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爱恩斯坦的天才何在?

(2019-04-13 19:50:54)
爱恩斯坦的天才何在?
 1916年,爱恩斯坦在其“广义相对论”首次提出惯性质量与引力质量等价,发问:是否存在又“有限”与“有界”的宇宙?提出宇宙的时空结构问题,…..这分显露了爱恩斯坦的天才,因为,在人类发展历史上没有人这趟提问过。
  请见广义相对论章节的中译文如下:
  Part II:
        The General Theory of Relativity
        18. Special and General Principle of Relativity
   相对论的狭义与广义原理
        19. The Gravitational Field
        引力场
20. The Equality of Inertial and Gravitational Mass as an Argument for the General Postulate of Relativity
       作为广义相对论假设推理的惯性与引力质量的等价性
   21. In What Respects are the Foundations of Classical Mechanics and of the Special Theory of Relativity Unsatisfactory?
      22. A Few Inferences from the General Principle of Relativity     几个相对论一般原理的推论
23. Behaviour of Clocks and Measuring-Rods on a Rotating Body of Reference
时钟与参考体测量杆的行为
 24. Euclidean and non-Euclidean Continuum
    欧几里得与非欧几里得连续统
        25. Gaussian Co-ordinates
        高斯坐标系
26. The Space-Time Continuum of the Speical Theory of Relativity Considered as a Euclidean Continuum
  时空连续统作为n-维欧几里德连续统      
 27. The Space-Time Continuum of the General Theory of Realtivity is Not a Euclidean Continuum
m
       广义相对论的时空连续统可能不是欧几里德连续统
28. Exact Formulation of the General Principle of Relativity
        相对论一般原理的准确陈述
29. The Solution of the Problem of Gravitation on the Basis of the General Principle of Relativity
        基于广义相对论原理的引力问题解
        Part III: Considerations on the Universe as a Whole
关于作为一个整体的宇宙 
30Difficulties of Newton's Theory
     关于牛顿理论的宇宙学的困难
31?The Possibility of a "▊inite"   and yet "Unbounded" Universe
关于是否存在又“有限”与“有界”的宇宙?
32. The Structure of S一ace According to the General Theory of Relativity
      基于广义相对论的空间结构
袁萌  陈启清  4月13日
附件:广义相对论全文
Part II:
The General Theory of Relativity
Albert Einstein 54
Part II The General Theory of Relativity
Special and General Principle of Relativity
The basal principle, which was the pivot of all our previous considerations, was the special principle of relativity, i.e. the principle of the physical relativity of all uniform motion. Let as once more analyse its meaning carefully.
It was at all times clear that, from the point of view of the idea it conveys to us, every motion must be considered only as a relative motion. Returning to the illustration we have frequently used of the embankment and the railway carriage, we can express the fact of the motion here taking place in the following two forms, both of which are equally justifiable :
The carriage is in motion relative to the embankment, (b) The embankment is in motion relative to t

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