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日军攻陷锦州,张学良仓皇西逃

(2014-07-19 09:20:56)
标签:

高干家庭传奇

日军

张学良

锦州

血战

英汉双语阅读训练(44):贫民窟里的悲惨生活

Choose the most proper words to fill in the blanks based on the translation

to, of, were, which, and, was, that, in, where, withfromandahadrolebyfromaroundabove, part

高干家庭传奇(44)  日军攻陷锦州,张学良仓皇西逃

Jinzhou was a big city, 1____ a population of almost 100,000, the capital of one of the 9 provinces of Manchukuo. It lies about 10 miles inland 2____ the sea, where Manchuria approaches the Great Wall. Like Yixian, it was a walled town, but it was growing fast 3____ had already spread well beyond its walls. It had 4____ number of textile factories and 2 oil refineries. It 5____ an important railroad junction and even had its own airport.

锦州是一个很大的城市,当时大约有10万人口,是满洲国九个行省之一辽宁省的首府。(译者注:满洲国是在193238,日本在中国东北建立的傀儡政权,国都新京,即现在的长春市,辖辽宁省、安东省、辽北省、吉林省、松江省、合江省、黑龙江省、嫩江省、兴安省等九个行省,历时14年,19458月被苏联红军占领。) 锦州向南距离大海只有10英里,从这里向西南一直到长城,都是满洲国控制的地盘。像义县一样,锦州也是一座城墙高耸的城市,但是它发展很快,市区已经越过四周城墙,扩张到了城外郊区。1936年,锦州拥有好几个纺织厂和两座炼油厂。锦州是重要的铁路交通枢纽,还有一个飞机场。

The Japanese 6_____ occupied it by early January, 1932 after heavy fighting. Jinzhou was 7____ a highly strategic location and had played a central 8____ in the takeover of Manchuria, its seizure becoming the focus of a major diplomatic dispute between the United States 9____ Japan and a key episode in the long chain of events which in the end led 10____ Pearl Harbor being attacked 10 years later.

19321月初,经过一场艰苦卓绝的血战之后,锦州被日军占领。锦州当时具有高度的战略意义,谁占据锦州,谁就能控制整个满洲,从而进一步向西南蚕食并占领中国华北。因此,锦州被日军占领以后,在国际上引起美国的强烈抗议;由此而产生的长达10年的美、日两国之间的外交争战,再加上其它一系列美、日交恶的事件,直接导致了10年后日本偷袭珍珠港事件的爆发。

When the Japanese began their attack on Manchuria 11____ September, 1931, the Young Marshal, Zhang Xue-liang, 12____ forced to abandon his capital, Mukden, to the Japanese. He retreated to Jinzhou with some 200,000 troops 13____ set up his headquarters there. In one of the first such attacks 14____ history, the Japanese bombed the city from the air. When the Japanese troops entered Jinzhou, they went on a rampage.

早在1931918,日本关东军在满洲发起全面进攻,少帅张学良被迫弃守,把自己的首都奉天,即今天的沈阳,拱手让给了日本。他率领20多万残兵败将退守锦州,在锦州建立了东北军司令部,城市一下子爆满,穿军装的士兵数量是平民的两倍。两个多月后,日军为了争夺锦州,接连发起进攻,并且使用空军狂轰滥炸。张学良率兵西逃,一直逃到陕西西安。日军入城后,在锦州城里烧杀枪掠,无恶不作。

This was the town 15____ Dr Xia, now aged 66, had to start again from the bottom. He could only afford 16____ rent a mud hut about 10 by 8 feet in size in a very poor part of town, a low-lying area 17____ a river, under a levee. Most 18____ the local hut owners were too poor to afford a proper roof: they laid pieces 19____ corrugated iron over their 4 walls and put heavy stones on top to try to stop them 20____ being blown away in the frequent high winds. The area 21____ right on the edge of the town and on the other side of the river were sorghum fields.

五年以后的1936年冬天,66岁的夏医生带着27岁的夫人杨玉芳和5岁多的女儿夏德鸿来到锦州安家,从最底层开始干起。锦州人满为患,流民很多,他只能在贫民窟的棚户区里租到一间泥土墙构筑的小屋,室内面积大约为108英尺,相当于7.5平方米。他们的住房靠近河边,在一段防洪堤下面,地势低洼。这里绝大多数房主都是从外地流亡到锦州的穷人,他们的自建房屋没有正常意义上的房顶,四面墙上架着横梁,横梁上覆盖着有波纹的铁皮,铁皮上压着石头,以免被经常呼啸肆虐的狂风刮走房顶。这个棚户区位于城墙以外的城市边缘,人站到防洪堤上,向河流对岸看去,是一望无际的高粱地。

When they first arrived 22____ December, the brown earth was frozen solid, and so was the river, 23_____ was about thirty yards wide at this point. In the spring, as the ice thawed, the ground 24_____ the hut turned to a quagmire, and the stench of sewage, kept down in winter because it immediately froze, permanently lodged 25____ their nostrils. In the summer the area was infested 26_____ mosquitoes, and floods were a constant worry because the river rose well 27______ the level of the houses and the embankments 28_____ poorly maintained.

寒冬腊月,她们一家三口刚到锦州时,棕褐色的土地冻得很坚硬,30来米宽的这一段河水冻结了厚厚的冰,人们甚至可以在冰面上行走开车。但是到了春天,随着冰雪解冻,棚户区一片泥泞,有些地方变成了沼泽地。冬天冰封的污水和垃圾,现在开始发出恶臭的气味,一股一股直往鼻子里钻。夏天,这里是蚊子的天堂,嗡嗡的叫声令人不寒而栗。一旦下雨涨水,形势更加严峻可怕,防洪堤外不断上涨的河水水面,大大高于防洪堤内住户的房顶,而由于战争频繁,防洪堤年久失修,大家提心吊胆,日夜守堤加固,因为一旦大堤溃塌,这里棚户区里的居民谁也活不成。

答案:1 with  2 from  3 and  4 a  5. was  6 had  7 in  8 role / part  9 and  10 to  11 in  12 was  13 and  14 in  15 where  16 to  17 by  18 of  19 of  20 from  21 was  22 in  23 which  24 around  25 in  26 with  27 above  28 were

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