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世界上最能打仗的11个国家(双语版)

(2014-06-28 06:17:39)
标签:

军事

军事强国

排行榜

实力强大国家

人均国防预算

分类: 英语空间•学习园地

世界上最能打仗的11个国家

The 11 Most Powerful Militaries In TheWorld

 

美国公布2014最新军事强国排行:看中国排名第几?)

       Asymmetrical wars in Afghanistan, Vietnam,and now in Syria demonstrate all too clearly that relatively small numbers ofbelligerents can carry out successful military operations against superiorforces.

  阿富汗,越南以及叙利亚非对称战争表明即使是一小撮的叛乱分子也能成功的对强势部队发起攻击。
转自米尔军情网 http://www.miercn.com

  But still, firepower is extremelyimportant. A country's projection of power relies in large part upon itsmilitary capabilities. Successfully being able to project and wield that poweris a key diplomatic asset.

  但是,火力依然是最重要的。一个国家力量的投射很大程度上要依赖于其军事实力。如果能成功投放和使用这种力量,那将给一个国家带来关键的外交优势。

 

  The website Global Firepower ranks themost powerful militaries in the world based on multiple factors, includingavailable manpower, total labor force, and access to strategic assets. Nuclearcapabilities are not included in the calculation.

  媒体根据各个因素评出了全球军事实力最强大的国家,这些因素包括可用的人力资源,总的劳动力人口,以及战略资产的可获得性。并不包括核能力。
www.miercn.com 爱国交流理性平台

  Below are the 11 most powerful militariesin the world according to the 2014 rankings (click country names to seemilitary assets data)。

  根据2014年排名,以下是全世界军事实力最强大的11个国家。

 

  11. Israel

  以色列

 

资料图:以色列军队

 

  Israel spends significantly more than itsneighbors proportionally for defense. In 2009, Israel spent 18.7% of itsnational budget on defense. Israel's defense budget stands at $15 billion. .

  在军费上,以色列比邻国要高出许多。2009年,以色列国家预算中的18.7%用于国防。以色列的国防预算为150亿美元。

 

  A large percentage of the Israeli defensebudget goes toward defense technology. One of the best examples of this isIsrael's Iron Dome, a missile defense shield that can intercept rockets shotinto Israel from the Palestinian territories. Israel aims to replace Iron Domewith a laser defense shield called Iron Beam.   以色列国防预算的很大一部分花在了国防技术上。其中最好的例子之一就是以色列的铁穹防御系统,这种导弹防御系统可以拦截从巴勒斯坦境内向以色列发射的火箭弹。以色列计划用一种叫做“铁束”的激光防御系统来代替“铁穹”。

  10. Japan

  日本

  Japan increased its defense spending forthe first time in 11 years in response to growing disputes with China. It hasalso started its first military expansion in over 40 years by placing a newmilitary base on its outer islands. Japan spends $49.1 billion on defense, thesixth most in the world.

  为了应对与中国的争端,日本11年来首次增加国防预算。同时,通过在外部群岛上建立一个新的军事基地,日本40多年来进行了第一次的军事扩张。日本军费为491亿美元,排世界第六。

 

资料图:日本阅兵

 

  Japan's military is fairly well-equipped.It currently has 247,000 active personnel with an additional 57,900 in reserve. Japan alsohas 1,595 aircraft, the world's fifth largest air force, and 131 ships. Japan'smilitary is limited by a peace clause in the constitution that makes it illegalfor the country to have an offensive army.   日本军队装备相当精良。目前拥有247000机动部队,57900预备部队。日本拥有1595架战机,属世界第五大空军,拥有131艘战舰。日本军事受到宪法中和平条款的限制,所以拥有侵略性的军队是非法的。
 
  9. South Korea
  韩国
  South Korea has been increasing its defensespending due to both the increasing armament of Japan and China, and theconstant threat from North Korea. South Korea spends $34 billion on defense.

  为了应对中日不断增加的军力以及为了应对朝鲜的威胁,韩国也在不断增加自己的国防预算。韩国的国防预算为340亿美元。

 

资料图:韩国阅兵

  South Korea has a relatively large militaryforce for its small size. It has 640,000 active personnel with an additional2,900,000 personnel in the reserves. South Korea also has 2,346 tanks and 1,393aircraft. The South Korean military is generally well-trained androutinely takes part in military exercise with the United States. South Korea'sair force is also the sixth largest in the world.   相较于其领土范围,韩国的军队规模还是很大的。韩国拥有64万机动部队,外加290万预备部队。韩国还拥有2346辆坦克和1393架飞机。韩国军队接受良好训练而且经常与美军军演。韩国空军规模排在世界第六。

  8. Turkey

  土耳其

  Turkish military spending is expected torise 9.4% in 2014 over the 2013 budget. The ongoing conflict in Syria andpossible clashes with the Kurdish separatist organization, the PKK, were keyreasons for the spending increase. Turkey's defense budget stands at $18.2billion.

  土耳其2014年军费将比去年增加9.4%。军费增加的主要原因在于不断进行的叙利亚战争以及可能与库尔德分裂组织库尔德工人党的冲突。土耳其的国防预算为182亿美元。

 

军事论坛 bbs.miercn.com 资料图:土耳其阅兵
 
  The NATO member has contributed soldiers tovarious initiatives around the world. The Turkish military took part inoperations in Afghanistan, as well as in peacekeeping operations in theBalkans. Turkey also maintains a large military force in Northern Cyprus.
  作为北约成员国,土耳其也向世界各地派遣了士兵。土耳其军队参与了阿富汗的行动,也参与了巴尔干的维和行动。土耳其在北塞浦路斯也驻扎着一支军队。
       7. Germany

  德国

  German military strength falls short of itseconomic strength on the world stage. Recently, Germany has started consideringoffering military support to eastern European NATO members. It has alsoconsidered a more active international role militarily. Germany spends $45billion on its military annually, making it the eighth largest spender in theworld.

  德国的军事实力与其在全球中的经济实力不匹配。最近,德国考虑向东欧的北约盟国派遣军事支持。德国还考虑扮演更加积极的国际军事角色。德国每年的军费是450亿美元,排名世界第八。

 

资料图:德国海军舰队
  Following the aftermath of World War II,the German population generally became anti-war. The German military wasoriginally limited to a defense force, but has become more accustomed to takingan active international role following the breakup of Yugoslavia. Germany onlyhas 183,000 active frontline personnel with an additional 145,000 members inthe reserves. Germany eliminated mandatory service in 2011 in an attempt to create a professionalarmy.
  二战后,德国大众普遍反对战争。起初,德国的军队只限于自卫,南斯拉夫解体后,德国越来越习惯于在国际上扮演积极的角色。德国只拥有183000机动部队,预备部队为145000。并于2011年废除了义务兵役制,以此来创建一支职业军队。

   6.rance

  法国

  France effectively froze its militaryspending in 2013 while cutting 10% of its defense jobs in an effort to savemoney for purchasing high-tech equipment. The country spends $43 billiona year on defense, which is 1.9% of its GDP, below the spending target setby NATO for member countries.
米尔网 www.miercn.com

  2013年法国在军事开销上并没有多大变动,为了省下足够的钱用来购买高科技设备,法国军队裁员了10%。法国每年的军费开销是430亿美元,占GDP的1.9%,低于北约对成员国所设立的目标。

 

 资料图:法国阅兵
 
  Despite a leveling off of its militarybudget, France is still highly capable of projecting force around the globe,with significant deployments in the Central African Republic, Chad,Mali, Senegal and elsewhere around the world.
  尽管其国防预算趋向于平稳,法国依然具备较高的向全球投放力量的能力,在中非共和国,乍得,马里,塞内加尔以及世界其他地方都有重兵部署。

 

   5 The United Kingdom

  英国

  The U.K. is planning on reducing the sizeof its armed forces by 20% between 2010 and 2018, with smaller cuts to theRoyal Navy and RAF. The defense budget stands at $54 billion.

  英国计划2010年到2018年间削减军队规模20%,海军和空军的规模将得到较小的削减。目前的防卫预算是540亿美元。

 

资料图:英国阅兵

 

  Despite scaling back, the U.K. counts onbeing able to project its power around the world. The Royal Navy is planning onputting the HMS Queen Elizabeth, an aircraft carrier that has a flight deckmeasuring at 4.5 acres, into service in 2020. The Queen Elizabeth is planned tocarry 40 F-35Bjoint strike fighters around the world. Thanks to superior training andequipment, Britain could still hold an advantage over emerging powers likeChina, according to a leading think tank.   尽管规模减少,英国还是期望有能力将军队投放到全球任何一个角落。皇家海军正计划在2020年时服役伊丽莎白女皇号航空母舰,该舰飞行甲板4.5英亩。该航母计划携带40架F-35B联合攻击战斗机。根据一主要智囊团的看法,由于训练和装备良好,英国在面对中国这样的新兴强国时还是具备优势的。

  4. India

  印度

  India's defense spending is expected torise as it pursues a modernization drive. Currently, it is estimated that Indiaonly spends $46 billion on its budget, and it is slated to becomethe fourth highest spender by 2020. It is already the world'slargest importer of military goods.

  印度要建设现代化军队,所以其军费也将会增加。目前,据估计印度的预算仅仅为460亿美元,计划到2020年成为第四大军费开销国。目前已经是最大的军事产品进口国。

 

资料图:印度阅兵

 

  India has ballistic missiles with a rangecapable of hitting all of Pakistan or most of China. Indian military strategyhas been dominated by its long-simmering conflict with Pakistan, although therehave also been minor wars between China and India in the past.   印度的弹道导弹可以覆盖巴基斯坦全境和部分中国。印度的军事策略主要根据与巴基斯坦的长期冲突来制定的,尽管中印间也曾发生过小规模战争。

 

  3. China

  中国

  China has embarked upon a relentless policyof massive military spending, with a 12.2% increase in spending over the pastyear. China's defense budget stands at $126 billion but could unofficially behigher, prompting concern across Asia as China attempts to project its power tosettle border disputes with Japan and the Philippines.

  中国军费一直在增长,过去一年来,增长了12.2%。中国的国防预算为1260亿美元,但这只是官方数据,引发了亚洲邻国的担忧,中国试图用武力解决同日本以及菲律宾的领土争端。

 

资料图:中国2009年国庆大阅兵

 

  The size of the Chinese army is staggering,with 2,285,000 active frontline personnel with an additional 2,300,000 in the reserves.China also has a history of successfully stealing sensitive militarytechnology, such as recently acquiring sensitive information about the newF-35.   中国军队规模惊人,现役部队人数为2285000人,预备部队230万。中国拥有成功窃取敏感军事技术的历史,比如最近就成功获得了新F-35战机的敏感技术。

 

  2. Russia

  俄罗斯

   Two decades after the collapse of theSoviet Union, Russia's military is growing again. The Kremlin's militaryspending has increased by almost a third since 2008 and is expectedto grow 44% more in the next three years. Today, the Russiandefense budget stands at $76.6 billion.

  苏联解体20年后,俄罗斯军队再次得到发展。自2008年以来,俄罗斯军费开支几乎增加了三分之一,在未来三年内将继续增加44%。如今,俄罗斯的国防预算是766亿美元。

 

资料图:俄罗斯大阅兵

 

  Russia currently has 766,000 activefrontline personnel with a reserve force of 2,485,000 personnel. These troopsare backed up by 15,500 tanks, the largest tank force in the world. Russiansoldiers generally receive relatively mediocre training, however, and theirequipment, like that tank force, is aging.   俄罗斯目前拥有766000机动部队,后备部队2485000人。拥有世界最大规模坦克15500辆。俄罗斯士兵所接受的训练一般,而且其装备比如坦克部队正在老化。

 

  1. The United States

  美国
  The U.S. defense budget is $612billion. Despite sequestration and other spending cuts, the United Statesspends more money on defense than the next ten highest spending countriescombined.

  美国的国防预算是6120亿美元。尽管有各种隐退和开销削减,美国比接下来的10个国家的国防预算还要多。

 

资料图:美国航母战斗群

 

资料图:美国航母战斗群

 

  America's biggest conventional militaryadvantage is its fleet of 19 aircraft carriers, compared to 12 carriersoperated by the rest of the world combined. These massive carriers allow theU.S. to set up forward operating bases anywhere and project power throughoutthe world.

  美国最大的传统军事优势在于其19支航空母舰编队,全世界其他国家总共才12支。这使得美军可抵达全球任何地方并在全世界部署军事力量。

 

  The super power also has by far the mostaircraft of any country, cutting-edge technology like the Navy's newrail gun, a large and well-trained human force — and that's not even countingthe world's largest nuclear arsenal.   美国这个超级强国还拥最多的飞机,以及高端的技术,比如海军最新的电磁轨道炮,一支大型的训练有素的军队,还不包括世界上最大的核武库。
(文章来自:米尔网

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