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2014考研复试成功秘诀

(2014-02-21 10:18:08)
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黄涛

考研

复试

教育

分类: 面授资料篇

2014年考研复试成功秘诀

   2014年每个地区或学校的研究生入学考试初试成绩在不断揭晓之中。对通过初试的考生而言,复试又是一场真正的“淘汰赛”,稍有不慎,前面的努力就可能前功尽弃。考生要尽快进入复试准备阶段,只有对各个环节及相关细节都心中有数,才能轻松应对复试竞争。初试的高分并不意味着复试时的绝对优势。

   很多事实告诉我们:许多高分的考生因为复试面试表现不佳意外落榜,而分数“擦边”的考生却找到了很好的导师。这样的事情每年都会发生,已经不再是传奇。因此,在初试中分数高的考生应该戒除自傲心理,沉着应战,分数低的考生则更应冷静地分析形势,从容备战。事实上,从确定复试分数线的那一刻开始,所有上线的考生都处在同一起跑线上,成功或淘汰的几率几乎是相同的。

一.密切关注复试信息 

   考生要尽早登录报考学校的网站,关注该校的复试办法,包括复试时间、地点、考官和复试细则等。考生还要明确该校复试的指定书目,可向上届师兄师姐询问复试范围,或到所报考学校的网站论坛及研究生考试类的网站论坛搜集相关信息。

二.复习巩固专业知识 

    在备考复试时,考生要熟悉所报专业的情况,除了仔细看指定的参考书外,还要对本专业研究现状以及进展情况了如指掌。考生一方面要注意基础知识的巩固,复试前把初试之前准备的内容看一遍,另一方面,也要主动了解导师研究的侧重点和主要的学术成就。考官如果问到跨专业的其他问题,考生对此问题不清楚,一定不要不懂装懂,这样会给老师留下很不好的印象,考生要谦虚,知道多少答多少,不要有所顾虑。

  复试专业课的复习大家要认真复习考试分析或所报考院校指定的复试参考教材。一般情况下,初试结束后,考生们基础知识虽然还有印象,但已经很生疏了,所以巩固基础知识、做好一定的知识储备是必要的。另外还要注重就是历年专业课真题,从真题中,考生们可以获取很多信息,包括题型、命题范围等。

三.礼貌自信注意仪表 

   研究生复试不仅考查考生的专业知识,还考查考生作为一名科研人员的内在素养。考生在面试时,回答问题要有礼貌、有自信心,眼神不要游离,坐姿或站姿要端正,谈话时声音要洪亮,语速不能太快,要保证每个考官能听清。仪表方面,男生不一定要穿正装,只要干净整洁就可以了。女生不要穿得太鲜艳,要稳重、大方,可适当地化些淡妆,不要浓妆艳抹。

   面试时,考生首先要注意服装整洁得体。虽然考研的复试面试和找工作面试不同,对服装和外表并没有十分严格的要求;但对外表和服装稍加修饰还是很必要的,这体现了你对考官的尊重和对面试的重视。其次,考生要守时,不要迟到,不要强行要求延长面试时间。

四.短期强化英语听说能力 

   英语听力和口语测试是复试的重要组成部分。考生可以短时间内抓紧强化英语口语和听力的训练。复试中对英语口语能力的考核,从三个方面进行评价:一是语言的准确性,即语法和用词的准确性、语法结构的复杂性、词汇的丰富程度、发音的准确性;二是话语的长短和连贯性,即内容的连贯性、寻找合适的词语而造成的停顿频率及长短、表达思想的语言长短等;三是语言的灵活性和适合性,即语言表达是否灵活、自然,话语是否得体,语言能否与语境、动机和目的相适应。针对这些考核内容,考生要有的放矢,有目的地训练自己的听力和口语。复试前考生要背一些专业词汇,可以阅读一些专业英文文献,也许在复试时会和考官产生共鸣,为自己争得印象分。

   在英语的复习上,考生应注重强化训练。在口语方面,考生应该提前撰写英文自我介绍,熟读至背诵也是有必要的。此外,自我发挥时,多介绍自己英语方面的高水平弥足重要,因为硕士导师往往比较喜欢英语成绩好的学生。听力方面,专家建议考生们用六级和考研的听力真题来进行听力、朗读和模仿的练习,每天的点滴积累可以让考生向征服考研英语复试的目标迈进一大步。

1.精听与泛听结合

   首先要弄清楚所报考学校英语复试考不考听力,因为听力部分考试难于组织。大多数学校都以现有的四六级、雅思或托福听力作为英语听力的测试内容。考研过来人说,考生在准备听力复试的过程中,对英语考试的听力部分一定要重视,复习时,考生要对六级历年的听力真题做精听训练,听一句写一句,一遍没有听懂听第二遍、第三遍,直到自己听懂为止。如果实在听不懂,考生就对照中文翻译检查,找出没听懂的原因。考生在精听了五六套六级试题后,听力水平一般都会有提高,会觉得磁带里放的录音速度变慢了。

   考生还可以泛听一些英语资讯,如收听英语广播,看英文电影等。如果说精听试题是输入过程,那么泛听就是输出过程。在泛听时,考生不必每一句话都听懂,听懂大意即可。泛听不仅可以调节紧张情绪,还能培养语感,扩充表达方法。精听与泛听相结合能让考生在最短时间内提高英语听力水平。

2. 复试英语会涉及专业内容

   复试时,英语科主要侧重听力和口语,一般由学校的公共英语或研究生公共英语教研室来考核。良好的英语听说能力是复试成功的重要条件。复试考查的是英语听说能力,有时会涉及一些专业性内容。感觉能过复试分数线的考生现在就得开始准备了。

3. 口语测试要准备好主题

   不同学校对口语测试有不同的标准和流程。有些学校规定了每个老师的发问方式和时间;有些学校则让面试老师自由发挥,成绩由面试老师判定。不管哪种方式,考生都要认真做好以下准备:一是自我介绍,如来自哪里,毕业学校、所学专业、业余爱好、家庭基本情况等信息。二是做好用英语定义和解释自己所学专业的准备。三是测试时,老师有可能就本专业展开话题,考查考生英语叙事能力。考生备考时可先用一些自己比较熟悉的句型和词汇将答案组织起来,再用一些更精确的不常用的句型和词汇来替换,以提高语言质量,争取更好成绩。

3.1 自我介绍

   这个是必须要背的,因为你临时去想很嗑巴,而一个人在介绍自己的很嗑巴,就说明他的口语肯定很差。然后在准备自我介绍的时候你要很自然,一般参加考研复试的考官,都应该是在40岁上下年纪的中年人,那么你要把握他们的心态,他们应该都是吃过苦的一些人,这个年纪的人都在年轻的时候吃过苦,在考研这个年纪的时候,24、25岁的时候吃过苦,我们的建议是同学们做自我介绍的时候,表现的不要很强势。你可以把自己定为一个弱势群体,要紧紧围绕导师所感兴趣的东西来回答。导师提问是非常灵活,举两个例子:比如,你个人的信息。比如说你的个人经历,成功经历,失败经历,这个很重要。再比如说你的个人梦想,打算,读研的计划,甚至你的家乡,你的家人,大学的,你的本科的学校的情况,还比如说你是跨专业考试的,为什么换专业?然后比如说你没换专业的,你对这个专业有什么认识,他会问到很多类似这样的问题。

   其次,专业类的问题。很多学校都会问,用英语问专业的问题,这种问题怎么回答?这种问题很简单,确实难度比较高,比如你学数学专业的,或者理科物理的,他问专业的,你很可能这个词都不认识,这怎么办呢?其实,用英语问专业问题,没有一个老师会期待你有一个很好的回答,因为老师知道一个本科生是没有办法用英语来表述专业问题的。基本上大家都跟你一样的,不会回答的很好。不过,同学们只要动脑筋,用智慧,在参加复试之前的时候,一定要自己用英语准备至少三个专业的问题以及它的回答就能做到胸有成竹。

   研究生复试阶段的英语内容主要侧重听力和口语,一般由学校的公共英语或研究生公共英语教研室来考核。良好的英语听说能力是复试成功的保证。复试中对英语的听说能力考查比较多,有时会涉及一些专业性的内容。导师也会比较在意考生们的英语水平。现在过了复试分数线的考生要开始准备英语听力和口语了。

经典范文1:自我介绍(self-introduction)

  Good morning. I am glad to be here for this interview. First let me introduce myself. My name is ____. I come from ____, the capital of ____ Province. I will graduate from the ___ department of _____ University in July, 2014. Now all my hard work has got a result since I have a chance to be interviewed by you.

  I am open-minded, quick in thought and very fond of this subject. In my spare time, I have broad interests like many other youngsters. I like reading books, especially those about _____. Frequently I exchange with other people by making comments in the forum on line. In addition, during my college years, I was once a Net-bar technician. So, I have a comparative good command of network application. I am able to operate the computer well. I am skillful in searching for information on the Internet. I am a football fan for years. Italian team is my favorite. Anyway, I feel a great pity for our country's team.

  I always believe that one will easily lag behind unless he keeps on learning. Of course, if I am given a chance to study ____ in this famous University, I will spare no efforts to master a good command of my major.

经典范文2

  Good morning, my dear teachers, my dear professors. I am very glad to be here for your interview. My name is _____, I am 22 years old. I come from ____, a very beautiful ancient city. my undergraduate period will be accomplished in _____ university in July, 2014;And now, I am trying my best for obtaining a key to _____ University.  

  Generally speaking, I am a hard working student, especially doing the thing I am interested in. I will try my best to finish it no matter how difficult it is. When I was a sophomore, I found web design very interesting, so I learned it very hard. Furthermore, I am a person with great perseverance. During the days preparing for the first examination, I insist on running every day, no matter what the weather was like. And just owing to this, I can concentrate on my study and succeeded in the end.

  Well, in my spare time, I like basketball, tennis and Chinese chess. Also English is my favorite. I often go to English corner to practice my oral English every Thursday, and write compositions to improve my written ability. But I know my English is not good enough, I will continue studying.

经典范文3 考研原因(reasons for my choice)

  There are several reasons. To begin with, I have been deeply impressed by the academic atmosphere when I came here last summer. In my opinion, as one of the most famous ____ in our country, it provides people with enough room to get further enrichment.

  The second one is that I long for doing research in ____ throughout my life. It's a pleasure to be with my favorite ____ for lifetime. I suppose this is the most important factor in my decision.

  Thirdly, I learnt a lot from my ____ job during the past two years. However, I think further study is still urgent for me to realize self-value. Life is precious. It is necessary to seize any chance for self-development, especially in this competitive modern world.

  In a word, I am looking forward to making a solid foundation for future profession after three years of studying here.

经典范文4 研究生期间你的计划(plans in the postgraduate study)

  First, I hope I can form a systematic view of ______. As for _______, my uttermost wish is to get a complete comprehension of my major and get a better grasp of the latest development in this field. If possible, I will go on with my study for doctorate degree. In a word, I am looking forward to making a solid foundation for future profession after three years of studying here.

  If luckily I got the chance to learn environment engineering in ____ University, I will concentrate on the study and research in this field. First, I will try hard to learn the theoretical knowledge, constructing a solid base for my future work. Second, I would like to do some practical work with the help of the supervisor and classmate. And through this, I can get something that cannot be acquired from the textbooks. I believe after 3 years of learning, my dream will finally come true.

经典范文5 介绍你的家乡(about hometown)

  I am from a famous city with a long history over 2, 200 years. The city lies in the eastern part of the province. It is the center of politics, economy and culture. Many celebrities were born here, You know, there is an old saying that the greatness of a man lends a glory to a place. I think the city really deserves it. In addition, it is famous for the hot springs. They are well known for their high-quality. Visitors at home and abroad feel it comfortable bathing here. There is my beloved hometown. I like my hometown very much.

经典范文6 你的家庭(about family)

   There are three members in my family: my parents, and me. My father is a technician/ worker /  teacher or public servant. He often goes out on business. So most of the housework is done by my industrious mom. Climbing on weekends is our common interest. The fresh air and natural beauty can help us get rid of tiredness. They can strengthen our relation, too. During my preparing for coming here, my parents' love and support have always been my power to move on. And I hope in future I will be able to repay them.

经典范文7 你的大学(about university)

  _____ University is the oldest one in the province. It was founded in _____. It has been developed into a comprehensive university with efforts of generations, especially after the reform and opening up. It takes the lead among the top 100 universities with nice teaching and scientific research ability. The library has a storage of one million books. Various research institutes are set up including 52 research centers. There are teaching research experimental bases, for example, the computer center, analyzing-test center, modern education technical center and so on. I am highly proud of my university. However, I strongly wish that I can be a postgraduate in your university.

    复试结束语:That is all for me, thank you so much!

 黄桃们如有复试的疑问,欢迎在此提出,我会尽快回答,最后衷心祝愿黄桃们2014年考研复试马到成功!

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