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早期内画名家:毕荣九

(2010-06-18 00:37:32)
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毕荣九

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内画名家

博山

文化

分类: 中国内画艺术论坛
 

毕荣九,1874—1925,名宁清,以字行。他是内画艺术鲁派的创始人,出生在琉璃之乡—山东博山。

童年时,父病故,由伯父抚养,跟随伯父学习绘画技法和文化知识。他自幼聪慧、机敏、善学,逐步掌握了绘画技法。年纪稍长,就在博山开设《奎山堂》字号,经营油漆、书画、装裱、塑像等业务。内画鼻烟壶的技艺从京城传到博山后引起了他的浓厚兴趣,即用当地出产的高级水晶琉璃料制成“仿水晶”鼻烟壶坯,并用铁砂、金刚砂将其内里涮成毛面,在壶内作画,一举成功。

毕荣九擅长书画,创作题材广泛,擅画山水、人物、走兽等,画面生动传神、构思奇巧、耐人寻味,并能在壶内题诗、署名落款,其作品富有文人画风格。当时山东巡抚张曜得了一件毕荣九创作的《云龙》内画鼻烟壶,十分高兴,即刻献给慈禧太后。太后欣赏后,倍加赞赏,从此毕荣九名重天下。不少官宦名流经常光顾“奎山堂”,也有外国客商前来观赏,订购作品。“奎山堂”云蒸霞蔚,热闹非凡。

毕荣九为人忠厚、纯朴、好交友,少工匠保守意识。他对后学登门求教者,总是循循善诱、倾其所知,虽家中房屋狭窄,但学者光盈门庭,有入室弟子王致富、张文堂、袁永谦、阎本立。经代代相传,鲁派才有了今天的灿烂辉煌。

毕荣九一生献身于艺术,成为一代宗师,内画艺术鲁派的开山鼻祖。他的丰功伟绩,永载内画艺术的史册。   

 

Bi Rongjiu, alias Ning Qing, was the founder of Lu School Inside Painting Art. He was born in Boshan, Shandong Province, the hometown of colored glaze in 1874 and died in 1925.

Since childhood, he was raised by his uncle because his father had died. From that time he began to learn the skill of painting and civilization under his uncle. Thanks to his clever alertness and loving study he gradually mastered the fine arts skills. When an adult he opened “Kun Shan Tang” and worked with paint doing calligraphy and painting, mounting the paintings, and statue etc. Later inside painting art spread to Boshan from Beijing and he quickly became interested so he made “copying crystal” bottle using high quality crystal glass, produced locally, and ground the inside surface of the bottle with iron, sand, and emery, and painted inside the bottle, which gained him great success.

Bi Rongjiu specialized in calligraphy and painting. The subject of his works was comprehensive, such as mountain and water, portraits, and animals etc. with the vivid and lifelike characteristics and fantastic conceptions. He could write poems and signed well in the bottle with the scholar’s style. At the time Zhang Yao, an important official in Shandong, got a bottle with Cloud & Dragon by Bi Rongjiu, which made the official very happy. He then presented it as a treasure to Dowager Ci-xi. Ci-xi appreciated the bottle very much and praised it highly. As a result Bi Rongjiu became very famous and more and more officials and distinguished personages often went to “Kun Shan Tang”, even many foreign merchantmen also visited him to order or buy his works.

Bi Rongjiu was honest and tolerant and liked to make friends and did not have conservative ideas like other craftsmen. He taught and told what he knew to anyone who came to seek his advice. His apprentices were Wang Zhifu, Zhang Wentang, Yuan Yongqian and Yan Benli. Generation after generation the Lu school of inside painting art has achieved so much!!

Bi Rongjiu devoted his life to inside painting art and became the Great Master. He was the first one in Shangdong who began painting inside painted snuff bottles. His great contribution will always be recorded in the history of inside painting art.

------本文属于转载冀派内画传人的博客.

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来源:(http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_50586ab501008n2k.html) - 早期内画名家:毕荣九_冀派内画传人_新浪博客

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