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英语四六级听力技巧秘诀归纳(下)

(2013-05-13 10:11:13)
标签:

黄涛

考研

教育

第五节 对话两种题型应试技巧

  

    在英语四六级听力考试中,考生常常遇到以下两类题型,对这两类题型如果掌握它的解题要点,在考试的时候就会显得很轻松应手。

 

一. 时间与数字题型

  时间、数字和计算是听力测试中最常见的题型,几乎每年都有,而且题型也比较多。历年试题中虽然涉及的数字或数目并不多,但考生的答对率却不高。究其原因,一是对数字的表达方法不够熟悉,二是对技巧的运用不够熟练。

  1. 卷面线索

  时间题的四个选项一般都是表达时刻的数字,或是星期、年、月等词,偶尔会有介词后跟数字。数字题的选项则有可能为纯粹的数字或带有货币符号的数字。

  2.解题要点

  一般来说,正确答案不会是直接听到的数字,而往往是在意思上与这相同或相近,或换了一种表达方式,或要求对听到的数字进行简单的四则运算。做这类题时,听清这些数字和它们之间的关系是解题的关键。这些数字之间的关系往往用“more/less, late/early, fast/slow, before/after”之类的形容词、副词或介词短语来表示,多为时间题。

  A) 730                  B) 800

  C) 830                    D) 900

  MCould you tell me the timetable of the school bus?

  WWell, the bus leaves here for the campus every two hours from 630 am But on weekends it starts half an hour later.

 QWhen did the second bus leave on Saturday?

  答案D)。这是一道较为复杂的转换题。考生应听懂对话中的every two hours from 630half an hour later两处,同时还要细心,捕捉到问题中的the second busSaturday

  A) 85.                    B)70

  C) 64.                      D)31.

  WHave you heard about the air crash that occurred last Wednesday?

  MYes The newspaper said six crew members and sixty four passengers were killed, and fifteen others were injured.

 QHow many people suffered in the air crash?

  这是一道简单的数字运算题,解题的关键是要听懂问句中的“suffer”一词,受害者应包括死者和伤者,故答案应为6+64+15=85A)

  A) 6330872.      B) 6380372.     C) 6338720.     D) 6338726.

  WSorryMr Smith is not in May I have him return your call?

  MYes, thank you Im at 6330872Sorry Its 6338720.

 QWhats the mans telephone number?

  这道题要注意的是电话号码在口语中的读法。6338720的最常见的读法是:six double three eight seven two zero (o)。另外还要注意不要受干扰信息的影响,如本题中的6330872以及其后的话语停顿。

  A) On the 6th of June            B) On the 8th of June.

  C) On the 9th of June             D) On the 19th of June.

  WId like to make two reservations one Flight 651 for June 8th.

  MIm sorry Weve booked up on the 8th But we still have a few seats available on the 9th

 QWhen does the woman want to leave?

  答案为(B)。与上一题类似,本题是考察考生抗干扰的能力。对话中干扰因素有Flight 651the 9th两个数词。考生还要理解两个词:reservation意为“预定”,而book up则指“订完”。此外,还要熟悉日期的不同表达方法。

 

二. 地点与方向题型

  在地点型试题中,有的地点在对话中直接提到,有的则需要根据对话内容来判断(这类问题一般是问对话发生在何处),还有的则是两者兼而有之。

  卷面线索

  选项通常由(介词+)地点名词构成,提问可分为两种情况。第一种问对话发生在何处,选项的形式通常为表示方位的介词(in, at)加上一个地点名词构成;第二种问的是方向,选项的形式通常为表示方向的介词(to, from, out of)加上一个地点名词或者只有地点名词构成。

解题要点:

  (1) 首先要根据卷面线索判断出试题的类型。对于第一种试题,要重点听对话中的与特定地点有关的常用词或词组(即关键词),例如听到reservecheck incheck outroom之类的词的话即可判断对话是发生在旅馆里,听到sizecolorpaydiscount之类的词即可判断对话地点是在商店等。

  (2) 与方向有关的词和词组并不多,所提出的问题在形式上也可能比较简单,但是这类问题出现时,往往需要几经思考才能得出答案。在这类问题中,务必要注意录音中的内容细节,不要单凭从对话中获得的孤立信息来确定答案。建议在听音的同时用笔在纸上画一些草图以帮助理解。

  (3)与时间题不同,有的地点题可通过逻辑判断猜出正确的答案,平时要注意这方面能力的培养。

  A)At the Sun Valley.            B) At the Health Center.

  C) At home                      D) At Work.

  MGood afternoon This is Edward Miller at the Sun Valley Health Center Id like to speak to Mr Adams, please.

  WMr Miller, my husband isnt at home I can give you his business phone if youd like to call him at work.

 QWhere is Mr Adams now?

  答案D)。本题表面是很简单,因为对话中有直接提示词At work,它与D)项完全相同。此外,his buisness phone(他的办公电话)也能给我们一定的提示。

  A) At the airport.              B) In a travel agency.

  C) In a hotel                   D) At home

  MIve just got back from the holiday you arranged for me, but I must tell you the hotel was really awful! It was miles from the sea. The food was awful too. The bedroom was dirty.

  WSorry about that but its not really our fault. The contract does say that the hotel accommodation is not our responsibility

 QWhere is the conversation most probably taking place?

  此题对话中虽有地点名词出现(hotel),但明显不是答案。本题考的是推理能力。根据hotel等关键词,可推断对话的话题与旅行有关。而从W的话中的arrange, contract等词,可以判断出这是一家旅行社(B)。本题说明,在听对话时,要对关键词特别注意,但又不能认为关键词就是答案。

  A)In the side street.            B) At the crossroads.

  C) On the main road              D) On the motorway.

  本题属于较为特殊的地点题,考生不仅要听懂对话发生的地点,而且要能理解I met the car came out at the side street 这句语法上有错误的话并推断出在汽车撞上W之前,它正在the side street (A)中。其他选项在对话中都曾出现过,但它们都是描述W本人所在的位置,而非肇事车辆所处的位置。

  MNow, Miss, do you feel all right now? What happened?

  WYes, Im fine now. I was just at the motorway I was driving along the main road when suddenly right before the crossroads I met the car came out at the side street I didnt see him until he hit me.

 QWhere was the car before it hit the woman?

  A) In a court.                  B) On the farm.

  C) In a bank.                   D) In a shop.

  WI just stopped by at your office in the bank. They told me that you had quit where are you working now?

  MI am working for a lawyer now.The pay is better and the work is much more interesting.

 QWhere did the man work before?

  答案C)。此题的关键词bank在对话中出现了两次,考生不但可以从女士的话(at your office in the bank,They told me that you had quit), 也可以从男士的回答(The pay is better than in the bank)中得出本题的正确答案。而a lawyer 仅仅是一个难度不大的干扰词,考生只要听懂now这一词就可以排B)D)两项与本题对话明显无关。

 

第六节 听力技巧总结-听力对话部分

 

听力对话答案特征 

 一. 强调词是答案所在:indeed; actually;

 二. 直传答案题:Why not.? What about? So do.? So am..?

 三. 转义词后为重

 四. 否定即答案所在

 五. 虚拟句处理:

 六. 有让步句,答案在主句

 七. 最高级词处有答案

    下面以历年真题来说明听力答案的特征。

 1. 强调词是答案所在:indeed; actually;

  A) This apple pie tastes very good.

  B) His mother likes the pie very much.

  C) This pie can't match his mother's.

  D) His mother can't make apple pies.

 1).W: What do you think of the apple pie? I made it myself.

  M: Very delicious indeed. Even my mother's cannot match this.

 Q: What does the man mean?  (A)

  A) He needs another job as research assistant.

  B) He asked Professor Williams for assistance.

  C) He assists Professor Williams with his teaching.

  D) He is doing research with Professor Williams

 2). W: John, are you doing research for Professor Williams this semester?

  M: Actually, I am working as his teaching assistant.

 Q: What does the man mean

  A)Long exposure to the sun.

  B)Lack of sleep.

  C)Too tight a hat.

  D)Long working hours.

  MMy headaches are terrible.Maybe I need more sleep.

  WActually, you need less sun and some aspirin. It would help if you wear a hat.

 QWhat does the woman think is the cause of the man's headache?

 

2. 直传答案题:

  Why not.?    What about    So do.?     So am..?

  [A] Get some change from Jane

  [B] Use the woman's phone.

  [C] Go to look for a pay phone.

  [D] Pay for the phone call.

  M: Hi, Jane. Do you have some change? I have to make a call on the pay phone.

  W: Pay phone? Why not use my mobile phone? Here you are.

 Q: What will the man most probably do?

  [A] Her car can stand any crash.

  [B] Her car is not as good as his.

  [C] Her car is maintained as well as his.

  [D] Her car is kept in good condition.

  W: The man at the garage thinks that I take good care of my car

  M: So do I. I cant see any scratches on the outside and the inside, it is clean too.

 Q: What does the man think of the womens car?

  [A] She is too busy to go.

  [B]She doesn't want to wait long.

  [C] She's willing to go swimming.

  [D] She enjoys the wonderful weather.

  M: Wonderful day, isnt it? Want to join me for a swim?

  W: If you dont mind waiting while I get prepared.

 Q: What does the woman mean?

  A)The woman should have complained to her neighbor.

  B)The woman should stay out until the neighbors are quiet.

  C)The woman should have stayed at the library.

  D)The lab will be a better place for reading.

  WThe people next door are making so much noise, I just can't concentrate, Tom.

  MWhy don't you stay at the library? It's much quieter there.

 QWhat does Tom mean?

   

3. 转义词后为重:

  [A] They go to the seaside.

  [B]They set off early.

  [C] They go sightseeing.

  [D] They wait for a fine day.

  M: It seems that well have another fine day tomorrow. Lets go to the seaside.

  W: Ok, but well have to leave very early, or else well get caught in the traffic.

 Q: What does the woman suggest?

 

    A.He watched television with his friend.

  B.He stayed at home talking with his friends.

  C.He went to see a film with his friend.

  D. He went to see his schoolmate.

  W: Did you see last night film on channel 4?

  M: Well, I meant to see it, but a friend of mine came to see me. We had a nice long

  talk about our school days.

 Q: What did the man do last night?

  

    A). When the meeting is to be held.

  B). Who are going to attend the meeting?

  C). Where the meeting is to be held.

  D). Whats to be discussed at the meeting.

  W: Did you get the message about the meeting on Monday?

  M: Yes, I did. But I'm still not quite sure what the meeting is about. Not bad news, I hope. 

Q: What does the man wish to know most?

  

     

4. 否定即答案所在

  A) She has to post a letter instead.

  B) She has to turn down the man's request.

  C) She's not sure if the computer is fixed.

  D) She can't send the message right now.

  M: Jessica, could you send this emails to all the club members?

  W: Sorry, the computer broke down this morning. I will for you as soon as I have fixed.

Q: What does the woman imply?

  

5. 虚拟句处理:

  A)He is not very enthusiastic about his English lessons.

  B)He has made great progress in his English.

  C)He is a student of the music department.

  D) He is not very interested in English songs.

  W: Mr Jones,your student,Bill, shows great enthusiasm for music instruments.

  M: I only wish he showed half as much for his English lessons.

 Q: What do we learn from the conversation about Bill?

  A)She doesnt remember much about the city.

  B)She's never been to the city.

  C)She would find someone else to help.

  D)She would talk to the man later.

  M: To collect data for my report, I need to talk to someone who knows that small city very well. I was told that youd lived here for quite a long time.

  W: Oh, I wish I could help. But I was only a child then.

 Q: What does the woman imply?

 虚拟的变体:

  1). If I had a new dress, I would go to the party.

  A. I need a new dress. B. I didnt go to the party.

  2). If only our team had scored one more point.

    Its too bad we didnt score the point.

  3). We would have done that earlier.

  4). It could be better here!

 

6. 有让步句,答案在主句:

  A)The man thinks traveling by air is quite safe.

  B)The woman never travels by plane.

  C)Both speakers feel nervous when flying

    D)The speakers feel sad about the serious loss of life.

  WHave you heard about the plane crash yesterday? It caused a hundred and twenty deaths.I am never at ease when taking a flight.

  MThough we often hear about air crashes and serious casualties, flying is one of the safest ways to travel.

 QWhat do we learn from this conversation?

  A)They both enjoyed watching the game.

  B)The man thought the results were beyond their expectations.

  C)They both felt good about the results of the game.

  D)People were surprised at their winning the game.

 (2) MThough we didn't win the game, we were satisfied with our performance.

  WYou did a great job.You almost beat the world's champions.It's a real surprise to many 

      people.

 QWhat do we learn from this conversation?

 

7. 最高级词处有答案:

  A)It gives a 30% discount to all customers.

  B)It is run by Mrs. Winter's husband.

  C)It hires Mrs. Winter as an adviser.

  D)It encourages husbands to shop on their own.

  MMrs. Winter, I need your advice, I want to buy a dress for my wife, can you tell me where 

      I can get one at a reasonable price?

  WSure, go to Richard's.It has the latest styles and gives a 30% discount to husbands who 

     shop alone

 QWhat do we know about Richard's shop?

 

第七节 复合式听写题备考技巧

 

一、给分标准

  1. 3643每题为0.5分。拼写完全正确的单词给0.5分,凡有错不给分,大小写错误忽略不计;

 2. 4446满分为2分,答出第一和第二部分内容且语言正确各得1;

 

二、扣分标准

 1. 4446题中有语言错误扣0.5分,每题语言错误扣分不超过0.5分, 语言错误不再重复扣分;

 2. 4446题中凡有与问题无关的内容扣0.5分。

 3. 4446题中如出现明显属于笔误造成的拼写错误和大小写、标点符号错误,不扣分;

 4. 用汉语回答问题不给分。

  "复合式听写"(Compound Dictation)这一题型,比听力选择题更强调语言综合运用能力,考生不仅要具有良好的听的能力,还应具有较强的拼写能力,记笔记能力和书面表达能力,听的能力是"复合式听写"的基础。

  在英语六级别考试中,考生在做第8-10个填空时,由于没弄懂题意,只想着全部听写下来,结果感到速度太快,记不下来。听写部分意思虽然理解了,也没用自己的话表达,白白地丢掉了好几分。六级别听力考试中,除了对话和短文的解题要点以外,做英语六级别听写部分时,还要根据听写题材本身的特点,采用一些不同的技巧。要做好听写题,必须所把握好以下几点:

(1)利用间隙,浏览全文,积极预测。

  听写部分开头有一段较长的Directions,其长度约为150词左右,差不多等于听写短文本身。按每分钟130-150个词的语速朗读,大约需要1分多一点的时间才能读完。而Directions的内容考生在平时的训练中已经多次接触,非常熟悉,没有必要再去细听慢读,应该有效地利用这一段宝贵的时间,通读全文,积极预测文章的内容。因为听写部分(除复合式听写的第二部分外)卷面所提供的文字信息往往比所要求填写的信息多,利用这些已知的信息预测未知的信息可以大大提高填词的针对性。

  通过卷面文字捕捉信息,找出线索、了解大意。"复合式听写"材料多为说明文,这一体裁的文章具有主题突出,条理分明,层次清楚,语言简洁,逻辑性强的特点。文章的开头或段首多半有主题句(topic sentence),之后的段、句进一步具体扩展、说明或论证主题句。段首和段尾均有完整的主题句。考生应利用一切机会,如考前空隙或播放考试指令时间,浏览试卷该项下的文字部分,尤其是主题句,根据主题句预测文章发展线索和大意。

  即使"复合式听写"材料为其它体裁的文章,听音前浏览下试题也大有裨益。因为文章具有一致性和连贯性的特点,从试题中我们总会搜索到一些有参考价值的材料。

   缩小了内容范围,考生听音时更具针对性和准确性,心理放松,更为自信,使自己在考试中处于主动地位。

 

(2) 听第一遍录音应从大处着眼,小处着手,听为主,记为辅,听写结合,双管齐下

  听第一遍录音时应尽量放松,抓主要信息(大处着眼),将注意力集中在空格部分,尤其注意听清或写下第一个词和最后一个词(小处着手)。否则,就可能糊里糊涂地什么也没听清。要特别提醒:听第一遍时不要手忙脚乱、边听边记,或为了某一个词而造成意识上的暂时停顿,破坏整句或整段的理解。

  第一遍是全文朗读,要求考生注意听懂全文内容。由于听音前考生已浏览了卷面文字,对听力材料有了大致的了解,因此听读第一遍时,考生可以适当地填写些单词和做些笔记,听为主,记为辅。第一遍记下关键词有助于第二遍听写时启发记忆,提示要点,同时也减轻了第二遍笔记的任务,使笔记更加充实、完整,依次与出的内容要点才会更加全面、准确。听和记两种不同的语言技能在"复合式听写"中有着紧密的联系,相互促进。

 

(3) 听第二遍录音时,留神停顿信号,注意意群和关键词语。

  第二遍在听懂的基础上,迅速记下所听的内容。这一遍主要是抢速度,用简写等方式或用图形、符号记录下内容就行。一般考生听完两遍基本可听懂句意;但只凭记忆写要点,往往容易有疏漏和错误。足够信息量的笔记是写好要点的重要条件;但如何在有限的时间内记录下更多的内容呢?这里介绍几种方法。

  首先,可使用缩略语。可用esp.especiallysthsomethingapprecappreciation等。没有缩略语的词汇,如字母较少的单词,可完整写出该词,如gift, take,字母较多的单词(只写该词前几个字母;这里的基本要求是快速,省时,并能表达含义。缩略语不一定要求规范,甚至可用些符号,所记内容不一定要求完整,只要能起到提示的作用,自己能看懂就行了。

  其次,由于"复合式听写"第二部分朗读时没有停顿,即使使用缩略语也难记下全文,因此考生应有选择地记笔记。英语中实词具有表意功能,而虚词多具语法功能,所以记词应以实词为主。

  另外,因为"复合式听写"第二部分只要求写出内容要点,这样考生应重点记下句中的中心词。短语a thank-you giftgreatly appreciatedquite acceptable中的定、状语便可略去不记。

  通过这几种方法,考生大大压缩了所记的词语,赢得了时间,精练了内容,增大了笔记的信息量,提高记笔记的效率,为写好内容要点创造了条件。

 

(4) 听第三遍录音时,注意听没有听明白或没有记录下来的词或句。

  如果都已记下,就重点检查、修正记录内容。考生应针对以上内容及第一部分和第二部分的主题句进行诊断,判断,概括。文章要点显然不可缺漏,但也并非多多益善,考生应分清主次,有所取舍,从这个意义上说,"复合式听写"还要求考生具有一定的逻辑分析和归纳能力。文字表达应简洁、通顺、准确。

我们不难发现听写题目有以下特点:

  1. 将内容要点分列为几点,清楚明白,一目了然。

  2. 要点尽可能用完整的简单句表达,不宜用短语,句式也不宜过于复杂。

  3. 尽量省去语句中可有可无的修饰成份。总而言之,考生应用有限的词语简洁明了地概括出所听内容的

       全部要点,使内容要点和语言表达达到有机的完美统一。

(5) 听音结束后

  "复合式听写"第三遍朗读供考生进行核对,核对是最后必不可少的环节,考生应抓住时机弥补前两遍听音时所忽略或遗漏的内容,进一步修改和完善自己的答案。听写第一部分要求考生填入所缺单词,有时考生只凭辩音仍难以准确地判断出应为何词,此时考生可运用自己的语言知识,修正听力细节上的不足。

  主要可以从语法结构,词语搭配、意义连贯、上下文等多角度去推测、分析和判断,并正确拼写出单词。而在核对听写第二部分内容要点表达时,则应注意力求要点完整、准确,尽量减少语言中语法、拼写等错误。单词是否拼写正确往往暗示你是否真正听懂了。写错了单词而且错误还比较多的话,很难说你已听懂了。所以,平时应加强拼写练习。

 

出题规律:

  1)  1-7题设计规律:

    ① 所填单词以实词为主。

   7个单词以评价性词汇为主,也就是说可以从上下文找到说明的信息。

    ③ 表示上下义的词汇为题眼; 有些词语即使听不清楚同样可以填出。如981月的复合式听写。

    ④ 表示同义或反义的词汇为题眼

  复合式听写所填词汇一部分是同义或反义关系。如07年考题:

  One day, for example, I was working undercover; that is, I was on  the job, but I was wearing (6)____ clothes, not my police (7)______.

  通常情况下警察所穿的应该是"制服",即uniform,这样,police uniformnormal clothes就构成反义关系。根据(6)(7)的对照关系,可以判断(6)所表示的应该是"便装",这也正式对上文working  undercover的解释。

    ⑤ 对文章叙述逻辑的考查

    叙述逻辑即上下文的因果、转折、递进、解释等关系。如果同学们能看出这些关系,则不用听就可以将所缺单词填上。如98年考题。

  But Michael's (success) hasn't always come easy. (5)______ his  intelligence, he still lacks important life (6)_______. In one class, he  had to struggle to understand (7)______ novels, because, he says, "I'm  11. I've never been in love before."

  由上下文个逻辑关系可以判断(5)应该填Despite,即虽然他很聪慧,但却缺乏很重要的生活……。后面在课上所发生的事情是说明他缺乏(……)的一个例证。例证本身不仅说明了(6)应该填experiences,同时加上后文中的"I'm 11. I've never been in  love before." 说明(7)应该填loveromantic

 2)8-10题设计规律  8-10是三句话,从句子内容来看,大体有两种情况。

  ① 用于说明主题的细节  这部分听写一般是段落的主题已经给出,要求同学们补全细节。如08年考题:Another challenge was his size. (8) __________________.

  紧接着的一句显然是用来说明Another challenge was his size的,原句是high school  physical education was difficult, because all of the equipment was too  big for the then five-year-old student.

 ② 概括性的结论或主题

  主题与结论作为文章的重点之笔应该是听力理解的重点,也应该是复合式听力所应包含的内容。

 

解题技巧:

  根据上面所谈的复合式听写的特点,建议在做复合式听写时最好做到以下几点:

  ①注意话题知识的运用,文章的话题规定了用词范围。

  ②利用词汇的上下义和同义词和反义词的关系。

  ③根据上下文推测词汇的运用。

  ④在做8-10题时,在不能将原句完全记下的情况下, 将关键词记下来, 然后根据关键词,结合文章叙述的逻辑,重新编写句子。

  复合式听写很大程度上利用了完形填空的词汇和篇章技巧,同时在有三题中又运用了写作的技法。但是否能够以适当的语言准确地补全短文所缺信息,不是技巧本身所能做到的,需要考生平时加强这方面的训练。

  以上简要分析了四级听力测试的特点和可以运用的一些方法技巧。但是,听力能力的发展不是一朝一夕可练就的,更不是知道几个小窍门就能解决问题的。希望同学们结合四级考试听力测试的特点,有针对性地强化训练,同时注意解题的技巧,可望在短时间之内有个突破.

在你把你所记下来的符号转化成英文的时候,一定要注意在书写方面一定要注意以下方面:

 一、单词拼写不能漏掉字母,一定要确保正确。

 二、单词的字母大小写不容忽视。

 三、不要出现时态错误,八大时态基本是在听力中。已经发现错的较多是在动词上尤其是完成时态。动词

       有可能是一个过去分词形式,因为过去分词可能会读得很轻,不易听来,但这可以根据上下文语法知识

       判断出来。

 四、不要出现名词单复数错误。名词的单复数表达有可能会在听音中听不出来,但是检查卷面时一定要弄

       准确了,即使没听出来,也可根据上下文,坚持主谓一致原则;

  五、所有格知识,the worlds largest island,世界上最大的岛屿,这个根据语法知识能够判断出来;

  六、不要留空白处,充分利用改卷人的心理,蒙也得蒙上。

  反正做复合式听写不管听得如何最重要的就是死也不能空着!!因为阅卷老师一天要改几百份卷子,空着太醒目了一看就是扣分,而且给老师的第一印象就是这个同学水平很差然后说不定就没兴趣看了。单词实在不会拼,千万不要空着,如有一两个字母吃不准可以写的花一点即像这个又像那个。如果完全不会拼就随便按照发音规则拼一个貌似的单词。句子么前面已经说过了一定要写得貌似一个完整的句子。反正错了是理所当然的因为本来就不对,没什么好后悔,but(强转折)万一阅卷的老师眼神不好算你对了,那是就捡了便宜了啦。

  可以说应该把提高听力作为你主要的努力方向,提高听力要从语音开始,通过刚才给同学分析的复合式听写和听写填空这两个类型题的分析,不难发现不管是语音空还是语法空,最主要的是你要适应英语语音发音的模式及特点。

 

第八节 短对话部分

 

短对话听力的一些原则

 1. 推理原则:一般需对对话进行推理,故直接在对话中听到的一般不是正确答案。

 2. 挫折原则:通常要办的事情都是不顺利的(如买东西买不到,订房间客满等)

 3. 男女原则:一般男生比较衰,女生比较牛。男生提出的观点女生都是不同意或有不同看法的,反之女生提

      出的观点男生都是同意和赞赏的。男生的特征:脏、乱、差、浪费、穷、小气、不良习惯、迟钝、不顾

      家;女生的特征:爱干净、节约、富有、好学、能干、聪明、大度、耐心、恋家、除数理化外成绩都很好

 4. 父母一般只有一个作用教育子女好好学习

 5. 除了父母教育子女外,家里(包括朋友家,阿姨家等等)发生的事情一般是不考的,故遇到地点推测题类

     at home / at Marys home之类的选项一般都是不对的。

 6. 听力短对话只考日常生活学习中遇得到事情,问题,故如果选项中出现一些日常生活中不太可能发生或很

      少发生的事情一般不会是正确选项。

 

短对话十大场景及一般思路

 1. 借车:车一般是借不到的

 2. 吃:匹萨,海鲜吃了一般会有不适反应,“派”一般比较好吃

 3. 考试:作业、论文一般比较难,或须要熬夜; 教授一般比较严厉; 选修课较难较多

 4. 坐车(飞机、轮船):一般都需要等

 5. 事故(灾难):光明原则,一般不会死人

 6. 听讲座:题目一般是比较有趣丰富的,内容一般是比较复杂难懂的

 7. 论文:一般需要修改(polish)或重写(rewrite

 8. 休闲:男生一般喜欢待在家里看TV或者看moive,女生一般喜欢高雅艺术如theater

 9. 医院:需要预约make an appointment

 10.买票:基本上是买不到的

 

正确答案的特征

 1. 含义肯定的不是正确选项,模糊的是正确选项;

 2. 意思具体的不是正确选项,概括的是正确选项

 3.  意思详细的不是正确选项,抽象的是正确选项

 4.  意思肤浅的不是正确选项,深刻的是正确选项

 5.  含有一下单词的一般是正确选项: neither / either / also / besides / almost / especially /

   possibly / probably / likely perhaps / might / may / maybe / could /can / all / none

 6. 含有以下三种结构的一般可能是正确选项

  系表结构(系动词+标语) 比较结构(……than……)复合句

 7. 含有四级词汇替换项的一般是正确选项

 8.  表示“同意或不同意”,“喜欢或不喜欢”,“应该或不应该的”的一般为正确选项

 9.  以下三种选项一般其中有一个可能是正确选项:反意项形似项 近似项

 10. 同意项不可能是正确选项,等例排除。

 11.绝对化选项,一般不是正确答案,可直接排除

 

关于时间推断题

 1.直接听到的不选

 2.极限值即值最大和最小的选项一般不选

关于数字计算题

 1.灾难题(如飞机失事、交通事故):一般选总和

 2.号码题:double 表示两个,double two =22

  triple 表示三个,triple two = 222; 凡是遇到一时反映不过来或听不懂的数字一般为“0

 3.价格计算题

  打折题discount discount of 10% 表示打9折此类题目一般选第二大的数字(最大的一般是原价,第二大的一般就是打完折的);单价题 one / each 此类题目较难也很少考,一般在有倍数关系的一对数字中选小的那个

 

语段题部分:语段题概述

 从文章题材来分:三分之二考说明文,三分之一考记叙文,偶尔也考议论文,新闻报道

 从文章内容来分:二分之一考社科类,三分之一考故事,其他还考自然科学,人物传记

语段题常考的八种文章

 1.学校题材(剑桥大学等)

   重点:学校的地理位置,资金来源,校园环境,师生情况,课程情况,图书馆,课外活动,学校特色

 2.机构介绍(监狱,图书馆等)

   重点:地点,规模,制度,专业

 3.社会热点: 重点:轰动效应,背景(产生的原因),大众观点,作者态度

 4.灾难题(毒品,车祸等)

   重点:问题类型,起因,危害,解决方法(尤其是科学家、研究人员提出的事实、观点、方法、结论)

 5.新闻题

   重点:when  where  who  why  which(what)  how

 6.人物题

   重点:生卒年月、出生地、成就(贡献)、坎坷遭遇、结局

 7.科普题(太阳风等)

   重点:物体特征、形成原因、分类、最新研究发现和初步结论

 8.故事

   重点:主人公遭遇、变故、主人公做的决定、原因、结局

 

语段题10大解题原则

 1.听即原则:所听即所得,听到什么就选什么(正好与短对话相反,短对话时听到的一般不选)

 2.重读原则:某单词被反复读到或是在语音上加以重读,因引起重视如果选项中出现很可能是正确答案

 3.顺序原则:出题顺序一般与行文顺序相同除了主题题和部分说明文

 4.主题原则:主题一般出现在段落的头尾部分,所以要集中精力听清前三句话和最后两句话

 5.原因原则:凡出现表示原因,目的的很有可能是考点如:because  so  as 等词前后要着重听

 6.转则原则:凡出现表示转则的词如:but however yet 等,后面的句子往往是考点,要引起重视

 7.光明原则:事情一般都是向着好的方面发展的,主人公多数是大难不死的,事情总是逢凶化吉,绝处逢生

 8.男女原则:同短对话

 9.穷学生原则:学生一般都是比较穷的,不能继续学业一般都是因为经济原因,因为穷一般还比较喜欢DIY

      一些东西

 10.偏怪小原则:一般故事总是稀奇古怪的,经过总是曲折离奇的,结局总是出人意料的。宗旨就是意料之

     外、情理之中

 

语段题的做题步骤

 1.先预读备选项,从备选项推测文章的体裁和大致内容

 2.根据十大原则和该类文章的重点大致推测考点可能出现的位置

 3.听语段,尤其抓住标志词,确定考点

 4.听问题,将原文的意思对应选项。

  对应选项一般有四种情况按难度依次为

  原词复现:选项中的用词和原文完全一样

  同义复现:选项中用一个同义词或词组替换原文中的词

  近义复现:选项与原文意思相近,但换了一种表达方式

  反意复现:选项与原文表达正好相反,但意思是一样的如:原文说如果怎样就会怎样,选项说如果不怎么

    样就会如何。

 

说明文的特点及解题技巧

说明文的选项特征

 1.选项简洁概括、不完整句子居多,最多有一至二题细节题

 2.选项往往比较抽象,一般以 it / they / man / woman /等抽象名词做主语

 3.选项往往表达因果、目的、手段的小词 如:because / by / to

 4.选项具备科学性、客观性的特点,但选项之间缺乏逻辑关系

 

说明文的文章特点

 1.文章紧紧围绕一个事物或事件进行描述,深入浅出,要求知其所以然

 2.文章紧扣一个中心事物,着重描写一个熟悉事物的与众不同处

 3.语言平实、简洁、明白,有时会用以下修辞方法:分类法、举例子、做比较、列数字

 4.层次结构清楚,多为总分结构

  5.开篇引题,重点不分明。但以设问开头的说明文除外。

标志词常出现的位置

 1.在每个层次的启承处: 判断层次的启承主要有两种方法一种是听序数项标志词如:on the other hand /

    another / second等等;第二种是听“气”即语速,语音,语调有所变化的地方。

2.段落开头、结尾处,前三后二

   科技类说明文; 重点注意三个“age”即advantage 优势; disadvantage 劣势; usage 用途; 环境类说明文

    重点在于产生环境问题的原因及解决方法;

   实验类说明文; 重点在于:实验目的、实验手段、实验结果

  演讲类说明文: 重点在于:演讲主题、说话人的观点、文章走向; 应该重视的原则; 听即原则; 主题原则

    层次原则; 原因原则; 转折原则; 求异原则 注意事物的与众不同处; 替换原则;

      数字,年代等一般需要重新计算或定位

 

记叙文的特点及解题技巧

  记叙文的内容一般为记叙人物经历,故事、事物发展过程、游记等

记叙文的选项特征

 1.提供大量细节,选项中经常有时间名、地点名、人物名。

 2.选项基本是完整的句子主语常为he / she / the man / the women

 3.选项多位叙述性的句子,比一般说明文来的长

 4.选项符合时间顺序,但没有逻辑关系

记叙文的文章特点

 1.人物简单,事实清楚,中心明确

 2.故事情节相对完整

 3.故事本身无主题无重点

 4.写作方法一般有顺叙和倒叙两种,以顺叙为主倒叙为辅

 5.叙述顺序一般有两种:时间顺序和事务发展顺序

记叙文可能出现的考点

 1.考主题 前三句后两句

 2.考原因

 3.考转折

 4.考顺序,时间顺序,事物发展顺序

 5.考对话,可在选项旁边适当做笔记如:a选项是tom说的那就在a旁边写个t,反之如果选项是人名,那么

       就在每个人名边上写下这人说的话中最关键的一词

记叙文解题应该重视的原则

 1.听即原则,尤其重视重读、重读现象

 2.主题原则,段首往往是考点

 3.特别重视三类标志词:因果 转折 时间

 4.光明原则:事情一般都是逢凶化吉的

 5.偏怪小原则:事情结局一般总是出人意料的,如果没听清楚切忌按常理推断,要猜也要猜最偏最怪的

 

新闻稿类型文章的特点及解题思路

新闻稿的选项特点

 1.选项具有时效性

 2.选项具有灾难性

新闻稿的文章特点

 1.文章叙事的结构有两种:金字塔型和倒金字塔型。四级听力语段一般为金字塔型,即最重要的放在最前

     面,导语引领全文

 2.注重实效性,在原文和选项中都体现出刚发生的感觉,有时还会涉及将来时

 3.内容一般是两大类:天灾,人祸

新闻稿可能出现的考点

 1.考导语即第一句话

 2.考宾语 即语段中线类似 It is said / reported / pronounces / declared /……/ that ……  这样的

     句子,那么“that”后面的句子是极有可能是考点。

 3.考查四方面的信息:时间、地点、人物、数字

 4.考转折

 5.考原因

 

议论文文章的特点及解题思路

议论文的选项特征

 1.选项多为概括性的句子

 2.选项有表明观点的作用

 3.选项有内在逻辑关系

议论文文章特点

 1.在三大要素中(论点、论证、论据)论点和论据是文章的重点。论点一般在文章开头,篇尾也会点题

 2.文章通俗易懂,道理浅显,说理的过程叙事化

 3.主题明确,围绕一个论点展开

 4.层次结构清楚,一般为总分总结构。小论点明显,态度鲜明

议论文的常见考点

 1.考论点,中心论点和分论点都是必考的

 2.考问答,文章中出现设问及其回答都是很重要的

 3.考观点:如think……,suppose ……

 4.标志词 (最高级标志词,唯一级标志词,原因项标志词,转折项标志词)

 

例题 1. A) The man could buy a shirt of a different color.

  B) The size of the shirt is all right for the man.

  C) The size the man wants will arrive soon.

  D) The man could come some time later.

  (答案A。解题技巧,A中有标志词could, differentC中,对话最后一个单词是size,错误答案常见陷阱。 B中有all,对话倒数第二个词,爱做错误答案。)

  M: I like the color of this shirt. Do you have a larger size?

  W: This is the largest in this color. Other colors come in all sizes.

   Q: What does the woman imply?

 

例题 2. A) The woman is watching an exciting film with the man.

  B) The woman cant take a photo of the man.

  C) The woman is running toward the lake.

  D) The woman is filming the lake.

  (答案B。解题技巧,B中有cant take a photo,意思正好是原文的“run out of film胶卷用完了”photofilm同意互换。A-Dfilm(对话最后一单词)在其中,错误答案常见陷阱。C还有run, lake听到,听到的越多错的可能性就越大。)

  M: Look, the view is fantastic. Could you take a picture of me with the lake in the

       background?

  W: I am afraid I just ran out of film.

 Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

 

例题 3. A) Its quiet in the restaurant.

  C) The restaurant serves good food.

  B) The price is high in the restaurant.

  D) The restaurant is too far from their school.

  (答案A。解题技巧,A中有quiet,意思正好是原文的“get away from all the noisephotofilm同意互换。Bfood, restaurant两个词听到,C干扰项,对话中没提到。Dschool, restaurant都听到;有听到的越多错的可能性就越大。)

  M: The food in this restaurant is horrible. If only wed gone to the school dining hall.

  W: But the food isnt everything. Isnt it nice just to get away from all the noise?

   Q: What can we learn from the conversation?

 

例题 4. A) At a booking office.

  C) On a busy street.

  B) In a Hong Kong hotel.

  D) At an airport.

  答案D。解题技巧,B不能选,因为Hong Kong;听得也很清楚,答案太具体(太具体的细节爱做错误答案),易做错误答案。D答案比较概括,笼统。(概括的,笼统的爱做正确答案。

  W: Can I help you sir?

  M: Can you show me the way to gate 9 for flight 901 to Hong Kong? I am quite confused here.

 Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?

 

例题 5. A) The woman has been complaining too much.

  B) The womans headache will go away by itself.

  C) The woman should have seen the doctor earlier.

  D) The woman should confirm her appointment with the doctor.

  答案C。解题技巧,C中有正确答案常见标志词should, 并且“得病要医治”是出题老师常考我们的考点。(其它几点是:1、学习作重要;2、女同学爱学习,男同学爱玩耍;3、锻炼很重要;4、不放弃,努力学习/锻炼)D不能选,因为appointment(对话最后一个单词)B中听到headache, go away,听到的越多错的可能性就越大。

  W: My headache is killing me. I thought it was going away, but now it is getting worse and

      worse.

  M: I told you yesterday to make an appointment.

  Q: What does the man mean?

 

例题 6. A) Help the woman move the items.

  B) Hurry to Mr. Johnsons office.

  C) Help move things to Mr. Johnsons office.

  D) Put off his appointment with Mr. Johnson.

  答案B。解题技巧:以前考试一般女同志请男同志帮忙,男的会答应,但这道题没有洗选,原因是:这段对话最后有原话“move a few heavy items into the car”最后几个词经常拿来做错误答案。A中几乎所有都听到(move, items,--woman-man听力里不算)BMr. Johnsons officeCmove Mr. Johnsons office听到的越多错的可能性就越大。

  W: Can you give me a hand Mike? I want to move a few heavy items into the car.

  M: Id like to, but I am already five minutes late for my appointment with Mr. Johnson. And

      his office is on the other side of the campus.

  Q: What will the man most probably do?

 

例题 7. A) The man should not dream of being a superstar.

  B) The man didnt practice hard enough.

  C) The man should find a new partner.

  D) The man should not give up.

  答案D。解题技巧:D听到的最少;D还体现了出题老师的思维:不放弃,努力学习/锻炼(见第4小题解释)get the hang of itnot give up同义互换。A听到being a superstarC听到find a new partner,听到的越多错的可能性就越大。

  M: I think youd better find another partner. I love table tennis, but I dont think I am

       improving.

  W: Look Paul its still too early to quit. Nobody expects you to be a superstar. Just keep

      going and youll get the hang of it.

 Q: What does the woman mean?

 

例题 8. A) There is no more left.

  C) Its incredibly delicious.

  B) It doesnt appeal to her.

  D) She has already tasted it.

  答案B。解题技巧:I dont care much for desertdoesnt appeal同义互换(同义互换爱做正确答案)A听到incredible。并且从分析题来说,能选A就能选CD,能选CD就能选A,因为他们表示意思相同。

  M: Would you like to try the banana pie? Its incredible.

  W: To tell the truth. I dont care much for desert.

   Q: What does the woman say about the banana pie?

 

例题 9. A) The man is usually the last to hand in his test paper.

  C) The man has bad study habits.

  B) The man has made a mess of his midterm exam.

  D) The man is a diligent student.

  答案C。解题技巧:C听到的最少;还体现了出题老师的思维:女同学爱学习,男同学爱玩耍(见第4小题解释)A听到last, B听到midterm examD违背出题思路:女同学爱学习,男同学爱玩耍(见第4小题解释。

  M: I am exhausted. I stayed up the whole night studying for my midterm math exam?

  W: Why do you always wait until the last minute?

   Q: What does the woman imply?

 

例题 10. A) The man will drive the woman to school.

  B) The man has finished his assignment.

  C) The man is willing to help the woman.

  D) The man is losing patience with the woman.

  答案D。解题技巧:D听到的最少;语气题。B听到finish the assignment(听到的越多错的可能性就越大), A听到school。并且CD是一对相反的答案。)

  (特别提醒:可能有学生认为“女请男帮助应该帮忙”,这一点很正确,但我们还有一点:学习作重要(见第4小题解释),学生主要任务是学习,当女请男帮助,男要学习时就没法帮助了。)

  M: I really cant afford any more interruptions right now. Ive got to finish the

       assignment.

  W: Sorry, just one more thing. Could you give me a ride to school tomorrow?

  Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?

 

例题11.

    A) Mark and the woman had not been in touch for some time.

  B) The man saw Mark on the street two months ago.

  C) The woman made a phone call to Mark yesterday

  D) The woman had forgotten Mark's phone number.

  答案A。解题技巧:同意互换是答案,some 常作正确答案。B答案中two months ago原文听到,是错误答案标志,C中间yesterday, phone听到,phone是错误答案的标志,因为它属于对话的最后一个词(对话的最后一个词常作错误答案的陷阱)

  M: I ran into our friend Mark yesterday on the street, and he said he hadnt heard from you

      in two months.

  W: Yes I know. But Ive been too busy to phone him.

   Q: What can be inferred from the conversation.

 

例题12.

    A) The woman is glad to meet Mr. Brown in person.

  B) The woman feels sorry that Mr. Brown is unable to come.

  C) The man is meeting the woman on behalf of Mr. Brown.

  D) The man is late for the trip because he is busy.

  答案C

   解题技巧:同意互换是答案,on behalf of和原文中youve come in his place同意思。A听到glad to meet Mr. Brown in person,几乎所有都听到(听到的越多错的可能性就越大)B听到sorry, Mr. Brown, come, D 听到trip, busy.

  M: Mr. Brown asked me to tell that hes sorry he cant come to meet you in person. Hes

       really too busy to make the trip.

  W: Thats okay. I am glad youve come in his place.

   Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

 

例题13. A) At 10:25.      B) At 10:30.

  C) At 10:45.        D) At 10:40.

  答案D。解题技巧:短答案题容易做,但不好预测。建议同学们练习时应该边听边作笔记(这一点很重要

  M: So, when are the other guys going to get here? The train is leaving in 10 minutes. We

       cant wait here forever!

  W: It is 10:30 already. They are supposed to be here by now! I told everybody to meet here

       by 10:15.

   Q: When is the train leaving?

 

      最后Yellwo祝广大黄桃们四六级一考而过!咱们考研班上不见不散!

 

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