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这位大领导的父亲是破产资本家

(2014-09-21 10:00:59)
标签:

高干

资本家

破产

革命

美女

英汉双语阅读训练(108):司法腐败军阀混战民不聊生

Choose the most proper words to fill in the blanks based on the translation

in, into, on, up, from, since, to, at, after, around, about, among, my, with, if, off, of, for, that, which, who, whom, and, had, was, were

高干家庭传奇108:羡慕嫉妒恨的心理制造悲剧

This Comrade Wang Yu later became my father. He was 10 years older than my mother. He was born in 1921 in Yibin in the southwestern province of Sichuan, 1_____ 1,200 miles from Jinzhou. Yibin, 2_____ then had a population of about 30,000, lies at the spot where the Min River joins the Golden Sand River to form the Yangtze, the longest river in China. And so it is known as the First Town On the Yangtze. The area 3_____ Yibin is one of the very fertile parts of Sichuan, which is known as “Heaven's Granary”, and the warm, misty climate in Yibin makes it an ideal place 4____ growing tea. Much of the black tea consumed in Britain today comes 5_____ there.

这位“王愚同志”后来成为我的父亲。他比我母亲大了10岁。我父亲于1921年出生于位于中国西南四川省宜宾县,距离锦州大约1200英里。当时的宜宾县城只有3万人口,位于岷江和金沙江交汇并形成中国第一大河长江主干道的地方,所以人称宜宾是长江第一城。宜宾城市周围的农村是四川省最富庶的地区之一,而四川省素来又有“天府之国”的美誉,宜宾温暖而湿润的气候非常适合种茶。今天英国人喜欢品尝的中国红茶,大部分都是来自这里。

My father was the seventh 6____ nine children. His father, my grandfather, with the name Zhang De-hua, had worked as an apprentice for a textile manufacturer 7_____ the age of twelve. When he became an adult, he and his brother, 8____ worked in the same factory, decided to start their own business. Within a few years they 9_____ prospering, and were able to buy a large house.

我父亲在家里排行老七,有九个兄弟姐妹。他的父亲,即我的爷爷,名叫张德华,从12岁开始就在一家纺织厂里当学徒打工。我爷爷成年以后,联合在同一纺织厂打工的哥哥,离开原来的工厂,一起开始共同创业,开办了属于自己的企业。才几年工夫,我爷爷和他哥哥兄弟俩就发了财,买下了一座大宅院。

But their old boss 10____ jealous of their success, and brought a lawsuit against them, accusing them of stealing money from him 11____ start their business. The case lasted seven years, 12____ the brothers were forced to spend all their assets trying to clear themselves. Everyone connected 13_____ the court extorted money from them, and the greed of the officials was insatiable. My grandfather was thrown 14_____ prison. The only way 15_____ his brother could get him out was to get the ex-boss to drop the suit. To do this he 16____ to raise 1,000 pieces of silver. This destroyed them, and my great-uncle died soon afterward 17____ the age of thirty-four from worry and exhaustion.

但是,他们从前的老板对他们的成功感到羡慕嫉妒恨,于是一纸诉状告到官府,一口咬定张德华兄弟办企业起家的本钱是从他的工厂里偷盗的。这场官司一打就是7年,而为了洗清自己的冤枉,张德华兄弟被迫花光了全部财产和资本。参与审案、或者仅仅能够了解一点案情跟法院有点关系的大小官吏,个个贪得无厌心黑手辣,以各种名目敲诈他们。我的爷爷张德华被关进了监狱。唯一能够解救他出狱的办法就是让原先告状的老板撤回诉讼。为此,他哥哥到处借钱筹款,凑了1000块大洋送给老板求他撤诉。我爷爷终于出狱了,张家也倾家荡产了,他们仅仅剩下了那所大宅子,他哥哥因为连年劳累应对诉讼又气又恨,终于一病不起,死的时候才34岁。

My grandfather found himself looking 18_____ two families, with fifteen dependents. He started 19____ his business again, and by the late 1920s it was beginning to do well. But it was a time of widespread fighting 20_____ warlords, who all levied heavy taxes. This, combined with the effects 21____ the Great Depression, made it an extremely difficult time to run a textile factory. In 1933 22____ grandfather died of overwork and strain, at age forty-five.

我的爷爷张德华不得不承担起养活两个家庭15口人的重担。他开始重新经营商号,到了20世纪20年代末,我爷爷的生意终于有了起色,出现了转机。但是好景不长,我爷爷的生意很快又陷入困境,因为军阀混战,苛捐杂税多如牛毛,遍地都是土匪强盗。混乱的社会局面再加上经济萧条农村破产,使纺织厂的经营和商号的生意难以为继。我爷爷穷于应付,心力交瘁,于1933年正当45岁壮年时,猝然而死,撒手人寰。

The business was sold to pay 23____ the debts, and the family was scattered. Some became soldiers, 24_____ was considered pretty much a last resort; with all the fighting going 25____, it was easy for a soldier to get killed. Other brothers and cousins found odd jobs and the girls married as best they could. One of my father's cousins, who was fifteen years old and to 26_____ he was very attached, had to marry an opium addict several decades her senior. When the sedan chair came to carry her away, my father ran after her, not knowing 27____ he would ever see her again.

我奶奶为了还债,被迫关闭商号,卖了家当,全家人星云流散,各自谋生自救。孩子们有的被迫当了兵,而当兵吃粮是当时青年人最无奈的选择,因为那个时候军阀混战,到处都在打仗,彼此杀伐,当兵就是当炮灰,等于去送死。没有当兵的堂表兄弟们只好出去打打零工,到处流浪;女孩子们则尽可能地找个经济比较宽裕点的人家出嫁。我父亲最喜欢的一个堂姐,当时才15岁,为了生存,不得不嫁给了一个比她大了几十岁的男人,而那个男人还是一个喜欢抽鸦片烟的瘾君子。婆家轿子前来抬走她的那一天,我父亲光着脚丫子,跟在轿子后面奔跑,哭着喊着堂姐的名字,不知道以后还能不能再见到她。

答案:1 about  2 which  3 around  4 for  5 from  6 of  7 since  8 who  9 were  10 was  11 to  12 and  13 with  14 into  15 that  16 had  17 at  18 after  19 up  20 among  21 of  22 my  23 off  24 which  25 on  26 whom  27 if / whether

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