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蓄电池专业英语词汇(1)

(2011-08-30 12:44:03)
标签:

stone

波浪理论

财经

股票

黄金分割

黄金期货

骆驼股份

石润波

杂谈

分类: 财经风云


 

电工术语
原电池和蓄电池

[单体]电池     cell

原电池        primary cell

蓄电池        secondary cell

电  池         battery

燃料电池      fuel cell

锂电池        lithium cell

熔融盐电池     molten salt cell

碱性电池       alkaline   cell

固体电解质电池  solid electrolyte cell

非水电解质电池  non aqueous cell

指示电池        pilot cell

OEM电池        OEM battery

替换电池        replacement battery

储备电池        reserve cell

应急电池        emergency battery

缓冲电池        buffer battery; back-up battery

电压标准电池     standard voltage cell   

韦斯顿电压标准电池 Weston standard voltage cell

激活             activation

未激活的         inactivated

全密封电池       hermetically /sealed cell

极板             plate

涂膏式极板       pasted plate

极群             plate group

负极板           negative plate

正极板           positive plate

管式极板         tubular plate

极群组           plate pack 

极板对          plate pair

隔离物           spacer

隔板             (plate)separator

阀                valve

电池外壳          cell can

电池槽            cell  case

电池盖            cell  lid

电池封口剂         lid sealing compound

整体电池           monobloc battery

整体槽             monobloc container

边界绝缘体         edge insulator

外套               jacket

 [单体电池]电极     (cell)electrode

端子                terminal

端子保护套         terminal protector;terminal cover

负极端子            negative terminal

正极端子            positive terminal

电极的活性表面      active surface of an electrode

阳极                anode

阴极                cathode

电解质               electrolyte

电解质爬渗          electrolyte creep

电解质保持能力       electrolyte containment

泄漏                leakage

活性物质            active material

活性物质混合物      active material mix

电池组合箱           battery tray

输出电缆              output cable

连接件               connector

矩形(的)            prismatic

圆柱形电池            cylindrical cell

扣式电池               button cell; coin cell

电化学反应             electrochemical reaction

电极极化               electrode polarization

反极          polarity reversal    cell reversal

结晶极化      crystallization polarization

活化极化         activation polarization

阳极极化       anodic polarization

阴极极化      cathodic polarization

浓差极化   concentration polarization; mass transfer polarization

欧姆极化      ohmic   polarization

反应极化      reaction  polarization

阳极反应       anodic reaction

阴极反应       cathodic reaction

 

副反应        side reaction; secondary reaction;

容量(电池的) capacity(for cells or batteries)

额定容量       rated capacity

剩余容量       residual capacity

体积(比)容量  volumetric capacity

温度系数       temperature coefficient(of the capacity)

质量(比)容量   gravimetric capacity

面积(比)容量   areic capacity

电池能量         battery energy

(电池)体积(比)能量volumic energy(related to battery)

(电池)放电     discharge(of a battery)

放电电流         discharge current

放电率            discharge rate

短路电流(电池的)short-circuit current(related to cells or batteries)

自放电              self discharge

放电电压(电池的)   discharge voltage(related to cells or batteries)

闭路电压            closed circuit voltage

负载电压(拒用)    on load voltage (deprecated)

初始放电电压        initial discharge voltage

初始闭路电压       initial closed circuit voltage

初始负载电压(拒用)initial on load voltage(deprecated)

终止电压   end-of-discharge voltage; final voltage; cut-off voltage; end-point voltage

标称电压         nominal voltage

开路电压(电池的 ) open-circuit voltage(related to cells or batteries)

开路电压温度系数temperature coefficient of the open-circuit voltage

比特性               specific characteristic

荷电保持能力         charge retention

容量保持能力         capacity retention

表观内阻             internal apparent resistance

剩余活性物质         residual active mass

使用质量             service mass

并联                 parallel connection

并串联               parallel series connection

串联                  series connection

串并联               series parallel connection

标称值              nominal value

电池耐久性            battery endurance

贮存试验             storage test

使用寿命            service life

贮存寿命             storage life; shelf life

连续工作试验         continuous service test

金属-空气电池air metal battery

碱性锌-空气电池alkaline zinc air battery

碱性锌-二氧化锰电池alkaline zinc manganese dioxide battery

锌-氧化银电池zinc silver oxide battery

中性锌-空气电池neutral electrolyte zinc air battery

氯化锌电池     zinc chloride battery

锌-碳电池     zinc carbon battery

诸如勒克朗谢电池或氯化锌电池之类的原电池。

482-04-08

勒克朗谢电池    Leclanché battery

含以氯化铵和氯化锌为主的盐类电解质,正极为二氧化锰,负极为锌的原电池。

482-04-09

锂-一氟化碳电池  lithium carbon monofluoride battery

含非水电解质,正极为一氟化碳,负极为锂的原电池。

482-04-10

锂-二氧化锰电池 lithium manganese dioxide battery

锂-氧化铜电池   lithium copper oxide battery

含非水电解质,正极为氧化铜,负极为锂的原电池。

482-04-12

锂-二硫化铁电池lithium iron disulphide battery

锂-亚硫酰氯电池lithium thionyl chloride battery

干电池             dry cell

纸板电池           paper-lined cell

浆糊电池           paste-lined cell

圆柱形(原)电池    round cell

铅酸蓄电池         lead  acid  battery

镉镍蓄电池nickel oxide cadmium battery; nickel cadmium battery

铁镍蓄电池nickel oxide iron battery; nickel iron battery

锌镍蓄电池nickel oxide zinc battery; nickel zinc battery

镉银蓄电池silver oxide cadmium battery

含碱性电解质,正极为氧化银,负极为镉的蓄电池。

锌银蓄电池silver zinc battery

含碱性电解质,正极含银,负极为锌的蓄电池。

锂离子蓄电池lithium ion battery

含有机溶剂电解质,利用储锂的层间化合物作正极和负极的蓄电池。

注:锂离子电池不含金属锂。

金属氢化物镍蓄电池nickel-metal hydride battery

含氢氧化钾水溶液电解质,正极为氢氧化镍,负极为金属氢化物的蓄电池。

电池底垫       battery base

电池组合框     battery crate

阻燃孔         flame arrestor vent;flame arrester vent

安全孔        safety vent

电池保护板     cell baffle

排气式电池      vented cell

阀控式铅酸蓄电池   valve regulated lead acid battery

VRLA(缩写词)VRLA(abbreviation)

不漏液电池      non-spillable cell

密封电池        sealed  cell

鞍子            mudribs

富尔极板        Faure plate

用于铅酸蓄电池的板栅带极耳的涂膏式平面极板。

形成式极板     Plante plate

普朗泰极板

袋式极板         pocket plate

烧结式极板       sintered plate

排气帽           vent cap

电池组架         battery rack

免维护电池        maintenance-free battery

起动能力          starting  capability

电池充电          charging  of  a battery

循环(电池的)    cycling(of a cell or battery)

湿式荷电蓄电池     drained charged battery

干式荷电蓄电池     dry charged battery

不带液非荷电蓄电池  discharged empty(cell or battery); discharged unfilled(cell or battery)

带液荷电蓄电池    filled charged battery

带液非荷电蓄电池  filled discharged battery

未化成干态蓄电池   unformed dry battery

浮充态蓄电池      battery on float(charge)

floating battery(deprecated)

充电接受能力     charge acceptance

急充电           boost charge

恒(电)流充电   constant current charge

充电效率        charge efficiency

均衡充电         equalization charge

充电因数         charge factor

完全充电         full charge

初充电           initial charge

过充电            overcharge

充电率           charge rate

终止充电率       finishing charge rate

涓流充电         trickle charge

两阶段充电         two step charge

恒(电)压充电     constant voltage charge

改型恒(电)压充电 modified constant voltage charge

电池析气           gassing of a cell

液位指示器         electrolyte level indicator

能量效率           energy efficiency

热失控             thermal runaway

充电终止电压       end-of-charge voltage

 

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