics. Our people have to be made to see that any time you take your dollar out of your community and spend it in a community where you don't live, the community where you live will get poorer and poorer, and the community where you spend your money will get richer and richer.黑人民族独立运动的政治体系是完美而朴素的。唯一的意思是我们应该支配我们的社会体系。为什么由白人来运转我们所有的储备?为什么由白人运转我们的银行?为什么由白人来运转我们的社会?如果一个黑人不能把他的储蓄转到白人社会,你会问我们为什么白人可以把他们的储蓄转到黑人的社会。黑人民族独立运动的哲学体系包括一个在教育程序,在黑人的社会里让他们去关注经济。我们的人肯定是成功的看到了你任何时候从你的社会中拿出你的钞票并且花费在一个你生活之外的社会,而你生活的社会将会变得贫穷,你花费了钞票的那个你不生活的社会将会变得越来越富有。

Then you wonder why where you live is always a ghetto or a slum area. And where you and I are concerned, not only do we lose it when we spend it out of the community, but the white man has got all our stores in the community tied up; so that though we spend it in the community, at sundown the man who runs the store takes it over across town somewhere. He's got us in a vise.然后,你迷惑,为什么你生活的那个地方依然是犹太人区和贫民窟。这是你和我都关心的,不仅仅是当我们花费了钞票在那个社会的损失,而是白人获得了我们所有的储蓄来阻碍这个社会;所以尽管我们为这个社会花费了,在日落时,运转这个储备的人就会把它从这里运到别的地方去。

So the economic philosophy of black nationalism means in every church, in every civic organization, in every fraternal order, it's time now for our people to be come conscious of the importance of controlling the economy of our community. If we own the stores, if we operate the businesses, if we try and establish some industry in our own community, then we're developing to the position where we are creating employment for our own kind. Once you gain control of the economy of your own community, then you don't have to picket and boycott and beg some cracker downtown for a job in his business.所以,黑人民族独立运动的经济哲学是指在每个教堂、在每个公民组织、在每个共济会,现在该是我们人民要认识到控制我们社会经济的重要性的时候了。如果我们拥有了储蓄,如果我们运转商业,如果我们在我们自己的社会尝试建立一些产业,然后我们发展到我们为自己的需求而雇用的形势。一旦你获得了你们自己社会的经济控制,你不必防备、联合抵制和乞求在市区的解密高手因为工作而陷入他的买卖中。

The social philosophy of black nationalism only means that we have to get together and remove the evils, the vices, alcoholism, drug addiction, and other evils that are destroying the moral fiber of our community. We our selves have to lift the level of our community, the standard of our community to a higher level, make our own society beautiful so that we will be satisfied in our own social circles and won't be running around here trying to knock our way into a social circle where we're not wanted. So I say, in spreading a gospel such as black nationalism, it is not designed to make the black man re-evaluate the white man -- you know him already -- but to make the black man re-evaluate himself. Don't change the white man's mind -- you can't change his mind, and that whole thing about appealing to the moral conscience of America -- America's conscience is bankrupt. She lost all conscience a long time ago. Uncle Sam has no conscience.黑人民族独立运动的社会哲学体系是我们一起移除协恶、恶习、麻痹、昏沉和其他破坏我们社会道德结构的罪恶。我们自身必须要提高我们社会的标准,我们社会的标准要上升到更高的一个水平,从而使我们的社会更美好,这样我们将会在噩梦自己的社会团体里面感到满意并且不会在这奔忙来设法冲入这个我们不想进入的社会。所以我表示,要散布像黑人民族独立运动这样的音福,这不是由计划的构成黑人对白人的再评价——你早已经了解他——你不能改变他的主意,所有关于要求美国道德上的良心——美国的道德心完全丧失了。很久以前,她就丧失了所有的良心。山姆大叔没有一点良心。

They don't know what morals are. They don't try and eliminate an evil because it's evil, or because it's illegal, or because it's immoral; they eliminate it only when it threatens their existence. So you're wasting your time appealing to the moral conscience of a bankrupt man like Uncle Sam. If he had a conscience, he'd straighten this thing out with no more pressure being put upon him. So it is not necessary to change the white man's mind. We have to change our own mind. You can't change his mind about us. We've got to change our own minds about each other. We have to see each other with new eyes. We have to see each other as brothers and sisters. We have to come together with warmth so we can develop unity and harmony that's necessary to get this problem solved ourselves. How can we do this? How can we avoid jealousy? How can we avoid the suspicion and the divisions that exist in the community? I'll tell you how.他们不知道什么是道德。他们没有企图去消除一个罪恶因为这是邪恶的、或因为这是违法的、或因为这是不道德的;当这威胁到他们的生活时,他们只消除这唯一的一个。所以你这是浪费你的时间去要求一个像山姆大叔那样完全丧失道德良心的人。如果他有良心,他将会不用任何压力欺骗他来解决这个事情。所以没必要白人的思想。我们应该要改变自己的思想。你不能把他的思想变成像我们一样。我们应该要使我们大家的思想一致。我们应该使我们大家的观点一致。我们应该使我们大家像兄弟姐妹那样对待。我们应该热情的一起相处以至于我们能够发展到和谐统一,这有必要让我们自己解决这个问题。我们应该怎么解决它呢?我们应该怎么消除嫉妒呢?我们因该怎么消除存在于社会中的怀疑和分歧呢?我将会告诉大家怎么做。

I have watched how Billy Graham comes into a city, spreading what he calls the gospel of Christ, which is only white nationalism. That's what he is. Billy Graham is a white nationalist; I'm a black nationalist. But since it's the natural tendency for leaders to be jealous and look upon a powerful figure like Graham with suspicion and envy, how is it possible for him to come into a city and get all the cooperation of the church leaders? Don't think because they're church leaders that they don't have weaknesses that make them envious and jealous -- no, everybody's got it. It's not an accident that when they want to choose a cardinal, as Pope I over there in Rome, they get in a closet so you can't hear them cussing and fighting and carrying on.我曾经注意比力格雷厄姆怎样进入一个城市,散布他感召的基督教,这是唯一的白人民族独立运动。这是他所做的。比力格雷厄姆是一个白人民族主义者;我是一个黑人民族主义者。然而这是必然趋势,作为领导者要成为警惕的并且小瞧一个有力的像格雷厄姆那样怀疑和嫉妒的人,这如何能使他进入一个城市并且能获得所有教会领导者的合作?不要认为因为他们是教会领导者,所以就不会有嫉妒和警惕的缺点——不,每个人都懂得,这不是一个交通事故而是因为当他们想选择一个最重要的主教,正如罗马教皇在罗马一样,他们来到储藏室,所以你们不能听到他们的诅咒、争吵和失态的举止。

Billy Graham comes in preaching the gospel of Christ. He evangelizes the gospel. He stirs everybody up, but he never tries to start a church. If he came in trying to start a church, all the churches would be against him. So, he just comes in talking about Christ and tells everybody who gets Christ to go to any church where Christ is; and in this way the church cooperates with him. So we're going to take a page from his book.比力格雷厄姆来自救世主福音的讲道法中。传教福音。他鼓动每个人起来,但是他从来没有设法惊动任何一个教堂。如果他设法去惊动一个教堂,所有的教堂将会反对他。然而,他仅仅是来讲关于救世主的事并且告诉每个人,谁使救世主到达任何一个地方,那么救世主就在那个教堂;这样,教堂协助了他。所以,我们要从他的书里感受一件事情。

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