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拜祭奉祀:心到佛知,上供人吃

(2014-07-25 08:51:21)
标签:

高干家庭

神仙

加害权

百姓

恐惧感

英汉双语阅读训练(50):火神爷出巡威风八面

Choose the most proper words to fill in the blanks based on the translation

to, of, with, and, front, into, was, as, at, gave, round, were, by, but, against, in, who, when, on, up, which, every, for, any, forward

高干家庭传奇(50):拜神奉祀:心到佛知,上供人吃

At Chinese New Year people 1______ each other presents.

中国人的农历新年非常隆重,人们彼此拜年,互相送礼。

When dawn lit up the white paper in the windows 2_____ the east, my mother would jump out of bed and hurry 3______ her new finery: new jacket, new trousers, new socks, and new shoes. Then she and her mother called 4_____ neighbors and friends, kowtowing to all the adults. For every bang of her head on the floor, she got a “red wrapper” 5_____ money inside. These packets were to last her the whole year 6____ pocket money.

大年 正月初一,朝东的窗户纸刚一发白,我的母亲就急忙跳下床,把自己打扮得漂漂亮亮,焕然一新:穿上新衣服、新裤子、新袜子、新鞋子。然后,我姥姥带着她去访亲会友。我妈妈给所有的长辈磕头行礼拜年,长辈们就会给她发红包,里面装着压岁钱,供给她一年的零花。

For the next fifteen days, the adults went 7_____, paying visits and wishing each other good fortune. Good fortune, namely money, 8_____ an obsession with most ordinary Chinese. People 9______ poor, and in the Xia household, like many others, the only time meat was in reasonably abundant supply was 10____ festival time.

接下来的15天里,大人们还要继续串门互相拜年,祝愿对方财运滚滚。发财致富,是当时绝大多数中国人的梦想。那时候,中国人都很贫穷,即使像夏医生这样比较富裕的医生家庭,也只有在逢年过节的时候才能敞开肚子吃肉。

The festivities would culminate 11_____ the fifteenth day with a carnival procession followed by a lantern show after dark. The procession centered on an inspection visit 12____ the God of Fire. The god would be carried around the neighborhood to warn people 13_____ the danger of fire; with most houses partly made of timber 14______ the climate dry and windy, fire was a constant hazard and source of terror, and the statue of the god 15____ the temple used to receive offerings all year round. The procession started at the temple of the God of Fire, in 16______ of the mud hut where the Xias had lived 17_______ they first came to Jinzhou. A replica of the statue, a giant with red hair, beard, eyebrows, and cloak, 18______ carried on an open sedan chair by eight young men. It was followed by writhing dragons and lions, each made 19____ of several men, and by floats, stilts, and yangge dancers 20_____ waved the ends of a long piece of colourful silk tied around their waists. Fireworks, drums, and cymbals made a thundering noise.

正月十五元宵节,喜庆的气氛达到高潮。家家张灯,户户结彩。最热闹的场面是“火神爷”出巡。火神爷的塑像被抬出来游行,告诫人们小心火烛,注意防火。“火神爷”浑身火红,火红的头发,火红的脸庞,火红的眉毛,火红的胡须,火红的斗篷,坐在一顶敞开式八抬大轿上,威风凛凛。前面开路的是高跷队、秧歌队、锣鼓队,鼓乐喧天;跟在轿子后面的是狮子舞、龙灯舞、划船舞,还有秧歌队,人人眉飞色舞,系在腰部和手臂上的红绸飘带像波浪一般挥舞飞扬,一路上浩浩荡荡,热闹非凡。游行队伍所经之处,无论富贵人家还是大小商铺,都会在门前摆好香案,供出祭品,让“火神爷”享用,祈求他保障平安不遭火灾。

My mother skipped along behind the procession. Almost 21_______ household displayed tantalizing foods along the route as offerings to the deity, 22______ she noticed that the deity jolted by rather quickly, not touching 23_____ of it. "Goodwill for the gods, offerings 24_____ the human stomachs!" her mother told her.

我的母亲兴致勃勃地跟着出巡队伍跑。但是,我母亲也注意到,“火神爷”一路上什么贡品也没有吃,几乎没有稍作停留,就被人们一颠一颠地抬走了。我姥姥告诉她,这叫做“心到佛知,上供人吃”。

In those days of scarcity my mother looked 25_______ keenly to the festivals, when she could satisfy her stomach. She was quite indifferent to those occasions 26______ had poetic rather than gastronomic associations, and she would wait impatiently 27_____ her mother to guess the riddles stuck 28_____ the splendid lanterns hung at people's front doors during the Lantern Festival, or for her mother 29____ tour the chrysanthemums in people's gardens 30_____ the ninth day of the ninth moon.

 在那些贫穷的日子里,我母亲热切盼望过年过节的最大兴致,就是在逢年过节的日子里有好东西吃。对那些充满诗意而没有充满食物的节日,我的母亲一点兴趣也没有。我的姥姥最热衷的活动是在元宵节猜灯谜,在九九重阳节全家人一起赏菊花,而我的母亲却是很不耐烦地等在一旁。

答案:1 gave / offered  2 to / towards  3 into  4 on  5 with  6 as  7 round / around  8 was  9 were  10 at  11 on  12 by  13 of / against  14 and  15 in  16 front  17 when  18 was  19 up  20 who  21 every  22 but / yet  23 any  24 for  25 forward  26 which / that  27 for  28 on  29 to  30 on

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