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读师范当老师乃下下之策

(2014-08-18 09:36:22)
标签:

高干

家庭

少女

母亲

师范

英汉双语阅读训练(74):少女离家出走以后

Choose the most proper words to fill in the blanks based on the translation

to, on, not, out, as, of, after, before, suffer, who, that, where, which, when, with, and, but, have, was, were

高干家庭传奇74:读 师范当老师乃是下下之策

In my grandmother's time, leaving home like this would have been 1____ of the question. There 2_____ no jobs for women, except as servants, and even they had to have references. But things had changed. In 1946 women could live 3____ their own and find work, like teaching or medicine, although working was still regarded 4____ the last resort by most families.

在我姥姥的少女时代,象我母亲这样的离家出走是绝无可能和无法想象的。那时候没有什么工作允许妇女去做,顶多能够到有钱人家当个佣人,而且还需要有人担保才行。但是到我母亲的少女时代,社会风气毕竟已经变了。到了1946年,女人也可以找到工作自谋生路了,甚至还可以从事教书、行医之类的工作,尽管绝大多数家庭仍然认为女人外出工作赚钱养家是迫不得已的最后选择。

In my mother's school was a teacher training depariment 5______ offered free board and tuition for girls who had completed three years in the school. Apart from an exam, the only condition for entry was 6_____ the graduates had to become teachers. Most pupils in the department were either from poor families 7_____ could not afford to pay for an education or people who did not think that they had a chance to get into a university, and therefore did not want to stay on at the normal high school. It 8____ only since 1945 that women could contemplate getting into a university; under the Japanese, they could not go beyond high school, 9_____ they were mainly taught how to run a family.

在我母亲就读的锦州女校里,有一个培训教师的师范班,为那些在本校读满三年初中的女学生提供免费的食宿和教育。除了需要参加入学考试以外,唯一的录取条件是该校的师范生毕业以后必须当教师。这个班里的绝大部分学生都是来自于穷人家庭的女孩儿,她们的父母没有能力给她们提供将来上大学的费用;还有的学生是感觉自己将来考上大学的希望不大,于是就放弃了就读普通高中的机会,转而报考本校的师范班。在日本人统治时期,直到1945年才允许大学招录女生,妇女顶多只能读到高中毕业,而当时的女子高中学校的主要教学目的和内容是教育女孩子怎样操持家务和相夫教子。

Up till now my mother had never considered going 10____ this department, which was generally looked down on as second best. She had always thought 11____ herself as university material. The depariment was a little surprised 12_____ she applied, but she persuaded them of her fervent wish to join the teaching profession. She had not yet finished her obligatory three years in the school, 13____ she was known as a star pupil. The department gladly took her after giving her an exam which she passed 14_____ little difficulty. She went to live in the school.

在跟她的父母闹翻之前,我母亲从来没有想过要来这个师范班读书,一般人都不大瞧得起这个班,认为读师范、当老师乃是下下之策。我母亲向来自视甚高,认为自己是读大学的材料,家里也供得起她读大学。因此,当她提出申请时,校方、老师和同学们都吃了一惊,不敢相信;但是我母亲申明自己非常愿意献身教育事业,终于说服校方同意了她的申请。虽然她在这个学校里还没有读满三年初中,但她一直是很出名的优等生,学校破格让她参加了招录师范生的考试。我母亲轻而易举地通过了考试,师范班也很高兴地录取了她。于是,我母亲就这样名正言顺地住进了学校宿舍。

It was not long 15______ my grandmother rushed over to beg her to come home. My mother was glad to 16_____ a reconciliation; she promised that she would go home 17____ stay often. But she insisted on keeping her bed on the campus; she was determined not to be dependent 18____ anyone, however much they loved her. For her, the department was ideal. It guaranteed her a job 19______ graduation, whereas university graduates often could 20_____ find jobs. Another advantage was that it was free and Dr. Xia was already beginning to 21_____ the effects of the mismanagement of the economy.

住校不久,我姥姥就跑到学校里来央求她搬回家里去住。我母亲很高兴能够跟父母重新和好如初,于是答应经常回家跟父母相聚。但是她坚持要在学校宿舍里保留自己的床位;到了这个时候,我母亲已经下定决心要独立自主,绝不依赖任何人,无论他们是多么爱她,她都要自食其力,保持独立。我母亲现在已经意识到,这个师范班是她最理想的选择。它能保证自己毕业后有一份工作,而当时的大学生毕业即失业的情况却很普遍。就读师范班的另一个好处是食宿都免费,而夏医生的诊所已经开始受到经济恶化的影响。

1 out  2 were  3 on  4 as  5 which  6 that  7 who  8 was  9 where  10 to  11 of  12 when  13 but  14 with  15 before  16 have  17 and  18 on  19 after  20 not  21 suffer

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